Art History Terms 2 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
noir
black
Fountain
1917
The Gleaners
Millet
Same
Raking cornice
Pediment
Cornice
Frieze
Architrave
Enablature
Capital
Shaft
Abachus
Column
Stylobate
Eclectic
Multiple Styles
Judith Beheading Holofernes
Artemisia
The Tribute Money
Masaccio
Trilithon
3 stone construction
Kauffman House (Fallingwater)
1936-39
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1419/flashcards/793955/jpg/the-surrender-of-breda.jpg
Velazquez\"Surrender of Breda\"Southern Baroque, Spain1635Madrid
Delacroix
leader of the romanticists
Andy Warhol
Marilyn Diptych 1960
Birth of Venus
Sandro Botticelli
Tempera on canvas
~ 1484 - 1486
5'9" x 9'2"
inspired by an Angelo Poliziano poem & classical sttues of Aphrodite
revived theme of female nude
Venus born of sea foam
The Stone Breakers
Gustave Courbet
Notre Dame
Parisian Gothic Cathedral
The Ecstasy Of St. Theresa
Bernini
chicago the dinner party multimedia
bernini
he was a baroque sculpture
black square
kasimir malevich. 10s. painting.
Volute
A spiral, scroll-like form characteristic of the ancient Greek ionic and the Roman Composite capital.
Voltaire
Personification of the enlightenment. Hated and attacked the rule of kings, selfish nobility of the church, and the old order. Ideas led to the French and American Revolution.
Chiaroscuro
Describes light and dark contrast--strong or subtle. Creates spatial depth and volumetric forms through gradations in the intensity of light and shadow.
Leonardo's "Woman on the Rocks" from the High Renaissance.
name, location, culture?
Market GateMiletos (Turkey)Roman
29
Albrecht Durer. Self-Portrait in Fur-lined Coat, 1500. German, Renaissance. Oil on Panel.
Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830, Romanticism
emotionalism
effective organization of the elements through principles of art (design qualities)
Neoplasticism
"pure plastic art" balance between universal and the individual
Illusionism
attempt to depict real world spacing
Sarcophagus
Lecture 5, book Pg. 123 (8.10)
Realism
focused attention on the experiences and sights of everyday contemporary life portraying the images previously thought unworthy -the mundane and trivial working class laborers and peasants on a scale previously reserved for grand history painting
Holy Trinity culture
Early Renaissance - rebirth
pendentives
spherical triangles that carries the weight of the dome to the cube below, sherical triangles that carries the weight of the dome to the cube below
Theodora & attendants San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 547
On the opposite wall from him, his wife, the Empress Theodora, brings the wine to be used in these ceremonies of the Mass.Notice how each mosaic curves towards the apse of the church
grisaille
chiaroscuro painting or stained glass etc., in shades of gray imitating the effect of relief
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Object, Meret Oppenheim, Surrealism
Old Market Woman
150BC hellenistic. portrays person from low rang of society. earlier greek statuary they weren't considered suitable subjects. marble.
Orphism
Religious movement where body & soul are separate entities.
jamb
Vertical element found on both sides of an opening in a wall, and supporting an arch or lintel
Corbel arch
(architecture) an arch constructed of masonry courses that are corbelled until they meet
disguised symbolism
symbolism in art that represented something religious. all italian disguised symbolism was religious. in van eyck's arnolfini wedding, the cherries are a symbol of love, the woman is near the bed, where the man is closer to outside, meaning the man does the outside work. he has his hand raised and is looking at the viewer whereas she is looking at him. male dominance, the fruit symbolizes the wealth of the family and the oranges can symbolize the fall of man from adam and eve.
venus de milo
alejandros antioch on the meandor
Figure 3-30 Akhenaton, from the temple of Aton, Karnak, Egypt, 18th Dynasty, ca. 1353-1335 BCE. Sandstone, 13' high. Egyptian Museum, Cairo. (new Kingdom)
lamentation, 13 and 14 century italy, by giotto
Pentimento
An alteration in a painting, evidenced by traces of previous work- artist changed his mind during painting process
tympanum
half-round panel that fills the space between the lintel and arch over the doorway of the church.
