Art Terms 3 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
l'acteur
Actor
cuarto
fourth
l'atmosphère
atmosphere
la pittura
painting
Mostrar
to show
Gothic Architecture
1100s-1400s
la tela
canvas
el gesto
gesture
The Fifer
Manet
la lumière
the light
Cal Guo Qiang
...
destacarse
to stand out
format
layout of a work
mosque
Islamic place of worship
Rouen
Gericault was born here
Portrait
Picture of a person
Guardians of the Secret
Pollock
a shaman's helping spirits
jessie oonark
chiaroscuro
technique using light and dark
1st Portable film Camera
1965 Sony
secondary colors
green, purple, and orange.
Both sides are identical
Symmetrical balance
Oculus
round opening in a dome (eye)
contemporary photography
theatrical heavily staged superficial quality
Storm Troopers Advance Under Gas
Dix 1924
glaze
thin, transparent layer in oil paint
greenware
pottery that has not been fired
Apse
A large semicircular niche protruding from the end wall of a building
architecture
the planning a creating of buildings
Laocoon and his two sons
marble, Hellenistic
material
any physical substance, such as rock, wood, glass, plastic, etc
el papel
la parte que un actor hace
Rythm
concerned with repeating an element of art to make a work seem active or to suggest vibration
Printing Press
A mechanical device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring an image
Scoring
scratching into clay surface to create texture for joining clay together
Egyptian Religion
A pantheon of gods, deities, sub-deities, and spirits.
Solvent
liquid that controls the thickness or thinness of the paint; can also be used to clean paintbrushes and other applications
Foreshortening
method of applying perspective to an object or figure so that is seems to recede in space by shortening the depth dimension, making the form appear three-dimensional
Isonmetric Perspective
Architecture. Mechanic means to show space and volume in rectangular forms.
edition
limit to number of impressions that will be made
Atmospheric/Ariel Perspective
A technique, often employed in landscape painting, designed to suggest three-dimensional space in the two-dimensional space of the picture plane, and in which forms and objects distant from the viewer become less distinct, often bluer or cooler in color, and contrast among the various distant elements is greatly reduced.
Lorna Simpson
"She" in 1990; brings up racism, sexism, status discrimination (status/hair connection)
henry de toulouse latrec
1864-1901
broke both of legs
"jane avril"
"at the moulin rouge"
"graphic designers"
geometric forms
are precise forms such as cylinder, cube, and pyramid that can be defined by mathematical formulas.
Robie House, USA, "HIGH" MODERN ART IN NORTH AMERICA, Wright
Perspective
A method of drawing and painting the illusion of depth onto a flat surface
space
the illusion of distance on a flat surface
post and linel
horizontal beam supported by vertical post at each end
foreground
part of the picture plane that appears closest to the viewer
Kiln
An oven in which pottery or ceramic ware is fired.
point on the horizon where receding parallel lines seem to meet
vanishing point
Movement
is created by the artist to move the viewer's eye around the picture
Parallel; lines
Two or more straight lines that run along the same plane that never intersect
watercolor salt technique
sprinkling salt on paint to create small splotches/stars
Thinned down
____ ___ watercolor paint gives off a washed out appearance
contour line
a line that defines the edges and surface ridges or an object
learning to use this to draw traps the positive and negative space
grid
terre sauvage
A fall scene on the eastern shore of Georgian Bay.
Mark Antony
chief priest of the cult of J. Caesar, part of the second triumvirate.
technician -
the one who is skilled in the details of an art or subject
non representational
a design that is at the end of the spectrum and is not relate to any real object or thing no recognizability of the design
colorized, black and white pictures
adding color to a black and white photograph
what was the importance of tomb building for the mughals and where did they get their influences?
It was the rulers attempt to claim legitimacy over their Indian empire.
They used Indain/Islamic aesthetic.
raro/a
rare
poem
poema
(auto)portrait
(self)portrait
Proportion
size relationships
la pintura
painting
la actriz
actress
el plástico
plastic
Mondrian
Broadway Boogie-Woogie (1942-43)
allegorie
une representation symbolique
les beaux-arts
fine arts
ARS, ARTIS
art, skill
Body/Performance Art Artists
Joseph BEUYS
Existentialist artists:
Bacon, Giacometti, Hendricks
émouvoir
to move, touch (emotionally)
Cezanne
Mont Sainte - Victore
Gericault
Raft of the Medusa (1818)
une surface rugueuse, grossière
rough surface
myth
any traditional story; usually connected to religion/gods
hue
the name of the color
Charles Marion Russell
The Buffalo Hunt
Old Woman Frying Eggs
(Diego) Velazquez
odalisque
A woman in a Turkish harem
eathenware
more absorbent clay, used for throwing, hand-building
Bird in Space, Romania, Abstraction, Brancusi
pinch
a hand building technique that involves sqeezing the clay
Perseus with the Head of Medusa
Cellini
casting
sculptural technique in which liquid matierals are shaped by putting into a mold
Define "pharaohs"
ancient Egyptian kings, considered living gods
cantilever
in architecture a structural system in which an overhanging beam is supported only at one end.
