Chapters 43 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
to sprain
to chat
more often
Coolly unconcerned
la acera
to follow
el/la recién casado/a
die Hausmänner
house husbands
Primus, Prima, Primum
InitialDerivedTerminal credibility
beforeduringat end
to climb mountains
habitual relapse into crime
iudicium, iudici, n
judgment, trial
polymers of amino acids
Internal Auditing Staffing Functions
Ex: CBS, NBC-Comcast
mutualistic associations of fungi (zygomycotas) with plant roots
Internal Auditing Plans v. Procedures
Seasonal Affective Disorder
-seasonal disorder
-treat with: bright light
hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused:
bringen (hat gebracht)
to bring (has brought)
starting materials of a chemical recation
New Frontier
JFK's legislative program which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to rebuild blighted urban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national defense, to increase international aid, and to expand the space program
osteoprogenitor cells
mesenchymal cells-stem cell; produce osteoblasts; role in fracture repair
biosocial, cognitive and psychosocial
domains of behavior
English Protestants who wished not only to purify the Church of England but also to reform English society; they came to New England to set up a model community as an example to England
suffice (verb)
to be enough or adequate
Continental Rifts
When the spreading centers develop within a continent, the landmass may split into two or more smaller segments, forming a rift.
life evolution
appearance or extinction of certain types of life can also change CO2 levels
Altar from Pergamon
c. 166-156 BCE (Hellenistic Greek)
Secret Societies
controlled customs and beliefs and limited authority
Boundary Systems
Prescriptive and Define Behavior that is unacceptable and has direct consequences.Example: companies protect clients with confidentiality and if an employee breaks that they are dealt with severely.
Import quota
A physical supply restriction on imports of a particular good, such as sugar. Foreign exporters are unable to sell in the US more than the quantity specified in the import quota
What do monocytes differentiate into?
Macrophages (\"big eaters\").
The immediate post-WW1 environment in America was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
Declining prices.
to pierce or pass into or through:
good faith exception
evidence obtained illegal but thought to be legal. PO thought they were doing the right thing
the leading edges of both plates are bent upward at a subduction zone (True/False)
de facto segregation
segregation resulting from economic or social conditions or personal choice
seafloor spreading
the process by which plate tectonics produces new oceanic lithosphere at ocean ridges
propono, proponere, proposui, propositum
set forth, put forth, propose
An internal need that cause an animal to act
when supply is low relative to demand, more owners will try to sell their property
Aesthetic (context)
the manipulation of form to enhance place meantings or messages in the audiences mind
What did Goeth name his sorting-out process
Health Aktion
Routine Activites Theory
crime is opporunisic and dynamic in naure involving he convergence of he "hree earhly elemens" (moivaed offenders, suiable arges, he absence of capable guardians)
Social Gospel Movement
Built reform campaigns to treat the problems that led to social behaviors, instead of blaming immigrants; applied the teachings of Jesus directly to society.
sensory cortex
area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body touch and movement sensations
function of epicranius
two muscles that pull scalp forward and backward
isomers that are mirror images of each other-important in the pharmaceutical industry-two enantiomers of a drug may have different effects
functional groups
What do cyclins do?
Activate the cyclin dependent kinases by attaching to them. Concentrations fluxuate
fecundity schedule *
a table of birthrates for females of different ages in a population
The Third Rome (p. 700)
Orthodox clergy held that Germanic invaders had conquered the first Rome and that the Ottoman Turks had toppled the second Rome, Constantinople. Only Moscow survived as the seat of true Christian faith.
social workers should seek solutions that:
1. encourage clients' participation2. apprise clients of their legal rights 3. reframe challenges as opportunities for learning4. involve clients in decision making and evaluation
Fourteenth Amendment
born in U.S citzen of the U.S as well as state in which you reside. No state can deprive person of live liberty or property without due process. Equal protection.
A kilogram is
the mass of 1L of water at 4* C
African Americans In The Union Army
200,000 joined, great example of hard workers
Differences in families of Cain and Seth
seth followers of god jesus bloodline worked for gods glory, cain evil worked for their own glory
51.) What is the "Broad ligament" of the uterus?
the wide fold of peritoneum that connects the sides of the uterus to the walls and floor of the pelvis.
temporal lobe
sides; hearing
Sympathetic Nerves
Excties the body.
-Comprehensive and percise definitions-Desciptive
which hemisphere is largely responsible for language in most people
n Piaget’s theory, the preoperational child’s difficulty taking another’s point of view.
Phobic Disorder
-irrational fear-Ex. Social (Strangers)
Pavlov’s Classic Experiment
-dogs and salivation
use info to reach a conclusion
having to justify inc. conformity (personal importance, imp. of being accurate), preemptive self-criticism (when aud. opinion is known)
Psychointrapersonal Influences
Thoughts, values, beliefs and attitudes and perceptions that we use to defend our identity or ego.
study of relationships between sensory experience and the physical stimuli that cause them
Objective Tests
Personality tests that are administered and scored in a standard way.
set point
the genetically influenced weight range for an individual maintained by biological mechanisms that regulate food intake, fat reserves and metabolism
A philosophical and religious system based on the teachings of Buddha: Life is dominated by suffering caused by desire: suffering ends when we end desire; and enlightenment obtained through right conduct, wisdom, and meditation releases one from desire, suffering, and rebirth.
