Buddhism Terms 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Link Nine
seated meditation
Mental formations
no self
Sidartha Gautama
Claim abiding
Right effort
6 8fold
wishing others well
4th passing sight
repeated movement; dance.
Chinese Tripitaka
Mahayana Scripture
Vinaya Pitaka
Basket of discipline
Tibetan Buddhism, AKA...
Vajrayana Buddhism
Buddhism's most sacred text
Tibetan Canon
Kanjur & Tanjur.
Siddhartha's Life Span
563-483 BCE
intermediary between human and spiritual worlds
The eternal truth about reality
Dalai Lama
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana) leader.
dependent co-origination -- 12
Theravada (Hinayana)
The "little raft" group.
types of taoism
philosophical (understanding), religious (cosmic life-power)
Buddhist temple with several levels
patterned icons that visually excite
Buddhist Japanese Monk. Taught that Buddhist teachings are not just about self reform but social reform.
Divisions in group
Theraveda, Zen, Mahayana, Tibetan
Wisdom portion of the eightfold path
final release, (Hinduism and Buddhism) the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation. characterized by the extinction of desire and suffering and individual consciousness. like putting out a flame, truly enlightened to Dharma you no longer suffer you are at peace.
Three Jewels
Dharma- law
Sangha- religous community
The second noble truth, meaning desire, thirst or craving
monument containing Buddhist relics or images
"awaken one" Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have by their own insight attained perfect enlightenment
all existant things are constantly changing
the wish to attain complete enlightenment
eightfold path
right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, efforts, mindfulness, and concentration
practice vipasyana
through conceptual analyses on dharmas, such as the 12 links or 5 skandhas
(pain of alteration) suffering caused by change - violated expectations, the failure of happy moments to last
liberal, buddha is divine, bodhisattva is the ideal, emphasizes prayer and meditation, emphasizes compassion, both monks and laypeople can participate, most common, "The Great Vehicle"
Pure Land
devotional path that contradicts most of Buddhism; developed in China and moved to Japan; teaches faith in Buddha
enlightened ones that stay in samsara to help others to enlightenment
Disciple of Buddha who recited the precepts at the First Buddhist Council
(soul does not exist) (non-soul) what is called the would is actually made up of 5 parts ( physical body, feelings, understanding, will, and consciousness)
Smokey the Bear
Snyder's approach to environmentalism via sutra
One who has become enlightened; the ideal type for Theravada Buddhism
texts which form heart of sacred scriptures of Vajrayana Buddhism. "to weave". Metaphors that you need a teacher for (self- secret).
Denying all early comforts - striving for mystic consciousness
Middle Way
a practice that rejects both self-indulgence and self-denial
the temptor demon who tempted Buddha during the night he was to achieve enlightenment
Buddha's birthplace and where he lived until he was 29
a spiritual awakening sought in Zen Buddhism, often coming suddenly
Right Contemplation
mindfullness: fully present to each and every moment
transition from theological to scientific in the
mid 18th century
wheel of rebirth or reincarnation; the this - worldly realm in which rebirth occurs
Desire for the pleasures of the senses
Life means suffering
1st of the Four Noble Truths
Link Eight
Craving, being driven to do something without mindfulness.
They also have the Koan that are unanswerable riddles ,, a paradoxical annecdote or a riddle that has no solution. The reason for this is while the mind is tied up with the unanswerable question clarity comes to the enlightened mind. This is part of Renzai Zen
Wheel of life
symbol consisting of three concentric circles held by Yama, the God of the Underworld. It signifies samsara. The inner-most circle contains symbols of the three sources of suffering: the pig (ignorance), the snake (hate), and the cock (desire).
great ruler of the Indian empire who renounced violence to become Buddhist
father of the devas, asuras, nagas and all of humanity
Mahayana sutras
set of scriptures used in Mahayana Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama
founder of Buddism; born a prince; left his father's wealth to find the cause of human suffering; also know as Buddha
Siddhartha's Prediction
Either he would become a great spiritual leader or a king following his father
Three Marks of Existence
characteristics that summarize the changing nature of reality
being made able to see or comprehend the truth; free from ignorance, prejudice, or superstition. "being saved"
Mount Meru
great world mountain at the center of world spheres
the heart of the monastery. a place to do zazen (meditation).
the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's rebirth
two functions of the koan
1. suppress/transcend thinking; 2. convey truth about reality
Eightfold Path n.
the basic moral teachings of Buddhism; their goal is to stop all suffering
The Four Noble Truths
1. Life inevitable involves suffering and is unsatisfactory 2. Suffering comes from our desires 3. Suffering ceases when desires cease (bad and good desires) 4. The way to free yourself is by following the Noble Eightfold Path
dharma in Vedic terms
is the sacrifice that upholds universal order
Conventional Truth
A statement is true if it is acceptable to common sense and leads to successful practice
Goal of Buddhists
Nirvana, Enlightenment, or to awake to reality of impermanence, no enduring self (anatta), nothing exists in isolation.
what is the trikaya?
three levels to the buddha- beyond time and space, spirtual vision, earthly body?
3 baskets of scripture
vinaya- rules of monastic life; sutra/ dharma- teaching (mahayana added more);abhi-dharma- commentaries on sutra
affect v.
to act on; to produce an affect or change in
Buddha's view of gods
believed it was a distraction and should come from inside you
the first teachers were dead so he found
his 5 friends
4 Sights
A bent old man, a sick person, a dead person, a mendicant seeking lasting happiness rather than temporal pleasure.
The Noble Eightfold Path
Helps to understand life & to live happily; 8 goals people should be reaching at all times; right view, righteousness, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, concentration, right mindfulness.
Name the four noble truths
life is suffering, suffering is caused by desire, to end suffering, you must end desire, The way to end desire is to follow the 8 fold path
causing schism is among one of the
five sins of immediate retribution
Right meditation (Noble Eightfold Path)
learn to focus energy on the process leading to Nirvana
a bodhisattva takes a vow
which commits him to a lifetime of compassionate activity for the enlightenment of all sentient beings
Describe the four sights that Siddhartha saw when he ventured outside his father's kingdom
sick man, elderly man, dead man, holy man
what is the name in chinese for china?
the middle kingdom, believed that they were the center of the world
what appeal did buddhism have for the japanese?
there are worldly benefits to be had from supporting buddhism
what is a name found the the jataka of bodhisattva's prior life?
Sumedha, who made his vow before the then buddha Dipamkara
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