Migrant Mother, 1936
Dorothea Lange, most famous photograph, Florence Thompson a 32 year old mother of 10.
Scale
Size relation of one thing to another
Formalism
focuses on the composition and the design aspect of the visual qualities
facade
the face or front of a building
FernandLéger, Three Women, 1921
steamlined harmoneus world, celebration of new age after war, type of purism
Oreste
hijo de Agamenon que mata a Clitemnestra para vengarla
Que sabes sobre?
What do you know on
acropolis
Greek, "high city." In ancient Greece, ususlaly hte site of the city's most important temples.
load bearing construction
simplest construction, stone and bricks
Ex. Pyramids of Giza
NEA
the national endowent for the arts, a federal government agency funded by the taxpayers that supports the arts
Post Modernism Architecture
-Architecture that enters realm of sculpture.
-Natural elements impact the surface and the way the building is seen by viewers.
temperature
the relative warmness or coolness of a color. red, yellow and orange are usually associated with warmth. blue green and violet are usually associated with coolness.
aesthetician
a scholar who specializes in the study of nature and beauty of art
complementary
the colors opposite each other on the color wheel
color
wht you see when light is reflected off an object
Linear perspective
the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer
color wheel
chart that shows primary secondary and intermediate colors
composition
The act of organizing the elements of an artwork into a harmoniously unified whole.
oil paint
made out of lin seed oil. translucent, reflects light, glazing
tensile strength
the resistance of a material to a force tending to tear it apart
7 elements of art
Line, shape, form, value, color, texture, space
vanishing point
the point at which lines converge on the horizon line
Horizon Line
an actual or imaginary line that is created when the sky and earth appear to meet
texture/implied texture
work of arts ability to call forth certain tactile sensations and feelings
informal balance
2 unlike objects are made to seem to have equal weight
expressive line
A kind of line that seems to spring directly from the artists emotions or feelings, loose, gestural, and energetic
questions art historians ask
how old is it?
what is its style?
what is the subject?
who paid for it?

Why did it start?
there was a major shift in french taste and manners. The stern grip of the academy on the art of the nation was relaxed.
round paintbrushes and flat paintbrushes
used by artists, horse hair, pig hair, camel hair, sable, synthtic hair, nylon
A small blue-clad passenger and four rowers are slightly visible near a white sailboat. A black dog in the foreground is sniffing the earth, and a brown dog leaps by in the center.
Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte
artist
artysta
révolutionnaire
revolutionary
sculpture
escultura
La trompeta
trumpet
la fotografía
photograph
horozontal?
calmness, balance
Segun
According to
Fresco
dries quickly
el sentimiento
la emoción
Bernini (R)
David sculpture
Robert Rauschenburg
Monogram 1955-59.
square- circle transition
pendentive
char bagh
four squared garden
Van Loo
Diderot (Painting) ROCOCO
Courbet
Realism (1750-1870)
French
burial of artist's grandfather
style: genre
la vida diaria
daily life
Deposition
ARTIST:Rogier van der Weyden YEAR:c.1442 PERIOD: Northern Early Renaissance
Bellows, Stag at Sharkey's, 1910
tint
add white to a color
Expressive *
Occuring thought and feelings
articulate
uttered clearly in distinct syllables.
A(n) ______ consists of apprentices and assistants who work under the supervision of a master artist.
workshop
Soyer, RR Station Waiting Room, 1940
symmetry/symmetrical
design or composition with identical or nearly identical form on opposite sides of a dividing line formal balance
Philip Johnson and Burgee "At&t Building" NYC 1980-85
tray for mixing colors of paint
palette
picasso
cubism forever, blu period, rose period, spanish fire and emotion
What is unity?
wholeness/oneness, use simplicity, repetition, proximity, continuation
Modeling
In sculpture, manipulating a plastic material such as clay or wax to create a form.
In a "4-color printing" red is referred to as:
Magenta
pictograph
a picture used in place of writing
Hartley, Portrait of a German Officer, 1915
outline
The most basic kind of descriptive line that surrounds a shape.
