Cold War First Week Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Korean Conflict
38th parallel
Nikita Khruschev
soviet leader of vienna
CIA
Central Intelligence Agency used spies, carried out covert, or secret operations oroverthrow governments unfriendly to the U.S.
reunification
The merging of the two Germanys.
COMECON
economic alliance formed amongst the Soviet states, since they couldn't use Marshall Plan money
Brezhnev
Soviet leader following Khrushchev. He wanted to re-Stalinize the Soviet Union. He invaded Czechoslovakia when their new leader wanted to have free elections. He also established the Brezhnev doctrine, which stated that the Soviet Union had the right to interfere in the affairs of countries in the Warsaw pact if he feared their communist regimes were in danger.
Joseph Stalin
Leader of the Soviet Union
harry truman
34th president of the united states
Henry Wallace
33rd VP, 11th secretary of Agriculture
Platt Amendment
An Amendmend 'strongly encouraged' by the U.S which was added to the Cuban constitution and allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
SEATO
"the Asian equivalent of NATO" -- Southeast Treaty Organization = an alliance formed to prevent Soviet invasion of Southeast Asia and the Pacific; consisted of Australia, Britain, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, and the US
Reconstruction of Japan
Douglas MacArthur oversaw the reconstruction of Japan, democratizing it. Japan was seen as a success for America.
Berlin Airlift
Became a symbol of American determination to stand by the divided city of Berlin.
Mutually Assured Destruction [MAD]
Created/started because of ICBMs.
Where freedom ends and communism begins in Europe
Iron Curtain
Arms race
competition between nations to gain an advantage in weapons
Containment
A goal to stop the spread of communism. The US had to use military and non military actions to stop the spread.
iron curtain
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West. (p. 831)
Julius and Ethel Rosenburg
American scientists convicted of giving nuclear secrets to the USSR
A Republican Senator from Wisconsin who accused many people, often without proof, and ruined careers and lives.
Senator Joe McCarthy
Dwight Eisenhower
Republican winner of 1952 election. VP Richard Nixon. Eisenhower promised to go personally to Korea to end the conflict. Peace treaties were signed with China after 7 months.
Marshall Plan
Pledged that it would give European countries American aid to rebuild thier economies.
Konrad Adenauer
Formed the first W. German government. [Capitalist economy; close ties to the West]
Warsaw Pact
An attempt by Communist nations to counter the rearmament of West Germany. The alliance was dominated by the USSR, which kept strict control over the other countries in the pact.
Policy of containment
plan to keep something such as communism, within its existing geographical boundaries
Soviet Atomic Bomb
September 1949, US no longer held monopoly; two atomic powers
Nuclear Arms Race
'49 USSR tested first atomic bomb'50s: superpowers make more powerful bombs- Hydrogen bombs-spending for weapons skyrocketed
Ngo Dinh Diem
first President of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).Important figure who held close ties with the U.S. by accepting support during North Korea’s invasion, but retained policies that were independent from the U.S.
Douglas MacArthur
U.S. general who was in charge of UN forces in Korea before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.
What year was the UN created and headquartered?
1945New York City
Cuban Missile Crisis
the twelve day crisis in which the Soviet Union placed nuclear arms in Cuba to prevent another Bay of Pigs. They rationalized this action, saying we had arms in England and Turkey. This was significant because this could have meant a nuclear disaster, if proper negotiation had not occurred by Kennedy. [need a little more clarity about what Kennedy did that was praiseworthy] 1962.
In what ways were U.S. actions in Nicaragua, Cuba, and Iran similar?
They supported anti-communist forces.
2 major disagreements at Potsdam
1. Truman didn’t want same mistake as T of V and punish GR too harshly. HOWEVER, the Soviets want Germany to pay big time. 2. Stalin didn’t like Truman’s pressure of “free” elections in Eastern Europe. He thought US was interfering in his zone of influence (the Balkans!).
What role did the United Nations play in the Korean war?
They helped nationalist South Korea.
What happened in China in 1949? How?
Chinese civil war- Soviets backed Communism, US backed democracy (defeated USA)
How was Germany going to be occupied and controlled after the war?
Split into four sections (Russia, G.B., USA, France)
Why did ethnic tension become such a severe problem in the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia?
They had many major ethnic groups that viewed one another with suspicion.
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