Toga
Shows a Roman citizen in sculpture. worn in public.
vellum
fine parchment prepared from the skin of a young animal e.g. a calf or lamb
very large stones surrounded by a circular ditch
megalifts
all-over painting
non-formal style of American painting in which no differentiation is made between areas of the painted surface of a canvas
Bonaventura Berlinghieri
Panel from the St. Francis Altarpiece 1235
quatrefoil
an ornamental form that has four lobes or foils; it may resemble a four-petaled flower.
ambulatory
the passage or walkway around the apse in a basilica church pr around the central space in a centrally planned building
Post-Painterly Abstraction
1960s art movement characterized by a cool, detatched rationality emphasizing tighter pictorial control
Frans Halls- The Woman Regents of the Old Men's Home at Haarlem (Dutch Baroque Holland)
ben-ben
A pyramidal stone; a fetish of the Egyptian god Re.
Dying warrior from E. pediment
480 BCE Archaic Greek
Matthew
winged man from the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (mosaic)
Action painting
Term coined by the critic Harold Rosenberg, who thought of the canvas as an arena in which violent and heroic actions were performed by artistic warriors
corinthian order
flared capitals with rows of leaves decorating
formal analysis
breaking down the from of the work
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Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Belley, 1797. Former French slave, led revolution leading slaves to freedom (or citzenship). Leans against Raynal, a 1770 philospher who wrote a book against slavery. Neoclassical but style of naturlas
Edward Hopper, Nighthawks, 1940
-Smaller painting and the Sunday morning has the same background scene in this painting
-Inspired by neighborhood
-Night hawks being up late at night
-One soda worker with three customers
-Not a lot of interaction between figures
-Places that you can be around people but still be alone
-Used a lot in movies and posters and modern life
sphinx
one of a number of large stone statues with the body of a lion and the head of a man that were built by the ancient Egyptians
The Age of Reason (Enlightenment)
1750-1850 doctrine which was predicated on an belief that there was an universal order in the universe
international gothic
a phase of Gothic art which developed in Burgundy, Bohemia, France and northern Italy in the late 14th century and early 15th century. In this period, artists and portable works such as illuminated manuscripts travelled widely around the continent, creating a common aesthetic among the royalty and higher nobility and considerably reducing the variation in national styles among works produced for the courtly elites.
Cistern
Pool to catch rain water in; in the roman atrium.
atmospheric perspective
a method of rendering the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation
Who were the three unifiers?
Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu
Characteristics of Gothic Cathedral
1. Use of pointed arch 2. awe-inspiring heights 3 flying buttresses 4. ribbed groin vaults 5. large stained glass windows
Germanic animal style
The animals depicted on the front of the Sutton Hoo Purse are done in this style.
Unique Forms of Continuity in Space
Umberto Boccioni, 1913 (cast 1931). Bronze, 3' 7 7/8" x 2' 10 7/8" x 1' 3 ¾".
What is a crypt?
it was found underneath the apse and is a basement where rich and powerful people were buried
how is the temple of aphaia different than hera?
doric, transitioning to classical, more refined and complex
How did the Mannerist artists display the human figure?
They twisted and stretched it to unnatural heights.
David
1501-4
Secular
Non-religious
sublime
inspiring awe
caracterizar
to characterize
C.E.
common era
Chiswick House
(Hounslow, England)
Last Judgement
Michelangelo
1536-41
Sistine Chapel
Value
Lightness and Darkness
High Italian Renaissance
Raphael
Coffers
A decorative sunken panel.
Death of Sardanaplus
Delacroix, 1827
Apollo and Dapne
Bernini
Baroque 1600
chantries
chanting of the masses
Giorgione (with Titian) "Pastoral Symphony" 1508
Pronaos
enclosed vestibule in a temple
Chardin
The Governess, Kitchen Still Life
cycladic, minoan, mycenean
3 aegean civilizations?
