Biomes Flashcards

rain forest
Terms Definitions
tundra
permafrost
mEq
milliequivalent
fornix
arch
prognosis
foreknowledge
sunstroke
heliosis
CL
corpus luteum
CPC
clinicopathological conference
phlogistic
causing inflammation
kilogram
1000 grams
parvovirus
little virus
RN
registered nurse
oxycephaly
cone head
hygroscopic
retaining moisture
emetic
causing vomiting
adipose
fat tissue
desert precip.
25 cm
sed rate
sedimentation rate
amnesia
loss of memory
gelatinous
like jelly, viscus
lamellar
arranged thin plates
therapist
one who heals
VMD
veterinary medical doctor
Morbidity
incidence of disease
caustic
able to burn
dysphagia
diffuculty in eating
deflection
deviation from expectation
stercorous
relating to excrement
homophobic
prejudice against homosexuals
active at night
nocturnal
TRF tempetures
9- 12 C
mastitis
inflammation of the breast
genotype
sum of genetic makeup
desmoid
fibrous like a ligament
dissection
act of cutting apart
DDS
doctor of dental surgery
biceps
muscle with two heads
educate
latin for to rear
nymph
developing form of bugs
secundiparous
having successful 2nd pregnancy
quartan
occurring every 4th day
diploma
a letter folded double
rhinitis
inflammation of the nose
ipsilateral
same side of body
somnolence
excessive drowsiness or sleepiness
dacryoadenitis
inflammation of tear gland
nociceptor
pain receptor of nerves
inflammation of the cecum
typhilitis
inability to produce offspring
sterility
Grasslands
(T) aka savanna
Characterized by low-growing plants and few scattered trees (limited by drought, grazing, occasional fires)
2 types: tropical (eg Africa) and temperate (eg NA prairies-->farmlands b/c fertile soil)
Insects dominant herbivores
Org: (trop) antelope, kangaroos, zebras, giraffes, elephants
-Temperature-Water --Terrestrial: Rainy or Dry --Aquatic: Freshwater or marine?-Light Availability-Substrate type --Soil, rock, sediment --Chemistry, minerals
Periodic Cycles
trichobezoar
hairball in the digestive tract
osteoclasis
surgical breaking of a bone
systole
contraction of the heart chambers
centrifuge
spinning instrument to separate components of liquid by specific gravity
etiology
study of causes of disease
hypothyroidism
underactivity of the thyroid gland
arginine
protein in silver fish scales
volvulus
twisting of stomach or intestine
octapeptide
peptide with 8 amino acids
sensorium
sensory portion of the body
contralateral
opposite side of the body
incipient
beginning to exist or appear
patella
kneecap, shallow dish-shaped sesamoid bone
mental deterioration in old age
senility
taigas
coniferous forests-- has cone bearing trees
ex: pines, spruce, fir
precipiation -- snow
tropical forest: temperature
high, little seasonal variation
Upwelling
any vertical movement of water. Upwelling occurs whensurface currents move apart. They are often zones of high biologicalactivity, since nutrients from deep waters are brought to the surface wherephotosynthetic organisms can use them.
eclampsia
toxic pregnancy syndrome that can cause convulsions
angina
a spasmodic choking type of pain
satiety
full gratification of appetite or thirst
icterus
yellow staining tissues caused by retention of bile pigment
polyp
a nonmalignant protrusion from a mucosal surface
achilles tendon
large tendon of the heel
orthopnea
requiring a straight posture to breathe
collodion
nitrocellulose solution in ether or alcohol (drug solvent or wound sealant)
exophthalmos
an abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
hordeolum
barleycorn-like swelling of the upper eyelid caused by a plugged eyelid gland
bacteria that grows cloaked inside cells, protected by most antibiotics
chlamydia
stroma- stroma
supporting tissue

- supporting tissue for an organ
Desert
A dry biome with extreme temperatures, cactus' hot dry air, and less than 25 cm of precipitation yearly.
continental shelves
the relatively shallow oceans that border continents
tropical rain forest
very little sunlight reaches ground
savanna: animals
large herbivores and predators; lots of insects as well; migration determined by access to water
living organisms as factors in an environment
niche
Assumptions:All species representedSample randomized (equal probability of being selected in the sample)H=-?(pi * loge pi )
(pi * loge pi )
endometritis
inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus
lecithin
nutrient from egg yolk (also in protective lining of nerves, myelin)
sebaceous
relating to an oily/fatty secretion of the skin oil glands
ternitrate
a nitrate with three radicals of nitric acid
pluripotent
ability to affect more than 1 organ
hyalosis
a degenerative change in the vitreous humor
laparoscopy
examination of the interior of the abdomen with a scope (usually fiberoptic)
bronchoscopy
looking at the inside of the bronchi
disease caused change in the spinal cord that cause tubes of fluid to replace nerve tracts
syringomyelia
failure of eye lids to completely close (rabbits)
lagophthalmia
zoster- herpes zoster
girdle

