Chapters 42 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
alto
tall
kota
city
Ahorrar
now
cinco
six
vii
seven
sedetevi!
sit down!
los napies
cards
Perusal
a reading
Mitigate
To relieve
honey
la miel
to practice
practicar
enfermarse
to get sick
die Arbeiterinnen
workers (f)
Troianus, Troiana, Troianum
Trojan
inauspicious
predicting something unfavorable
homemaker
amo de casa
Redolent
having a pleasant odor
vero
in truth, indeed, but
daydreaming
absent-minded dreaming while awake
Internal Auditing Planning Functions
?
penny press
inexpensive, advertiser supported newspapers in the 1830's
mycelium
network of hypae, fruiting body
Open-end v. Qualified Internal Auditing Questionnaires
a
psychosurgery
removin portion of the brain
furtive
taken, done, used, etc., surreptitiously or by stealth; secret:
ein Referat schreiben
to write a paper
single bond
a pair of shared electrons
SNCC
an organization formed to coordinate sit-ins and other protests and to give young blacks a larger role in the civil rights movement
Polyribosomes
-joined my mRNA--provides the genetic code instructing ribosomes on how to put the protein together
Permeate
(v.) To spread through, penetrate, soak through
Decadence
(n.) Decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self indulgence
rationale (noun)
a rasonable explanation; logical basis
Alluvial Fans
A fan-shaped deposit of sediment formed when a streams slope is abruptly reduced.
Mycetozoa
slime molds (not true fungi) use pseudopodia for locomotion and feeding
Kouros: Standing Youth
c. 600 BCE (Archaic Greek)
Sultan
Buyid leaders who took over Abbasid empire; literally means "victorious"
Management Accounting Systems
Provides information, both financial and non-financial, to managers and employees inside an organization.
Ceteris Paribus assumption
Determinants of the relationship between price and quantity that are unchanged along a curve; changes in these factors cause the curve to shift
Stratum granulosum
\"Grainy layer\" is where cells produce keratin and keratohyalin.
Cesar Chavez succeeded in:
Organizing migratory farm workers.
appropriate
suitable or fitting for a particular purpose, person, occasion, etc.:
Three Key Responsibilities of Corporate Social Responsibility?
Economic responsibilities, Social responsibilities, Legal responsibilities
rift valley
A divergent boundary at two oceanic plates can result in a________
plea bargain
agreement between a prosecutor and a defendant that the defendant will plead guilty to a lesser offense to avoid having to stand trial for a more serious offense
accretionary wedge
a large wedge-shaped mass of sediment that accumulates in subduction zones; here sediment is scraped from the subducting oceanic plate and accreted to the overriding crustal block
middle ear
The chamber between the eardrum and the cochlea containing three tiny bones that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea's oval window
Placental Mammal
Give birth to young that have developed inside the mothers uterus until their body sytemes are fully functional and they can live independently of their mother's body
residential leases
state law typically dictates how much security deposit can be charged & under what conditions it will be returned
attached (shadows)
permanently fixed to the object or person (adds texture and shape)
What luxury did Schindler provide for his workers on his 37th birthday
White bread
Rational Choice Theory
The classical view that we make decisions by determining how likely something is to happen, judging the value of the outcome, and then multiplying the two. Many factors cause the decision to commit a crime.
The Mexican Revolution
Why did immigrants leave Mexico for the US?
peripheral nervous system
PNS; the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body
what are neuronal pools
functional groups of neurons that integrate incoming information and then transmit the info along
energy coupling
the use of an exergonic process to drive an endergonic one
DNA's function is...
to encode the instructions for amino acid sequences of proteins
density dependent factor *
a limiting factor that depends on population size
native learning (p. 667)
Cultural campaign launched by a small number of Japanese scholars particularly during the 18th century; emphasized importance of Japanese folk tradition and Shinto religion for Japanese identity.
The view that people who are poor are poor because they are unfit or have no motivation to work reflects the ideology of _____.
social Darwinism
What are the 10 exceptions?
Search subsequent to arrest, stop and frisk, exigent circumstances, plain view, consent, hot pusuit, invintory, arrests, administravtive inspection, border searches
allows the ink to sit on top of the raised metal letters
Letterpress Printing
Worchester vs. Georgia
What is the name of the court case in which the Indians of Georgia sued; John Marshall ruled for them and said that state law had no authority in Cherokee territory.
Results of the fall of Adam and Eve
loss of heaven, pain, suffering, physical death, work is toil, painful childbirth, relationships marred by sin
what purpose does the coronary circuit serve?
it delievers 1/20 of the blood supply necessary to support heart function
Kelvin
K=Tc +273
yth order
[B]
US units for mass
grams
Formula for iron(III) chromate:
Fe2(CrO4)3
Proton
Electrical charge: +1
Mass: 1
Located in the nucleus
error
guesstimation
systematic error: near average
random error: scattered points
-not close
Homogeneous or Heterogeneous? --- saltwater
Homogeneous
Name the acid: HClO2
chlorous acid
Ionic or Molecular? -- CaS
Ionic
What are cations?
Positively charged ions.