Narrative
Paintings that tell a story
Warrior Vase (Mycenaen)
Vase with warriors
chief omahaw
charles bird king 1820
The Artist's Sister MinervaArtist: Sofonisba AnguissolaMedium: oil on canvastexture of dress and details of jewelry MannerismItaly
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step pyramid of king zoser, egy
Titian
Venus of Urbino- disguised symbolism justified nudity but model is known prostitute
The pilgramage to Cythera
Jean Antoine Watteau
perfect moment
famous Robert Mapplethorpe exhibit 1989-1990. Some images are nude scandalous images
Mihrab
niche facing wall oriented towards Mecca
Terracotta Hedgegod from Syros. ECII 2500-2200 BCE
Merode Altarpiece Annunciation
Middle Ages 1200 CE
Cloisonnist
description Bernard gave to Nabis Painters
putti
Popular design motif. Little, pudgy, rosy-cheeked babies, sometimes with wings. Shown doing "grown-up" things like making bread, riding chariots, making wine.
Patrician with two ancestor busts, Marbley
...
Wassily Kandinsky
What Russian-born painter pioneered abstract expressionism with Willem de Kooning?
Define INTERMEDIARY
Intermediary: Coping device between phsyical and unknown
Great Pyramids
Menkaure, Khafre, Khufu 2,500 BCE Massive burial palaces.
bays
opening; a subdivision of the interior space of a building. Usually a series of bays is formed by consecutive architectural supports
sfumato
italian term meaning "smoky," soft and mellow; haze; resembles the atmosphere at dusk
Berthe Morisot
-exhibited with the Impressionists and was well acquainted with the artists
- Manet= brother-in-law
- most of her paintings focus on domestic scenes, the one realm of Parisian life where society allowed an upper-class woman such a Morisot free access
- used the open brushwork and the plein air (outdoor) lighting characteristic.
- Villa at the Seaside - 1874
- oil on canvas
Transept
The area that intersects with the nave
glory
the circle of light represented around the head of a figure of the savior, the virgin mary, or a saint
triptych
art consisting of a painting or carving (especially an altarpiece) on three panels (usually hinged together)
The Sumerians
-emerged circa 3,500-3,000 BCE; collapsed by 2332 BCE
-emergence of a pantheon (collection) of __.
-development of a __ form of government
-rulership by a __-___-__ with vast numbers of people __ to a military and priestly class.
-Persistent
The Sumerians
-emerged circa 3,500-3,000 BCE; collapsed by 2332 BCE
-emergence of a pantheon (collection) of deities.
-development of a theocratic form of government
-rulership by a priest-king-god with vast numbers of people enslaved to a military and priestly class.
-Persistent warfare between rival city-states
-development of unique architectural and artistic forms
-development of writing (cuneiform)
palazzo rucelai
alberti, florence 1455 mid ital renaiss
portal
any doorway or entrance but especially one that is large and imposing.
aesthetics
a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty, art, and taste, and with the creation and appreciation of beauty
SHADING
in drawing, a continuous series a grays which are used to suggest
three-dimensionality and to create the illusion of light.
"Book of the Dead: Judgement of Hu-Nefer before Osiris", New Kingdom Egyptian, Theban Necropolis/London, 1285 BC
Menkaura and the Queen
2500 BC, Old Kingdom
San Vitale and Mosaics
547 (byzantine-in Ravenna) Tesserae, apse- where alter is, narthex- entrence, central plan - circular format/creating spiritual realm
raking cornice
a sloping element that slants above the horizontal cornice
Portrait of Husband and Wife, Ca. 1st Century CE
jihad
one of the duties in the Muslim religion; three types of struggles: an internal struggle to maintain faith, the struggle to improve the Muslim society, or the struggle in a holy war
loculi
openings in the walls of catacombs to receive dead
Charles I on Horseback
Sir Anthony Van Dyck -1638
chancel
the space around the altar that may terminate in an apse
cameo
engraving or carving in low relief on a stone (as in a brooch or ring)
stele
a stone slab used to mark a grave
lintel
A horizontal beam used to span an opening.
