Beowulf 8 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
reciprocal
mutual
Sinew
Muscular
Renowned
Well-known
intrepid
fearless
Extolled
Praised
Fiend
Satan, demon
Vikings
language-Scandanavian
impact- learning and culture grew
fenny
marshy, swampy
relished
enjoyed keenly
eegtheow
beowulf's father
Furled
Rolled up
disdainfully
with contempt; hautfully
Unferth
Mean to Beowulf
nagling
beowulfs swords name
Skulked
Moved about sneakily
kenning
colorful, metaphorical language
hale
free from injury
afflicted
mentally or physically unfit
reprise
a recurrence or renewal
deep- keeled
bottom of ship
Prodigious
- wonderful amazing immense
surging
a force or movement
The author of Beowulf
anonymous
Lament
sorrow and mourn for
Hrothulf
Hrothgar's nephew, Hrothulf betrays and usurps his cousin, Hrethic, the rightful heir to the Danish throne
ensconce
to settle securely or snugly
gumption (n)
boldness of enterprise; initiative
Delusory
giving a false/ misleading impression
javelins
light spears used as weapon
higlac
Beowulfs uncle, king of Geats
Modthryth
Evil queen who is Hygd's opposte
Wiglaf
A young kinsman who helps Beowulf
enmity
hostility: a state of deep-seated ill-will; a feeling of animosity
Unremitting
not slackening or abating; incessant: unremitting noise; unremitting attention.
rhine
River along which the Franks lived
Freawaru
Hrothgar's daughter, who will marry Ingeld
courtier
an attendant at a royal court
Caroused
to engage in a drunken revel
barbarous
adj. characterized by an uncivilized culture
gorged
eating a large amount of food greedily.
grendel's mother
unnamed swamp hag, terrorizes Herot, killed by Beowulf
vex (39)
to torment; trouble; distress; plague; worry
Heirloom
Valuable Object which has belonged to family for several generations
Wulfgar
herald in Heorot; renowned for his wisdom; questions Beowulf when he first arrives to Heorot
mead
an alcoholic drink of fermented honey and water
Waegmundings
Wiglaf's people, he is the last remaining one
ween
verb. to think; suppose. to expect, hope, or intend.
caesura
poetry where you naturally pause in the middle of a line
Hildeburh
Her story in recounted during the second feast for Beowulf at Heorot. She is an ancient Danish princess who was married into the Frisian royalty. Her brother and her son were both killed in a war with the Frisians at Finnesburh. She was eventually returned to the Danes.
Foreshadowing
Tells you what could happen in the future
infamous
having a reputation of the worst kind; notoriously evil.
damascened
adjective; (of iron or steel) given a wavy pattern by hammer-welding and repeated heating and forging
Shield Sheafson
a legendary Danish king from whom Hrothgar is descended
hadrian's wall
built by roman emperor hardian for defense against pics
damask
a figured woven fabric with a pattern visible on both sides, typically used for table linen and upholstery NOUN
synonym: fabric
Egbert
802 (first king of England, not the first great king)
oppress
come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
wegild
the money you pay to someone so that they don't kill you or if they don't want to kill someone they can demand it. "man-price".
Sentinel
one who keeps watch or guards a point of entry
Who is not included in the line of Shield Sheafson?
Beowulf
pilgrimage
noun - a journey to a shrine or holy place
Celtic Words That Survived
Crag - Celtic word for a rocky mountain
Combe - Celtic word for forest
What 2 heroic deeds does Beowulf brag about?
driving out 5 great giants and killin sea monsters in the black of night
wyrd
fate
herald
messenger
hoard
collection
obsequious
obedient
bereft
deprived
hilt
sword handle
brook
endure, tolerate
alacrity
eager readiness
Hrunting
Beowulf's sword
malice
evil intent
mere
lake, pond
sluggishly
lacking energy, lazy
Middle English
1100-1150CE, Chaucer
effulgent
radiant or brilliant
rabid
unreasonably furious; raging
Molten
liquefied by heat
Bulwark
a defensive wall
Hrothmund
second son of Hrothgar
Hedred
Higlac's son and heir
Ingeld the Heathobard
marries Freawaru
Philologically
study of language, linguistics
effervescent
bubbly, bouncy in nature
Hrothgar
king of the danes
Woden
cheif God of War
mead hall
banquet-like hall, beer hall
Scorn
a feeling or dislike towards
hack
one who forfeits professional integrity in exchang for money or reward
assailant
a person who attacks violently
respite
n. brief interal of rest
vexation-noun
agrivation; anger produced by some irritation
Dragon
In Grendel (book), is eccentric/odd character who is a nihilist and guards her treasure and counts it.
earthen
made of ground, soil, or earth
Geats
Sweden, beowulf belongs to this tribe
blithesome
showing a casual and cheerful indifference considered to be callous or improper (adj)
wylfings
powerfull tribe killed by beowulfs father
epithet
a characterizing word or phrase occurring in place of a name of place
setting
time and place of a narrative
brood
think deeply about something that makes on unhappy; sit on to hatch them; hang or hover closely
(걱정이나 화나는 일을) 곱씹다
Aeschere
an elder wise in council. the decapitated dude. hrothgar's friend who grendels mom kinda ripped the head off of.
prow
front part of a vessel or aircraft
Ignominious
marked by or attended with ignominy; discreditable; humiliating
Naegling
Beowulf's sword that he fought the dragon with
Welthow
Queen of Danes, married to Hrothgar, serries Beowulfs men, good queen, gives Beowulf necklaces as thanks for ridding them of Grendel and Grendels mother, she is how to be a good queen
Teutonic
of a more or less German nature
anglo-saxon culture
heroic code, which values strength, courage, and loyalty in warriors male dominant and prideful
stint
n. an unbroken period of time during which you do something; v. to be frugal
cache
1. a hiding place used especially for storing provisions
2. a place for concealment and safekeeping, as of valuables
3. a store of goods or valuables concealed in a hiding place
Hathlaf
killed by Edgetho, his death causes a feud later settled by Hrothgar
murmur
a complaint uttered in a low and indistinct tone
foil
a character that is the contrast to the main character
Weregild
reparation payment for the death of a family member in battle
pariah
a person who is rejected (from society or home)
sheaf
one of the bundles in which cereal plants, as wheat, rye, etc., are bound after reaping.
relish (28)
liking or enjoyment of the taste of something
1st; monk
Beowulf is the ____ great work of English literature; composed in England, perhaps by a ____, probably in the 8th century (700) AD. The earliest manuscript of Beowulf dates from the 10th century AD and is now preserved in the British Museum.
What happens to the giant sword after Beowulf kills Grendel's mother with it?
it disappears
slaughter
to kill in large numbers or in a bloody way
how long does it take Beowulf to reach the bottom of the mere
all day
fight with Grendel, fight with Grendel's mom, fight with dragon
We read three adventures of Beowulf. Name them: ______________, ______________, and ______________.
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