Art Midterm 3 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Azul
Blue
craftsmanlike
rzemieślniczy
sangriente
bloody
roux
cheveux rouges
la línea
line
chocar
to crash
El gesto
Gesture
la exposicion
exhibit
where??
Kritios boy

Acropolis
Athens
classical
concept
a comprehensive idea
was influenced
fue influído
Savonarola Music
word painting
Monet
Rouen Cathedral (1892-94) [series]
1898
year moore was born
le romancier, la romancière
novelist
limestone
type used in lithography
Eyes in the Heat
Pollock
THINGS INVENTED BY ROMANS
1. DOMES
2.COLOSEUMS
3.CONCRETE
4.AQUEDUCTS
3INTERSATE ROAD SYSTEMS
ARCADES
faience
glazed earthenware decorated with opaque colors
Aeternitas
female version of Eternity. Accompanies Sabina during her apotheosis.
environment
sculptural space you can enter
Palette
used to mix paints on
mural
a large painting on the wall
Genre Painting
depicts scenes from everyday life
en plein aire
artists panting outdoors
the impressionist practice of painting outdoors so artists could have direct access to the fleeting effects of light and atmosphere while working
Neumann (R)
Kaisarsaal Residenz in Wurtzburg, Germany
Applied Art
Includes architecture and the decorative arts. Has no emotional purpose. Decorative arts include handcrafts and other personal objects such as jewelry, weaponry, tools and costumes.
Rule of Thirds
tic tac toe pattern
composition
the way an artist arranges space
Keystone
The central wedge-shape piece of masonry in an arch, added last to lock the structure in place.
Ornamental Initial
decorated letter usually hieratic in scale.
acrylic
the binder is acrylic polymer, a synthetic resin which provides a fast-drying, flexible film
willow
charcoal that is lighter, easier to remove, more fragile, and is made from burned willow vines or sticks
Perspective
a graphic system that creates an illusion of depth and volume on a 2-d surface
Maquette
a small preliminary model for a sculpture
Blending
Use a smooth, gradual application of an increasingly dark value. Pencil lines may be blended
color
element of art derived from reflected light - aroused in brain
Repetition
the use of similar design features again and again
Contrast
Contrast is created by using opposites near or beside one another, such as a light object next to a dark object or a rough texture next to a smooth texture
What is space?
distance around, between, above, below, within an object on a dimensional surface
refracted light
when light curves at an angle
Which painter used the work of color theorists to develop a specifically precise method of applying paint?
Seurat
An example of artistic collaboration is the ______ .
birds of america
Color field
Large fields of flat, solid color across or stained into canvas; creating flat picture plane
ferrule
the metal part of a brush which anchors the bristles to the handle
monochromatic
One color that is modified by changing the values and saturation of the hue by additions of black or white
tone
refers to the character of the color (earth pastel, neon)
Slip
A fluid suspension of clay and water used to join pieces of clay together
emphasis
The principle of design that uses a concentration of interest or area of focus in a particular part or area of a design.
Ingres
La Grande Odallsque (Harem Girl) - no exidence of brush stroke.
alexander calder
introduced mobiles and stabiles in teh 20s
Clay
An earthen material which is plastic when wet. It hardens and chemically changes when fired in an irreversible process.
- second main street in a Roman city; perpendicular to cardo
Decumanus
principles of design
create wholeness or visual unity when they are using elements of art to create artwork
art criticism
the title and medium is contained in the description
analogous colors
a group of similar colors adjacent to one another on the color wheel. Ex. blue, blue-green, green
Characteristics of High Renaissance
Systems of compositional armony and harmony, used mathemathical formulas, perfection and Impressionism
ha desempenado un papel
has carried out (played) a role
What are the Assyrians known for?
Ruthlessness and Brutality, Lamassu sculpture
compound pier
a pier with a group or cluster of attached responds
Delivery of the Keys to St. Peter
Perugino - Renaissance (demonstrates aspects/characteristics of the Church)
What are the colors on the color wheel starting with Red?
red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange, Yellow, yellow-green, green, blue-green, blue, blue-violet, violet, red-violet
What are some characteristics of Romanticism?
