Ballet 2 Flashcards

Dance
Terms Definitions
Efface'
shaded
tombe'
falling
Bourre
Small steps
glissade
to glide
Plie
to bend
Chasse
A sliding step
Tour Jete
thrown turned
allonge
lengthened or outstretched
en arrie're
to the back
a dos
to the back
soubresaut
sudden spring or bound
entrechat quatre
interweaving or braiding, four
re've'rence, grande
big reverence or curtsey
Swan Lake
classical ballet choreographed by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov
developpe jete en avant
developed thrown forward
batterie
french techinical term for beaten steps
Tendu
Stretching leg with pointed toe, on floor
Classical Ballet
started in russia with imperial funding (tsars)... Petipa pretty much created style...very formulaic:huge cast and set, story told through pantomine (dance does not really progress story), national dancing, divertissement, grand pas de deux... technique stronger than in Romantic... skirt is shorter to show off musculature
PIQUÉ [pee-KAY] 
Pricked, pricking. Executed by tapping the floor with the toe by stepping directly on the pointe or demi-pointe of the working leg.
grand battement
large beating action of the leg
enveloppe
opposite of developpe; legs open with grand battement and come to passe to close
Leap
Transfer of weight from one foot to the other
William Forsythe
21st... American, much of career in Europe... danced with Joffrey Ballet... encouraged to choreog at Stuttgart Ballet... artistic director for Frankfurt Ballet... provocative and scandalous... choreog for NYCB, Nederlands Dans Theatre, Joffrey Ballet, Australian National Ballet
PASSÉ [pa-SAY]
Passed. This is an auxiliary movement, a movement that gives assistance or support to the movement that follows. The foot of the working leg passes the knee of the supporting leg from one position to another.
Retire
A position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l’air so that the toe is in line with and touching the knee of the supporting leg either in front or in back. Retire resembles passé but differs because it usually is a position that comes to the knee and extends to another position rather that closing like the passé. Literal translation: withdrawn
barre
a handrail placed at hip height, used by a dancer to maintain balance during practice.
Cou De Pied
Ankle joint. Placement of foot inside the ankle
Alexander Gorsky
CB to Cont, 20th... moved away from formality of Petipa (no symmetry, used character/folk dances for storyline... wanted to use Konstantin Stanislavsky (inside out)... gave dancers different motives and characters
En bas
low, used to indicate a low position of the arms
Frappé — (fra-PAY)
An exercise in which the dancer forcefully extends the working leg from a flexed coupé position to the front, side or back. This exercise strengthens the toes and instep and develops the dancer’s power of elevation. Literal translation: to strike
pointe
a position on the extreme tips of the toes.
port de bra
carriage of the arms; we use five; Russian ballet uses six
PIROUETTE [peer-WET]
Whirl or spin. A complete turn of the body on one foot, the motive power being obtained from a combination of plié, relevé and arm movement.
frappe
the ball of the foot strikes out to a pointed position, then returns to the ankle
fourth position
a position in which the feet are at right angles to the direction of the body, the toes pointing out, with one foot forward and the other foot back.
Pirouette — (peer-WET)
A complete turn of the body on one foot on the demi-pointe with the other foot usually drawn into a passé position. A pirouette may be done in arabesque or attitude also. A preparation using the demi-plié and arm movement for impetus in the turn always proceeds the pirouette. Pirouettes may be done en dehors or en dedans. Literal translation: to whirl
grand rond de jambe
round of the leg grand; rond de jambe en l'air en dedans/dehors, grand
coupe
coupe
adagio
slow.
allegro
brisk or rapid in tempo
soutenu
performed in a carefully sustained manner.
pas de bourree
a short running step.
Attitude
Bent arabesque; can be to front
waltz
a ballroom dance, in moderately fast triple meter, in which the dancers revolve in perpetual circles, taking one step to each beat.
preparation
a proceeding, measure, or provision by which one prepares for something:
ronds de jambe
a circular movement of the leg.
passe
a movement in which one leg passes behind or in front of the other.
releve
a rising up onto full point or half point from the flat of the feet.
sous souses
a small jump beginning and ending in the fifth position, usually performed in series moving forward, backward, or to the side.
changement de pied
a jump in which the dancer's feet are reversed from the starting position.
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