Art Test 6 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
retrato
portrait
orilla
shore
rosado
pink
tesserae
small tiles
Bathsheba
Rembrandt 1654
repetition
Drawing again.
el decorado
plot
la cerámica
ceramics
Oil
Natural pigments
Courbet
Burial at Ornans
three dimensional
having depth
Frank Lloyd Wright
Judith beheading Holofenes
1598-1599 Carvariggio
Walking Man, France, Post-Impressionism, Rodin
...
photography
to draw with light
Geometric
shape; square, triangle, circle
Color
Derived from reflected light
exhibit
something shown to the public
Der Blaue Reiter
Germany
more abstract/non-objective branch of Expressionism
color symbolism
analogy between art and music
wayang kulit
Indonesian term: shadow puppet
Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as __________.
gilding
architectural historians desribe the elevation of a greek temple in terms of the platform, the colonnade, and the superstructure
entablature
mihrab
niche located on qibla wall; emphasizes the direction of Mecca
Post-Impressionism
more individual, approach to painting unique to each artists working at this time.
Paul Cezanne
Paul Gauguin
Vincent Van Gogh
chiaroscuro
An Italina word designating the contrast of light and dark in a painting, drawing or print. Creats spatial depth and the volumetris forms through gradation in the intensity or light and shadow
foreshortening
making 3D feel by distorting object
slab
using a flat piece of clay
Core Shadow
darkest area, away from light
Marilyn Monroe; San Francisco Silverspot
Andy Warhol
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1498/flashcards/661438/jpg/hallofmirrors.jpg
Hall of Mirrors/ Palace of VersaillesFrance1680
Rhythm
relationship either of time or space between recurring elements of a composition
criteria to test (3 C's)
coherent, correspondence, completeness
Emphasis
Used by artists to create dominance and focus in their work.
Description
stating the facts and talking about the elements of design
Actual Texture
Texture you can actually feel. Strongly associated with 3-D art.
Hoch
Cut with the Kitchen Knife dada Through the Last Weimar Beer Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany
Germany
Surrealism
1919-1920
scale
the relationship between the size of an object and the relationship to its surroundings
genre
a kind of literary or artistic work
aesthetics
a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty and art and their relation to human beings
Hieroglyphics
An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures and symbols were used to represent ideas and sounds.
outsider artist
personal expression created apart from any conventional practice or style
String Painting
slid yarn through paint and then across paper, makes different lines
basilica
a long building that is today a Christian church; in Roman times, a public place
Burial is located at the Pyramids at Giza, Egypt. His is the largest and the oldest?
Khufu
2551-2528
crosshatching
Hatching lines that cross to make a more solid shadow
blotting
using a dry brush or tissue to blot/remove paint
fauvist
Henri Matisse was a _____ artist who used strong colors and bold brushstrokes.
Two point perspective
Two vanishing points on the horizon
Artists in Early Renaissance
Van Eyck, Donatello and Boticelli.
Plaster
white p owder that hardens when mixed with water
biomorphic shape
An irregular shape that resembles the freely developed curves found in living organisms.
detail
an individual or minute part; an item or particular.
In what ways is the State Hospital critical of the US govt/US culture
Inhumane conditions
primary colors
yellow, red, and blue which cannot be made with other colors, but can make every other color on the spectrum
product design
a career relating to the design and creation of models for commercial products.
Papier mache
type of sculpture in which layers of newspaper soaked in glue are applied to an armature
Horizon Line
Horizontal line that is even with the artist's eye . Where the earth & sky meet at eye level.
diminishing size
decreases in size the farthe away an object gets
qualities of the tomb of humayun
big, geometric forms, red sandstone
el óleo
pintura a base de aceite / un cuadro pintado con óleos / medio de arte
What is the keyboard shortcut to deselect in Photoshop?
