Reincarnation[transmigration]---rebirth after ____________.
reminders of Buddha
sandpainting, chanting, meditation
lack of importance
Tradition: Foundational buddhism
Definition: eternalism is that there is an atman, or a soul/self
nihilism is that nothing exists after death
Significance: These are the two extremes that the buddha rejected. He created the middle path to increase sukka and decrease dukka.
buddhism's religious community
calming meditation (serenity)
Buddhism sect - larger
Daoism seeks harmony with/in
Buddha, Dharma, Sangha
definition: awakening mind, right intention, a mind utterly directed at awakening and pushes the boddhisattva through eons and eons.
literally "awakened mind," is the thought to want to attain become a buddha for the enlightenment of all sentient beings
|Mahayana (key points)||
"intermediate state." refers to the state of existence intermediate between two lives on earth.
1. the chikhai bardo or "bardo of the moment of death"
2. the chonyid bardo or "bardo of the experiencing of reality"
3. the sidpa bardo or "bardo of rebirth"
"clear comprehension," full alertness
"desire" "thirst" or "craving"
the second of the Four Noble Truths, selfish desire causes dukkha
what goes around comes around
Buddhism at peak CE
"Suchness' or ultimate reality. Yogacara thought holds it to be the only proper focus of csness, as distinct from the false objects derived from the "storehouse csness" or alaya-vijnana.
"no-self". denying a permanent self
Remembering; particularly the matras and the mudras
“Lesser vehicle”. Derogatory name given by the Mahayana (greater vehicle) school.
(Sanskrit: Blowing Out);
The ultimate goal of all Buddhists, the extinction of desire and any sense of individual selfhood, resulting in liberation from samsara and its limiting conditions.
Impermanence. The impermanence of all existence.
a disciplined poetic style; captures "fleeting yet timeless moments in nature"
Constant rebirth and the attendant suffering; the everyday world of change.
Made state sponsored religion (theravada) in Sri Lanka
"Enlightenment being"; in Mahayana, a person of deep compassion, especially one who does not enter nirvana but is constantly reborn to help others; a heavenly being of compassion
Buddhist Japapnese monk who taught that the devotion to the lotus sutra as exclusive means to enlightment
self-denial for religious purposes for spiritual enrichment
Sila: lowest level meaning morality
Samandi: middle level meaning concentration
Prajna: final level meaning insight and wisdom
|Buddhas teachings were trasmitted orally for ____||
Ultimate perfection of bliss. Only attainable upon death.
Wheel of rebirth of reincarnation;
the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs.
A person who gives up worldly possessions
An ancient language of India, similar to Sanskrit but more commonly understood, and used in the writing of the earliest Buddhist texts; most important for Theravada Buddhism.
Site where Guatama Buddha found nirvana, now encompassed by giant stone box
|200 BCE- 200 CE||
development of Theravada Buddhism
first man and woman in shinto mythological tradition were kojika and nihongi? t/f
|The 5 Skhandas||
Physical body, sensory perception, emotions, subconsciousness, and consciousness.
|3 aspects of 8-fold path||
morality, concentration/meditation, and wisdom
|Types of Buddhism||
• Theravada School,• Mahayanna, • Vajrayana, • Bon
aggregate, mass, heap, the 5 aggregates (form, sensation, perception, mental formations, consciousness)
Belief in Pleasure, to pursue pleasure for own sake.
Although the term means "suffering" or "unsatisfactoriness", the Buddha's teaching that all of life is ____________________ can be interpreted as good news, as it is followed by a solution to the problem.
-moved to japan to teach
-engages in dialogue in english
-broke with teacher over issue of whether everything has to be in chinese or not
|Siddhartha Guatama (founder)||
•Legend of the four sights –Old man appears, sick man, death, ascetic, He sneaks out, leaves his wife and goes to 2 Brahmin teachers. Then spends 5 years in extreme ascetism •He reaches enlightenment under a Bo tree
Founder of Ch'an and legendary figure. Indian monk who arrived in China in Shaolin monistary . States that the way to enlightment is through meditation.
named for the vajra, the Buddha's diamond scepter; prevalent form of Buddhism in Tibet; empasizes the harnessing of sensual energiesto attain nirvana
the basic moral requirements for all Buddhists
sacred riddle (ex: What is the sound of one hand clapping? or What did your face look like before your parents were born?)
ritual sound, word, or phase used to evoke a certain religious effect or meditative state
budd monk since 9, doesnt agree with honen, said his methods revert you back to saying yourself, but you can't save yourself, you must just say it once in your life and mean it.