Palette of King Narmer
Hierakonpolis, Upper Egypt, Early Dynastic period 3000-2920 BCE
The Dome of the Hagia Sophia is _____ feet in diameter
102
Votive offering
a gift of gratitude to a deity. usually made for religious purposes to gain favor with supernatural forces.
ex modern day throwing of a coin into the fountain and making a wish
council of trent
An ecumenical council is a conference of the bishops of the whole Christian Church convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice. It convened in Trent
__ era : "Bison", ca. __,000-__,000 BCE.
Paleolithic Era: "Bison", ca. 12,000-11,000 BCE.
black-figure technique
A style or technique of ancient Greek pottery in which slip is painted on a red clay ground. Details of the figures are incised using a stylus.
stylized
Figures or forms are altered to make a representation that fits to a prescribed style or manner. Style is restricted or controlled.
did not reign for a long period of time. He was only a boy when he reigned king. Died young- age 16. He is the only pharaotic tomb discovered completely intact. He was buried with a gold cover. Linen head dress, wealthy necklaces. Death mask.
Tutankhamun
Chi-rho-iota Page, Book of Kells
Artist: -- Period: Migration Period Provenance: Ionia, Scotland, Date: late 8th century
-The illuminator transformed the biblical text into abstract pattern, literally making God's words beautiful
-Opens nativity of Jesus in Gospel of Matthew
-Recalls early medieval metalwork
-Half-figures of winged angles appear to the left accompanying the monogram as if accompanying Christ
-Fills the whole artwork with detail
-No 3D space, its 2D, very linear, use interlacing
Who designed St. Paul's cathedral? what was the inspiration behind the architect?
Sir Christopher Wren, baroque style
palette
A thin board with a thumb hole at one end on which an artist lays and mixes colors; any surface so used. Also, the colors or kinds of colors characteristically used by an artist. In ancient Egypt, a slate slab used for preparing makeup.
Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes
• emphasis on miracle
• appearance of a gold background
• less emphasis on shadowing
EARLY CHRISTIAN
Ashurbanipal hunting lions
ANE, Assyria. king is largest, he can defeat even king of beasts. stacked horses, some natural features. phy. and emo. detail in horses.
How did the Baptistery of San Giovanni combine celestial and terrestrial powers?
Octagonal structure continued a baptistery design, symbolic of rebirth (world was created on the 8th day and Christ resurected on the 8th day)
the hellenistic period begins and ends with what?
the death of Alexander and the defeat of Cleopatra and Marc Antony by Augustus (Rome)
wetercolour
l'aquarelle
stingcourses
horizontal bands
Bishop Ecclesius
?
ka
life force
Munch, Vampire, 1902
Giotto
Proto Renaissance
Italian
14th century
Gislebertus Eve
1130 Romanesque
Flamboyant Gothic
14th-15th century
Andre Derain
Mountains at Collioure
robert campin. merode altarpiece
c1426
Portrait of Henry VII
adorn
to decorate to beautify
Creation of Adam, Michelangelo
name
book
period
Page with Hellmouth
Winchester Psalter
Romanesque
donatello
greatest sculptor of all time
Palace Chapel of Charlemagne
Carolingian. various
Adoration of the Magi
Begun 1481
Sarcophagus illustrating tales of filial piety, Luoyang, Northern Wei
St Genis de Fontaines
1020 Romanesque
MONOTECELLO
Thomas Jeffersons house
Done around 1800. Influenced by Palladio. Temple front and domed. Knew this from prints of Palladio architecture. Wanted to get out of Washington DC and get out of party and bickering. He went out and was with virtues of nature. After his death, Monticello was abandoned and his art was dumped out in the fields. 1840s: someone bought everything for $2500
"Seated Scribe", Ancient Egyptian, Saqqara/Paris, 2600-2350 BC
Daumier

Rue Transnonain
Modern Realism, French, 1834

-Lithograph
-Sniper killed a civil guard
-Created a view of the atrocity from a sharp, realistic angle of vision
-Depicted not the dramatic moment of execution, but the terrible, quiet aftermath
Robert Rauschenberg, Canyon, 1959, pop art
curvilinear
formed, bound, or characterized by curved lines
Dharma
In Hinduism, the duties and obligations of each caste.