Salvador Dali
depict dream imagery and everyday objects in unexpected forms "The Persistence of Memory";characterized by meticulous draftsmanship and realistic detail, with brilliant colors heightened by transparent glazes....embraced the science of painting as a way to study the psyche through subconscious images and should allow these images to reach the conscience
Subtractive
Technique in which materials are taken away from original mass - Carving
 
 
Secondary Triad
In subtractive color, orange, green, and violet. They are called secondary because each can be made by combining two primaries.
chiraoscuro
the gradual transition from light to dark with crisp edges on a 2-D piece
minbar
A high platform or pulpit in an Islamic mosque
contour
an outline of an object drawn without lifting the pencil
crayons
A stick of colored wax used for drawing or writing
Secondary Color
GREEN, ORANGE, and VIOLET. Created by mixing 2 primary colors
Guerilla Girls
are a group of radical feminist artists established in New York City in 1985, known for using creative posters to promote women and people of color in the arts
gradation
progressing from 1 tone of color to another
ART CREATE ORDER AND HARMONY
THROUGH INTROSPECTION AND MEDITATION
Monochromatic
color scheme using tints and shades of one color
fete galante
Scene with figures in a landscape enjoying
themselves (compare: Giorgione)
binder
In a medium, the substance that holds pigments together.
flying buttresses
the outward force of the arched vault is carried to large buttresses by stone half arches called?
Primary Colors
Red, Yellow, Blue, the main colors of the color wheel
Blind Contour Line
An outline without taking your eyes off an object.
warm and cool colors
Colors that enhance the "temperature" of a painting.
Medium
the material used by an artist in a creation
actual texture
is how something really feels to the touch
white light
light perceived by the eye as having the same color as sunlight at noon.
Additive process
One in which the final form of a sculpture is achieved by putting pieces of material together to build a form
bilateral symmetry
when each side of an object seem to line up
modeling carving and casting
for most of the recorded history, the major sculpting techniques in the western world were what?
Types of sculpture
In the round- meant to be viewed at any angle.
Free-standing- sculpture surrounded on all sides except the base by space.
Velazquez, Surrender of Breda (The lantsis)
vocus on 2 central figures, meant to show spanish superirority and grasioucness, spanish vs. dutch, dutch w/ gun meant to catch viewers eyes, emphaiss of rich colors
formal
formal
pattern
...
1907
Les Demoissles
el mural
mural
raro
rare; weird
New Objectivity
Critics are _______
imbusils
Pleasure Point
Nancy Rubins
Dix
the new objectivity
V gouge
finer carving tool
Bisque
ceramic after first firing
miguel de cervantes
novelist, dramatist, poet
neoclassic/romantics
mixes paint on the palate
St. Jerome in His Cell/Study
Durer
edvard munch
famous expressionist "the scream"
la obra de arte
work of art
crosshatching
a shading technique which uses repeated overlapping lines
reliquary
casket or container for sacred relics
gesture
a drawing that captures movement showing little detail
nose
at the 1/4-MARK on your head
Eye Level
An imaginary horizontal line parallel to the viewer's eyes.
hatching
lines that are used to create value/shading; they all go in one direction
value
a measure of realative lightness or darkness
photosensitive
Descriptive of a surface that is sensitive to light and therefore capable of recording images
actual balance
literall balanced-can stand on its own
Claude Monet, Rouen Cathedral, Oil on Canvas
secondary
colors made from primary colors such as purple, green, and orange
Pueblo
from whom did the Navajo learn to weave?
unity
refers to the looks and feel of wholenss or ONENESS in a work of art
texture
the art element that refers to the sense of touch is?
aesthetic experience
your personal interaction with a work of art.
Asymmetrical Balance
elements placed unevenly in a piece, but they work together to form harmony; also known as "informal balance."
Relief prints
Produced by carving into a surface, usually wood. Requires artists to conceptualize their images negatively (remove areas around image). Then, when printmaker inks the surface, the carved areas will remain clean.
Composite Image
images that are trying to be complete
motivate
to provide with a reason for doing to push on to some goal or course of action
Commission
when an artist is hired by someone to create a specific work of art
Woodcut
A print made by cutting a design in side-grain of a block of wood, also called a woodblock print. The ink is transferred from the raised surfaces to paper.
bisque ware
clay that has been fired once and hardened, but not glazed
Doric
The shaft of the column may be smooth or fluted. It does not have a base The capital is rounded stone disk supporting a plain rectangular slab
hyperbaton
the use, esp. for emphasis, of a word order other than the expected or usual one, as in "Bird thou never wert."
Dominant element
element of a work of art that is noticed first. elements noticed second are called subordinate elements
Sticks, on a ladder
How did Jackson Pollock do his drip paintings?
Where are the world's oldest paintings and what were they covered in?
N. Spain, S. France, thousand year old calcium deposits end of glacial age
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