Buddhism 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
death
Reincarnation[transmigration]---rebirth after ____________.
bhiksuni
nun
vajrayana
tantra
chandaara
20
buddha
enlightened being
Middle Way
Buddhism
Mara
tempted Buddah
tathagatagarbha
buddha nature
Arhats
Spiritual leaders
relics
reminders of Buddha
rituals
sandpainting, chanting, meditation
futility
lack of importance
Eternalism/Nihilism
Tradition: Foundational buddhism
Definition: eternalism is that there is an atman, or a soul/self
nihilism is that nothing exists after death
Significance: These are the two extremes that the buddha rejected. He created the middle path to increase sukka and decrease dukka.
Sangha
buddhism's religious community
samatha
calming meditation (serenity)
Mahayana
Buddhism sect - larger
Nature
Daoism seeks harmony with/in
Three Jewels
Buddha, Dharma, Sangha
bodhicitta
tradition: mahayana
definition: awakening mind, right intention, a mind utterly directed at awakening and pushes the boddhisattva through eons and eons.
literally "awakened mind," is the thought to want to attain become a buddha for the enlightenment of all sentient beings
Mahayana (key points)
Popular
community
friendly universe
compassion (karuna)
Bodhisattva (savior)
Develop metaphysics
Bardo
"intermediate state." refers to the state of existence intermediate between two lives on earth.
1. the chikhai bardo or "bardo of the moment of death"
2. the chonyid bardo or "bardo of the experiencing of reality"
3. the sidpa bardo or "bardo of rebirth"
sampajanna
"clear comprehension," full alertness
tanha
"desire" "thirst" or "craving"
the second of the Four Noble Truths, selfish desire causes dukkha
karma
what goes around comes around
Kushans Dynasty
Buddhism at peak CE
tathata
"Suchness' or ultimate reality. Yogacara thought holds it to be the only proper focus of csness, as distinct from the false objects derived from the "storehouse csness" or alaya-vijnana.
anatta
"no-self". denying a permanent self
Smriti
Remembering; particularly the matras and the mudras
Hinayana
“Lesser vehicle”. Derogatory name given by the Mahayana (greater vehicle) school.
Nirvana
(Sanskrit: Blowing Out);
The ultimate goal of all Buddhists, the extinction of desire and any sense of individual selfhood, resulting in liberation from samsara and its limiting conditions.
Anicca
Impermanence. The impermanence of all existence.
Haiku
a disciplined poetic style; captures "fleeting yet timeless moments in nature"
samasara
Constant rebirth and the attendant suffering; the everyday world of change.
King Tissa
Made state sponsored religion (theravada) in Sri Lanka
Bodhisattva
"Enlightenment being"; in Mahayana, a person of deep compassion, especially one who does not enter nirvana but is constantly reborn to help others; a heavenly being of compassion
Nichiren
Buddhist Japapnese monk who taught that the devotion to the lotus sutra as exclusive means to enlightment
Asceticism
self-denial for religious purposes for spiritual enrichment
Buddhist Ethics
Sila: lowest level meaning morality
Samandi: middle level meaning concentration
Prajna: final level meaning insight and wisdom
Buddhas teachings were trasmitted orally for ____
400 years
parinirvana
Ultimate perfection of bliss. Only attainable upon death.
Samsara
Wheel of rebirth of reincarnation;
the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs.
Ascetic
A person who gives up worldly possessions
pali
An ancient language of India, similar to Sanskrit but more commonly understood, and used in the writing of the earliest Buddhist texts; most important for Theravada Buddhism.
Bodhi Tree
Site where Guatama Buddha found nirvana, now encompassed by giant stone box
200 BCE- 200 CE
development of Theravada Buddhism
false
first man and woman in shinto mythological tradition were kojika and nihongi? t/f
The 5 Skhandas
Physical body, sensory perception, emotions, subconsciousness, and consciousness.