|The Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha||
|Pure Land Buddhism||
from pure lands you reach nirvana
|Buddhas reform on Hinduism||
1. endless cycle of death and rebirth. Non harm, non injury
2. reinterpreted rebirth/karma
---end of suffering, liberation
---inner peace beyond all psychological states
1. No castes, priests, ritual
2. No permanent/independent spiritual reality. no creator god.
3. No dogma and useless speculation (the buddhas noble silence)
|Noble Truth Two (Tanha)||
all suffering derives from desire
zen buddhism requires a lot of meditation
They are "Buddhas in the making." They are like angels providing assistance to those who worship then. They could become a Buddha (there are many Buddhas), but instead they do not enter nirvana so as to help others achieve nirvana. Their compassion is key. There are stories and descriptions of them.
|an arhat who remains in samsara to teach others||
The teachings of the Buddha, and of the Three Jewels of Buddhism.
|4 Noble Truths||
suffering is a part of human life
comes from peoples desires
to overcome these desires will bring suffering to an end
desires can be overcome by following the 8 fold path
also known as the Yellow Hat sect, is a school of Buddhism founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), a philosopher and Tibetan religious leader. The first monastery he established was at Ganden, and to this day the Ganden Tripa is the nominal head of the school, though its most influential figure is the Dalai Lama.
|Maitreya buddha/ Milo-Fo||
The future Buddha in Ketumati (Earth of the future). His now a Bodhisattva in Tusita paradise. Laughing buddha; kindly one; nickname Hemp Bag.
one who leads a life of deprivation usually in order to achieve a spiritual goal
|Thich Nhat Hanh||
Man whose important story taught .. identification: it could have been anyone
The Theravada mass of material that is Buddha's teachings, "three baskets" ancient term
|Who carried Buddhas message to people of other lands?||
Missionaries and Traders
the meaning of the words referring to the Buddhist canon of scripture. Refer to the three main divisions of the canon. The sutras are known as the Triple Basket, which came to form the core of Buddhist scriptures.establishment of the three baskets allowed for Buddhism to compete with other religions.
• The Vinaya Pitaka, containing disciplinary rules for the Sanghas of Buddhist monks and nuns, as well as a range of other texts including explanations of why and how rules were instituted, supporting material, and doctrinal clarification.
• The Sūtra Pitaka (Pāli: Sutta Pitaka), contains the actual discourses of the Buddha.
• The Abhidharma Pitaka (Pāli: Abhidhamma Pitaka) contains commentaries or systematic expositions of the Buddha's teachings.
|Noble Eightfold Path||
4th of the Four Noble Truths;
Defines the basic practices of Buddhism that lead to nirvana.
a way of life based on the Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path
|The Eightfold Path||
1. Right view 2. Right intention 3. Right speech 4. Right action 5. Right livelihood 6. Right effort 7. Right mindfulness 8. Right concentration
|Problems w/ Buddha's teachings||
1. Wealth of teachings (45 years)
2. Didn't write teachings
3. He resisted philosophy-teachings on ultimate issues were not elaborated on
4. Focus-methdological, practical, therapuetic
|Mahayana: Celebrates Buddha's enlightenment on the eighth day of the 12th month; Buddha attained enlightenment through meditation||
What does Bodhi Day commemorate and how is it observed?
One of the 8 Fold Paths
What you do must be in cordinance with Buddhism.
|doctrine of the Middle Way||
a basic Buddhist teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgence and the self-denial of asceticism focusing instead on a practical approach to spiritual attainment
|3rd noble truth||
to the end of suffering one must be aware of these desires and must over come them
|What is Buddha's Middle Way?||
the balance between the extremes of ascetism and indulgence
|"I think therefore I am"||
Rahula believes that the self is the constant flow of the five aggregates and that this quote is the complete opposite of that. There is no independent thinker.
|3 essentials of Buddhist training and discipline||
1. ethical conduct
2. mental discipline
|Four Passing Sights||
1. old man - end of life
2. sick man - unavoidable sickness
3. corpse- death
4. ascetic monk- choice to deprive oneself
|Died from food poisoning, commemorated by Parinirvana - "Nirvana day" obsereved by Mahayana Buddhists, day to contemplate his teachings||
How did the Buddha die and how do Buddhist commemorate his death
applied to king
to know enlightenment
Buddha's prince name
TRADITION: Foundational Buddhism
Thirst. Constant state of disease from temptation and desire. the problem is you only want to change when you are in displeasure, but you must change all and follow the way of the eight fold path in order to achieve nirvana.
Wheel of Becoming.