COMMAND D (CNTL D)
What is the name for the type of art Jackson Pollack created?
abstract expressionism
Who and when was christ on the cross painted?
el greco, 1585, mannerism
By using lighter. more muted colors
How do you show that something is far way?
engraving
rycina
autobiográfico
autobiographic
Polyklietos
...
la imagen
image
la galeria
gallery
el escultor
sculptor
firing
BAKING CLAY
El impresionismo
Impressionism
notre dame
gothic architecture
el lienzo
the canvas
Gothic
stained glass windows
Massacre in Korea
Picasso
Greenware
Clay not fired yet
alentar (ie)
to inspire, encourage
curves
bends in a surface
las bellas artes
fine arts
Expressive
Line is loose, gestural, raw
New kingdom?
tomb?
King tuts tomb
1550-1070
rock-cut pyramid
Michelangelo's David
Name sculptor and sculpture.
la galeria (accent on i)
gallary
Sydney Opera House
Australia
[ferroconcrete]
Utzon
plastic arts
Artistic expression that involves molding certain forms, such as sculpture.
translucent
can see through layers; mistakes cannot be covered up
Vincent Van Gogh, Night Café, 1888
subtractive
sculpting by removing material or carving
Line
a mark with length and direction
types of free-form shapes
flames, puddles, clouds
Apollo Belvedere
330 BC 7'4" marble copy
keystone
the topmost stone of an arch
Asymmetrical
Balance neither side reflects the other.
3D
Having or appearing to have height, width, depth
reliquary
a container, often made of precious materials, used as a repository for sacred relics
Stephen Wiltshire
autistic savant; cityscape of Dubai $750,000
contrast
created by using opposites near or beside one another
chop
carved stamp used in china as signature
Goldfish
Matisse - leading figure of fauvism (use of bold, often distorted forms and colors)
dome
A round vault over a circular space
Virgin of the Rocks, LEONARDO, High Renaissance Period, 1485, oil on wood
KNOW
art criticism
A systematic discussion of the characteristics of an artwork, usually involving four stages: description, analysis, interpretation, and evaluation.
uninhibited
not restrained by social convention or usage; unconstrained:
yawp
raucous or querulous speech; a noisy, foolish utterance
Bird's Eye View
To see something from great height.
water colors
water based paints with a tranesparent color quality
aesthetic experience
your personal interaction with a work of art.
Stippling
a pattern of closely spaced dots or small marks used to create a sense of three-dimensionality on a flat surface, especially in drawing and printmaking.
glaze
become glassy or take on a glass-like appearance
performance art
Perform actions before audience or in nature, contains both visual art and drama, and has historical antecedents in Dada performances of the early twentieth century as well as in Expressionist painting
video art
technology as a kind of new nature
integrating performance, music, installations & technology possibilities
physical functions
there are constantly new ways of creating a functional piece of art
Delusions of Grandeur II R. Magritte
ex of proportion
graphite
a soft form of carbon, similar to coal
groin vaults
when two barrel vaults meet at right angles
____ pencils are Blacker than _____ pencils
B , H
Yoko Ono and Fluxus
involved in international group, large performance of variety and chance, engage active participants, weird instructions to behave, Cut Piece was famous, expensive dress, makes audience cut it until she is naked
shade
A color to which black or another dark hue has been added to make it darker, tending to make them neutral in color.
organic shape
shape that suggests the form of a living organism
A ________ is often the first and key element in creating a complete corporate identity.
logo
Geometric shape
a shape derived from or suggestive of geometry. Geometric shapes are characterized by crisp, precise edges and mathematically consistent curves.
What is fauvism?
Style that grew out of pointillism and post-impressionism
Characteristics of egyptian
Frontal pose, size of body (biggest is the most powerful), symbols, conventions.
In its original Renaissance meaning, a "cartoon" was?
a full scale line drawing
split complementary
a color plus the two hues next to the colors compliment
Hair, brow, eyes, nose, mouth chin
What are the six proportions of the face?
