Beowulf Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
solace
comfort
Moors
Wasteland
Pagan
Heathen
Herald
messenger
Fervent
Passionate
Plundering
Stealing goods
pariah
social outcast
lofty
elevated; high
mead
alcohol-honey drink
naegling
beowulf's sword
Rancor
Ill will
Hrothgar
king of Denmark
indifferent
not caring; apathetic
jutes
a frisian people
Affliction
Cause of pain
kenning
nickname for character
Vital
full of spirit
infest
invade in great numbers
Relish
To take delight in
churned
shake or stir; agitate
Conjured
- to summon magically
baleful
very evil or harmful
hilt
handle of the sword
Wealtheow
queen of the Danes
barrow
mound of earth; castrated pig
venerable
profoundly honored; commanding respect because of great age or impressive dignity. worthy of reverence.
relished (v.)
to take pleasure in
Apocalyptically
describing/ prophesying destruction of the world
Grendel
horrible beast; antagonist of book
Denmark
where grendel and hrothgar live
Halfdane
Son of Beow, father of Hrothgar.
harrower
one who hurts or brings harm
hero
a man distinguished bu exceptional courage and nobility and strength, central character in the work of fiction, protagonist
Abide
to endure, sustain, or withstand without yielding or submitting
Danes
inhabitants of Denmark, of Hrothgar's kingdom
Hygd
Hygelac's wife, the young, beautiful, and intelligent Queen of the Geats
Litotes
ironic statement, also a common feature of Old English poetry.
Sumptuous
entailing great expense, as from choice materials, fine work; costly
preen
v. care excessively for personal appearance
prudent
acting with or showing care and thought for the future.
Quench
to extinguish; put out; to relieve with liquid
prosperity (77)
a successful, flourishing, or thriving condition
hoard
a hidden or carefully guarded supply or accumulation of valuables
Freawaru
Daughter of Hrothgar who will marry Ingled the Heathobard
roisterous
verb. to act in a swaggering, boisterous, or uproarious manner. to revel noisily or without restraint.
Hrunting
_________: sword that a Danish warrior had lent to Beowulf.
Onela
Halfdane's son in law, Swedish King who killed Heardred during a raid on Geatland. There is a large Swedish family feud where many Swedes are killed.
The ________ were the first group to invade England (they came from Ireland)
Celts
talons
the claw of an animal and especially of a bird or prey.
Ecgtheow
He is Beowulf's father. He is a Waegmunding by birth and a Geat by marriage. When he was younger, Hrothgar helped him settle a feud with the Wylfingas.
bequeath
verb; leave to a person by a will
Synedoche
literary device where a part is used to represent a whole "hand in marriage"
venerable bead
wrote history of the english church and its people
plunder
steal goods from a place or person VERB
synonym: pillage
antonym: donate
What is a kenning?
a riddle-like descriptive poetical name used for or in addition to the usual name for a person.Ex: sea road - ocean path
Cain
the eldest son of Adam and Eve who according to the Bible murdered his brother Abel
Encrusted (adj.)
crusted having a hardened crust as a covering
pyre
wood heaped for burning a dead body as a funeral rite
Using "hell-bride" in place of the name of Grendel's mother is an example of:
a. a simile
b. personification
c. wyrd
d. a kenning
d. a kenning
Formula for anglo saxon poetry
4 syllables per line with logical pause
By this, Beowulf means that he should not be thought of as a saint because his means of eliminating evil were not noble: killing is evil, and is not justified by any cause. Grendel kills, and Beowulf kills: what separates them is their cause for doing so:
What does Beowulf mean when he says, "Please don't think of me as some sort of saint. That would make me as monstrous as Grendel, although in the other direction."?
vehement
passionate
tempered
seasoned
relished
enjoyed
renowned
well-known
Vehemently
Violently
gainsay
to oppose
whet
to sharpen
skulked
moved stealthily
Taut
pulled tight
Sentinels
Watchmen or lookouts
Hnaf
Killed by Finn
Scabbard
Case for sword
deem
to regard as
parley
speech, speaking, talk
utter
to express by speaking
laments
mourn; expression of grief
Deluge
- a severe flood
beowulf
son of scyld scefing
Comitatius
loyalty to one's lord
ripening
coming to full development
Hygelac
Beowulf's uncle, King of Geats
flickered
to move irregularly or unsteadily
unscathed
(adj.) not injured or harmed
Referents
thing a word/phrase stands for
Unferth
Danish warrior who challenges Beowulf's bravery
unsheathed
not having a protective covering
Hengest
Danish warrior who protects Hilderburh and kills Finn
slack
avoid responsibilities and work, be idle; neglegent or sluggish in manner
eloquence
the practice of language (being fluid)
Assuage
To make something burdensome or painful less intense or severe; To satisfy or appease; To pacify or calm
Epic
A long poetic composition usually centered upon a hero.