Terribilità
The capacity to inspire awe; awesomeness. The word may be used to describe a facial expression, a work of art, or even an artist. It is related to the ancient style category of the sublime, and is especially notable in the works of Michelangelo.
Old Saint Peter's, Early Christian Art
A standard timber-frame structure in the high Tang style, ca. 800 CE
Modernity
the effect of the modernization changes on society and the individual
-psychic and cultural changes
saqqara
first successful egyptian pyrammid is known as
figura serpentinata
contortion/twisting of the body-- characteristic of Michelangelo or the Mannerists
kiln
an oven used for making pottery
Cole, Voyage of Life, Manhood, Romanticism
Henge
Circular arrangement of stones, wood posts, etc., not sure the exact purpose they served. Most famous is Stonehenge.
Guggenheim Bilbao Museo
Frank Gehry, Bilbao, Spain, 1977.
history painting
depiction telling a story usually drawn from mythology or the scriptures
Motif
a distinctive feature or dominant idea in an artistic or literary composition. an image or theme of a painting.
pinnacles
a pointed termination of a spire, buttress, or other extremity of a building
Estipite columns
engaged columns with furniture like designs
Great Sphinx, c. 2500 B.C.E., Giza Egypt,Egyptian Old Kingdom Art
Master
an original creation (i.e., an audio recording) from which copies can be made
Bauhaus
-first college of design, closed down by nazis
-reconciliation between aesthetics of design and commerical designs of industrial mass production
-Gropius, van de Rohe
sunken relief
sculptors chiseled deep outlines below stone's surface
Street, Dresden
by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
created in the 20th Century, german expressionism (Die Brucke)
done in oil
Pigment
Anything that puts color on a surface
Shiva as Mahadeva
ancient South and Southeast Asia;rock-cut temple. "Great god", Symbolic representation of cyclic pattern of death and rebirth
predella
the narrow ledge on which an altarpiece rests
Seven Hills
Rome was founded over these; These helped to protect the city from attack.
tessera
the small piece of stone, glass, or other object placed together with others to create a mosaic
texture
The quality of a surface as revealed by light.
Vanitas Still life
still life with references to death
Censorship
the act of preventing works of art from being displayed.
neoclassicism
a style of art characterized by its clarity, heroic subject matter, and impression of stability. it is often associated with the revolutionary movements of the period
heraldic grouping
a composition that is symmetrical on either side of a central figure
Crete, Venice, Rome, Toledo
Pleaces traveled by El Greco
MONOCHROMATIC
a color system based on variations in a single hue
Diver fresco from the Tomb of Hunting and Fishing (ca. 6C BCE)
...
Conceptualism
the theory that universals can be said to exist, but only as concepts in the mind
necropolis
etruscan city of the dead. tomb of the leopards, tomb of hunting and fishing
Minbar
in a mosque, the pulpit on which the imam stands
Relief Sculpture (high)
a freestanding sculpture in which the subject is projected from the background boldly
painted what he imagined, not what he actually saw; long and thin peole; yellowish tint to people's skin
El Greco
chisel
A tool with a straight blade at one end for cutting and shaping stone or wood.
Gospel Book of Charlemagne
800 CE
Ink and Tempera on vellum
Germany
Culture: Sumerian, Title: Standard of Ur, Date: 2600 B.C.E
look up standard of ur
Seated statue of Khafre
Egyptian
c. 2520 bc
Shows no concern for anamatomical realism
Always shown in the prime of their life
Always have similar bodies, but different face
The lion's throne represents the lap of the great goddess.
Falcon god behind the head
List two elements of Durer's Adam and Eve that reflect his study of Italian Models:
a. arithmic ratios
b. contrapposto
painting lime wet dry
Fresco: __ on a __ plaster, either __ or __. In the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster. Also, a painting execute in either method.
it created a greater sense of stability
why did the ancient egyptians favor formal balance in their artwork?