3 aspects of 8-fold path
morality, concentration/meditation, and wisdom
Types of Buddhism
• Theravada School,• Mahayanna, • Vajrayana, • Bon
Skhanda (Khanda)
aggregate, mass, heap, the 5 aggregates (form, sensation, perception, mental formations, consciousness)
hedonism
Belief in Pleasure, to pursue pleasure for own sake.
Dukka
Although the term means "suffering" or "unsatisfactoriness", the Buddha's teaching that all of life is ____________________ can be interpreted as good news, as it is followed by a solution to the problem.
Phillip Kapleau
-Zen
-moved to japan to teach
-engages in dialogue in english
-broke with teacher over issue of whether everything has to be in chinese or not
Siddhartha Guatama (founder)
•Legend of the
four sights 

–Old man
appears, sick man, death, ascetic,
He sneaks out,
leaves his wife and goes to 2 Brahmin teachers. Then spends 5 years in extreme ascetism 

•He reaches
enlightenment under a Bo tree 





Bodhidharma
Founder of Ch'an and legendary figure. Indian monk who arrived in China in Shaolin monistary . States that the way to enlightment is through meditation.
Vajrayana/Tibetan Buddhism
named for the vajra, the Buddha's diamond scepter; prevalent form of Buddhism in Tibet; empasizes the harnessing of sensual energiesto attain nirvana
Five precepts
the basic moral requirements for all Buddhists
Koan
sacred riddle (ex: What is the sound of one hand clapping? or What did your face look like before your parents were born?)
mantra
ritual sound, word, or phase used to evoke a certain religious effect or meditative state
shiran
budd monk since 9, doesnt agree with honen, said his methods revert you back to saying yourself, but you can't save yourself, you must just say it once in your life and mean it.
The Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha
Three Jewels
Pure Land Buddhism
from pure lands you reach nirvana
Buddhas reform on Hinduism
Similarities---
1. endless cycle of death and rebirth. Non harm, non injury
2. reinterpreted rebirth/karma
3. Nirvana
---end of suffering, liberation
---desire extinguished
---inner peace beyond all psychological states
Differences---
1. No castes, priests, ritual
2. No permanent/independent spiritual reality. no creator god.
3. No dogma and useless speculation (the buddhas noble silence)
Noble Truth Two (Tanha)
all suffering derives from desire
meditation (zb)
zen buddhism requires a lot of meditation
bodhisattvas
They are "Buddhas in the making." They are like angels providing assistance to those who worship then. They could become a Buddha (there are many Buddhas), but instead they do not enter nirvana so as to help others achieve nirvana. Their compassion is key. There are stories and descriptions of them.
an arhat who remains in samsara to teach others
bodhisattva
Dharma
The teachings of the Buddha, and of the Three Jewels of Buddhism.
4 Noble Truths
suffering is a part of human life
comes from peoples desires
to overcome these desires will bring suffering to an end
desires can be overcome by following the 8 fold path
gelukpa
also known as the Yellow Hat sect, is a school of Buddhism founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), a philosopher and Tibetan religious leader. The first monastery he established was at Ganden, and to this day the Ganden Tripa is the nominal head of the school, though its most influential figure is the Dalai Lama.
Maitreya buddha/ Milo-Fo
The future Buddha in Ketumati (Earth of the future). His now a Bodhisattva in Tusita paradise. Laughing buddha; kindly one; nickname Hemp Bag.
ascetic n
one who leads a life of deprivation usually in order to achieve a spiritual goal
Thich Nhat Hanh
Man whose important story taught .. identification: it could have been anyone
Tripitaka (Tipitaka)
The Theravada mass of material that is Buddha's teachings, "three baskets" ancient term
Who carried Buddhas message to people of other lands?
Missionaries and Traders
Three Baskets
the meaning of the words referring to the Buddhist canon of scripture. Refer to the three main divisions of the canon. The sutras are known as the Triple Basket, which came to form the core of Buddhist scriptures.establishment of the three baskets allowed for Buddhism to compete with other religions.
• The Vinaya Pitaka, containing disciplinary rules for the Sanghas of Buddhist monks and nuns, as well as a range of other texts including explanations of why and how rules were instituted, supporting material, and doctrinal clarification.