cavernous
filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
sheaf
bundle of the leaf on the corn
reproach (96)
to find fault with; blame; censure
Interloper
Person who becomes involved in place or situation where they aren't wanted
Wiglaf
young kinsman and retainer of Beowulf; helps him in the fight against the dragon while all of the other warriors run away
comitatus
loyalty to the king- Germanic warriors swore loyalty to the king, and in return the king would be generous
Bestowing
to present as a gift; give; confer
sojourn
noun. a temporary stay verb.to stay for a time in a place; live temporarily
Allegory
story with a moral meaning that represents either good or bad
epic poetry-noun
a literary work celebrating the deeds of a great hero
boast
(v) the act or an instance of boasting; to brag
(n) a cause for pride
reparation
the making of amends for wrong or injury done
gabled
triangular part of the roof on a house/ building
scruples
feelings of doubt or guilt about a suggested action
skulk
keep out of sight, typically with a sinister or cowardly motive VERB
synonym: lurk
antonym: strut
agape
a religious meal shared as a sign of love and fellowship
heremod
he was a bad king who sigemund fought. he wasa great hero like beowulf just before beowulfs time.
Symbol of uselessness of weapons?
spirit, fight between right and wrong
Twelve winters of grief
12 years of Grendel's attacks on Herot hall
"For a brief while your strength is in bloom, but it fades quickly; and soon there will follow illness or the sword to lay you low..."
Hrothgar to Beowulf, Don't focus on earthly rewards because they won't last.
writhing
...
loathsome
Disgusting
TRIBES
SWEDES/DANES/GEATS
prowess
strength, skill
sinews
a tendon
Herot
mead hall
Bibulous
Highly absorbent
Host
an army
indomitable
cannot be discouraged
runes
old viking characters
cunning
crafty, clever, cute
purge
to cleanse; purify
funeral
elaborate _______ description
weold widerferhð
rules forever
mayhem
violent and needless disturbance
pliant
bendable, easy to manipulate
elegiac tradition
song/poem mourns past
linden
trees with heart-shaped leaves
winsom
sweet or innocently charming
heath
a wasteland covered in shrubs
usurp
to seize without legal permission
epitaph
noun - inscription on tombstone
Canto Five
Hrothgar celebrates for Beowulf
Strife
Heated, often violent dissension; bitter conflic (n)
behoove
to be necessary or proper for.
Anglo-Saxons
A period of time from 449-1066
Gorged
VERB eat large amounts greedily
syn: glut
din
a loud unpleasant and prolonged noise
keep
tower that's heavily guarded and secure
broad
very large in expanse or scope
what uncanny thing about Grendel's mere does Hrothgar tell beowulf
haunted
Delineate
To describe vividly and in detail
Bolsters
firmly stuffed pillow; cushion or pad
the monks
______ were responsible for putting the story of Beowulf on paper
reprisal
a retaliatory action against an enemy in wartime
hilted
the handle of a sword or dagger
Old English
English prior to about 1100 CE
Venerable Bede
wrote the Ecclesiastical History of the English Speaking People
Furrows
the cutting sea, the waves and tides
hathcyn
2nd son of Hrethel. Kills older brother; Herbald. He is killed by Ongentho
Grendel's mom
Anohter monsters seeks revenge upon Beowulf for his having mudered her son; flees Herot When She sees he is losing the battle but takes her son's claw and Esher, Hrothgar closest friend and advisor teventually killed by Beowulf
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
by Alfred the Great. the recorded english history. also well known as first to translate Bede's work from latin for the commoners
chthonic
adjective; 1. dwelling in or under the earth; pertaining to the underworld; 2. a Greek term linked to gods or spirits of the underworld that refers to the interior of the earth. It invokes at once abundance and the grave. ________ cults practiced ritual sacrifice in which the offerings were burned whole or buried.
fame/shame culture
fame is achieved by showing loyalty and bravery, shame is by showing cowardice and treachery. Shame is worse than death to vikings
Sigemund
He is an ancient Germanic hero whose story is recounted after the fight with Grendel. He was known as the famous dragon slayer.
Nihilistic
the belief that the world has no meaning
ensonce
to establish in a place or position for concealment or security
fiend
a person who is extremely addicted to some pernicious habit:
gannet
any of several large sea birds of the genus Morus, especially of northern Atlantic coastal regions, having white plumage with black wing tips, also called solan
Herot, empty 12 years
Grendel takes over and lives there
Friesians
The land of the Geats is invaded by what group of people?
brunt
the main force or impact, as of an attack or blow:
encroach
1 : to enter by gradual steps or by stealth into the possessions or rights of another 2 : to advance beyond the usual or proper limits <the gradually encroaching sea>
what were the important relationships (because of christian faith)?
anglo saxons realized they needed to be nice to their wives. relationships changed between men and women. also needed to treat slaves better. softened the ferocity of the warrior people and also promoted peace and unified the english ppl
How do you know Beowulf had no children?
