Chapters 44 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
la adolescencia
el suelo
or not
La cultura
to burn
to prepare
to leave behind
mit viel Stress
Septimus, Septima, Septimum
to look for
aumento de sueldo
a deep, glossy black
Primitive organisms
cyanobacteria, used photosynthesis
adj. coarse, unfeeling, stupid
syn:crude, vulgar, tasteless, oafish, obtuse
ant: refined, elegant, tasteful, polished, brilliant
(adj.) Mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; (v.) to hide, conceal; eclipse; (n.) matters involving the supernatural
equally skillful with either hand
Archaebacteria. require extreme salt. absorb light and create H+ gradient
Internal v. External Supporting Evidences
binds to and stabilizes single-stranded DNA until it can be used as a template.
intended to entrap or beguile:
das Referat
oral report; written research paper
a warrant granting release from punishment for an offense
a type of ovary, seeds inside
foramen, fissure, meatus or canal, sinus or antrum
multidirectional, multicontextual, multicultural, multidisciplinary and plasticity
life span perspective characteristics
an interpretation of Puritan doctrine associated with Anne Hucthinson that stressed mystical elements in God's grace and diverged from Orthodox Puritan views on salvation
exchange theory
reinforcement (rewarding) of behavior plays a central role in perpetuating interacgtions between people
Ocean-Continental Convergence
Mainly produces volcanic and folded mountains.
an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
Woman or Goddess with Snakes
1700-1550 BCE (aegean)
Functional group
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons or organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions.
Statement of Cash Flows
Three Sections:1. Operating Activities2. Investment Activities3. Financing ActivitiesEnding balance should match Balance Sheet amount for cash
Define the array of circumstances in which our model is most likely to be applicable
Spongy bone
Cancellous bone, is the predominant type in flat bones where it forms the dipole.
Henry Kaiser:
Depended on government loans to finance his shipyards.
occurring or coming later or after (often fol. by to):
first case at State level to apply exclusionary rule
Which island is the youngest in figure 9-3?
A loose collection of states in which principal power lies at the level of the individual state rather than at the level of the central or national government
plate tectonics
the theory that proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of individual plates that interact in various ways and thereby produce earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, and the crust itself
the occurrence of two or more things coming together
Computer hardware
the tangible or physical aspects ofa computer, like circuit boards, chipsets, and keyboards
net adjustments
amount of adjustments made to a comparable with + & - signs included. preferred not to exceed 15% in either direction
high key
lots of light (slow fall off)often called \"flat lighting\"
something that foretells or hints at a coming event
Punitive Damages
Damages that are awarded to punish the defendant, to deter the defendant from similar conduct in the future, and to set an example for others.
Le Grand Derangement
the displacement of Acadians by the British because of their refusal to either swear allegiance to the British or return to France
natural selection
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
function of extensor digitorium longus
foot inversion & flexes toes
the ability of a solution to cause a cell to gain or lose water
What type of cell are microtubules present in?
ALL eukaryotic cells,
carrying capacity * (k)
largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
Deism (p. 587)
Belief in the existence of God but denial of the supernatural teachings of Christianity. To Deists, the universe is an orderly realm, with a god that set it in motion and natural laws that govern it. A supernatural god does not intervene in the affairs of the universe.
social workers should promote communication that:
1. respects dignity and worth2. considers individual differences3. remains client-focused4. upholds confidentiality
administration inspection/regulated industry
PO can search a bar, pawn shop etc. i.e. a cop can go into a liquor bar and ask to see their liquor license
heat of fusion
is the heat required to melt one gram of a solid at its melting point
What are some of the federal government's delegated powers?
Printing money, controlling trade with other nations, and providing for the country's defense.
The world's largest 200 organizations account for?
More than 25% of the world's economic activity
What is the pneumonic for the 12 cranial nerves? (Ch. 15, pg. 426)
Oh, Once One Takes The Anatomy Final, Very Good Vacations Are Heavenly
Release hormones.
environmental control (Watson)
condition, state, or situation
Personality Disorders
-inflexible, maladaptive problems-kepps from functioning in society-little personal distress
individuals whose reactions or esponses are observed in an experiment.
basic building blocks of hereditary
Humanistic Perspective
-Self Reponsibility-Determine own limits
Operant Behavior(2)
-operates (acts) on environment-produces consequences
Glial Cells
Insulates and speeds up Nuerons.
Central/peripheral pursuasion
Central=increased scrutiny or a messagePeripheral=decreased scrutiny-reliance on cues (humor, experts, etc.)
The detection of physical energy emitted or reflected by physical objects; it occurs when energy in the external environment or the body stimulates receptors in the sense organs
Process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met is called ___
all processes involved in starting, directing, and maintaining physical and psychological activities
Aversive Conditioning
-unpleasant stimu. with undesred beh.