Emerged in the context of the American and French Revolutions and Industrial Revolution; focus on the subjective and exotic; passion and drama in complex, dynamic compositions
cuadrado/a
square
Gabo
Column
Russia
Constructivism
1923
parmi
among
Pattern
controlled repetition
Bonito
pretty/ nice
l'auteur dramatique
playwright
mandorla
body halo
la piedra
stone
Rodin
The Thinker (1888)
A merveille
wonderfully well
Bisque
pottery fiered once
triptych
a triple panel
Minimalism 1960's
U.S.
"primary structures"
avoided hand-made & overt personality
extension of Post-Painterly self-definition
austere - without representational cues, what to do with it?
chercher a
to seek to
Abstract lines-Diagonal
Tense and uncomfortable.
Dream Horse G
Fritz Scholder
Delacroix
The Death of Sardanapalus (1822-27)
neutral colors
mixing complementary colors creates
autochrome
the first successful color process
Warm colors
red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange, and yellow, these colors make objects seem larger and appear to come forward.
wedge
to force out air bubbles
Death on a Pale Horse
West
Iconography
The study of subject matter. Iconography is the branch of aesthetics that categorizes and explains content, or subject matter.
Line
the path of a moving point
Armored Train in Action, Italy, UTOPIAN ART MOVEMENTS #1, Severini
ese, esa, esos, esas
that and those
Madonna of the Meadow
Raphael, 1506, oil
photography
technique of capturing an optical image on light sesitive paper
Pediments, Temple of Aphaia, AeginaThe two pedimants were painted at different times the one in the back (west) is earlier
East was replaced for some reason what we have is the second version
Similair themes assault of greeks on troy
There was two the first one led by heracles had heros from Aegina Telamon (east 490) and Ajax (west 500)
choir
section of a church, usually between the crossing and the apse, where the clergy presides and singers perform.
Benjamin West
becomes historical painter for King George III
Minimalism
Work is stripped down to fundamental features
Organic Shapes
made naturally shapes, from nature, random.
productivity
ability to generate ideas easily and frequently and to follow through
form
an element of design that appears three-dimensional and encloses volume such as cube,sphere,pyramid, or cyclinder
Aglae
esposa de Hefesto e hija de Asclepio
hatching
lines that are thin, closely spaced, and paralell
metope
The square panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
steel
blend of iron and carbon, strongest tensile strength
op art(optical art)
an exploration of optical illusions, juxtaposed vibrant colors and disorienting perspective
Archs
Modified way to lighten load of a ceiling.
Used for aqueducts.
achromatic value
relating to differences of light and dark; the absence of color
imitationalist, formalists, emotionalists
aestheticians can be classified into these three groups
chromatic
Relating to the hue or saturation of the color
raised relief
material is added to the printing plate to create the high and low areas
contour line
shows edges or contours of an object
International Modern Style
An architectural style, originating in Europe  after World War I, characterized by rectangular forms, white walls, large windows, flat roors, and the absene of ornament.
sublime
impressing the mind with a sense of grandeur or power; inspiring awe, veneration, etc.:
still life
drawn from looking at an object or objects
value scale
a series of spaces filled with the tints and shades of one color, starting with white or the lightest tint on one end, and gradually changing into the darkest shade or black on the other
Site Specific
is artwork created to exist in a certain place. (environmental art)
vertical lines
can create a look of stability and grandeur
Intensity
refers to the purity of a color where the intensities generally diminishes when colors are mixed
unity and variety
a sense of coherence by repeating shapes and colors, variety provides variance by employing rhythm and repetition.
Proportion
The size of a body part in relation to all the other parts
free- standing sculpture
a sculpture which is intended to be seen from all sides (can include top/bottom of piece), and can stand or hang on its own
Relative size
The size of an object or figure in relation to other objects, figure, or the setting
Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
monastery that held the last supper and
line, shape, form, space, color, value, texture
What are the basic elements or art?
One version of this scene sees the central figure wear a suit of armor and look toward a figure in a red cape at the upper left.
