Art History Final Review: Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
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18.4
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LONDON BRIDGE
FAUVISM
Romanesque Art
1000-1200
Early Gothic
1140-1194
Correggio
Jupiter and Io
Sapa Inca
Inca emperor
"Venus of Urbino"
Titian
Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q. 1910's
value
hatching, cross hatching, stippling
samsara
rebirth, cycle of life-death-rebirth
Baptistry
building used for baptism
A Starry Night
Van Gogh
Book of hours
medieval prayer-book
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Narmer Palette Hierakonopolis, EgyptEarly Dynastic, ca. 2950 - 2775 BC. green schistRepresents beginning of Egyptian artistic canon.Ceremonial palette: regular ones would be used to mix kohl for the eyes.Historical Document, representing the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. King Narmer shown as unifier.On the back, Narmer is shown wearing crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt and is defeating his enemies.
Folk Musicians, c. 1940-41
Romare Bearden
responds
an engaged column or pilaster
Amun
god of air and wind
Cimabue
Byzantine; paintings of Madonna; merged Byzantine style with more natural style
merode triptych, northern renaissance, by robert campin
Masaccio, Tribute Money, Brancacci Chapel +++ Masaccio, St. Peter Healing with his shadow, Barancacci Chapel
1424-7
armature
inside structure of a sculpture
Megalith
Greek for "large stone" massive tombs and other massive structures built out of huge stones.
Megalith
Ex: Stonehenge, Great Pyramids at Giza
Jacob van Ruisdael, The Jewish Cemetery, 1655-60
(Greek mythology) a famous mythical Greek hero
Odysseus
barrel vault
Semi-cylindrical in cross-section, is in effect a deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space
Gentile da Fabriano
Adoration of the Magi
Titian Bacchanal of the Adrians 1518
Hetshepsut
-woman king
-built many temples and monuments
-popular
View of Delft
Johannes Vermeer - 1660
Koran
Islam's sacred book, composed of surahs (chapters) divided into verses
Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa
begun 1503
fertility fetish
sculpture representing women in general, believed to have magical powers
Artist and Year?
Goering the Executioner
John Heartfield
1933
Augustus of Primaporta
A curious juxtaposition of individualized heads with idealized, anatomically perfect bodies in Classical poses. (Roman, c. 20 BCE.)
stringcourse
a raised horizontal molding, or band, in masonry. Its principal use is ornamental but it usually reflects interior structure.
refectory
the dining hall of a christian monastary
Toulouse Lautrec- Jane Avril at the Jardin de Paris (French Post Impressionism)
Annunciation
the announcement to Mary that she would be the mother of the Son of God
St. Francis
Catholic frair and preacher from Assisi -- founded the Franciscan order. God was a loving god.
Peter Paul Rubens
1577-1640, Flanders Baroque artist. His work uses dynamic movement. He was an artist, diplomat, and statesmen. "The Raising of the Cross" He used his paintings to try and create peace.
Early Dynastic Period
Dynasties 1-3 circa 3100-2600 BCE
"Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus"
c. 359
Rome, Early Christian
marble
FACTS:
- Biblical scenes
- Roman aspects (arches, columns, clothing)
Neoclassicism
A style of art and architecture. Characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome.
Figure 2-14 Votive disk of Enheduanna, from Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar), Iraq, ca. 2300 - 2275 BCE. Alabaster, diameter 10". University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia (Akkadian)
Tympanum
half-round panel that fills the space between the lintle and arch over the doorway of the church
Master Hugo, Moses Giving the Law, Bury Bible, ca. 1135
Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)

marble (Roman) copy of bronze original
2 m
Stockstad figure 5-51
contrapposto, propotions, idealized human
High Classical Art
by Polykleitos
Roman copy after original bronze
450-440 BCE
Name/Time Period/Artist (if applicable) {pg.129}
Three Goddesses/Classical (Ancient Greece)/PHIDIAS
iconography
the depicting of images in art in order to convey certain meanings
Corbelled Gallery in the walls of the citadel, Tiryns, Greece, Ca. 1400 BCE
Freudian Psychology
beliefs of Sigmund Freud that the unconscious mind governs human behavior. People could no longer be so confident about the powers of rational thought.
2. 15th Century Art in Northern Europe and Spain
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Mastaba
a large platform made out of painted mud brick or stone. Burial chamber was down underground. Looks like the bottom level of a pyramid.
ziggurat
a huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians
kourous
an archaic Greek statue of a standing nude male
transept
the area of a cruciform church lying at right angels to the principal axis
Stele of Hammurabi
Named after Babylon's most powerful king who received the code of law from the Sun God Shamash. This code of law inscribed on this black stele was the first standardized code of law., Diorite, Ancient Near East, Hammurabi's Law code is inscribed on a tall, black-basalt stele 1780-1760BC
Paul Gauguin
Polynesian women and scenes of Tahiti were charactaristic of what nineteenth-century French painter?
Anton Giulio Bragaglia
-the first Futurist photographer. His method was photodynamism.
-eventually Ejected from the futurist movement, directed some films after.
Lamb of God
the lamb in Insenham Alterpeice by Mathias Brunewald represents
Torpedo...Los!, 1963, Lichtenstein
Comic guy. Name of painting on painting
Early Modernism in US
1907-1929. The Armory Show, opened U.S. eyes to European Art. Stieglitz had little galleries published some in his book "Camera Work"
Flaneur
a person who walks the city in order to experience it, strolling
-architecture: those who are indirectly and unintentionally affected by a particular design they experience only in passing
Andy Warhol
United States artist who was a leader of the pop art movement (1930-1987)
"Marilyn Diptych"
Subjectivity in art
Artists are thinking about their own psychology
collage
a technique of composing a work of art by pasting on a single surface various materials not normally associated with one another, as newspaper clippings, parts of photographs, theater tickets, and fragments of an envelope.
Gauguin, 1897
Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?
What is foreshortening?
Making an appendage, like an arm, come directly out toward the viewer.
Velatura (veiling)
A glaze with a color which is lighter in value than the underlayer and is semi-transparent. Venetian artists such as Titian often began their paintings with monochromatic warm underpainting, over which they applied a velatura in translucent white to lighten the underpaint. Then they glazed over the velatura with transparent pigments, giving their works unique nuances of color. [ Venus of Urbino ]
post and lintel system
A system of construction in which two posts support a lintel.
spring of arch
level at which an arch rises from its supports
example of Courtly Style
"The Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry" by the Limbourg Brothers
3. Christ Enthroned, Flanked by Angels, St Vitalis and Bishop Ecclesius
- It's behind the alter of the Vitale church.
- There is gold shiny through the mosaic tiles
- It the image of Christ in heaven, with a halo above his head, seating btwn angels
- St. Vitale is on the left side receiving a crown.
- What makes this art different from early Christian art is that artist give up on 3D images.
- The styles flatten out, there's no real depth
- The drapery doesn't fall in soft folds and it doesn't have the volume that it used to b4.
- Its unnatural looking.
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