- virus that causes inflammation of nerves which project around the body or face like a girlde "shingles"
mountain biome
series of ecosystem found on mountains which vary with elevation; precipitations increases and temperature becomes colder as elevation increases, n.- also known as the Alpine biome, they are found in the mountain regions all around the world, usually are at an altitude of about 10,000 feet or more, and lies just below the snow line of a mountain
Mt. Kilimanjaro
The shortest journey from tropics to the artic on the planet
emergent layer
the top layer of a rain forest
Mostly cleared due to agriculture/ grazing.
Environments in Ocean
food web
the pattern of overlapping food chains in an ecosystem
phagocyte
a cell that engulfs invaders or debris to be removed from the body
semicanal
a tube that is open on one end
milligram
one thousandth of a gram or 2.2 milionth of a pound
turbinate
small curved bone on lateral aspect of nasal passage
cicatricial
new tissue that covers an injury and then scars
decussate
to cross from one side to the other
receptor
cell or nerve ending that responds to sensations
long branches within a nerve fiber and produced by a nerve cell body
dendrite
nyx, nyct- nyctalopia
night

- difficulty in seeing at night
The layers of the rainforest
1,Top layer/emergent layer, consists of the tallest trees which reach heights of 60-70 meters, 2, upper canopy receives more light than the lower canopy 3, lower canopy receives less light than upper canopy 4, the understory, is below the canopy gets very little light
What body part has a joint that works in a manner similar to a door?a. wrist c. skull b. thumb d. knee
knee
Shrubs and low trees with tough, evergreen leaves. Annuals abundant, supports lots of rodents.
Savanna (Thorn Forest)
liposuction
removal of excess fat by a needle and suction
typhi-- typhlectomy- typhlitis
blind ended

- removal of the cecum

- inflammation of the cecum
schistosomiasis
a blood fluke male with a groove down its length to hold the female when mating
decibel
one tenth of a bel which is a standard unit of sound measurement
Assumptions: - All species represented- Sample randomized
H=(pi * log pi)smaller H, smaller diversity
what are the two types of freshwater biomes?
standing bodies of water [lakes, wetlands]
moving bodies of water [rivers, streams]
Ig
immunoglobulin
S
sacral
pharmaceutics
medicines
phrenospasm
hiccups
taiga
largest biome
apnea
no breathing
schizophrenia
split personality
tertiary
3rd level
plagiocephalic
slanted head
stenothorax
narrow chest
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
contraception
preventing pregnancy
false pregnancy
pseudocysis
savanna: distribution
equatorial, subequatorial
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulation
NCI
national cancer institute
MSc
master of science
fossa
depressed area; ditch
dolichocephalic
long headed breed
metric
relating to meter
megabecquerel
1 million becquerels
quadraped
having 4 feet
acral
referring to extremities
opsonin
enticing to phagocytosis
potable
fit to drink
having groove form
sulciform
centripetal
seeking the center
savanna
grasslands with scattered trees
qid
four times per day
BAER
brainstem auditory evoked response
DMD
doctor of dental medicine
aniscocytosis
unequal blood cell size
DVM
doctor of vet med
phrenic
pertaining to the diaphragm
traumatic
the result of injury
pathogenesis
act of producing sickness
green cholored plant pigment
chlorophyll
cilliary
pertaining to or resembling eyelashes
mucous
related to a slimy substance
catabolism
breaking down to release energy
hemophilia
male linked, inherited clotting deficiencies
cricoid
ring shaped cartilage of larynx
febrile
having above normal body temperature
deciliter
a tenth of a liter
rubricyte
precursor to red blood cell
teres
round muscles of shoulder blade
hydrocephalus
accumulation of fluid in brain
transection
to divide or cut transversely
kleptomania
and obsessive desire to steal
sanguineous
relating to loss of blood
tumor of sand like material
psammoma
valgus
bow legged

