Chapters 47 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
to break
el error
inferior, inferius
Por que?
el panqueque
efficiency apartment
la tos
a cough
over, across; above
See direct democracy
mostrar (o:ue)
to show
to resign
renunciar (a)
non c'e male
not bad
parasites cause disease symptoms
Internal Auditing Working Papers
An abbreviation for signatura.
la sala de emergencia
emergency room
Protein and Polysaccharide gives bacteria its shape
Debts owed to creditorsAccounts usually contain the word "payable"Includes future service commitments (unearned revenues)
process of increasing personal, interpersonal, or political power enabling individuals to take action to improve their lives
characterized by melancholy; longing; yearning.
spazieren gehen
to go for a walk
Executive order
regulations originating from the executive branch. A method where a president controls the bureaucracy.
the female gametangia; produces a single egg
hematoma, clotted blood masses beneath the skin as a result of internal bleeding
___________ is the and symbol, &
Joseph McCarthy:
Symbolized America's concern over communist subversion.
: language that reduces the psychological distance that separates speakers and audience members and stresses that speech is a transaction
Plastic Flow (glaciers)
Involves movement within the ice.
abiotic factor
a nonliving part of an ecosystem
mass media
means of communication that reach large audiences
Stimulation Value
Friend who help try new experiences
tiny organs that perform a specific rold in the cell
Human Capital
the accumulated training and education of workers
White blood cells include?
Monocytes, lympocytes, basophils, neutrophils, and eosinophils.
19th Amendment:
women gain the right to vote.
to grow together or into one body:
idea that the goal of society should be to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people
thick mass of ice "rock made from water"
Ninth Amendment
People posses rights not specified in the Constitution
Peace Corps
an agency established in 1961 to provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
a group that is either permanent or temporary (ad hoc) whose members meet only occasionally and otherwise report to different permanent supervisors in an organizations structure
global plagiarism
stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one's own
Sidestream Smoke
The smoke that enters the atmosphere from the burning end of the cigarette, cigar, or pipe.
then, at that time; thereupon, in the next place
acquisition editor
an editor who obtains books to be published
tribe that was aided by the French in their fights with the Iroquois
gender role
a set of expected behaviors for males or for females
What is true of preganglionic fiber?
has a small diameter
What layer in water resistant, but not completely?
Stratum corneum.
What describes the Rough ER?
Contains ribosomes, synthesis of secretory proteins, synthesis of membranes and phospholipids.
when the fluid in a cell has a high concentration of ions and other solutes (therefore low water potential), water tends to move from the surrounding environment into the cell.
triangular trade (p. 633)
European trade route of three legs, European manufactured goods to Africa for slaves, slaves to the Caribbean and Americas for cash or sugar and molasses and the final leg taking these western hemisphere products to Europe.
Personal characteristics of resilient youths include all of the following characteristics
social competence autonomyhope for the future
Exfoliation (M. weathering)
When slabs of outer rock break off in layers.
increases blood sugar level and sugar availability to the brain
Francisco "Pancho" Villa and Emiliano Zapata
leaders of the rebels who oposed Carranza's provisional gov't.
Iron Law of Responsibility?
In the long run, those who do not use power in ways society considers responsible will lose it
Describe the layers of the retina for light to pass through, and explain the 2 types of photoreceptors. (Ch. 18, pg. 497-8)
Light starts by going through the ganglion cells, then bipolar cells, and only then reaches the photoreceptors at the back of the retina.  The two types of photoreceptors of rods and cones. Rods are light sensitive, but do not differentiate color.  Cones provide us with color vision
Organism's genetic make-up.
Define Subjective
open to interpretation.
stable personality characteristics that are presumed to exist within the individual and guide his or her thoughts and actions under various conditions
A mean is an ____
Circadian Rhythms
fluctuations in physiological functions over the course of a twenty four hour period (body temperature)
an extreme mental disturbance involving distorted perceptions and irrational behavior
behavior is goal directed
incentive theory
In a language, the smallest distinctive sound unite.
Define: Triad
Group consistng of three people.
behavior occurs because people think
cognitve perspective
variable interval
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals. 
