Art History- Quiz Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
arcuated
arch-shaped
valazquez
spain-baroque painter
Neanderthal
Human-like creature
Hand (symbol)
God
Insane Woman
(Theodore Gericault
1822-1823
Romantic
France)
Fragonard 1766
El Gronxador
Warm Colors
Advancing colors
Livia
Wife of augustus
venus of willendorf; pale
Kamaresware Jar
Ca. 1800 BCE
Roman Period
509 BCE-330 CE
Colesseum; 70-82 AD; Italian;
year of Napoleon I
1804
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1348/flashcards/669807/jpg/k10.jpg
enochtitlan (now Mexico City)
Kirchner
Five Women in the Street
minbar
a high platform or pulpit
Monet, Degas, Renoir
3 impressionism artists
Paleolithic/mesolithi/Neolithic
Paleolithic- Old stone Mesolithic- Middle stone Age-Neolithic- New stone age
apocyomenos
hellenistic; "scraper"; more relaxed face looks real
Romanticism
heightened interest in nature; emphasis on an individual's emotion and imagination; rebellion against social rules and conventions
frieze
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
Pericles
Ruler during classical period who rebuilt a lot of greece - stole money from the Delian League to build
local color
color applied within an outline
The Persistence of Memory, 1931, Dali
Animal style
exaggerated animal forms and shapes
Attic story
top story of a building
Le Corbusier
Villa Savoye : Poissy-sur-Seine, France
Figure 1-10 Spotted horses and negative hand imprints, wall painting in the cave at Pech-Merle, France, ca. 22,000 BCE. 11' 2" long. (paleolithic)
mesopotamia
first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture
Die Brucke
German Expressionist movement that focused on distortions of form, ragged outlines, and agitated brush strokes to provoke powerfully emotional works; started by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Chiaroscuro
rounded three dimensional forms in space
torque
the distinctive necklace worn by Gauls
Akkad
>Famous for languages on clay tablets
>Akkadian language
The black stone was stolen in _____.
951
postwar expressionism in europe
Giacometti, man pointing, 1947
yoga
a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind
Corot
son of linen seller; studied painting in Italy; poor until around age 50; gave away most of his money after becoming wealthy
Triumphal arches
built for emperors, war heroes-older ones have 3 arches
Positivism
Belief that all human knowledge could derive from objective, scientific method.
Necropolis
"City of the dead". The funerary structures of the Egyptians. Only funerary buildings were built on the west side of the river. Therefore, cities of the dead.
Figure 1-19 Gallery leading to the main chamber of the passage grave, Newgrange, Ireland, ca. 3200 - 2500 BCE. (Neolithic)
Peplos Kore
Archaic Period, archaic smile, votive figurine of girls who serve athena
leon battista alberti
Palazzo Rucellai, Florence Italy; Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy
Skene
Greek "stage". Stage of a classical theatre
ORGANIC
from the natural world or suggestive of living organisms.
Pieta
What sculpture at the Vatican's St. Peter's Basilica is the only sculpture ever signed by Michelangelo?
Pectoral of Senusret II
Culture: Ancient Egyptian
Style Period: Middle Kingdom
2,100- 1,700 BCE
Gold and precious stones
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Mont Sainte-Victoire, Paul Cézanne, Post Impressionism
Neoclassical
A style of art and architecture that emerged in later 18th century. Part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures, this time period was characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome.
pediment
the triangular top of a temple that contains sculpture
abstract
dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention
bay
the space between 2 columns, or one unit in the nave arcade of a church; also the passageway in an arcuated gate
who was the minoan civilization excavated by?
Sir arthur Evans
Early Byzantine Art
Theodora and attendants; San Vitale; Ravenna, Italy
barrel vault
an extension of a simple arch, creating a semicylindrical ceiling over parallel walls
Caryatid
a building column that is shaped like a female figure
Facade
"Temple of Hera I"
the front wall of Greek temples; pierced by an opening directly above the door
psuedoperipteral
engaged columns around the back of a temple
Artist and Year?
A Sunday Afternoon on the island of la Grande Jatte
Georges Seurat
1884-1885
The Garden of Earthy Delights
Hieronymus Bosch. Early 15th. Painting
Archaic Smile
The smile that appears on all archaic greek statues. the smile is the Archaic sculptor's way of indicating that the person portrayed is alive.
Flying Buttress
It is an exterior arch that springs from the lower roof over the aisles and the ambulatory and counters the outward thrust of the nave vaults
Hierarchy of scale
an artistic convention in whish the greater size indicates greater importance.
nike (plural = nikai)
a goddess who personified victory throughout the ages of the ancient Greek culture. She is known as the Winged Goddess of Victory
cella, naos
The chamber at the center of an ancient temple; naos specifically is the room in which the cult statue usually stood.
Horus
son of Osiris and Isis who ruled in the world of the living, depicted as a falcon.
"Where Do We Come From?"
Gauguin. 1897. France. 19th Century Post Impressionism. Expressive ability of color.
Madonna and Child with Angels
1479 Hans Memling (mid N. Renaissance)
Siana was court architect to suleyman the magnificant, which was one of his greates achievements
mosque of Selim 2
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
Seurat, Post Impressionism
Spotted horses and negative hand imprints, wall painting in the cave at Pech-Merle, France - 22,000 BCE
-People rarely show up in paintings
What is a stupa?
A shrine over a burial to hold relics of Buddha
musician and dancers, tomb of lioness. 480. etruscan.
it looks like cave paintings with a cheetah with four nipples. seriously.
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