Buddhism Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
father/mother image
tibetan buddhism
supernatural ability
positive description
Guru Rinposch
revered teacher
Shinto shamans are
Burst of insight
rounds of rebirth
Tibet(and Japan)
found in _________________.
Buddhism sect - Older
means the enlightened one
living with the minimum
Four sights
TRADITION: Foundational Buddhism
The 4 things that Siddhartha saw that motivated him to renounce at age of 29
• Old crippled man (old age)
• Diseased man (illness)
• Decaying corpse (death)
• Ascetic (a renunciant)
symbolic and significant of the signs of life, impermanence and how the buddha realized this. Led him to renounce and seek victory over these things by liberation from samsara, nirvana.
Karma, reincarnation, renunciation, restrait, non-violence, awareness
the religious community, monastics
what does buddha mean
Buddah accepted ___________, the affacts of a person's actions that affect him or her in the next life.
"three baskets" rules, teaching, scholastic treatises, the way scripture is organized.
"stretching of cloths"
scriptures for the prictice of tantra.
aim is to gain enlightenment through means of this world
Japanese: "self-power". Description of Zen emphasis on achvmnt of insight thru meditatn.
the teachings of the Buddha
Saint Patrick
Brought Christianity to Ireland
established sites for Buddhist pilgrimages around India. Burial remains of Buddhist teachers.
Pali term for Buddhist nuns.
founder of Buddhism, sometimes called the "Buddha"
This term means impermanence, constant change.
a Mahayana philosophical school that posits the provisional and incomplete nature of all assertions; its goal is to clear away attachment even to words, making realization possible
There are how many kami words?
Thera, Mahasamgha
Two dominant vehicles of Buddhism
Visual aids to concentration and illumination
sensual energies to attain nirvana. Tibet "Diamond"
Japanese; a sudden flash of enlightenment
the dharma
in buddhism, the buddhist teaching
(one of the three jewels)
meditation, focusing of the mind, stage of trance
Time of Creation
late 6th century BC
Buddha's original teachings were popularized in this type of buddhism? ____
Mahayana Buddhism
The Mahayana notion of emptiness, meaning that the universe is empty of permanent reality
list the buddha bodies
manifestation- human/ physical
enjoyment- how buddha appears in pure lands
dharmakaya- magical form
Looked for answers to
understanding their own mind
the desire for false selfhood that lies at the root of all Dukkha we encounter in life.
The teaching that everything is in constant flux; nothing in nature is identical with what it was the moment before.
The greater vehicle, found in north Asia, emphasizes devotion and prayer
Pacificism Stereotype
stereotype that Buddhists do not participate in war
A japanaese shinto shrine or gateway is called a
one who has attained enlightenment but renounces nirvana for the sake of helping all sentient beings in their journey to liberation from suffering
absence of self; transparency; form is emptiness and emptiness is form.
Warrior Caste
What caste was Siddhartha Gautama from?
Dalai Lama
The spiritual leader of Vajrayana (Tibetan) Buddhism, believed to be an incarnation of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara.
A state of perfect understanding of all things.
Eightfold Path
1. Right views -orientation
2. Right intent- enlightenment
3. Right speech- how truthful is what you say
4. Right action- self-serving or harmful to others
5. Right livelihood- occupation
6. Right effort
7. Right awareness- control of oneself
8. Right meditation- raja yoga
Joan Halifax
-founded Buddhist study center in Santa Fe called Upaya
-trains health care professionals with mindfullness and techniques for caring for dying people
The Four Noble Truths
Dukkha: \"the disease\"; sufferingSamudaya: \"the arising\"; the diagnosis; tanha: egocentric desire causes dukkhaNirodha: \"the cessation\"; halting tanha ends dukkhaMagga/Marga: \"noble eightfold path\"; the perscription
strict monastic form of Buddhism
Yellow Hat School
'advanced doctrine' one of the 3 divisions of the early Buddhist scriptural canon.
a collection of aphorisms relating to some aspect of the conduct of life.
