Chapters 252 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
-schiz. drug
-psychologically based therapy-therapist used psych techniques
Key Figure: Sigmund Freud
respondant and operant behavior
electrical stimulations
repetitive transcranial magnet stimulation (rTMS) pulses of magnetic stimulation briefly inactive area of brain for studying
arousal, sleep (prozac increases this)
robust factors/ big five
extroversion/introversionneuroticism (negative emotionality), vs. emotional stabilityagreeablness/antagonismconscientiousness vs. impulsivenessopenness to experience vs. resistance to new experience
driving force behind intellectual development is biological development amidst experiences with the environment. ex: we learn from our mistakes.
Temporal Lobes
Lower brain, long-term memory, contains auditory cortex
random variables
uncontrolled conditions that might affect the experiment
an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior. 
inner ear
oval window, chochlea (snail shaped)
drive reduction theory proposess that a need or deprivation leads to an aroused state or drive this in turn motivates the orgganism to act to reduce this drive and restore internal stability the maintenance of a balanced internal state is called
Panic Disorder
-panic attacks w/o identifiable stimulus-Agoraphobia-fear of situation without help for or escape from attack
specific knowledge gained through applying fluid intelligence; verbal comprehension and manipulation numbers
crystallized intelligence
-defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
Define Nueron
Individiual cells in the nervous system that receive, integrate, and transmit information
4 basic skin senses
warmth, cold, pain, touch
refractory period
a period during which further stimulation can not cause another action potential
the study the intricate interaction of consciousness, brain and central nervous system and the body's defense against external aberant cell division.
primary reinforcer
an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need.
outer ear
pinna - animals can wiggle this
Schizophrenic Disorders:
Major Types of Schizophrenia:
features incoherent speech, hallucinations, delusions, and bizarre behavior
tricyclic antidepressants
boost serotonin levels by preventing the normal reabsorbtion
TAT test
Thematic Apperception Test - a PROJECTIVE TEST that asks respondents to interpret a seriers of drawings showing scenes of people. scored for unconscious motive.
studying intelligence on the product of intelligence, IQ scores
psychometric approach
Negative punishment
-consists of removing something to decrease the response rate
parenting does have an effect but sometimes doesn't make sense. ex: loving family produces sociopaths and psychopaths.
The forebrain controls:
hunger and thirst, emotion and aggression, sensing, thinking, learning, conciousness and volutary movement.
Define: Status
any names social position the people can occupy.
hemispheric lateralization
some functions are localized to one hemisphere of the brain
Sensation is what
The detection of physical energy emitted or reflected by physical objects
hypnotic analgesia
reduction of pain reported by patients after undergoing hypnosis
Achievement Motive
The need to excel, to overcome obstacles.
Psychodynamic Theories:
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory:
Oedipus Complex
according to Freud, a largely unconscious process whereby boys displace an erotic attraction toward their mother to females of their own age and, at the same time, identify with their fathers
social phobia
anxiety in the presence of other people
The period from 1450 to approx. 1600, which produced many changes in the customs that dominated Europe. During this people, people analyzed the past to move forward and advance the future. Hope was now tied to prosperity and happiness in the here and now. Hopeful thoughts were accompanied by motivation for action in this life instead of preparation for the afterlife.
shaping (successive approximations)
any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
those raised in enriched environments will develop thicker cortices.
experience and faculties
Monochromat is someone who can see
different shades of grey
Define: Evolutionary psychology
an approach to, and subfield of psychology that is concerned with the evolutionary origins of behavior and mental processes, their adaptive value, and the purposes they continue to serve.
What we see 1
Hue- The dimension of visual experience specified by color names and related to the wavelength of light
marks that tend to fall along a smoth curve or line are grouped together
acording to abraham maslow we are not prompted to satisfy psychological needs such as the need to be accepted or loved until we have satisfied more basic survival needs the most basic needs are physiological needs including the need for food water and oxy
safety needs
alarm phase of stress
body mobilizes the sympathetic nervous system to meet the immediate threat
The tendency of teenagers to feel that thy are always "on stage" and that they are the center of everyone else's world, just as they are the center of their own, is a phenomenon known as _____.
Imaginary audience
Operant Conditioning
-We learn to associate a response and its consequence
during a break from his job as a waiter, Bernardo begins to read Hamlet and is so engrossed in the play that he fails to notice the clattering of dishes all around him. This is an example of ___.
Selective attention
The Nature of Hyponosis
2) Hypnotized people cannot be forced to do things against there will
intrinsic motivation
the desire to do something for its own sake and for the internal pleasure it provides
Skinner Box
-chamber with a bar or key that an animal manipulates to obtain a food or water
Which of the following is NOT an example of operant behavior?
anything that isnt volutary
When does sexual maturation begin and what are the primary and secondary sex characteristics for both males and females?
primary- reproductive oragans and external genitalia develop dramatically at puberty. secondary - breats and hips in girls; facial hair and deepened voice in boys; pubic and underarm hair in both sexes.
What is an ellusion correlation?
when we think things are related and they aren't
Diseases carried by recessive genes are inherited when ______.
A child inherits two recessive genes, one from each parent.
Compared to formal concepts learned in science and math, natural concepts tend to be _____
formed as the result of their experiences in real world
Based on the studies of infant girls who were exposed to androgens before birth, which of the following statements is true?
Girls were found to be tomboyish during childhood.
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