Hindu word for meditation?
tradition: foundational buddhism
definition: monastic rules, community established by the buddha renunciants, also part of the three baskets
Significance: maps out the rules for the community
emptyness or void, zeroness
40 subjects of meditation
|Divisions of Buddhism||
Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana
proper moral conduct, filial piety
Zen when moved to China
|Jesus: Awakening, Purgation, Mission, Dark knight, Union||
8/8- Meditation, disciplined focus
|Trikaya (3 Bodies)||
Dharmakaya:true bodyBliss/Heavenly BodyAppearance/Manifestation: human body
|The "diamond" scepter used in Tibetan and other types of Buddhist ritual, symbolizing compassion||
internation diplomacy on large scale
Buddhism sect - the journey inward
an enlightened disciple, according to the Theravada school; an advanced disciplce, according to the Mahayana
|Buddhism's 3 Trainings||
from bodhi (enlightenment/tree) south through India, Sri Lanka , north to Thailand, then south through Malaysia to Java.
A geometric patter representing the self, or the universe
|8 fold path||
right-understanding, intent, speach, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration
|31 planes of existence||
states of rebirth
|Buddhism deemphasizes _______ of self. Buddha said nothing when asked if there was self.||
|"No self"; the doctrine that there is no sould or permanent essence in people and things||
|Eight Fold Path||
Right understanding, right motivation, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right meditation
Images of the universe and various Buddhas and Bodhisattvas made and used by Tibetan Buddhists.
dedicate one's lives to escape Samsara; use the eight-fold way of life; typically monks/nuns; oldest form of Buddhist practice; monks and nuns survive on what others give them
which of the following motiffs coincide with izanagi's search for izanami in the underworld?
|Mahayana shunyata (emptiness/transparency)||
Characteristic of all things by.....
the absolutely evil, yet diabolical father of a playboy who used to call himself god and was the leader of the quarantined North Korea
hand position: a sumbolic position in which hands are held in Hindu dancing and ritual.
While people outside of this tradition sometimes call it "Hinayana", or "Lesser Vehicle" Buddhism, Buddhists within this tradition call it __________________, or the "School of the Elders".
-poet and novelist of beat generation
-author of dharma bums
-traveled around the world writing about drugs/sex
-buddhist but went back to catholic eventually
something that has been hidden and found and used in a coming time
School of the virtuous. Most powerful school headed by the Dalai Lama.
an annual festival of the Japanese Buddhists, welcoming ancestral spirits to household altars.
The term used in Japanese Zen to indicate enlightenment.
lead an ascetic life; reject Vedas- living religion; Buddha is the teacher
materialist ghost that will never be fulfilled by the things he gets
200 years after the Buddha's death, great Indian king converted to Buddhism and made it state religion, stretching the religion far across
1/8- understanding that life is all suffering and life is permanent
tibetan buddhism requires a dalai lama (a leader)
|Who turned Buddhism into a missionary religion?||
|Four Noble Truths||
The central teachings of Buddism:
To live is to suffer
Suffering is caused by desire
The cessation of suffering can be achieved
The solution is the Noble Eightfold Path.
Following the 8 fold path is another name for following the?
the process by which a soul is reborn continuously in a different form until it achieves perfect understanding
|Who are missionaries?||
People who spread thier faith to distant areas
|the four noble truths||
teachings of the Buhdda, suffering is ended by selfish craving
|Bernard Tetsugen Glassman||
Born into poverty in a Jewish family in NYC. Received education and converted to Buddhism, then dedicated life to fighting societal problems, especially helping impoverished people
1. Buddha-Buddha is the supreme embodiment of the potential of human life
2. Dharma- Buddha's teachings is the guide to spiritual awakening
3. Sangha- Buddhist community is the caretaker of the Buddha and Dharma
What are the Three Regues/Jewels
One of the 8 Fold Paths
What you put into being Buddhist.
|purpose of eightfold paths||
the eightfold paths is meant to both end of suffering and to cause its adherent to live moral lives
|how can a follower of pureland buddhism help themself get to amitas pureland||
1. protration (bowing)
2. recitation (of amitas name)
|Buddha, is there a self?||
Rahula quotes this and that he answers with silence because he believes that by answering, he is fanning the idea of the self. Too much focus on "I have or I don't have"
|Where did Zen Buddhism arise?||
China - Chan Buddhsim
spread to Japan and became Zen (1200s ad)
|difference of buddhism and hinduism||
no gods, no extremes, its easier to be a buddhist, everyone is a buddhist at heart, no caste system
|King of India; Send Buddhist missionaries to many parts; The patronage of a ruling elite is often a key ingredient for the ultimate success of a religion; called the "Third Council"||
Who was King Asoka and how did he affect the development of Buddhism