Lotus Sutra
contains the final teachings of Buddha q
in Buddhism, one who is on the threshold of nirvana but postpones his or her own entry to help others reach nirvana
Mahayana Texts
Tripitika and other Sutras; Sutras on the Perfection of Wisdom (Sunyata); Heart Sutra; Pure Land Sutra; Lotus Sutra of the Fine Dharma
prayer wheel
A cylinder that revolves around a central pole. Inside the cylinder are pieces of paper inscribed with sacred phrases. Believers often carry small wheels and turn them as they walk
fully ordained monks and nuns who are the visible representation of the Buddha in the world, provide the community with teachings
Middle Way
Between ascetic and acceptance of the world
black light
third light, when the mind dissolves from sunlit autumn sky
Theravada Buddhism
A division of Buddhism which stresses the sangha (the brotherhood of monks) as the means of following the dhamma
what is the word that describes the cycle of birth and death
S. N. Goenka
an Indian Burmese layman who teaches vipassana meditation as an experiential scientific practice of observing the changing nature of the body and mind
small shrine in the home of a japanese family
Buddhadasa Bhikkhu
A renowned Thai monk; born in 1906, died in 1993; a great critic of capitalism, teaching that it increases egoism and selfishness, thus causing distress to the individual and society
Three Stages of Enlightenment
1. Trance states (attention inwardly withdrawn)
2. Superknowledges (amazing physical and psychical abilities)
3. Congnitions (realizations)
Pope Leo III
800; Pope who crowned Charlemagne the Emperor of the Romans
one of the Pure Land Sects founded by Honen. the way of the jo, otherwise known is jojitsu
This is a japanese martial art that uses a short staff
A holy man that came to Buddha after birth
buddhism spreads out of india
by trade/cultural diffusion and people rejecting the caste system
Noble Eightfold Path
4th of the four noble truths defines the basic practices of Buddhism that lead to nirvana.
Nagarjuna on Shunya
He says that the emptyness is also meaning that everything is related and therefore has no individuality. This goes hand in hand with relativity and causality.
In a positive way, we are all open to all possibilities because there is no individual.
Four Noble Truths
1)Suffering is a part of human life. No one can escape from suffering while alive.
2) Suffering comes from people's desires for pleasure and material goods.
3)Overcoming these desires during life eventually brings suffering to an end.
4) Desires can be overcome by following the Eightfold Path.
What is Mahaivairocana Tathagatta?
Buddha as a great illuminator; giving you wisdom to manifest secret knowledge. Name in Japanese is Dainichi Nyorai
the only way to nirvana is through the 8 fold path
8 fold path
10.Did Buddhism remain in India
No, because after Buddha's death the religion of Buddhism slipped away and took second place to the more popular religion of Hinduism, over time it became even more scarce and as Hinduism became even more popular , some Buddhists decided to move to other countries to spread Buddha's message.
Parable of the Arrow
One day a man was walking down the street and he was hit by an arrow. The question is what does he do next? They ask, "How can I get this arrow out of my body?" Not: "Where did this arrow come from, and where is it going?"
Why did Buddha believe humans suffered?
He beleived that they suffered the selfish desires for power, wealth and pleasure
What was reformed from hindu beliefs?
1. no castes, priest ritual
2. no perment spritual reality
3. no dogma
1.Describe the life of Buddha?
The life of Buddha was a life of luxury. HE was surronded by beauty and youth.
What were the three stages of the Buddha's search for enlightment?
Wisdom of foret dwellers, Raja Yoga and figious thoughtd.
material (non-soul)
Mental formations
Concentration meditation.
buddha's words
green Buddhism
environmental awareness
place of worship.
relics go in stupas
A symbolic hand gesture.
3 jewels
buddha, dharma, sangha
Bodhisattva associated with transcendent wisdom; also taken as a meditational deity
celebrates Buddha's birthday, enlightenment, and death
Buddha of spiritual bliss
At age _____ Siddhartha married
In Gautama's Ascetic period, __________ would seek Enlightment.
buddhism today
mostly in southeast asia
precept 1
do not take life
Collected sayings of the buddha
non harm or non injury
a. Came from Chan (meant meditation Chinese)
b. Lotus Sermon
c. Experience
d. Limitation of words
e. Focuses on present
f. Right Mindfulness
g. Focusing on what the body is doing, emotion, and thought
h. A particular view of enlightenment: satori
i. Experience
j. Limitations of word (paradoxes)
k. Focus on present
Treasure text
-Sutras/Dharma that are spiritually hidden to be revealed at a later time.