Stop
...
possession
ownership
morado/a
purple
distraer
to distrust
el pintor
painter
el coro
choir
Suspender
to suspend
a menudo
frequently
marcel duchamp
fountain, 1917
value
lightness and darkness
sighting
mentally measuring proportions
Screaming Popes series
Bacon
Horizontal
Parallel to the horizon
Fat Clay
very plastic clay
red, yellow, blue
primary colors?
3d work of art.
Sculpture
catacombs
an underground burial ground consisting of tunnels on different levels, having niches for urns and sarcophagi and often incorporating rooms
Number 1 by Pollock, 1950
Space
the intercal between pre-established points
Chartres Cathedral
Notre Dame, France
Gothic Art
1200-1500 CE
Composition
The spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole
Frederick R. Weisman Museum, Minneapolis 1993
Frank Gehry
3-D
Having height , width, and depth
Futurism
Italy
speed and technology as essence of modern life
Cubist influence
Picasso
Girl with a Mandolin (Fanny Tellier)
Spain
Analytic Cubism
1910
être ravi(e) que
to be thrilled that
cool colors
green through blue and violet
Monotheism (Akhenaton and the Amarna period)
...
Prehistory
study of history before written records
Uruk
an ancient Sumerian city in Southern Iraq, near the Euphrates, important before 2000 b.c. : exclusive archaeological excavations, notably of a ziggurat and of tablets with very early Sumerian script.
mona hatoum
deconstructed body, how do we understand our bodies and how do we use them? Wheelchair with knife handles, hard bed, cheese grader changing curtain, nail doormat. Corps Etranger
Vehicle
Binder; Liquid in which pigments are suspended to form paint.
art elements
color, line, shape, form, space, value, and texture
What represents the physical surface and structure underlying it?
Tactile Texture
Francisco Goya, The Third of May, 1808, 1814
Hue
identifies the color on the color wheel
Sloth
a disinclination to work or exert yourself
Balance
A sense of equilibrium between areas of implied weight, attention, attraction , or moments of force.
A suggestion of linear direction formed by a view's knowledge of relationships in a work of art, such as the relationship between the glance of a person toward an object.
Psychological Line
- a building made to commemorate an event from the life of Christ or the death of a martyr
Martyrium
photojournalism
creates images in order to tell a story
Intaglio
A process in which prints are made from ink trapped in the grooves in an incised metal plate. Etchings and engravings are the most typical examples
Intermediate
colors are created by mixing a primary and a secondary:
kouros
Greek word for "male youth" - an Archaic Greek statue of a standing, nude youth (pl. kouroi)
still life
an atangement of random objects to draw or paint.
Artistic Style
special way an artist uses the elements and principles to organize a work
Color Spectrum
chart of hues bent into a circle
Content
The meaning of an image, beyond its overt subject matter; as opposed to form.*what it expresses or means
Negative/Positive Drawing
concerning on the unused space in a piece
High-Relief (Haut)
A form that extends at least halfway out of the background, in sculpture
Maskoid or Friskit
White glue like substance that allows you to white out certain areas on watercolor paper that you wish to remain white
Analogous
3 colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel
The creation of shading in a drawing or etching through the use of intersecting sets of parallel lines.
Hatching/ Cross-hatching
Superrealism/ Photorealism
developed in the 60s and into the 70s, rejection of formalism, and abstract, imbrace of realism
Rococo painting can best be characterized as:
the Baroque, eroticized, and depictions of the wealthy aristocracy at play
What is a clan
group of people joined by blood or marriage ties
Why are mandalas made?
Buddhists monks make a mandala as a form of meditation. The value of a mandala is in the making of it, not the mandala itself
Jean de Beaumetz, two Crucifixion panels
two Crucifixion panels , c. 1395, one in the Louvre Museum, Paris and the other in The Cleveland Museum of Art. These are extant from an original set of 24 panels installed in the 24 monk cells of the Chartreuse de Champmol
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