Art History Vocabulary 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
arneson california
Nile River
Olmec Head
cycladic figures; neo
molding on shaft
Style: Neolithic
Iconography: Ritual Site, linked with astronomical phenomena
Medium & Construction: Sandstone, post-and-lintel
Size: Monumental
Location: England
Picasso, Ma Jolie
Mantle with Bird

50-100 CE 


'Roger and Angelica' (1910)
2550-1600 BC
Southern England (Salisbury Plain)
Megalithic Monument
Henge-arrangement of megalithic stones in a circle often surrounded by a ditch
Rough cut Sarsen- Sandstone stones and smaller bluestones
Aligned with Summer solstice
Burial Ground Art of the Stone Age
130 ad
Portrait from Isreal
Significance of Beard: Love of Greek Culture
Moses, Italy, High Renaissance
Ziggurat at Ur
Who: Sumerians
goat in a tree; mes
behnisch "hysolar institute building" university of stuttgart german
church entrance with lobby area
Focused on feeling in viewer
is an early stringed instrument
Watteau traveled to Paris in
Where actors dressed/ changed clothes.
name, location, culture?
BasilicaTrier, GermanyLate Roman
symbolic representation, esp. the conventional meanings attached to an image or images.
Momoyama: Pine Forest Hasegawa Tohaku 1573-1615
an almond shaped nimbus surrounding christ or other sacred figure
Delacroix- Liberty Leading the People (France Romanticism)
The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. The main front of reformation was started by Martin Luther and his 95 Theses. The reformation ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. It also led to the Counter-Reformation with the Roman Catholic Churches
Votive Statues, ca. 2700 BCE. (Sumerian)
Aphrodite of Knidos. 350. high classical.
an islamic decorative motif, usually floral organic patterns
a circular painting or relief sculpture
Van Gogh (Dutch) 1850-1900
The Potato Eaters
lapis lazuli
A rich, ultramarine, semiprecious stone used for carving and as a source for pigment.
treatment of forms, colors, space, etc., in such a manner as to emphasize their correspondence to actuality or to ordinary visual experience.
nomadic moving from thrace to mongolia and back. horse traders
Attic scupltor (4th century BC); he was the first to sculpt a nude female form in a life-size statue.
Creating a sense of visual one-ness and whole-ness in a work of art.
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church
Pop Art
First appearing in 1950s, incorporated elements from consumer culture, the mass media, and popular culture, such as images from motion pictures and advertising
a line of columns supporting lintels or arches
Figure 3-26 Model of the hypostyle hall, temple of Amen-Re, Karnak, Egypt, 19th Dynasty, ca. 1290 - 1224 BCE. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. (New Kingdom)
a vaulted space usually located under the apse of a church
a little place or space; a cell
A gateway leading to a Greek temple
Engaged Column
Used for supporting or decoration. Attatched to a background wall.
He painted many scenes from the Bible
an image which all objects symbolize the transience of life. (usually genre)
Albrecht Durer, the Fall of Men(Adam and Eve). 1504. Engraving
The lowest stone of an arch, resting on the impost block. In Gothic vaulting, the lowest stone of a diagonal or transverse rib.
Russian Icons
representation or picture of a sacred or sanctified Christian personage
simplest and oldest way of constructing an opening. Two vertical posts support a horizontal beam or lintel, creating a covered space.
(rough) To give a rustic appearance by roughening the surfaces and beveling the edges of stone blocks to emphasize the joints between then. Rustication is a technique employed in ancient Roman architecture, and was also popular during the Renaissance, especially for stone courses at the ground-floor level.
the way an artist organizes forms in an artwork
Blind arcade
a series of arches having no openings
A spiritual part of the soul which survived after death.
Steel-Frame construction
A building technique with a "skeleton frame" of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams, constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame. The development of this technique made the construction of the skyscraper possible.
trimming one or more of a pictures edges or placing one or more of the edges of an image so that only part of a subject can be seen within the image
Grand Tour
A tour of Europe, specifically Italy, that artists would take to complete their training.
Art which does not represent or refer to the visible world.
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Composition with Yellow, Red, and Blue, Piet Mondrian, De Stijl
Cyclopean Masonry
The idea that a cyclops moved the large stones like those of stonehenge.
Polykleitos, Doryphorus (Spear-bearer)
c. 450 BCE, High Classical Greek. Marble *Roman marble copy of Greek bronze original
humanist cult of fame
emphasized the importance of creative individuals
Color Field Painting
painting that uses visual elements and principles of design to suggest that areas of color stretch beyond the canvas to infinity
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
Rembrandt. Baroque. Tenebrism and chiaroscuro. Using scrumbling.
example of Early Renaissance artist using foreshortening
"Dead Christ" by Mantegna
Called the most beautiful book ever produced, the Hynerotomachia, was written by Fra Francesco Colonna and printed by _________ also known as ______________.
Aldo Manuzio, Aldus Manutius.
Great Mosque Cordaba Spain
Forest of Columns. PIGGY BACK ARCHES. Squinch for dome.
Expensive; took many men to dig into limestone;
important aspect of Middle Kingdom largely
replaced Old Kingdom's mastabas
The Kaaba is thought to be made out of _________ ________.
Granite Block
What is a manuscript?
its any written document that is put down by hand
Pieter Claesz, Still Life with a Tazza, 1636
Oil on panel (approx 17 x 24")
Almost exclusively painted still life paintings, often containing the same items. Showing off abilities with different surfaces. Vani tas.
Who made Florence a Great city of Beauty and the capital of new flourishing arts?and his Death brought what?
-Lorenzo Medici
-His death in 1492 brought the end of the Golden Age of Florence to an end
-Medici were expelled and Renaissance moved its light and artist to Rome
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