"Seated Scribe, Tomb of Kai" Was used when body __ and __could live in the object
Was used when body decayed and ka could live in object
Diorite
...
Darius/Xerxes
Father/son rulers
strongest collum
dorric
Sarcophogus
520 BCE
Hooper
GasScene Painter
campanile
a bell tower
Moreau
The Apparition (1874)
Shapur I
Barrel Vault
Wayne Thiebaud
Pop Art
Simone Martini "Annunciation" (International Style) 1333
michelangelo. creation of adam
1511
Sarcophagus of the Spouses
Aedile
officer of public works
The Eiffel Tower
Eiffel, 1890
Inquisition (Spanish)
government-approved expurgation movement targeted towards heretics (Non-Catholics)
Parmigianinio
Madonna with the Long Neck
Carvaggio- The Deposition: Entombment (Baroque Art and Architecture)
Doric
capitals with funnel-shaped echinuses, columns w/o bases, and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes.
Rhinoceros, wounded man, disemboweled bison, Lascaux, 15,000- 13,000 BCE
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
Rome
Late Antiquity/Early Christian
...
Minoan - Prehistoric Aegean
Spring Fresco
"Landscape with Swallows"
Akrotiri, Thera, (Santorini)
~ 1650 BCE
7' 6" high
Preserved after 1628 BCE volcanic erruption
Unique: nature as sole subject
Highly stylized
"Akhenaten, Nefertiti and Family Adoring Aten", New Kingdom Egyptian, Amarna/Berlin, 1350 BC
Chichester-Constable Chasuble with scenes of Life of the Virgin
1301-1350
Southern England
Elevation of the Cross
Peter Paul Rubens (Dutch)
1610
Plan of typical greek peripteral temple
seated couple, dogon
16th to 19th century
Arshile Gorky
("The Liver is the Cock's Comb"
1944)
Peplos Kore, c. 530 B.C.E., marble,Greek Archaic
Passage Grave, Newgrange, c. 3200- 2500 BCE
POLYKLEITOS, "Doryphoros"
Classical Greece. Contrapossto very pronounced. Imposed order on human movement. Arm echoes linear line of leg. Tense and Relaxed limbs echo each other diagonally. Asymmetrical balance.
basilica
a public building for assemblies, rectangular in plan usually with an entrance on a long side
ASSOCIATIONISM
18TH century love of layering architecture and garden design with associations that were designed to elicit emotional responses as well as to edify. Enlightenment research and knowledge increased knowledge in the world and history and this was poured into art. ASSOCIATIONISM. ARCHIBALD ALISON: nature is chaotic but you can relieve journies of roman antiquity of aeneas and virgil (classical Arthur of aneid) associations make landscape meaningful
"Officers of the Haarlem Militia Company of Saint Adrian" Frans Hals 1627 (17th c. Dutch Republic N Netherlands- Dutch Baroque Portraits)
Queen Tiy
from Kom Medinet Ghurab (near el-Lahun)
18th Dynasty
1390-1352 BCE
New Kingdom
wood: boxwood, ebony
also gold, lapis lazuli, cloth, clay, wax
3.75" high
chief wife of Akhenaten's father, Amenhotep III
Tempietto
Donato Bramante; King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain; San Pietro and Montorio in Rome
Jan Vermeer, Woman Holding a Balance, ca. 1664
Adam & Eve by Albrecht Durer, 1504
Aerial view of the Citadel, Tiryns, Greece, Ca. 1400 BCE
Portrait bust of Trajan Decius, Ca. 200 CE
Ballcourt
Shaped like a capital letter "I." Built of cut stone and painted with bright colors. It was a symbol of the city's wealth and power.
Nike adjusting Her Sandal, Temple of Athena Nike, c. 410 B.C.E.,marble, Greek Classical
Pisa Baptistery Pulpit Nativity (1260)
Nicola Pisano
1960
Marble
Pisa, Italy
*Importance of Mary in the picture...the relief of the statue, the three different scenes depicted, and the figure shown by the cloth on her dress
Ishtar gate, Babylon, Iraq, c. 575 bce
...