• The Sūtra Pitaka (Pāli: Sutta Pitaka), contains the actual discourses of the Buddha.
• The Abhidharma Pitaka (Pāli: Abhidhamma Pitaka) contains commentaries or systematic expositions of the Buddha's teachings.
Noble Eightfold Path
4th of the Four Noble Truths;
Defines the basic practices of Buddhism that lead to nirvana.
Buddhism
a way of life based on the Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path
The Eightfold Path
1. Right view 2. Right intention 3. Right speech 4. Right action 5. Right livelihood 6. Right effort 7. Right mindfulness 8. Right concentration
Problems w/ Buddha's teachings
1. Wealth of teachings (45 years)
2. Didn't write teachings
3. He resisted philosophy-teachings on ultimate issues were not elaborated on
4. Focus-methdological, practical, therapuetic
Mahayana: Celebrates Buddha's enlightenment on the eighth day of the 12th month; Buddha attained enlightenment through meditation
What does Bodhi Day commemorate and how is it observed?
Livelyhood 8
One of the 8 Fold Paths

What you do must be in cordinance with Buddhism.
doctrine of the Middle Way
a basic Buddhist teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgence and the self-denial of asceticism focusing instead on a practical approach to spiritual attainment
3rd noble truth
to the end of suffering one must be aware of these desires and must over come them
What is Buddha's Middle Way?
the balance between the extremes of ascetism and indulgence
"I think therefore I am"
Rahula believes that the self is the constant flow of the five aggregates and that this quote is the complete opposite of that. There is no independent thinker.
3 essentials of Buddhist training and discipline
1. ethical conduct
2. mental discipline
3. wisdom
Four Passing Sights
1. old man - end of life
2. sick man - unavoidable sickness
3. corpse- death
4. ascetic monk- choice to deprive oneself
Died from food poisoning, commemorated by Parinirvana - "Nirvana day" obsereved by Mahayana Buddhists, day to contemplate his teachings
How did the Buddha die and how do Buddhist commemorate his death
dukkha
suffering
bodhi
enlightenment/awakened
anitya
impermanence
chandaa
24
sramanera
beginning monk
maitreya (milo)
...
zazen
seated meditation
india
originated in
cakravartin
applied to king
wisdom/compassion
to know enlightenment
Siddhartha
Buddha's prince name
Trishna/Tanha
TRADITION: Foundational Buddhism
SIGNIFICANCE:
Thirst. Constant state of disease from temptation and desire. the problem is you only want to change when you are in displeasure, but you must change all and follow the way of the eight fold path in order to achieve nirvana.
bhavacakra
Wheel of Becoming.
dhyana
Hindu word for meditation?
Vinaya
tradition: foundational buddhism
definition: monastic rules, community established by the buddha renunciants, also part of the three baskets
Significance: maps out the rules for the community
shunyata
emptyness or void, zeroness
kammatthana
40 subjects of meditation
Divisions of Buddhism
Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana
confuscianism
proper moral conduct, filial piety
Chan
Zen when moved to China
Jesus: Awakening, Purgation, Mission, Dark knight, Union
Baptism
Desert
T,P,S,H
Crucifix
Resurrection
Right Concentration
8/8- Meditation, disciplined focus
Trikaya (3 Bodies)
Dharmakaya:true bodyBliss/Heavenly BodyAppearance/Manifestation: human body
The "diamond" scepter used in Tibetan and other types of Buddhist ritual, symbolizing compassion
vajra
13th
internation diplomacy on large scale
Tharavada
Buddhism sect - the journey inward
arhat
an enlightened disciple, according to the Theravada school; an advanced disciplce, according to the Mahayana
Buddhism's 3 Trainings
1. Morality
2. Meditation
3. Wisdom
Theraveda spread
from bodhi (enlightenment/tree) south through India, Sri Lanka , north to Thailand, then south through Malaysia to Java.
mandala
A geometric patter representing the self, or the universe
8 fold path
right-understanding, intent, speach, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration
31 planes of existence
states of rebirth
Buddhism deemphasizes _______ of self. Buddha said nothing when asked if there was self.
permanence
"No self"; the doctrine that there is no sould or permanent essence in people and things
anatta
Eight Fold Path
Right understanding, right motivation, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right meditation
mandalas
Images of the universe and various Buddhas and Bodhisattvas made and used by Tibetan Buddhists.
