Beowulf Vocabulary 5 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
talon
claw
succor
help
mead
honey-wine
contiguous
touching
Pinion
To pin
scourge
to whip
Runic (adj.)
...
skulk
to lie
Danes
Hrothgar's people
Geatland
beowulf's home
bard
story teller
Heorot
Hrothgar's mead hall
inexorable
adj. unyielding; unalterable
Cowering
Cringing in fear
Ectheow
Father of Beowulf
Geat
Grendel kills one...
stalwart
Strong, stoutly built
byrnies
shirts of chain, armor
imperious
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
cutlery
noun - eating utensils
inhabited
live in or occupy
tholed
to suffer, to endure
torque
a collar, necklace, bracelet
anathema
Someone or something intensely disliked or loathed, condemned by the church, (n.) an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectivally without the article)
Afflicter
The person who injures someone
Hilt
the handle of a sword
Esher
Danish nobleman, Hrothgar's closest friend, killed by Grendel's mother
thane
warrior or fighting class man
Counsel
exchange of ideas; discussion; advice
pilgrimage
a journey to a sacred place
Plunder-
steal goods from (syn: pirating, plundering, steal) (Ant: give)
tarnish
discoloration of metal surface caused by oxidation
formidable
hard to overcome. to be dreaded
Patrimony
(noun) an inheritance from an ancestor, especially from one's father
depredations
acts of plundering; robberies by force
recreant
adj. cowardly or craven. unfaithful, disloyal, or traitorous. noun. a coward or traitor
Boil
A painful inflammation of the skin.
reprisal
punishment in return for an injury
Manifest
clearly apparent to the sight or understanding; obvious
Grendel
man-eating monster who lives at the bottom of a foul mere, or mountain lake
Writhing
having a twisting or snake-like or worm-like motion
Wiglaf
Son of weohstan; kinsman of Beowulf (helped him in the fight with the dragon)
mail shirts
flexible armour composed of small overlapping metal rings or loops of chain
hrothgar
king of Danes; son of Healfdene; brother of Heorogar and Halga; father of Freawaru, father figure to beowulf
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering
Heorogar
Son of Halfdane, who is deceased, Beowulf inherits his armor from Hrothgar
surged
moved quickly forward - like a wave
pyre
A combustible heap for burning a dead body. A funeral rite
Liege-lord
a person to which one has pledged allegience (liege)
Old English
The earliest form of the English language, used up to about AD 1150. Looks like Greek/German (Not recognizable)
warrior society
pagan hierarchy - warriors are bound to their king as the king is responsible for paying & protecting his warriors
Aeschere
Wise man who is seized by Grendel's Mother and killed, Hrothgar should of placed his trust in him
Spurring
to goad with spurs / incite or stimulate
Beowulf
A Geatish hero who fights the monster Grendel, Grendel's mother, and a fire-breathing dragon. His boasts and encounters reveal him to be the strongest, ablest warrior around. In his youth, he personifies all of the best values of the heroic culture. In his old age, he proves a wise and effective ruler.
Great events-
the hero has a hand in something important in the history or mythology of a culture.
Freawaru
She is the daughter of Hrothgar who is unmentioned until Beowulf tells Hygelac about her. Beowulf believes that her marriage to a Heathobard prince will do more harm than good for the Danes.
Corageous
'You are the bravest man i have ever met.'
'I am Beowulf, not afraid of you.'
Hygd, Modthryth
2 queens who were included as foils to each other
Why was Beowulf doing this?
One last chance to get glory
What was the Anglo-Saxon belief on immortality?
Immortality was achieved by doing a great deed in battle to keep the memory of your life alive.
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