Acid Base cards Flashcards

Terms Definitions
acid
burns
10^-pOH
[OH-]
H2SO4
Sulfuric Acid
NaOH
strong base
Potassium Hydroxide
KOH
HBr
Strong Acid
Acetic acid
CH3COOH
KOH
strong base
Lactic Acid
Milk
LiOH
lithium hydroxide SB
CH3NH3+Cl-
Weak Acid (BH+)
HNO3
Name: NItric Acid
Formula:____________
Bronsted-Lowry Acid
Proton (H+) donor
If something is neutral
[H3O+]=[OH-]
Kw (value)
1 x 10^-14
Sulfuric Acid
H₂SO₄ (Strong Acid)
red
Acids turn blue litmus paper
basic
pH of greater than 7
HI (hydroiodic acid)
Strong Acid (H+)
ion product, 1x10^-14 = [OH-][H3O+]
Kw
pKw
=pH + pOH = 14
Polyatomic Ion
Positively or negatively charged, covalently bonded group of atoms
hydrochloric
acid in stomachs, makes chloride salts
a compound that donates hydrogen ions
acid
bases
release OH- when dissolved in water
anion gap < 6
esoteric dz-multiple myeloma-nephritic-bromism-Li
7
What pH level is a neutral substance?
color turns red litmus - acid
stay red
Salts
ionic compounds that form from the metal of a base and the nonmetal of an acid.
buffer
an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH
Titration
The process in which an acid-base neutralization reaction is used to determine the concentration of a solution of unknown concentration.
Logarithm
the exponent required to produce a given number
H+ and H30+ can be used ______
interchangeably
Amphoteric
Water and other substances that can act as both acids and bases.
A substance that ionizes nearly completely in aqueous solutions and produces H3O+ is a
Strong acid
S/Sx of Hyponatremia?
Confusion, headache, nausea, vomit, muscle weakness, fatique, apathy, anorexia.
If the parents acids are weak and parent bases are strong, the salt is...
Basic
electrolyte
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that condcts an electric current
formed when the proton is transferred to the base
conjugate acid
salt
An ionic compound that forms when a metal atom replaces the hydrogen of an acid.
True or false: not all solution are neutral
true
The ionization of acids and bases is an _____
equilibrium
equal amounts of H+ and OH- ions?
neutral solution
weak base
A base that does not dissociate completely into ions in solution.
Hydronium ion
result of a proton combining with a water molecule to form a hydrated hydrogen ion, H3O+
Oxyacid
An acid in which the acidic proton is attached to an oxygen atom
[H+] = 2x10^-3 ph?
ph = 2-3, closer to 3
Solubility
A measure of how well a solute can dissolve in a solvent at a given temperature.
What do bases produce in water according to Arrhenius?
Hydroxide ions (OH-)
weak acid
an acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution
acid ionization constant
the value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ionization of a weak acid
dilute acid
What is a solution of acid called when it has very few acid particles?
all alkali and alkaline earth metals
which are the strong bases?
The definition of an Arrhenius base
Produces OH- in aqueous solution
Hydrogen ion (H+)
A positively charged ion formed of a hydrogen ion that has lost its electron. Hydrogen ions are key to the reactions of acids.
if a chemical had a pH of 3, it is an/a
acid
buffer solution
mixure of a weak acid and its salt or weak base and its salt. resist change in pH when strong amounts of acid or base is added
Sour taste, reacts with certain metals to produce hydrogen gas, reacts with carbonates and bicarbonates to produce carbon dioxide gas, reacts with blue litmus paper to turn red
What are the properties of acids?
Salt + Water + Carbon Dioxide
Acid + Metal Carbonate => ??? (Solid first, then liquid, then gas)
How do you administer IV Mag?
1 gm to 20 ml of NS to dilute.
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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