Horus
god who protects the pharaohs, takes form of falcon
krater
An ancient Greek vessel for mixing wine and water, with many subtypes that each have a distinctive shape. Also known to be used as a grave marker with registers portraying a funerary ritual performed by ancient Greeks.
Paul Cezanne 1850-1990
Monte Sainte-Victorie Seen from Bibemus Quarry
non-objective
designs and artworks that are strictly formal and have no external subject
neoclassical
Light and elegant art and architecture inspired by Ancient Greece and Rome. This style reflected Enlightenment ideas and can be seen on many buildings in Washington, DC.
Sons of Immigrants
Stieglitz, Steichen, and Strand, Struss
Paleolithic Period
the historical period believed to have lasted from 30,000 BC util about 10,000 BC
color harmony
System of complimentary colors in a paintings composition colors found opposite on the color wheel
Happenings
an art form developed by Allan Kaprow in the 1960's incorporating performance, theater, and visual images. A happening was organized without a specific narrative or intent; with audience participation, the event proceeded according to chance and individual improvisation
Temple of Demeter.
c. 530 BCE.Greek, Archaic Period. Naxos Island, Greece.
Pattern
In art a pattern usually means to repeat a design; a pattern can be a single design or stencil that is traced.
Formalist Abstraction
Art movement that sought to banish emotional expression and focus on color, shape, and composition alone.
parapet
a low, protective wall along the edge of a roof or balcony of a fortification
Terra-cotta
Hard baked clay used for sculpture and as building material
Hellenistic
The term given to the culture that developed after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE and lasted almost three centuries, until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 31 BCE. It also is used to denote art that has been influenced by Classical and/or Hellenistic Greece.
Colossal head
Ancient America four giant, ten ton heads guarding La Venta, a pyramid that may have resembled a mountain.
-These statues were most likely rulers, not gods.
*Frederick Archer*
A sculptor who introduced a new wet-plate collodion photographic process that became universally adopted. The exposure time was short, even though it was a cumbersome process.
The Four Crowned Martyrs, by sculptor ___________, is located in a niche in the exterior of Orsanmichele in Florence.
Nanni di Banco
central temple complex at angor wat, cambodia
c 1113-50 ce
Crucifix of Gero
Depiction of Christ in the round
Shows physical suffering
Very realistic: closed eyelids, face in pain, body sagging
Statue and reliquary
Not idealistic body
Held The Host/eucharist (representing the body of Christ)
Commissioned by Archbishop Gero
Curtain Wall
wall that does not support any weight of the building. humpy dumpty
Hypostyle Hall
a hall with a roof supported by columns
The sacred book of islam is koran recitations
Archangel Gabriel
Qibla wall
a wall in the temple that is always built in the direction of mecca. muslims face it when praying
Liege lord
In the feudal system, a lord who has many vassals, but owes allegiance to no one
Write the dates of each movement:French Neoclassical Art, French Social Realism, Photography, Pre-Raphaelites, & Impressionism
French Neoclassical Art-1790, French Social Realism-1848, Photography-1826, Pre-Raphaelites-1870, & Impressionism-1880
Liberty Leading the People (1830) Eugene Delacroix, Romanticism in France
-amazingly popular because it captures revolutionary spirit
-liberty is a female figure that has her breasts exposed to show that she is an alleory
list the flemish characteristics of rogier's portrait of a lady that distinguish it from the work of Italian artists such as Ghirlandaio
a. lowered eyes
b. tightly locked thin fingers
c. fragile physique
Marsden Hartley, Portrait of a German Officer, 1914
-From Maine, Edmund is birth name, adopted mother's maiden name as first
-Cleveland art institute
-Goes to Europe, spends time in Berlin
-Part of war motifs
-Show influence of cubism
-German expressionism
-Completely abstracted portrait
-Can convey a person without showing us exactly what he looked like
-Flags, medals and patches of uniform
-K v. F is his initials
-Was 24
-In regiment 4
-Expressive colors from German expressionists vain
What time of year does the sun rise over the heel stone at Stonehenge?
Summer solstice, longest day of the year
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