In Jung's theory of personality, thought forms common to all human beings, which are stored in the collective unconscious.
panic attacks
short intense feelings of anxiety
Hans eysenck and sybil defined personality in terms of two primary factors extraversion introversion and stability instability. Most researchers today believe that dimensions are too limiting which of the following is not one of the big five
research methods (6)
1. naturalistic observation2. surveys/questionairres/interviews3. psychological tests4. case study5. physiological measures6. experimental method (determins cause/effect relationships)
Statistical Reasoning
Statistical procedures analyze and interpret data allowing us to see what the unaided eye misses.
Practicing your material over and over again would be called
a thing of small value or importance
stated 1st psychology school in America (harvard)
william james
Absolute Threshold
The smallest quantity of physical energy that can be reliably detected by an observer
process of learning to control bodily states?
State of balance and stability in which the organism functions effectively.
the process by which extrinsic rewards can sometimes displace internal motivation, as when a child receives money for playing video games
using a pulsating magnetic coil held to a persons skull over the left prefrontal cortex. reduce depression
: As defined by Snyder, goal-directed thinking in which a person has the perceived capacity to find routes to desired goals (pathway thinking) and the requisite motivations to use those routes (agency thinking). Sydner believes that hope is not genetically based but an entirely learned and deliberate way of thinking.
Define Egocentrism
refers to Piaget's theory, the pre-operational child's difficulty taking another's point of view.
Spontaneous Recovery
-reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished CR
positive ions enter the neuron, making it more prone to firing an action potential.
Robert sternberg
did something with tests and scoring high in analytic something or the other... I think will be like the last question of the test. Your welcome and good luck.
peripheral stuff
endorse, attn to speaker, cool music, similar others, colors, humor, experts, speed of presentation
learning that occurs but is not immediately reflected in a behavior change is called ___
latent learning
sensorimotor stage
in Piaget’s theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities.
Which individual has the highest risk for developing anorexia nervosa?
teenage girls
The level of this in your blood determines your hunger.
some nonverbal behaviors threats and smiles for example are universally understood others are not people in different cultures are most likely to differ in their interpretations of
postures and gestures
self fulfilling philosophy
expectation that is fullfilled because of the tendency of the person holding it to act in ways that bring it about
being able to produce for the first time
The making of a solution of definite strength so that it may be used for comparison and in tests.
the development of the brain unfolds based on genetic instructions, causing various bodily and mental functions to occur in sequence-standing before walking, babbling before talking.
motor development
"Pleasure Centers"
Part of the limbic system, give good feelings
random sampling
each member of the population has an equal chance of being selected
theory of mind
people’s ideas about their own and others’ mental states—about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts, and the behaviors these might predict. 
Reality principle
According to Freud, the way in which the ego seeks to satisfy instinctual demands safely and effectively in the real world.
limbic system
the part of the brain that regulates emotional responses
according to the psychoanalytic view of development we all pass through a series of psychosexual stages such as the oral anal and phallic stages conflicts unresolved at any of these stages may lead to
fixation in that stage
psychological tests
are standadized and norms - allows an individuals performance to be compared to the performance of others
False Consensus Effect
Tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors.
What is Psychology?
The science of behavior (what we do and mental processes)
Who was a poineering woman in the U.S. in regards to Contraception?
Margaret Sanger.
what is motivation
refers to the set of factors that activate, direct, and maintain behavior usually toward some goal
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
Sydney said, "I don't care much about my grades as long as im the most popular girl in class!" what need is this?
need for affiliation (nAFF)
Order in Random Events
Given random data, we look for order and meaningful patterns.Given large numbers of random outcomes, a few are likely to express order.
What is Circadian Rhythm
A Biological rythm with a period (from peak to peak through) of about 24 hours; for the Latin circa, "about," and dies, "a day."
remember school and adult life
just remember it... it is one of the answers lol
case study - define and pros
1. allows study of one person in detail (in depth and comprehensive)2. focus on all aspects of a single individual3. often over a long period of time4. incorporates many methods of data collection5. helps generate hypothesis and confirm with large population study
A time machine provides you the opportunity to interview Sigmund Freud. During the interview, Freud admits that he never wanted to attend medical school. When you ask him how he made it through, he says, "I had eidetic imagery." What does he mean by that?
He had the ability to access a visual memory over a long period of time.
/ 121

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online