BIO Life Flashcards

Terms Definitions
PHYLUM
Classification catagory
EXPERIMENT
Testing a hypothesis
OMNIVORE
Eats both meat & plants
AUTOTROPHY
Organism that captures energy from inorganic nutrients.i.e. plants
biodegradable
destruction of organic material by a microorganism
HETEROTROPY
living things that eat other things. Must take in organic food.
SPECIFIC EPITHET
Binomal names--two part latin names given to organisms. When you write these you capitolize the first name and italicize or underline both names.
DOMAIN BACTERIA
Second domain of Life. Contains prokaryotic cells that differ from Archaea because they have their own unique genetic characteristics.
symbiosis
the living together of two different organisms in a way which is mutually beneficial
biography
a written account of another person's life:
microbe
(micro - small) - tiny form of life
ENERGY
Capacity to do work and bring about change; different varities
autobiography
a history of a person's life written or told by that person.
biopsy
the removal for diagnostic study of a piece of tissue from a living body.
LIST THE 5 KINGDOMS
1) domain Monera (bacteria)2) domain Protista (unicellular)3) domain Fungi (molds, mildew, mushrooms)4) domain Plantae5) domain Animalia
WHAT IS SCIENCE?
Study of the natural universe and all it entails. A way of observing & learning about nature.
PHENOMENON
natural event
PROTIST
Single cell organism
EXPERIMENTAL VARIABLE
Component being tested
KINGDOM
Largest classification. These species share general characteristics.
PLANT
makes its food from energy collected from sun and brings energy to the ecosystem.
DEPENDANT VARIABLE
result or change with experiment variable (the variable you use to compare to others)
GENUS
One of the Taxonomy catagories used to group a species. Those most closely related.
symbiotic
the living together of two dissimilar organisms, as in mutualism, commensalism, amensalism, or parasitism.
neurobiology
the branch of biology that is concerned with the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system.
abiogenesis
the now discredited theory that living organisms can arise spontaneously from inanimate matter; spontaneous generation.
biology
(logos - word/study ) - study of life
BIOSPHERE
The part of the earth and its atmosphere in which The part of the earth and its Atmosphere in which living organisms exist or that is capable of supporting life.
antibiotic
any of a large group of chemical substances, as penicillin or streptomycin, produced by various microorganisms and fungi, having the capacity in dilute solutions to inhibit the growth of or to destroy bacteria and other microorganisms, used chiefly in the
What are the 7 catagories we use to CLASSIFY organisms?
KingdomPhylumClassOrderFamilyGenusSpecies
What 4 traits do LIVING THINGS posses?
1) Consume energy2) Reproduce & Develop3) Have cells4) Respond to their environment (they adapt)
ORDER
Classification catagory
OBSERVATION
Gather information thru senses
GENE
Unit of heredity containing chromosones
SCIENTIFIC PROCESS
1) Observation2) Formulate Hypothesis3) Collect data4) Analyze data & reformulate hypothesis
EVOLUTION
Descent of organisms from common ancestors with changes over time that make them more suitable for environment.
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
process that transforms solar energy into nutrients
ANIMAL
A multicellular organism of the kingdom Animalia
biogenesis
the production of living organisms from other living organisms.
PREDICTION
Step of the scientific process that supports the hypothesis
biocidal
any chemical that destroys life by poisoning, esp. a pesticide, herbicide, or fungicide.
biomedicine
- branch of science that studies the effects of the environment on the human body, especially during space travel
CONCLUSION
Whether or not the results of an experiment fit hypothesis
DEDUCTIVE REASONING
"if-then" logic to test a hypothesis. Process of reaching a conclusion.
CARL VON LINNE
Devised giving two latin names to each organism
amphibious
living or able to live both on land and in water; belonging to both land and water.
A HYPOTHESIS MUST BE A FALSIFIABLE STATEMENT.TRUE OR FALSE?
TRUE. It is tenative; open to test.
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