Biology Exam 23 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
sprilla
corkscrew
ethyl
C2 H5
Tuberosity
rounded projection
enzymatic digestion, acidifcation
stomach
Leukocytes

Function inside and outside the circulatory system
Fight infections and cancer
Stem Cells
ring worm
Tricophyton rubrum, fungus
Genetics
The science of heredity
chromoplast
Pigment-containing plastids; usually found in flowers and fruits.

Nursing Interventions
Assessment
·        Apical heart rate ·        Peripheral edema ·        Activity tolerance ·        Respiratory status ·        Serum potassium ·        Fluid intake and output ·        weight
Virchow
said "cells come from cells"
herbivores
animal that feeds on plants
telson
end of tail, flat paddle
substance that produces OH- ions
Base
ribosome
a tiny, somewhat mitten-shaped organelle occurring in great numbers in the cell cytoplasm either freely, in small clusters, or attached to the outer surfaces of endoplasmic reticula, and functioning as the site of protein manufacture.
Phloem
Vascular plant tissue consisting of living cells arranged into elongated tubes that transport sugar and other organic nutrients throughout the plant.
Mis
Bad, Badly (misinform, misinterpret, , misnomer, mistake,)
codominance
both alleles contribute to the phenotype
estuary
where freshwater river meets the oceanthey serve as feeding and breeding areas
heterotrophic prokaryotes get their energy and carbon from
organic compounds
telophase
a nuclear envelope re-forms around each cluster of chromosomes. the nucleous becoems visible in each daughter nucleus
Neutrons
Particles in atoms without any posotive or negetive charge.
pollen grains are produced by
the anther
vesicle
a small membrane-bound sac that transports substances in cells
Sclera
outermost layer; very tough; white except in the front (cornea),which is transparent
nucleus
a specialized, usually spherical mass of protoplasm encased in a double membrane, and found in most living eukaryotic cells, directing their growth, metabolism, and reproduction, and functioning in the transmission of genic characters.
pseudopod
"false foot", a temporary extension of an amoeboid cell, used to move cells and engulf food
5' Cap
A methylated guanine nucleotide added to the 5' end of eukaryotic mRNA. The cap is necessary to initiate translation of the mRNA.
AUTOGRAPH
Tissue transplanted from one part of the body to another in the same organism
monosaccharides
simple sugars consisting of three to seven carbon atoms. most common monosaccharide is glucose.
Migration
mass movement of organisms from one environment to another (birds fly south for winter)
developed by Carolus Linneaus
two-part name consisting of the Genus Species
Binomial System of Nomenclature
interphase
a period between two mitotic or meitotic divisions during which the cell grows, copies its DNA, and synthesizes proteins
isomer
molecules that have the same molecular formula but different structures
Budding
A type of asexual reproduction in which the offspring starts out as an outgrowth of the parent that subsequently splits off to exist as an independent organism.
enzyme
protein that acts as a biological catalyst
Why are Mosses so small?
Nonvascular (no tubes)
z disc
provides anchorage for thin filaments and elastic filaments; bisects I band
consists of flattened memranous sacs called cisternae
golgi apparatus
replication fork
where the DNA unzips for replication
What breaks down dead organells to expel from the cell in excytosis
Lysosomes
dna
substance consisting of a double helix which holds genetic material
complementary base pairs
adenine and thymine, cytosine and guanine
H zone
contains only thick filaments that are not overlapped by thin filaments; myosin without  actin overlapping
Death
The time in an organism's life when all vital life functions stop permanently; the end of life.
ecological species concept
species identified by location and behavior not apperance
Light microscope
An optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible light to magnify images of specimens
Allosteric Site
the site where the signal molecule binds to the enzyme surface
structural formula
A notation which represents both atoms and bonding.
Bilateral symmetry
characterizing a body form with a central longitudinal plane that divides the body into 2 equal but opposite halves. This type of animal has a DORSAL(top) side, VENTRAL(bottom) side, left and right side, and an ANTERIOR(head) end with a mouth and a POSTERIOR(tail)end.
You are eating in a French restaurant and read that snails are on the menu. Being a knowledgeable biologist, you kindly inform the other members at the table that this restaurant is serving the ___________ class of Mollusks.
Gastropod
What does a protein do?
Cell function & structure
SHUFFLING OF HOMOLOGUES
MATERNAL AND PATERNAL HOMOLOGUES ARE SHUFFLED RANDOMLY DURING MEIOSIS-INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENT
Animals balance the gain and loss of water and solutes
Osmoconformers
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration in the presence of oxygen. Producing 36 ATP.
active immunity
immunity in an organism resulting from its own production of antibody or lymphocytes.
van helmont
measured plants water intake and mass increase. concluded that trees gain most of their mass from water.
active site
the place on the enzyme that causes the substrate to change
Active Transport
When ATP is consumed by a cell transporting items in or out of the cell membrane
Food Chain
A simple model that scientists use to show how matter and energy move through an ecosysytem.
Each side of the brain has a few specific functions that differ from the other hemisphere; this is called... 
lateralization 
Name the term: A thin partition or membrane that divides two cavities or soft masses of tissue in an organism
interventricular septum
Which of the following is NOT a nucleic acid? A) RNA B) DNA C) ATPD) STPE) All of the above are nucleic acids.
D) STP
Stephen Fyler 8.1The concentration of dissolved substances in the solution is the same as the concentration of dissolved substances inside the cell. Likewise, the concentration of water in the solution is the same as the concentration o
Stephen Fyler 8.1isotonic solution
what is the growth in circumference in a plants?
secondary growth
What characteristic would all protobionts have had in common?
surrounding membrane or membrane like structure
What is character displacement?
Any change in morphology, niche or behavior resulting in competition
Sickle Cell Anemia
turning on the fetal form of the defective protein as a possible cure
diploid (somatic) cell
2n; has two homologous copies of each chromosome
what is the quaternary structure?
PS, more than one polypeptide chain
external respiration, the exchange of gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) between air and bloodtransport of gases to and from the lungs and other tissuesinternal respiration, the exchange of gases between the blood and tissue fluid
major functions of the respiratory tract
describe the characteristics of the 3 domains and 6 kingdoms
3 domains: Archaeans, Eurkarya, bacteria
kingdoms: Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
Archaea and bacteria contain prokaryotic organisms and do not have a membrane bound nucleus
Eukaryaians have a nucleus
05. Diagram and label an ATP molecule?
Adenine Ribose 3 phosphate group
four functions of the respiratory system:
1. gas exchange (o2 and co2)
2. balance of pH of blood
3. sense of smell, speech
4. breathing helps with blood and lymph flow
Somatic cells are defined as __(a)__.
(a): all body cells except the reproductive cells.
What is the difference between open and closed circulation?
- In open systems: Heart pumps blood into body cavities where tissue is surrounded by blood. Blood is at low pressure after it leaves the blood vessels- Closed: Blood is confined to tubes of blood vessels, while valves prevent the backflow of blood.
Which of the following is an example of an abiotic factor?
mean annual rainfall in an ecosystem
What are the steps of Response to a Stimulus?
1. Reception 2. Transmission by afferent3. Integration4. Transmission by efferent5. Action by effectors
How do gametes match? In what type of organism are they found?
gamete is positive or negative and matches with the oppositeFungi
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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