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Terms Definitions
Kaiser German emperor
Conscription The draft
February Revolution czar-stepped DOWN
gosplan under soviet command-economy socialism, the planning agency that had the respondibility of gradting the economic plan for the nation
Doughboys nickname for American soldiers
Imperialism heavy competition and jealousy
What was the Hohenzollern Empire? Germany
central powers Germany, austria-hungary, ottoman empire, bulgaria
Tripled Entente France, Great Britain, Russia
Militarism glorification of war and military
Black Hand A Serbian Nationalist group.
Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy came together to form
Germany Who fought a two front war?
trenches where men fought on front/side lines
reparations payment for damages after a war
Woodrow Wilson president of US during WWI
Big Five AH, Germany, BG, R, F
propaganda Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
self-determination the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will
spanish succession Conflict arising from the disputed succession to the throne of Spain after the death of the childless Charles II. The Habsburg Charles had named the Bourbon Philip, duke d'Anjou, as his successor; when Philip took the Spanish throne as Philip V, his grandfather Louis XIV invaded the Spanish Netherlands. The former anti-French alliance from the War of the Grand Alliance was revived in 1701 by Britain, the Dutch Republic, and the Holy Roman emperor, who had been promised parts of the Spanish empire by earlier treaties of partition. The war concluded with the Peace of Utrecht (1713), which marked the rise of the power of Britain at the expense of both France and Spain.
Sir Robert Borden introduce conscription, was a conservative
Palmer Raids ordered by the Attorney General, rounding up and deportation of immigrants after the war
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Young heir whose assasination triggered the war
false enver, jemal, and talat were members of the young turks who tried to defend armenians
nationalism love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
War Industries Board established by united states government agency
inventions macine gun, tank, poison gas, flame thrower, gas masks, submarines (u-boat), and airplanes
Armistice fighting not happening, but treaty has not been signed
Franz Josef Emperor of Austria-Hungary at the outbreak of World War I.
J. Robert Oppenheimer main developer of atomic bomb
Liberty Bond Special war bond sold by the government to support the Allied cause during World War I.
Henry Cabot Lodge conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations
Lusitania May 7th 1915, Germans decide to sink this American vessel because they are suspicious that the U.S.A is shipping weapons to Britain (approx. 1000 killed)
The "Big Four" 1. Woodrow Wilson- America
2. Lloyd George- Great Britain
3. Georges Clemenceau- France
4. Vittorio Orlando- Italy
Why the US entered WWI Lusitania,us supplies cut off
Under the leadership of ___, the Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution. V.I. Lenin
league of nations created at versailles purpose of arbitrating future international conflicts, members agreed to protect independance and territory of all members
big four woodrow wilson of the united states, david lloyd george of britain , georges clemencleaue of france, vittoro orlando of italy.
Czar Nicholas II Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917)
illiterate someone who is unable to read or write
What did President Wilson want to make the world to be safe for? Democracy.
Schlieffen Plan Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, on France (and then Russia after) but when trying to go through Belgium, they resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
Paris Peace Conference The great rulers and countries excluding germany and Russia met in Versailles to negotiate the repercussions of the war, such leaders included Loyd George (Britain), Woodrow Wilson (America), Cleamancu (France) and Italy. The treaty of Versailles was made but not agreed to be signed and the conference proved unsuccessful.
isolation the separation of a nation from other nations by isolationism.
pragmatic sanction issued by Charles VI of Austria in 1713 to ensure his daughter Maria Theresa gained the throne
Pacifist person who refuses to fight in any war because it violates their beliefs.
Mustard gas a toxic war gas with sulfide based compounds that raises blisters and attacks the eyes and lungs
march 1917 russia withdrew from the war due to bolshevik revolution
nations that dont use the euro britain denmark and sweden
war-guilt clause This was the "war-guilt clause" in the Treaty of Versailles that placed total responsibility for World War I on Germany.
The Lusitania The British ship that was topedoed by Germany. Americans also on the boat were killed.
Allies in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
the eastern front The fighting between the border's of Germany and Russia as characterized by the horrible Russian defeats at the Battle of Tannenberg and Masurian Lakes.
Battle of Argonne Forest The final Allied offensive of WWI, September 26, 1918. One million U.S. soldiers went into this thickly-wooded area in France, faced heavy German fire, and took over German positions. British, French and Belgian forces also helped. This huge effort cost 100,000 American lives, but crippled Germany and sent them into retreat.
Battles US soldiers fought in chateau-thierry on the marne river, not advancement of germans, counter ataack at belleau woon, Meuse-argonne offenseve drove germans back to border
sussix pledge Germany will warn us if their gonna do anything
conscientious objector one who refuses to serve in the armed forces on grounds of conscience
cause: Nationalism You feel your country is the best, you wish to share with
Battle of the Somme July 1, 1916- November 13, 1916, major battle of WWI between the British and German in Northern France. More than a million men both sides were killed or wounded
Nationalism, Militarism, Imperialism, and the Alliance System These were the long term causes of WWI
home front the name given to the part of war that was not actively involved in the fighting but which was vital to it
What did Russia want from Alaska? It wanted to unload "furred out" land.
Gavrilo Princip and the Black Hand Gang are responsible for hiring Gavrilo Princip to assasinate the Duke
Explain the League of Nations it was to keep peace among all the nations.
Why did Germany form the triple Alliance? to fight teh Allies I think. The Triple Entente they were called
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