C&E Goal Vocabulary 3 Flashcards

Law
Terms Definitions
Three Mile Island
NUCLEAR
federalists
an advocate of federalism.
Philosophy of total equality; government takeover and worker ownership of businesses
Socialism
circumspect
watchful and discreet; cautious; prudent:
Treaty
a formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries.
Progressive President who created Federal Reserve System to regulate the banking industry
Woodrow Wilson
incorporation
to form into a legal corporation.
protest
an expression or declaration of objection, disapproval, or dissent, often in opposition to something a person is powerless to prevent or avoid:
Judicial Review
Supreme Court interprets what is Constitutional and what is not.
Texas v. Johnson (1989)
invalidated prohibitions on desecrating the American flag in force in 48 of the 50 states
Charter
a written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments
Reformer who worked to establish humane treatment of the mentally ill
Dorothea Dix
Progressive reform in 1906 that increased government power to regulate railroads
Hepburn Act
john peter zenger
American journalist, printer, and publisher, born in Germany: his libel trial and eventual acquittal (1735) set a precedent for establishing freedom of the press in America.
chief executive
the president of the United States.
civil rights
rights to personal liberty established by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution and certain Congressional acts
prosecution
the institution and carrying on of legal proceedings against a person.
anti-federalists
a member or supporter of the Antifederal party.
Homestead Strike
Was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892. It was one of the most serious disputes in US labor history.
Airline deregulation
process of removing entry and price restrictions on airlines affecting, in particular, the carriers permitted to serve specific routes. In the United States, the term usually applies to the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978
Camp David Accords
he landmark 1978 agreement between Israel and Egypt that paved the way for peace between the two countries.
common law
law based on court decisions rather than on a legal code
The term "Trail of Tears" is associated with the
Cherokee Indians
I HAVE INSTITUTED A ROLL CALL TRAINING PROGRAM FOR THE ROCHESTER POLICE DEPARTMENT
YES
joint-stock
stock or capital divided into a number of shares.
social secretary
a personal secretary employed to make social appointments and handle personal correspondence.
school bus
a vehicle used to transport students to and from school or used for other related purposes.
airport
a tract of land or water with facilities for the landing, takeoff, shelter, supply, and repair of aircraft, esp. one used for receiving or discharging passengers and cargo at regularly scheduled times.
plurality
the excess of votes received by the leading candidate, in an election in which there are three or more candidates, over those received by the next candidate (
due process
the regular administration of the law, according to which no citizen may be denied his or her legal rights and all laws must conform to fundamental, accepted legal principles, as the right of the accused to confront his or her accusers.
Rule of Law
No elected official is above the law
Solar Energy
Energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy
President who sent Lewis and Clark on an expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory
Thomas Jefferson
absolute monarchy
a monarchy that is not limited or restrained by laws or a constitution.
suffrage
the right to vote, esp. in a political election.
property tax
a tax levied on real or personal property.
mass media
any of the means of communication, as television or newspapers, that reach very large numbers of people.
parks
an area of land, usually in a largely natural state, for the enjoyment of the public, having facilities for rest and recreation, often owned, set apart, and managed by a city, state, or nation.
As a result of this, slavery had ended in most northern states by 1810
Gradual emancipation
indentured servants
a person who came to America and was placed under contract to work for another over a period of time, usually seven years, esp. during the 17th to 19th centuries. Generally, indentured servants included redemptioners, victims of religious or political per
political action committee
arm of an interest group which raises funds to contribute to candidates or political parties
Said that states have the right to nullify federal laws if they are unconstitutional
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
The main purpose of the Louise and Clark expedition
To collect information about the Louisiana Territory
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