Arhant Ideal
dedicate one's lives to escape Samsara; use the eight-fold way of life; typically monks/nuns; oldest form of Buddhist practice; monks and nuns survive on what others give them
purification rite
which of the following motiffs coincide with izanagi's search for izanami in the underworld?
Mahayana shunyata (emptiness/transparency)
Characteristic of all things by.....
Kim il-sung
the absolutely evil, yet diabolical father of a playboy who used to call himself god and was the leader of the quarantined North Korea
mudra
hand position: a sumbolic position in which hands are held in Hindu dancing and ritual.
Theravada
While people outside of this tradition sometimes call it "Hinayana", or "Lesser Vehicle" Buddhism, Buddhists within this tradition call it __________________, or the "School of the Elders".
Jack Kerouac
-poet and novelist of beat generation
-author of dharma bums
-traveled around the world writing about drugs/sex
-buddhist but went back to catholic eventually
Terma
something that has been hidden and found and used in a coming time
Gelugpa
School of the virtuous. Most powerful school headed by the Dalai Lama.
bon
an annual festival of the Japanese Buddhists, welcoming ancestral spirits to household altars.
satori
The term used in Japanese Zen to indicate enlightenment.
Shramana Movement
lead an ascetic life; reject Vedas- living religion; Buddha is the teacher
hungry ghost
materialist ghost that will never be fulfilled by the things he gets
King Ashoka
200 years after the Buddha's death, great Indian king converted to Buddhism and made it state religion, stretching the religion far across
Right Understanding
1/8- understanding that life is all suffering and life is permanent
dalai lama
tibetan buddhism requires a dalai lama (a leader)
Who turned Buddhism into a missionary religion?
King Ashoka
Four Noble Truths
The central teachings of Buddism:
To live is to suffer
Suffering is caused by desire
The cessation of suffering can be achieved
The solution is the Noble Eightfold Path.
Middle Path
Following the 8 fold path is another name for following the?
reincarnation
the process by which a soul is reborn continuously in a different form until it achieves perfect understanding
Who are missionaries?
People who spread thier faith to distant areas
the four noble truths
teachings of the Buhdda, suffering is ended by selfish craving
Bernard Tetsugen Glassman
Born into poverty in a Jewish family in NYC. Received education and converted to Buddhism, then dedicated life to fighting societal problems, especially helping impoverished people
1. Buddha-Buddha is the supreme embodiment of the potential of human life
2. Dharma- Buddha's teachings is the guide to spiritual awakening
3. Sangha- Buddhist community is the caretaker of the Buddha and Dharma
What are the Three Regues/Jewels
Effort 8
One of the 8 Fold Paths

What you put into being Buddhist.
purpose of eightfold paths
the eightfold paths is meant to both end of suffering and to cause its adherent to live moral lives
how can a follower of pureland buddhism help themself get to amitas pureland
1. protration (bowing)
2. recitation (of amitas name)
3. resolution
4. visualization
5. dedication
Buddha, is there a self?
Rahula quotes this and that he answers with silence because he believes that by answering, he is fanning the idea of the self. Too much focus on "I have or I don't have"
Where did Zen Buddhism arise?
China - Chan Buddhsim
spread to Japan and became Zen (1200s ad)
difference of buddhism and hinduism
no gods, no extremes, its easier to be a buddhist, everyone is a buddhist at heart, no caste system
King of India; Send Buddhist missionaries to many parts; The patronage of a ruling elite is often a key ingredient for the ultimate success of a religion; called the "Third Council"
Who was King Asoka and how did he affect the development of Buddhism
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