(the) Conversion of (St) Paul [or Saul]
brano
piece
emocionante
exciting
artista
artist
realizar
cumplir;
alcanzar algo
la pintura
painting
portrait
el retrato
la propocion
proportion
stippling
little dots
Photorealism Artists
Richard ESTES
Creating shades
add black
Kallicrates and Iktinos
Parthenon
ground
below the figure
renaissance
a term meaning rebirth
la obra
work of art
Gustave Courbet, Sleep, 1866
distance between toggles
2 feet
Modern Sculpture
Rodin/ venice of personl
Baroque art conveys...
emotion, movement, variety
Catacomb
an underground burial ground consisting of tunnels on different levels having niches for urns and arcophagi and often incorporating rooms
Which artist was the “leader” of Baroque art?
Bernini
Ziggurat
From the Assyrian word 'zigguratu' meaning 'mountaintop' or 'height.' In ancient Assyria and Babylonia, a pyramidal mound or tower built of mud-brick forming the base for a temple. It was often either stepped or had a broad scent winding around it.
opaque
something that cannot be seen through
Casting
Process n which molten material (usually metal) is poured into a mold; The mold is then removed when the material has solidified, producing a cast object.
Surrealism
-the principles, ideals, or practice of
producing fantastic or non harmonious
imagery or effects in art, literature, film,
or theater by means of unnatural or
irrational juxtapositions and combinations
pastel
chalk with colored pigment and nongreasy binder
Picture Plane
The surface of an artwork.
relics
an object that has survived the past
Richardsonian architecture
-thick stone walls
-load bearing walls (limited height)
-arched windows
-rustification of external stone surface (old-fashioned)
-massive/horizontal feel to the structure.
Secondary Colors
orange, green, violet/Made by mixing two primary colors.
rectilinear shape
A shape having only straight lines
Criticism
A viewer's opinion based on informed and personal criteria to determine the aesthetic value of a work of art
contrapposto
dispostion of the human figure, hips and legs are turned in opposition
priming
getting support ready for paint using the ground
CONTEXT IS...
THE SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH AN ARTWORK IS MADE: the interrelated social and political conditions, historical events, economic climate, popular culture, religious attitudes, and other art of the time.
Mass
3D form, occupies a volume of space
sketch
a simply or hastily executed drawing or painting, esp. a preliminary one, giving the essential features without the details.
Harmony
repetition one or more elements in a composition
Rhythm
Repating an element to make a work seen active.
Movement
The act of moving and having action, implied through elements and arrangement of certain elements of art
Predella
the lower part of an altarpiece, often decorated with small scenes that are related to the subject of the main panel
Chartreuse de Champmol
construction began in 1385, monastery completed 1388, completion of the chapel continued to end of the 14th C.
Representation
descriptive of a work of art that depicts forms in the natural world
Chimera
a monster of Greek invention with a lion's head and body and a serpents tail
__________ shut down the Bauhaus in 1933, forcing many of its faculty, including Walter Gropius and Mies van der Rohe, to flee to the United States.
the Nazis
Aesthetics
A branch of philosophy that focuses on the nature of beauty, the nature and value of
art, and the inquiry processes of human response.
Figure
A shape on the picture plane, usually designated as positive
B pencils
softer and blacker than H pencils. (B for black and H for hard)
Romanticism
found its subjects in the world of the dramatic and in cultures foreign to Europe
Space
An element of art that refers to the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. It can be described as two-dimensional or three-dimensional; as flat, shallow, or deep; as open or closed; as positive or negative; and as actual, ambiguous, or illusory.
Positive/Negative Space
The shape an object creates, and the shape of the space around the object creates
analogous
all found near each other on the color wheel
Which painting represents the dynamism style?
Raising of the Cross
mixed media
works of art made with more than one material or medium
respect
esteem for or a sense of the worth or excellence of a person, a personal quality or ability, or something considered as a manifestation of a personal quality or ability:
A viewer can study artwork...
artwork for ICONOGRAPHY, a SYMBOL or VISUAL METAPHOR
What are some characteristics of Post-Impressionism?
No unifying style or philosophy; used intense, saturated colors and sketchy brushwork of Impressionism-but no longer to capture optical sensations; used for emotional expression (Van Gogh)
how do you know when your clay project is ready to be fired?
when the clay piece is bone dry, no moisture, brittle, doesn't feel cold on your cheeks
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