3 phases of matter
solid, liquid, gases
Geiger/Ritherford Model
dense, positively charged nucleus
gold foil experiment
Ionic or Molecular Compound? -- Cr2O3
Ionic
Metal, Nonmetal, or Semimetal? -- Mn
Metal
Symbol for the following element: gold
Au
The field of pharmacology that involves using living cells to manufacture drugs (ex: E-coli)
Biotechnology
what is quantitative data?
measure temperature,pressure,volume, the quantity of a chemical formed, or how much of a chemical is used up in a reaction.
Isoelectronic
atom of different elements having same electron configuration
-same number of electrons
Properties of non-metals
NEGATIVE CHARGE
dull
brittle
poor conductors of heat and electricity
-good insulators
Covalent or Ionic Bond? -- aluminum oxide
Ionic
Write the formula for the compound magnesium oxide:
MgO
How many covalent bonds does hydrogen form in electrically neutral compounds?
1
Period 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7? -- Au
Period 6
What is a cation?
A POSITIVELY charged ion
The science that deals with poisons, their detection and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
Toxicology
Decrease concentration of product(s)
equilibrium shifts to right
What are covalent compounds?
Atoms that share electrons.
mendeleev noticed that properties of elements usually replaced at regular intervals when the elements were arranged in order of increasing
atomic mass
electron energy level
electrons arranged in specific energy levels
n= 1
n=2
n=3
Convert the number 0.000127 to scientific notation:
1.27 x 10^-4
What is the systematic name of Mg(NO3)2?
magnesium nitrate
If a new element were discovered and it was found to form 1- ions, in which group would you place it in the periodic table?
17
Name 3 Schedule I Drugs
Marijuana, herion, LSD, mescaline
A decrease in activitu of cells caused by the action of a drug
Depression
Unimolecular reaction
elementary step with 1 molecule
A → products rate = k[A]
to which group do lithium and potassium belong?
alkali metals
While in Europe, if you drive 125 km per day, how much money would you spend on gas in one week if gas costs 1.10 euros per liter and your car's gas mileage is 35.0 mi/gal? -- 1 euro = $1.26
$81.40
222/87 Fr .. Protons and neutrons?
87 protons; 135 neutrons
A certain element forms an ion with 54 electrons and a charge of +2. Identify the element:
Ba
activation energy (Ea)
the minimum amount of energy required to initiate a chemical reaction.
lnk = (-Ea/R)*(1/T) + lnA
Ea - activation energy (J/mol)
R - gas constant (8.314 J/K*mol)
T - absolute temperature
A - frequency factor
decrease in volume
equilibrium shifts to side with fewest moles of gas
What is solubility?
The maximum amount of solute that dissolves in a specific amount of solvent.
Systematic approach is....
each scientist tries to understand his or her world based on a personal point of view and individual creativity.
You wash dishes for a chem. lab to make extra money for laundry. You earn 6 dollars/hour, and each shift lasts 75 minutes. Your laundry requires 6 quarters/load. --- How many loads of laundry will each shift pay for if the cost per load is 8 quarters?
3 loads
Calculate the mass, in grams, of: 7.8 x 10^21 uranium atoms
3.1 g
Qc > Kc
system proceeds from right to left to reach equilibrium
What is a colloid?
A mixture having particles that are moderately large. Colloids pass through filters but cannot pass through a semipermeable membranes.
Dimensonal Analysis is what?
is a method of problem-solving that focuses on the units used to describe matter.
Thallium Stress test
can test the stress in a heart by looking at the light that glows
A solution of ammonia and water contains 3.40x10^25 water molecules and 7.40x10^24 ammonia molecules. How many total hydrogen atoms are in this solution?
9.02 x1 0^25 H atoms
Decomposition of a sample of sulfur hexafluoride produced 4.48 g of fluorine & 1.27 g of sulfur. Calculate the mass of fluorine per gram of sulfur for the sample of sulfur hexafluoride:
3.53 g fluorine/1 g sulfur
A block of metal has a width of 3.2 cm, a length of 17.1 cm, and a height of 4.5 cm. Its mass is 1.5 kg. Calculate the density of the metal. -- 1000 g = 1 kg
6.1 g/cm^3
Periodic Table -- Group 6A (tendency and charge):
GAINS two electrons; -2 charge
What is a non-polar covalent bond?
Covalent bond between atoms with identical or very similar electronegative values.
conversion factor is what???
is a ration of equivalent values to express the same quamtity in different units
Phosphoric acid reacts with magnesium hydroxide to produce magnesium phosphate and water via the following reaction: __H3PO4 + __Mg(OH)2 --> __Mg3(PO4)2 + __H2O .. Balance the equation:
2H3PO4 + 3Mg(OH)2 --> Mg3(PO4)2 + 6H2O
Chemical Equilibrium
achieved when:
1. the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal
2. the concentrations of the reactants and products remain constant.
What are the properties of strong electrolytes?
They disassociate in water, producing positive and negative ions.

They conduct electric current in water.
What is the mass, in grams, of: 1.5 mol W
2.8 x 10^2 g
What are the requirements for electrolyte concentrations in terms of equivalents?
The mEqs per liter of cations must equal the mEqs per liter of anions.
What are the effects of temperature on solubility?
The solubility of solids increase as temperature increases.

The solubility of gases decreases as temperature increases.
A compound is 80.0% carbon & 20.0% hydrogen by mass. Assume a 100 g sample of this compound. How many moles of each element are in this sample?
moles of C = 6.66 mol ... moles of H = 19.8 mol
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Term:
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