bent or twisted outward
chaparral
dry woody shrubs are frequently ignited by lightning
carnivore
a consumer that eats only meat
aspiration
breathing in of a foreign substance
abrade
to rub away an outer layer
enzyme
any protein that catalyzes chemical reactions without being destroyed or altered
incus
anvil shaped bone of middle ear
aphrodisiac
substance alleged to increase sexual desire
MSPH
master of science in public health
pheochromocytoma
dusky colored tumor of adrenal gland
ureter
urine tube from kidney to bladder
autogenous
originating from the same individual that receives it (a tissue graft or a vaccine
phlegmon
an acute, severe infection with inflammation beneath the skin
pyoderma
skin disease causing pus in skin
surgical reconstruction of ring around the heart valve or intervertebrak disk
annuloplasty
bothryo-- botyromycosis
bunch of grapes

- granulomatous masses produced in a wound infected with Staphylococcus bacteria
estuary
stream where a freshwater stream or river merges with the ocean
Ecosystem
A place where communities of living things interact with each other and with nonliving components, such as soil and water.
Stream
A natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth
Temperate Decidious forest
Precipitation is distributed evenlybut temperatures fluctuate dramaticallyforests dominate species, but lose leaves during cold season
Temperate forests with the most species were not covered by glaciers during the Pleistocene.
Temperate grasslands
cerebrospinal
relating to the brain and spinal chord
allograft
transplant with donor of the same species but a different genetic makeup
gynecology
study of disease of the woman's genital tract
cyanosis
bluish color of skin caused by un-oxygenated blood
quintuplet
one of five offspring from one pregnancy
diplococcus
round bacteria that appears as two fused into dumbbell shape
capillary
hair like network of blood vessels between arteries and veins where exchange of nutrients and waste occurs
tyrophagus
species of mites, name means "cheese eater"
ileum
last part of the small intestines nefore the colon
duodenum
upper small intestine about 12 finger widths long
phylum
a primary division in the Animal Kingdom
rabies
fatal viral disease that often causes rage
endemic
a disease prevalent to a particular location
complex carbohydrate in cell wall of plants
cellulose
cav-- cavernous
cavern, hollow

- filled wth cavities, porous
rivers and streams
flowing and freshwater, lots of oxgen
temperate grassland
deep, nutrient rich soil that supports a variety of grass species and other plants
pelagic zone
area of ocean past the continental shelf with areas of open water often reaching to very great depths, constantly mixed by ocean driven currents
Cool dry air descends to the surface at subtropical latitudes, creating desert conditions-
upwelling
plasmapheresis
removal of plasma and return of RBC's to donors
pica
desire to eat things that are unfit for food
substantia nigra
area of densely packed black brain cells in midbrain--motion
arachnoid
web like middle lining of for the spinal chord
cesarean section
cutting abdomen and uterus to retrieve baby
sclera
dense white outer covering of most of the eye
abdominocentesis
placing a needle into the abdomen to collect a fluid sample
group of nerve cell bodies that appear like knot in a nerve
ganglion
corone- coronoid
crow

- bone processes that resemble a crow's beak
Photic zone
the area in which there is enough light for photosynthesis to occur
tropical forest: animals
most diversity of any biome; adapted to environment; inconspicuous
Climate Zone
is a region in which yearly paterns of temperture, rainfall, and the amount of sunlight are similar throughout
embolism
occlusion of an artery by a clot or air bubble
zygomatic
2 bony arches of face that appear like a yoke
network of neck and upper chest nerves that supply arm, forearm, and hand
brachial plexos
staphylo-- staphylococci- staphylotoxin
bunch of grapes

- round bacteria that bunch in groups like grapes

- poison produced by staphylococci bacteria
What is the limnetic zone?
found in lakes
well-lit open surface waters farther from shore
occupied by phytoplankton
Subtropical high pressure belts
At subtropical latitudes, cool dry air descends to surface causing desert conditions
flocculus- flocculent- flocculation
tuft of wool

- covered with tufts of wool like substance

- rapid precipitation of a solute in small balls of wool-like tuft
What is characteristic of the Termperate rain forest?
high precipitaton cool weather and narrow seasonal fluctuaiton nutrient poor soil large conifers dominate
Which of the following is NOT true about spongy bone?a. It is less dense than compact bone. b. It is organized into structures that resemble a bridge’s supporting girders. c. It is soft and spongy. d. It adds strength to bone without adding mass.
it is soft and spongy
Most trees lose leaves during the dry season. Many flower while they are leafless.
Most have been cleared for agriculture and cattle grazing.
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