Civil War Quiz 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
#12
Abe
andersonville
pow camp
Confederacy
The southern states
1776
Declaration of Independence
when was lincoln elected?
1860
54th Massachusetts infantry
free blacks
Amnesty
Any act of forgivness
Irvin McDowell
Union general-little battle experience
his troops get sick walking to Richmond (ate blackberries)
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Author: Stephen Douglas
Year: 1854
Purpose: To open the territories to settlement; Kansas was made a slave state and Nebraska was made a free state. Missouri Compromise was repealed by this Act.
Harriet Tubman
famous Underground Railroad conductor
President Franklin Pierce
kansas-nebraska act;14th president
Confederate States
Virginia, North Carolin, South Carolina, Arkansas, Florida, Texas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia
1861
Year Lincoln became president and Southern states seceded
Levi Coffin
President of the Underground Railroad
U. S. Grant
Commander of the North
ironclad
armored ship used during the war
reinforcement
a military operation (often involving new supplies of men and material) to strengthen a military force or aid in the performance of its mission
What were confederate soldiers called?
Johnny Rebs
Martial Law
- Military Rule
- Lincoln established this in the Border States  has to appoint a military leader in each of those states
Appalachian Mountains
mountain chain that separated the South into two theatres (east/west)
Who won the Battle of Pea Ridge?
Union
Hawaii
America attained Hawaii by forcing the Hawaiian King to sign a constitution and reduced his power. The Queen Liliuokalani gave up her country because she didn't want to go to war with America. Hawaii became the 50th State
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States
Honor
High respect; esteem; doing what is right. The concept of honor was very important for the South. For some Southerners, honor was a reason worth fighting for during the Civil War. The honor thesis states that many Southerners supported secession because it was an insult to their society life and civilization.
south's weaknesses were
smaller population, fewer factories, half the food and railway net work than the north, & belif in states rights and war effort
Robert E. Lee
General of the Confederates (South)
sally tompkins
southerner, established a major army hospital
emotion
south were more impassionate about the war because they were defending their way of life and their homes, north was passionate for union as well but not as much
Infantry
1) Foot Soldiers. 2) Largest, most important branch of the military (80-90% of battle casualties).
Reconstruction
the name given to the period (1865-1877) following the Civil War
secede
to withdraw formally from an alliance, federation, or association, as from a political union, a religious organization, etc.
Anaconda Plan
North's strategy for victory in the Civil War.
literacy test
a method used to prevent African Americans from voting by requiring prospective voters to read and write at a specified level
Dred Scott Decision
slaves were declared to be property
John Brown
An abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing arsenal at Harper's Ferry and giving weapons to slaves. Was hung after capture.
Freedman's Bureau
Organization in the North that helped freed slaves to get jobs, food, housing
West Virginia
was formed from the western counties of Virginia that refused to secede
preserving the union was
lincoln's main objective as president
popular sovereignty
basic principle of the american system of government which asserts that the people are the source of any and all governmental power, and government can exist only with the consent of the governed
March to the Sea confederate leader
Joseph. E Johnston
caning of charles summer
northern anti-slavery senator beaten by southern proslavery senator; both sides appalled at personal violence.
agricultural
Word that describes the economy in the southern part of the United States before the Civil War.
The election of...was one of the reasons of the south seceding
Abraham Lincoln
Thomas Jackson
general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)
Election of 1876
Race for the presidency between Republican Rutherford B Hayes and Democrat Samuel J Tilden. The decision of the winner came down to congress but no one knew which house should vote because the Senate was Republican and the House of Reps was Democratic. Congress created a Special Electoral Commission consisting of 5 senators, 5 House Reps, and 5 justices from the Supreme court. Votes went 8-7 in favor of Hayes.
Conscription Act
A Confederate law enacted in April of 1862, it subjected all white males between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five to military service for three years. It was repealed in 1863.
Income Tax
Tax paid to the state, federal, and local governments based on income earned over the past year.
habeas corpus
a person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime
Fort Sumter
a federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, Confederate forced attacked the fort, 1st shots of the Civil War
John Wilkes Booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)
the north
who claimed victory at the battle of shiloh?
Civil war
war fought between the North and the south from 1681-1865
March to Sea
Sherman's march to Savannah which cut off confederate supplies received by the sea
Union
being of or having to do with the northern United States and those loyal to the Union during the Civil War
Southern life/education/perception of self vs. Northern life/education/perception of self
City life vs country life
South- family, land, history, power, slaves---plantations
Business, income
South's income is dependent on slavery/the land
1860 Election
set the stage for the Civil War.The political system was split four ways, and all of them proved unable to keep the Union together. This brought Lincoln to power without the vote of a single southern state.
True
(T,F) Did the South want to be an independant nation?
