Blood Flashcards

Terms Definitions
heparin
prevents thrombosis
anemia
too few RBC
leukopenia
too few WBC
leukocytes
white blood cell.
WBC Characteristics
body defensepositive chemotaxisdiapedesismade from hemocytoblastincrease with infection
hemorrhagic anemia
abnormal blood loss
life span RBC
120 days
Eosinophils
inflammatory response, destroys certian parasites, elevated in allergies
another name for RBC
erythrocytes
venous blood color
dull red
Eosinphil
increase in parasitic attackincrease in allergy attack
Life Span of RBC
120 days
Neutrophil
largest population in WBCphagocyte, esp bacteria and fungi
anti gen of A blood
A
What are the blood functions?
Distribution(traspotation), Regulation, and Defense
RBC Characteristics
biconcave, thin near centre, flexible, no nucleus, cannot reproduce, huge surface area
antibody in B blood
anti a antibodies
amount of RBC in blood
4.5-6 million
bilirubin
a reddish bile pigment, C33H36O6N4, resulting from the degradation of heme by reticuloendothelial cells in the liver: a high level in the blood produces the yellow skin symptomatic of jaundice.
Intrinsic Clotting
trigger blood contact with foreign surfaceno tissue damage vessle is in tactHagman factor
Extrinsic Clotting
damaged tissue or vessles releases trigger-- tissue thromboplastic (TH)series of reaction triggers Ca++ ionsProthrombin activator changes prothrombin in blood to thrombin
amount of platelets in mm3 of blood
150,000-450,000
thalassemia
a hereditary form of anemia, occurring chiefly in people of Mediterranean origin, marked by the abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin and a consequent shortened life span of red blood cells.
Plasma ProteinsGlobulins
there are alpha and beta- transport lipidsgamma- antibodies-- immunity
liquid portion of the blood, takes up 55%
plasma
thrombus
a fibrinous clot that forms in and obstructs a blood vessel, or that forms in one of the chambers of the heart.
Transfusion Reaction
know the bloos type "blank" on RBC and "anti-blank" in plasma, possible clump
neutrophils
(of a cell or cell part) having an affinity for neutral dyes.
Dietary Factors in Duodenum affecting RBC Production
Folic Acid and Vit B12- DNA synthesisiron- hemoglobin synthesis
#5
basophils
#2
lymphocytes
D
positive/negative
T4
thyroxine
hem-
blood
jaundice
yellow
granulocytes
neutrophils
eosinophils
basophils
self B/B
anti-A
formed elements
RBC
platelets contain
organelles
antigen
protein marker
hypoxia>cyanotic
bluish skin
platelets
cytoplasmic fragments
largest cell
monocyte
histamine
promotes inflammation
cells natural occuring
A,B,AB,O
carbs break down
CO2
living cells
formed elements
5 major WBC
neutrophils
eosinophils
basophils
monocytes
lymphocytes
hemostasis
stoppage of bleeding
platelet plug
stage I
carbaminohemoglobin
hemoglobin carry CO2
5 leukocytes types
neutrophils,eosinophils,basophils,monocytes,lymphocytes
agranulocytes
monocytes & lymphocytes
The endothelium(simple squamous) epithelium that lines blood vessels is very smooth and ________ platelets.
Repels.
RBC #1 job
carry oxygen
electrolytes
ions, Na, K, Cl
thrombin fragmenst
fibrinogen to fibrin
lymphocytes
produce antibodies
attack specific foreign substances
functions in blood clotting
fibrinogen
FGA (Fuck4 Good36 Ass60)
fibrinogen,albumin,globulin
transports substances between bodycells & external environment
blood
BPB
blood vessel spasm
platelet plug
blood clot
Platelet Plug Formation
platelet adhesion
universal donor for plasma
TypeAB
typeAB can receive
anyones blood
RBCs are also called _________.
erythrocytes.
The oxygen-carrying mineral in hemoglobin is ________.
Iron.
albumins
60%, function to maintain osmosis
blood clot
platelet plug>blood vessel spasm
Rh antigen absent
in Rh-negative blood
phagocytosis of small particles
neutrophils #1
the liquid portion of blood
plasma
agglutination
clumping RBC, following transfusion reaction
fatty acids break down
ketone bodies
3 types of plasma proteins
fibrinogen,albumin,globulin
thrombosis(thrombus)
stationary clot
blood clot abnormally forming in vessel & stays put
neutrophils & monocytes
phagocytize foreign particles
blood transfusion reactions
mismatched blood types
ABO system
antibodies and antigens found
prothrombin activator converts
prothrombin to thrombin
There are _______ mechanisms of hemostasis.
