Cold War Vocabulary 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
6 bodiesGeneral AssemblySecurity Council etccreated at yalta 45officialized in san fran 51USSR, ROC, US, GB, and FR are on the security council
Oganization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran and Venezuela)
17th Parallel-
Dividing line in Vietnam
Reinhold Niebuhr
United States Protestant theologian (1892-1971), Liberal Protestant clergyman who cruisaded against the "children of darkness" such as communism, fascism, and pacifism. (869)
Southeast Asia Treaty Org; defensive alliance aimed at preventing communist aggression in Asia
Yuri Andropov
Brezhnev’s successor. He was important because this weak leader came at a time of political and economical weakness and instability, giving Reagan the advantage to push the Soviets to the test.
the hydrogen bomb - a thermonuclear weapon much more powerful than the Atomic bomb
United Nations
Organization founded after World War II to promote international peace and security.
38th Parallel
latitudinal line that divided North and South Korea at approximatly the midpoint of the peninsula
Benazir Bhutto
Elected prime minister after her father died in office twice but was removed after months of disorder in 1996.
Douglas MacArthur
WWII hero and future US president
U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983[1] to use ground-based and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. The initiative focused on strategic defense rather than the previous strategic offense doctrine of Mutual assured destruction (MAD)
Policy in which tensions netween West Germany and the Soviet Bloc would try to be reduced/ended.
Iron Curtain
Churchill criticized the Soviet Union for sharply dividing Europe
Eisenhower Doctrine
Pledged US military and economic aid to Middle Eastern nations threatened by communist aggression.
Cuban Missile Crisis
an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.
Jawaharlal Nehru
India's first prime minister who used his leadership to move India forward by forming a neutrality alliance during the Cold War, reorganized states by language, pushed for industrialization, social reforms, the elevation of lower castes and the expansion of women's rights.
Werner von Braun
a German rocket physicist and astronautics engineer, first worked in Germany until the US wanted him.
Was Vietnamization succesful
Nofailed when South Vietnamese troops were unable to resist invasion by Soviet-supplied North Vietnamese Army and problems mounted at home when President Nixon was forced from office due to the Watergate scanddel
Joseph McCarthy and McCarthyism
Anti-communist, accused Secretary of State Dean Acheson of employing hundreds of communists. He also accused General George Marshall. Instilled fear and finally came to his demise after he went after the U.S. army.
Harry S. Truman
President after FDR, ordered the dropping of the atomic bomb and enacted the marshall plan
In February 1946 begins the policy to stop the spread of communism. A US foreign policy during the Cold War.
What nation crossed the 38th Parallel and started the Korean War
North Korea
"Baby Boom"
From 1945 to 1961, more than 65 million children were born in the US
National Security
ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm
National Insurance Act
a social security program created by modern welfare state of Great Britain to nationalize medical insurance
USS Pueblo
This vessel was captured by the N. Koreans, though the U.S. claims it was in international waters.
Hiroshima & Nagasaki bombings1945
*mistrust because soviet union wasn't informed about the bombing!*start of nuclear war s.u felt they had to keep up and became more insecure
Did N. Korea listen to the UN order to withdraw?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
1949 alliance of nations that agreed to band together in the event of war and to support and protect each nation involved
FIRST MAJOR CRISIS: Operation Vittles/ Plainfare in ___________: then WestG= _____, EastG=________.
The Berlin Airlift: '48-'49USSR blockaded WB to get out western alliesTruman stood up to Stalin, planes flew in supplies to WB4000 tons a day, total of 2.3 mill tons of supplies to WB1. Led to creation of NATO2. Confirmed divisions of Germany and Berlin3. greatly increased superpower rivalryWest Germany became: FEDERAL GERMAN REPUBLICEast Germany/Soviet zone became: GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
Brezhnev Doctrine
The right for the USSR to intervene if communism is threatened in satellites.
Bay of Pigs
A failed U.S invasion of Cuba in 1961 which lacked any strength due to the fact that only unarmed, untrained Cuban exiles invaded a remote beach in Cuba.
National Security Act of 1947
This created the Department of Defense with a new cabinet officer, the Secretary of Defense. Under the Secretary of Defense were civilian secretaries of the navy, army and air force. They made up the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
How did Vietnam become divided?
At 17° north latitude. Ho Chi Minh's Communist forces governed north of that line. The U.S. and France set up an anti-Communist government lead by Ngo Dinh Diem south of the line.
Which countries made up the original mambers of the Security Council?
Britain, China, France, the U.S., and the Soviet Union
What role did the policy of containment play in the involvement of the U.S. in wars in Korea and Vietnam?
They fought on the sides of the nationalists in order to try to stop the communists.
Why did John Mc Cain beleieve that many Americans ignored the war?
Other side of the world, many didn't think it was a threat
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