Art History Final Exam Review 2 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Madonna
c.1505
cornice
...
impressionism
light painting
Warka (Uruk/Erech)
...
kiln
special oven
Mont Sainte-Victoire
(Paul Cazanne
1902-1904)
Meander Pattern
Key motif
Form
Has three dimensions
French Baroque
Nicholas Poussin
Polyptychs
hinged multi paneled paintings
Burial at Ornans
Courbet, 1849/50
Manuscript Illumination
Text with decoration
Stupa; 3 BCE; Indian;
Opus francigenum
French style work
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1127/flashcards/669489/jpg/hi7.jpg
Seated Buddha



460 ceChinese
mausoleum of santa constanza
central plan
catacombs
A shelf for dead bodies
Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Museum, Bilbaio, Spain
1991-1997
westwork
monumental western entrance block, structure combined a ground-floor narthex adn an upper-story throne eoom which opened onto the chapel interior, charlamanges palace at aachen, 800,
City-state
an autonomous political unit comprising a city and the surrounding countryside
Giotto
Father/Grandfather of the Renaissance. Style: simplicity, no extraneous details, focus on narrative, message easily comprehensible, clairy, gesture and emotion, natural, solid figures.
Tumulus
Burial mound, in Etruscan architecture. Cut out of local stone, tufa.
School of AthensArtist: RaphaelMedium: Frescoprivate library of Julius IIPhilosophers Vatican
16.29
Bramante
leading architect of the early creation of early 16th century
Machine Aesthetic
a sensibility that glorified industrial machinery whose major image is the robot
encaustic
suspending dry paint in melted wax
Mich, Last Judgement, Sistine Chapel, Vatican
1536
Toranas
Indian gateway arch in a temple
Rococo characteristics
lavish decoration, elegant furniture. Great interiors, but simple exteriors.
Figure 1-13 Rhinoceros, wounded man, and disemboweled bison, painting in the well of the cave at Lascaux, France ca. 15,000 - 13,000 BCE. Bison 3' 8" long. (Paleolithic)
Nicola Pisano
The annunciation and the Naitivity
andron
Dining room in a Greek house.
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius,
from Rome,
bronze
High Empire
ca. 175 CE
barrel vault
semicylindrical in cross-section, is in effect a deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space
?
WINGED HUMAN HEADED BULL (LAMASU)
c. 720 B.C.
Assyrian
5 legs to show movement and 4 legs from each side as you walk around
In the mosaic of Theodora, a(n) _______ is on her head.
halo
drôlerie
"jests" used to describe the lively animals and small figures in the margins of late medieval manuscripts and in wood carvings
yakshi
lesser local male and female Buddhist and Hindu divinities. Yakshis are goddess associated with fertility and vegetation. Yaksha, the male equivelent of yakshis, are often represented as fleshy but powerful males
Monet
- began as commercial artist and caricaturist
- studied landscapes with Constable and Turner
- contributed to the 1st salon exhibit in 1874 with "Impression: Sunrise"
- title became name of group
- remained true to the movement
- 1869- he was desperate,completely starved, would sell his work for any price
- burned 200 paintings rather than let them fall into creditor's hands
- "Impression: Sunrise"- 1872
Romanesque sculpture
Stylized with barbaric and Islamic influences
altarpiece
A panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar
trancept
the crosswise part of a cruciform church, crossing the nave at right angles
Figure 1-8 Bison with turned head, fragmentary spearthrower, from La Madeleine, France, ca. 12,000 BCE. Reindeer horn, 4" long. (Paleolithic)
holy trinity
massacio, 1425, santa maria novella (alberti), early ital renaiss, vanishing point, cross/jesus housed in a little vault
triptych
art consisting of a painting or carving (especially an altarpiece) on three panels (usually hinged together)
Triglyph
a triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes
PARTICIPATORY SCULPTURE
a three-dimensional artwork which is designed to physically engage the viewer.
"City of Dur Sharrukin", Assyrian, Dur Sharrukin/Khorsabad, 720-705 BC
Fresco
A painting technique in which water based pigments are applied to wet plaster.
Fresco
Ex: Minoan Bull Leaping Fresco
Palace at Knosses
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Rouen Cathedral, Claude Monet, Impressionism