A psychological defense mechanism in which there is an unconscious shift of emotions, affect, or desires from the original object to a more acceptable or immediate substitute.
A simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
Frequency Distribution
Summary chart of number of results.
the tangible good and the values attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs that are passes from one generation to another
speech is localized in the _____ hemisphere of the brain
parietal lob
top of head; sensory, some movement
which level of Abraham Maslow's hierarchy is epitomized by the US army's slogan "Be all you can be"?
self actualization
State of tension or arousal that motivates behavior.
post-secondary education
any kind of formal educational experiene that follows high school
Borderline Personality Disorder
--Difficulty developinga secure sense of self-rely on relationships with others-Empty and alone
Sexual problems that result from physical causes are referred to as _______.
Organic factors
Association lab test with rats. give rats a tone w/o shock. 2nd group got shocked 1/2 the time. then got shocks with no tones. Found that the rats who heard the tone and then got shocked were more prepared for the shock. No prediction=no association
-measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier
When one trait or behavior accompanies another.
outline the three dream theories
1. Psychoanalytic interpretation- tradional theory, considered to be farfetched, no reliable rules for interpreting content of dreams or way to know if interpretation is correct, no support for claims2. Activation synthesis- thought dreams were disjointed or bizarre, doesn't account for dreaming outside of REM sleep3. Cognitive approach- fairly new, some claims aren't tested against evidence, leading contender because it thinks about many elements
Foot in the door
small agreement, then larger agreement--contingent on consistency-"that type of person" (have to keep requests in the same vein)
Paradigm Shift
moving from one perspective of reality to another
vestibular sense
the sense of body movement and position, including the sense of balance. 
Motor neurons
send signals to muscles to control movement
Latency period
In Freud's theory of personality, a period in which the child appears to have no interest in the other sex; occurs after the phallic stage.
preconventional morality
in Kohlberg's theory, the level of moral reasoning in which judgements are based on authorities outside of the self
Cognitive Appraisal
-Clients asked to eval. sit., self, others...etc.
mental processes
what we infer from behavioral data (thoughts, hopes, etc)
sleep spindles
-Sharply pointed, spiky waves on an EEG, indicating stage 2 sleep
lock and key mechanism
neurotransmitters bind to the receptors of the receiving neuron in a key-lock mechanism.
___ is the sense of body position and movement of body parts.
Which memory system provides us with a very brief representation of all the stimuli present at a a particular moment?
Sensory memory
signal detection theory
study of peoples tendencies to make correct judgements, misses, and false alarms in detecting presence of stimuli
DSM-IV Classification System
fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
the most widely accepted classification system in the United States
biological model of addiction
due primarily to a persons biochemistry, metabolism, and genetic pre disposition
schachters two factor theory
emotions depend on two factors;  physical arousal and a cognitive labeling of that arousal
What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?
FAS- Physical and cognitive abnormalities in children cause by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking. In severe cases, symptoms include noticable facial misproportions
Two-Word Stage
Beginning at about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks most two-word statements.
who was the one of the firsst researchers to explore and outline the laws of voluntary responses?
Edward L Thorndike
Anxiety Disorders:
Phobia or Phobic Disorder
disorder involving a pathological fear of a specific object or situation
self report: define and cons
tests -objective projective - surveys - questionnaires - interviewsProblems: 1.may not remember2. may lie3. dont reveal information4. dont think before answering5. try cooperate and give "good" socially desirable responses vs. honest answers6. interviewer may misunderstand or distort subjects responses and vice versa
What is the false-consensus effect?
we overestimate how much others think and behave like we do
maximum oxygen uptake (VO2)
a measure of the body's ability to take in and transport oxygen to various body organs
What does this acronym stand for?
And how do they work?
Sensory (breif periods of time)
Short-term (chunking, 7 slots of memory)
Long term (permanentnly stored by not always easily found.
Describe how the neuron is set up
Dendrites, Cell body, Axon hillock connects to - mylin sheath - which surrounds the axon (and the spots betwen each set of myelin sheaths are called Nodes of Ranvier) which connects and splits into several axon terminals which release neurotransmitters
What is the circadian rhythm?
bodily rhythms that occur on a 24 hour cycle such as wakefulness and body temperature
according to neuroscientists, what we call "mind," "consciousness," or "self-awareness" ___.
can be explained as a product of the cerebral cortex
There are 4 lobes of the brain... name them.
1. Parietal lobe
2. Frontal Lobe
3. Occipital lobe
4. Temporal lobe.
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