Bone Study Flashcards

frontal bone
Terms Definitions
mandibula
Unterkiefer
zygomatic
.cheekbone
caudo-
tail
Temporal
Side
Long
Tublar length
-Humerous
canal
tubular passage
perone/o
R. fibula
Groove
Narrow Depression
a large projection
process
Subchandral plate
Shock absorber
metatarso-
metatarsals, foot bones
quiche
a cooking method
sinus
cavity in a bone
Optic Canal
Sting ray eyes
bunion is an?
enlarged bursae
hyoid
.its oval shaped protrusions(thrust over) articulate with the atlas(The top or first cervical vertebra of the neck).not really a skull bone
The wrist contains 8 small____bones
carpal
Squamous suture
Between temporal and parietal
groove or sulcus
an elongated depression
facial bone that contains sinus
maxillary
Spine
sharp, narrow, usually pointed end
Dendrites
lines sprouting from the osyeocytes; feeding tentacles that pass nutrients
The____is the longest strongest bone in the body
femur
Seasmoid Bone
Found in joints, the Patella
Ischium
Posterior part of the pelvic bone
Disorder in which bones are inadequately mineralized; soft bones
Osteomalacia
osteotome
surgical chisel designed to cut bone
Meningocele
Just meninges bulge out of the vertebral canal.
Sulcus
a groove or furrow in a bone
The forearm bones are the_____,which lies on the medial side, in line with the little finger, and the____, on the lateral side above the thumb
ulna, radius
Costal Cartilages
connect the ribs to the sternum
what is arthritis?
an inflammatory or degenerative disease that damages the joints
cartilage
substance from which bone ossifies; a type of connective tissue
superior and medial nasal conchae are part of this bone
ethnoid
osteochondroma
exostosis on the metaphyses of long bones near the epiphyseal plates
Ligaments of vertebral column
Anterior and Posterior longitudinal ligament, Ligamentum Flavum, Intertranverse and interspinous ligament and supraspinal ligament.
epiphyseal
at the growth plate: young kids: can stop growth
bones grow in length at the _______
epiphysis (ends)
Olecranon Fossa
Depression on the back of the Humerus
what is osteoarthritis?
a chronic degenerative condition that breaks down the articular cartilage
osteocytes:1) what2) where
bone cells that occupy spaces (lacunae) lamellae between and are connected by extensions existing in canals that connect lacunae.
condylo-
condyle, boney projection at end of a bone
squama frontalis
the vertical portion of the frontal bone
Hangman Fracture
Arch of Axis vertebra pushes the dens posteriorly and compresses brain steam leading to death.
Appendicular Skeleton
consisting of 126 bones of the limbs (appendages) and the pectoral and pelvic girdles, which attach the limbs (arms and legs) to the axial skeleton
what is hypercalcemia?
when blood calcium levels are too high
SYNOVIAL JOINTS:Articular cartilage
Reduces friction and acts as shock absorber.
epiphysis
each end of a long bone, beyond the growth plate
define osteocytes
mature, adult, bone cell able to form and resporb bone
Greater Trochanter of Femur
Upper curve of femur, seen from behind.
HYDROXYAPATITE
THESE ARE MINERAL SALTS 65 % MOF BONE MASS MAINLY CALCIUM PHOSPATE
innominate bone (2)
Either of the two bones forming the sides of the pelvis, each consisting of three consolidated bones, the ilium, ischium, and pubis.
Median sacral crest
The spinous area on the back of the sacrum
What are the major functions of bone?
Support, Protect organs, Movement, Mineral storage, Hematopoietic tissue
triquetral bone (2)
the bone in the proximal row of the carpus that is third counting from the thumb side of the wrist, has a pyramidal shape, and is situated between the lunate and pisiform bones
HAVERSIAN OR CENTRAL CANAL
THIS IS THE CENTER OF THE OSTEON IT CONTAINS SMALL BLOOD VESSELS AND NERVES THAT SRVE THE NEEDS OF OF THE OSTEON'S CELLS
sites of muscle attachment on the proximal femur
gluteal tuberosity and great & lesser trachanter
2. sphenoid 3. zygomatic 5. parietal 6. temporal 7. maxilla 8. occipital 11. vomer 13. palatine arrow zygomatic arch L. mandibular (glenoid) fossa m. foramen magnum n. styloid process o. incisive foramen
!http://cc.hccs.edu/Biology/AllStudyPages/SkullStudyPage/Images/coloredskullinferior.jpg!
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