both world war Flashcards

Terms Definitions
German emperor
The draft
February Revolution
czar-stepped DOWN
under soviet command-economy socialism, the planning agency that had the respondibility of gradting the economic plan for the nation
nickname for American soldiers
heavy competition and jealousy
What was the Hohenzollern Empire?
central powers
Germany, austria-hungary, ottoman empire, bulgaria
Tripled Entente
France, Great Britain, Russia
glorification of war and military
Black Hand
A Serbian Nationalist group.
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy came together to form
Who fought a two front war?
where men fought on front/side lines
payment for damages after a war
Woodrow Wilson
president of US during WWI
Big Five
AH, Germany, BG, R, F
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
spanish succession
Conflict arising from the disputed succession to the throne of Spain after the death of the childless Charles II. The Habsburg Charles had named the Bourbon Philip, duke d'Anjou, as his successor; when Philip took the Spanish throne as Philip V, his grandfather Louis XIV invaded the Spanish Netherlands. The former anti-French alliance from the War of the Grand Alliance was revived in 1701 by Britain, the Dutch Republic, and the Holy Roman emperor, who had been promised parts of the Spanish empire by earlier treaties of partition. The war concluded with the Peace of Utrecht (1713), which marked the rise of the power of Britain at the expense of both France and Spain.
Sir Robert Borden
introduce conscription, was a conservative
Palmer Raids
ordered by the Attorney General, rounding up and deportation of immigrants after the war
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Young heir whose assasination triggered the war
enver, jemal, and talat were members of the young turks who tried to defend armenians
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
War Industries Board
established by united states government agency
macine gun, tank, poison gas, flame thrower, gas masks, submarines (u-boat), and airplanes
fighting not happening, but treaty has not been signed
Franz Josef
Emperor of Austria-Hungary at the outbreak of World War I.
J. Robert Oppenheimer
main developer of atomic bomb
Liberty Bond
Special war bond sold by the government to support the Allied cause during World War I.
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations
May 7th 1915, Germans decide to sink this American vessel because they are suspicious that the U.S.A is shipping weapons to Britain (approx. 1000 killed)
The "Big Four"
1. Woodrow Wilson- America
2. Lloyd George- Great Britain
3. Georges Clemenceau- France
4. Vittorio Orlando- Italy
Why the US entered WWI
Lusitania,us supplies cut off
Under the leadership of ___, the Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution.
V.I. Lenin
league of nations
created at versailles purpose of arbitrating future international conflicts, members agreed to protect independance and territory of all members
big four
woodrow wilson of the united states, david lloyd george of britain , georges clemencleaue of france, vittoro orlando of italy.
Czar Nicholas II
Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917)
someone who is unable to read or write
What did President Wilson want to make the world to be safe for?
Schlieffen Plan
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, on France (and then Russia after) but when trying to go through Belgium, they resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
Paris Peace Conference
The great rulers and countries excluding germany and Russia met in Versailles to negotiate the repercussions of the war, such leaders included Loyd George (Britain), Woodrow Wilson (America), Cleamancu (France) and Italy. The treaty of Versailles was made but not agreed to be signed and the conference proved unsuccessful.
the separation of a nation from other nations by isolationism.
pragmatic sanction
issued by Charles VI of Austria in 1713 to ensure his daughter Maria Theresa gained the throne
person who refuses to fight in any war because it violates their beliefs.
Mustard gas
a toxic war gas with sulfide based compounds that raises blisters and attacks the eyes and lungs
march 1917
russia withdrew from the war due to bolshevik revolution
nations that dont use the euro
britain denmark and sweden
war-guilt clause
This was the "war-guilt clause" in the Treaty of Versailles that placed total responsibility for World War I on Germany.
The Lusitania
The British ship that was topedoed by Germany. Americans also on the boat were killed.
in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
the eastern front
The fighting between the border's of Germany and Russia as characterized by the horrible Russian defeats at the Battle of Tannenberg and Masurian Lakes.
Battle of Argonne Forest
The final Allied offensive of WWI, September 26, 1918. One million U.S. soldiers went into this thickly-wooded area in France, faced heavy German fire, and took over German positions. British, French and Belgian forces also helped. This huge effort cost 100,000 American lives, but crippled Germany and sent them into retreat.
Battles US soldiers fought in
chateau-thierry on the marne river, not advancement of germans, counter ataack at belleau woon, Meuse-argonne offenseve drove germans back to border
sussix pledge
Germany will warn us if their gonna do anything
conscientious objector
one who refuses to serve in the armed forces on grounds of conscience
cause: Nationalism
You feel your country is the best, you wish to share with
Battle of the Somme
July 1, 1916- November 13, 1916, major battle of WWI between the British and German in Northern France. More than a million men both sides were killed or wounded
Nationalism, Militarism, Imperialism, and the Alliance System
These were the long term causes of WWI
home front
the name given to the part of war that was not actively involved in the fighting but which was vital to it
What did Russia want from Alaska?
It wanted to unload "furred out" land.
Gavrilo Princip and the Black Hand Gang
are responsible for hiring Gavrilo Princip to assasinate the Duke
Explain the League of Nations
it was to keep peace among all the nations.
Why did Germany form the triple Alliance?
to fight teh Allies I think. The Triple Entente they were called
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