Ulysses S. Grant
Union general during the Civil War and the eighteenth President of the United States .
who owns the first 2 years of the war in the east?
confederates
Describe the "Anaconda Plan."
was to strangle the confederacy to where they couldn't defend themselves anymore.
Confederate states of america
The 11 southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861.
result of Battle of Bull Run
provided supplies for Southern troops
What battles happened in 1863?
battle of chancellorsville, battle of gettysburg, capture of vicksburg, battle of fort wagner
National Bank Act
law that set up a system of federally chartered banks
wealthy men were exempted, huge responsibility of families
what did the conscription act do
Appomattox Court House
famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant
fight defensive and gain support from European powers
Southern strategies tow win the war
fugitive slave act
a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
what was Jackson's nickname and why?
His nickname was Stonewall. He got his nickname during a battle during the Civil War by not moving like a stonewall.
Battle of Vicksburg and Battle of Gettysburg
What two battles concluded in Northern victories in July 1863?
What did the minnie ball do on impact?
flatened out causing the bone to shatter or the tissue to tear
5 days after the Civil War ends, where is he and who shoots him? Year of _____
at the forts' theater and john wilks shoots him. 1865
yankee
Union soldier
conscription
compulsory military service
foreign countries
foreign countries
North
- opposed slavery (abolitionists)
- westward expansion (opposed spread of slavery)
- Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854
- Blamed Southern Democrats for economic depression
- Wanted to preserve the Union
Stonewall & Lee
Stonewall & Lee
Caualry
Soatle that rides on a horse
William Lloyd Garrison
Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
McClellan
may 1862- General George ______ gathered 100,000 troops hoping to capture richmond. He hesitated for a month so May 31 Confederacy attacked.
Rober E Lee
Greatest Confederate general during the Civil War, said no to Lincoln
during the election of _____ the democratic party was split into multiple factions`
1860
siege
a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies with the aim of compelling the surrender or those inside
Border Ruffians
Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas's election during the mid-1850's
What year did the Civil War start?
1861
antietam
this battle was bloodiest of civil war. 25,000 casualties. sep 18,1862 Lee retreated back to VA. NORTH WON.
What new ammunition was invented before the Civil War?
Minie Ball
Appomatox Court House
Place where Lee surrendered to Grant
Vicksburg
The Siege of Vicksburg was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. In a series of maneuvers, Union Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate army of Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton into the defensive lines surrounding the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi
Emancipation Proclamation
Document freeing all slaves in the southern states
Sitting Bull
(506-507) Lakota Sioux chief and holy man; led Cheyenne and Sioux warriors against General Custer in Battle of Little Big Horn; died when US tried to arrest him
what where people who crossed into kansas to vote called
boarder ruffians
Sherman captures Atlanta
began Sherman's march to the sea
state's right
the idea that states has joined together freely and had power in government
Frederick Douglass
Escaped slave, friend of ab lincoln, the narrative of the life of frederick douglass,
Gettysburg Address
Speech given by Abraham Lincoln which captured the spirit of liberty and morality ideally held by citizens of a democracy. That ideal was threatened by the Civil War.
Confederate Conscription
first draft in US ever started with 18- 35 than went to 17- 50 a slave overseer or someone who was involved in sporting the war effort off the battle field was exempt from this
"With malice toward none
with charity towards all",Phrase from Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address (March 1865) implying that "Reconstruction" should not be designed to punish the South, but be a smooth transition to re-unity
Ulysses s grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
battle of antietam
bloodiest single day in civil war, Maryland, led to the Emancipation Proclamation
Battle of Fredericksburg
One of Union's worst defeats (looses) Union lost 13,000 soldiers, Confederate lost 5,000 soldiers
In which battle did Grant and Lee first meet (Lee won but Grant continued south)?
The Wilderness
what where northern farms like?
northern farms where small-didn't need slaves.
Ironclad Ships/Merrimack Monitor
South's way to break blockade = plated ships in iron Merrimack scavenged from union warship near Virginia iron 4 inches thick. Monitor union's ironclad fought Merrimack neither won, both withdrew
compromise of 1850
california entered the union as a free state and congress agreed not to outlaw slavery in the rest of the territories, also included the fugitive slave act
What were the 4 different names the confederacy was called during the civil war?
Dixie, South, Rebels, Gray
Lincoln's First Inaugural Address
Promised the South that he would not abolish slavery in the South; wanted to preserve the Union
First Battle of Bull Run
First "real" battle of the Civil War, it was expected by Union officials to be short but ended up a Confederate victory
there were many rivers and waterfalls to produce power for the machines
Why did industries and factories begin in the North along the eastern coast of the U.S.?
how Dred Scott's actions led to the dred scott decision
Dred Scott was taken from Missouri to Illinois to Wisconsin by his owner. He returned and filed a lawsuit saying he should have been free because his owner took him to free states.
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