A special molecule, _______, contains the genetic material of the organism.
Sleep Apnea(2)
-temporary cessation of breathing during sleep-momentary reawakenings
The rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language.
Sources of Bias
Personal Bias and Expectancy Bias.
Need for cognition--which route?
low need-peripheralhigh need-more likely to spontaneously elaborate
pavlov placed meat powder in the mouths of dogs, and they began to salivate. Pavlov's student noticed that after a few days the dogs began to salivate at the sound of the student's footsteps. the salivation to the foot steps was a _____
a coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear through which sound waves trigger nerve impulses.
In frontal lobe; controls production of speech.
According to Freud, a Partial or complete halt at some point in the individual's psychosexual development
task goals
goals based on desire for self-improvment
Dissociative Identity Disorder
-two or more distinct personal./ident.
frequency at which a particular score occurs
positive reinforcement
strengthens a response by presenting a typically pleasurable stimulus after a response
the learning of voluntary behavior through the effects of pleasent and unpleasant consequences to responses
people who define themselves in terms of relationships to other people and groups and who give priority to group goals
a central idea in the description of hypnosis is the word
What are neurotransmitters?
chemical messengers that travel across the synaptic gaps between neurons
Ultradian Rhythms
fluctuations that occur over less than a 24 hour period (stomach contractions)
middle ear
 the chamber between the eardrum and cochlea containing three tiny bones (hammer, anvil, and stirrup) that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea’s oval window.
Heterability coefficient
determines the extent of which the differences in a group of people can be attributed to genetic factors.
Somataform Disorders:
Conversion Disorder
paralysis, weakness, or loss of sensation, but with no discernable physical cause
projective tests
used to infer a persons motives conflicts and dynamics
person reverts to a previous phase of psychological development. 8 year old may suck thumb when REALLY nervous etc.
in hind brain - controls balance and coordination
Activation-synthesis theory
-Hobson's theory that dreams are a result of random electrically stimulated memories lodged in the brain, then brain weaves it into a story line
The extent to which a test yields a consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, on alternate forms of the test, or on retesting.
how do neurons communicate
in an electrical and chemical language
Godden and Baddeley found that if you study on land, you do better when tested on land, and if you study under water, you do best when tested underwater. This finding is an example of ______.
Encoding specificity
Although Kim just ate a huge meal and feels "stuffed," the idea of a chocolate sundae is too good to pass up, so she orders one. which motivational term explains the appeal of the sundae?
Sexual Dysfunctions:
person needs some object or action to get aroused
basic fear of being away from a safe place or person
Part of the age of enlightenment; the movement of production from home and workshop to factory, which resulted in increased material benefits for the individual and greater mobility due to the invention of the steamboat, locomotive, and airplane. The industrial revolution made the hope of the renaissance (prosperity and happiness in the here and now) possible for most people.
aequisition in classical conditioning
the initial stage. the phase associating a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus comes to a conditioned response.
Define Soma
The cell body of a neuron; it contains the nucleus and much of the chemical machinery common to most cells.
In the famous case of H.M., after having part of his brain removed, he could no longer ________.
Remember anything new.
sexual orientation refers to our enduring sexual attraction to members of a particular gender current research suggests several possible contributors to sexual orientation which of one of the following is not one of those contributors
adomineering mom and inefectual father
What is stranger anxiety?
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning around 8 months of age.
What is correlational design?
it typically has two or more variables and try to see if they are directly related; it does not prove causation; negative correlation (one group goes up the other goes down); third variable and naturally occurring variables
Working with animals an people martin seligman studied with an attitude of passive resignation which he called learned helplessness if it has received repeated shocks and has had
no control over the shocks
3 measures: RRR
What does this acronym stand for? 
 What do they do?  
Recall: where you pull something out of your mind.
Recognition:true false are examples of this. Multiple choice too
Re-learn: not on the surface but can be brought back
in describing the sexual response cycle masters and johnson noted that
men experience a refractory period in which they cannot experience orgasm
What are the functions of:1. brainstem 1a. brainstem animal2.medulla+pons3. midbrain4. thalamus5. Basal Ganglia6. cerebellum7. hypothalamus
1. site at which most cranial nerves enter1a. an animal that acts only on stimuli, not goal-oriented/no deliberate actions (cat placed on tree will climb up without thinking about it)2. postural reflexes (balance), vital reflexes (homeomaintenance)3. species' specific movement4. thalamus-relays signals to the cerebral cortex5. feedback-adjusts movement as it progresses6. feed forward-programs force and timing before each movement7. homeostatic processes+emotional states
What are alpha and delta waves?
alpha: slow waves of a relaxed awake braindelta: large, slower waves of deep sleep
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