On his death bed he said "No, no one to give throne"
bawn
enclosure
eminent
respected
recede
hall
vile
extremely unpleasant
talon
a claw
Recompense
to repay
bane
curse; ruin
heorot
hrothgat's famous mead-hall
omens
portent; portent sign
octave
1st 8 lines
retribution
punishment for ,ie. murder,
fiercest
Extremely severe or voilent
whorled
circular arrangement of parts
Writing
twist, squirm in pain
stalwart
adj. hard working, loyal
anxious
mentally upset over possible misfortune or danger etc
lair
the habitation of wild animals
Imperious (adj.)
assuming authority without justification; arrogant; domineering (thrift)
Thrall
- a servant or slave
helm
a wheel that steers a ship
Wergild
"blood-money", a person killed someone else, killer must pay for the death
grace
(1) attractive quality (2) favor; goodwill (3) divine love
coiled
curled or wound (especially in concentric rings or spirals)
Barbarian Tribes
- Jutes
- Angles
- Saxons
- Frisians
sinister
stemming from evil characteristics or forces
carouse
to engage in a drunken revel:
foreboding
(n.) a warning or feeling that something bad will happen; (adj.) marked by fear, ominous
agony
intense physical or mental pain, which generally occurs over a long period of time
to belie
to give a false idea of
Malignant
very dangerous or harmful influence or effect
Grendal's Mother
desires blood vengence/ killed by beowulf
elegy
a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
solicitude
the state of being solicitous; anxiety or concern.
Wyrd
From which our modern word weird is derived it is used to factor destiny.
deep keeled
describing a ship that is stable because it sits deeply in the water
carnage
slaughter of a great number of people; massacre
How many generations of Danes from Shield to Hrothgar?
4 Generations
pine
have a desire for something or someone who is not present
heremond
An evil king of legend. The scop, or bard, at Heorot discusses him as a figure who contrasts greatly with Beowulf.
mettle
courage; to be ready and anxious to do one's best
Virulent (adj.)
1) Marked by a severe and destructive course
2) Able to overcome bodily defensive mechanism, markedly pathogenic
ANT: Benevolent, having a slow course
boar heads
what beowulf and his men have on their helmets
Wiglaf stabbed it in belly. Beowulf gave final blow.
How did the dragon die?
"So Hrothgar's men lived happy in his hall." (13)
Relation: That everyone was happy and all together in a community living with rejoice.
heathen
pagan
bluff
cliff
moored
anchored
geomor
mournful
gorge
eat voraciosuly
hasped
to fasten
Bogs
Marsh/ moors
Kennings
word riddle
anguish
extreme mental distress
valor
to be strong
churlished
ill brerad rude
fetter
shackel or chain
ravening
devouring; behaving wildly
dispel
force to go away
beldame
n. an old woman
encircled
enclosed within a circle
Flagging
weak; fatigued, drooping; dwindling
Feat
noble act or dead
Fawning
To cringe and plead
exile
enforced removal from a country
screes
sloping masses of rocky fragments
waylaid
verd: to wait in ambush
wulfgar
first man to greet beowulf
Infamous
_________: famous for something bad.
witan
an advisor to the king
gloaming
n.
the time of day immediately following sunset
contrivance
an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to decieve or evade
paltry
(adj.) lacking in importance or worth
Quarrel
a dispute with anger and disagreement
sinewy
lean and muscular; stringy and tough
thrashing
the act of beating or blowing
livid
having a discolored, bluish appearance caused by a bruise, congestion of blood vessels, strangulation, etc., as the face, flesh, hands, or nails.
Scandinavian language
the northern family of Germanic languages that are spoken in Scandinavia and Iceland; Spoken by the Vikings
stately
marked by a graceful dignity or formality
Denotation
The minimal, strict definition of a word as found in a dictionary, disregarding any historical or emotional connotation.
hnaef
brother to hildeburh and killed by frisians
fen
low land covered by water unless artificially drained
docile
adj. easy to teach or manage.
syn: submissive, compliant.
ant: unmanageable, willful
Onomatopoeia
Sound effect which uses a word whose sound imitates or suggest its meaning.
Frankin
he is a wealthyland owner who believes that he should seek out sensual pleasures and his own happiness. He enjoys good food and good drink, and makes his house open to others
Doff
to take off; remove; to tip or remove in salutation; to put aside, discard.
snake tentacles
Grendel's mother is a black _____ and has greasy, slick ______
medias res
reader joins in the thick of the action
role of women
names barely mentioned, not allowed in battlehall
roughly how old was Beowulf when he died?
70 years old
French and Latin Languages
were put into the culture because the Norman rulers spoke it, and used it for governing
waht do the danish warriors keep near them as they prepare to sleep for the night...why
armor...it was their habit to always remain ready
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