Three.
What lymphocyte helps recognize foreign antigens?
T lymphocytes.
In stage 2 prothrombin acivator converts prothrombin to _______.
Thrombin.
The _________ are synthesized by lymphocytes ot by the liver.
Glogulins.
blood homeostasis
maintenance & interstitial fluid balance
blood hemostasis
stoppage of bleeding, clot formation
Boy Penis Boy
blood vessel spasm
platelet plug
blood clot
no nucleus hemoglobin
heme (Fe) + globin
thyroxine
produced in sternum, ribs & coxa
blood transportaion
nutrients, gases, waste, hormones, heat
describe a red blood cell
biconcave discs
The plasma protein _______ is only synthesized by the liver.
Albumin.
These lymphocytes become plasma cells that produce antibodies.
B lymphocytes.
Vitamin B12 is needed for the synthesis of _____ by the stem cells in the red bone marrow.
DNA.
A high WBC count is called _________.
Leukocytosis.
A ________ is a immature neutrophil.
Band cell.
The stem cells of lymphatic tissue produce the WBCs called _________.
Lymphocytes.
The body stores calcium in the ________.
Bones.
Blood cells are formed in ________ tissue.
Hemopoietic.
Bilirubin is removed from circulation by the ________(organ) and excreted to ________.
Liver, bile.
dietary factors affecting RBC production
vitamin B12,folic acid,iron
nutrients in blood
glucose, amino acids, fatty acids
the most abundant component of plasma
92% water
blood groups
24+ different blood types
presence or absence antigens
antigens inherited
RBC
biconcave, 1 min o heart and back
hemolytic disease of fetus/newborn
erythroblastosis fetalis
Rh blood group of mother attacks baby, but controlled through RhoGAM now
contain hemoglobin, combine with oxygen
red blood cells
Bilirubin is considered to be a _________.
Waste product.
The heme portion of the hemoglobin of old RBCs is converted to _________.
Bilirubin.
The globin portion of the hemoglobin is digested to __________.
Amino acids.
The primary hemopoietic tissue is ________.
Red bone marrow.
The blood consists of __________, __________, and __________.
RBCs, WBCs, platelets.
Stage 1 of chemical clotting involves chemical factors released by ________ and other chemicals from ________ tissues.
Platelets, damaged.
Erythrocytes (RBCs) are formed in ____________.
Red bone marrow.
The _________ are synthesized only by the liver.
Clotting factors.
The nutrients needed for RBC formation include ________ and ________.
Protein, iron.
Albumin is the most _________ plasma protein and is synthesized by the ________.
Abundant, liver.
2 jobs in coagulation
platelet plug
chemical initiate clot formation
an individual w/ B antigens & anti-A antibodies is ABO blood type
B
MPN substances
contain N not proteins, waste, uric acid, BUN, creatine
bicarbonate ions
maintain osmotic pressure & pH of plasma
differential WBC count
indicates various types of leukocyte percentages
The general functions of blood are ________, ________, and _________.
Transportation, regulation, protection.
The amount of blood within the body is in the range of _____ to _____ liters.
4-6.
The general function of WBCs is to protect the body from _________and to provide _________.
Infection, immunity.
The stage in which fragments of ER are present is called a ________.
Reticulocyte.
Red bone marrow is found in ________ and _______ bones.
Flat, irregular.
The center of a RBC is ________ than the edge.
Thinner.
amino acids used to synthesize proteins
deaminated for energy source
clot formation depends
balance between factors that promote & inhibit clotting
formed elements in blood are
white blood cells(leukocytes), red blood cells(erythrocytes) and platelets(thrombocytes)
Amino acids may be used in the process of __________.
Protein synthesis.
The range of a normal platelet count is _____to _____ cells/mL.
150,000 - 300,000.
distinguish between Rh+ & Rh- blood
Rh+=antigenD present on RBC membrane
Rh-=antigenD absent
The range of normal WBC count is _____ to _____ cells/mL.
5,000 - 10,000.
The lymphatic organs are the _______, _______, and _______.
Spleen, lymph nodes, thymus gland.
red blood cell counts
= # cells per microliter of blood
4-6 million cells
determines oxygen carrying capacity of blood
anti-Rh antibodies in maternal blood may cross placental tissues
react w/ RBC of Rh-positive fetus
platelets adhere to each other at injury sites
form platelet plugs in broken vessels
/ 139
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online