Acropolis
400 BCE (Greek High Classical built by Parikles) Parthenon, problem of greek temple form (stars/opening on all sides=access to natural world) importance of setting
labyrinth
complex system of paths or tunnels in which it is easy to get lost
tesserae
the small piece of stone, glass, or other object that is pieced together with many others to create a mosaic
arcade
a series of arches supported by piers or columns
Cycladic art looks like the modern work of who?
Constantin Brancusi
Early Christian Art
Cubiculum, Catacomb of Saints Peter and Marcellinus; Rome, Italy
cubiculum
a small cubicle bedroom in a Roman house that opened into the atrium; also, a chamber in an early Christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel
lintel
A horizontal beam used to span an opening.
Akhenaton's Changes
1) Amenhotep IV ==> Akhenaton: servant of Aton
2) Polytheist ==> Monotheist
3) Ra ==> Aton
4) Thebes ==> Tel al Amarna (made from scratch)
5) Canon of Proportions ==> Amarna Style
6) Hypostyle Architecture of temples (narrow w/ roof) ==> Amarna Style (wide w/out roof)
7) declares himself sole head priest
8) changes headdress to a new crown
9) no nice materials
clerestory
part of an interior wall rising above the adjacent roof with windows admitting light
Khafre enthroned
Gizeh, Egypt, Old Kingdom, 4th Dynasty 2520-2494 BCE
2 of the Kaaba's walls are ____ feet wide (lesser number)
36
Black Figure Amphora
two handled jar with silhoutetting of black figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay
atmospheric perspective
The perception of depth in nature can be enhanced by the appearance of atmospheric haze. Although this haze is most commonly humidity (or cloudiness), it could be rain or snow, smoke, or any other kind of vapor. Aerial perspective is the portrayal of that atmospheric haze -- one means to adding to an illusion of depth in depicting space on a flat surface. It is achieved by using less focus, along with bluer, lighter, and duller hues for the distant spaces and objects depicted in a picture. Be careful not to confuse aerial perspective with aerial view.
"Khafre",
__ Dynasty, __ BCE
Diorite
"Khafre",
4th Dynasty, 2500 BCE
Diorite
red-figure technique
A style and technique of ancient Greek vase painting achieved by painting slip only on the background and inner details on the pottery.
composite figure
The combination of two forms into one, usually a human with an animal; it was conceived as a combination of the real and imaginary.
Neo-Classical
art of the 18th and early 19th century that attempted a revival of ancient classical culture
the central figures in the school of Athens?
Aristotle and Plate
Ottonian Art concepts
1. art produced in the "new" Holy Roman Empire from c. 900-1050
2. continuation of the artistic traditions of Carolingian art through re-use of forms and motifs.
3. re-introduction of monumental sculpture, drama and narrative.
Define Mannerism. Give 2 specific examples of mannerist artworks.
Mannerism involves elongated figures, awkward spacing and subject matter, technical virtuosity, and the proportions of figures. 2 examples or mannerist artworks are Madonna with the long neck and Allegory with Venus & Cupid, and Entombment
Painted ceiling of a cubiculum in the Catacomb of Sts. Peter and Marcellinus
EARLY CHRISTIAN
-catacomb
-Edict of Milan
-lunettes(stones) depicting the story of Jonah
-refrigerium
-Christ as the Good Sheppard
-underground, fresco,


Temple of Hera,
Paestum, 550bc







- 
provincial temple

- 
isn’t built out of marble but built out of
local stone

- 
uses technique of bowing the collems so that
when the human eye looks at they they appear to be perfectly straight

- 
collums stuck together in pieces

- 
celebrates repetition and uniformity

- 
doesn’t have an in antis (like an entrance way
to the temple with 2 collem out in the frount with side walls coming out until
same length as collums)





What are 4 examples of Gothic solutions of lighting?
Notre Dame, Sainte Chappelle, St. Denis and Chartes
Vethuel Break up of the Ice 1881
By: Claude Monet
The water acts like a delusion. There is more of a visual field being created rather then the visual world. The viewer has no shoreline to stand on, feels like we are walking on water.
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