The cause of suffering is ________________ (selfishness)
swadeshi,goods made in one's own country indigenous products or ideas
maya and suddhodana-gave birth, story of the elephant impregnating maya, she died 7 days later, father was king
The beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation
Insight (into dukkha, anicca, and anatta)
(Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan
like an apocalypse or mass destruction; affording a revelation or prophecy
a fine grained soiloften deposited on riverbanks during flood
What Gautama's father wanted him to become.
food poisoning
Died at age 80 from ......
the continual round of birth, death, and rebirth, in hinduism, jainism, and buddhism
Four Encounters
Old Age; Sickness/Disease; Death; and Human Toil
This branch of Mahayana thinks the Lotus Sutra is the best summary of Buddha's teachings
The essential collection of sacred books of Buddhism is called
Tripitaka (Tipitaka).
No-Soul Doctrine
⋅ Pali: Anatta (no essential self)
⋅ Sanskrit: Anatman
⋅Aimed to serve attachment to fictitious self and relieve suffering
Three marks of existence
1. dukkha-suffering pervades existence
2. Annica-impermanence, all things are transitory
3. Annata-no permanent soul or identity
8 Fold path
Right belief (correctly name problem),
Right Aspiration. Determine if you want to conquer problem,
Right speech (aware of action),
recognize conduct (recognize intention),
right livelihood (some professions take you away from enlightenment),
right effort
right mindfulness (constant introspection)
right meditation
Dhamma Day
celebrates first time Buddha delivered his teachings
the yogacara is a Mahayanan school that interprets the world as the product of consciousness and that practices the technique of emptying the mind of consciousness
The worship and exaltation of ______ was emphasized by the Mahayana Buddhists.
complex of buildings where relics are kept
Siddhartha's mother had a vision of a silver ________________ entering her womb through her side ten months later, Siddhartha was born painlessly.
Days of Celebration
Vesak- Buddha's Birthday occurs 1st full moon of May and New Years
The Buddhists in Tibet were exiled to ........
Sulak Sivarksa
A Thai intellectual and activist for democracy, human rights, and peace. An outspoken critic for Thailand's modernization and founder of the International Network of Engaged Buddhists
dao te ching
(way virtue classic) the philisophical book in verse supposedly written by Lao-Tzu (old master)
4 passing sights
old man, sick man, corpse, sannyasin
the recitation of the name of Amida; an act of faith (Jodo Shu), an act of gratitude (Jodo Shin Shu).
To lessen suffering, the Buddha recommended
lessening of desire
Right Livelihood
Right livelihood means that one should earn one's living in a righteous way and that wealth should be gained legally and peacefully. The Buddha mentions four specific activities that harm other beings and that one should avoid for this reason: 1. dealing in weapons, 2. dealing in living beings (including raising animals for slaughter as well as slave trade and prostitution), 3. working in meat production and butchery, and 4. selling intoxicants and poisons, such as alcohol and drugs. (ethical conduct)
People adopt or adapt to new ideas when the new ideas ring true with what they already believe
What countries have Buddhist?
china, korea, japan, tibet, vietnam
Group meditation is also practiced at
schools of thought
list the 6 perfections
1. giving
2. ethics/ moral
3. patience
4. vigor
5. meditation
6. wisdom- perfection of wisdom
Tibetan Book of the dead
talks about dying and rebirth
four good deeds
a doctrinal formula guiding the laity on the uses of wealth, advising the pursuit of happiness, security, philanthropy, and ritual
5 precepts
rules to live by(similar to the 10 commandments)
members of the order of nuns that the Buddha founded
To be mindful one has to be conscious and aware of every thought, action, feelings, body position and of every breath. Mindfulness is keeping your attention focused on the activity at hand, to be alert and ready to handle any situation ably and intelligently. Thich Nhat Hanh talks about a book he had to read as a young munk to help him gain control of his mind called "The essential discipline for Daily Use."
Who carried Buddhas message to people of other lands?
Missonaries and traders
7.What is nirvana?
Nirvana is the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires.
Eightfold: Concentration (1)
7. Right mindfulness - develop mental focus needed for meditation
The Eightfold Path
The path which leads from suffering to nirvana
Right Effort
Do your best to avoid bad things and do good things. Avoid evil, prevent evil, do good to others, encourage good in others
Old man, Diseased man, Corpse, Ascetic
Four Passing Sights, in order
1. Dukka - the symptom
2. Cause of Dukka - the diagnosis
3. End of Dukka - the prognosis
4. Path leading to the end of Dukka (8 Fold Path) - the prescription
ways in which experimental trickster style is implemented
iconoclasm = rejecting venerated objects by using sacred relics in nonsacred ways (using a sacred chair for firewood)  .  also, denies sacred symbols and beleifs
antinomianism = intentional transgression of religious law or role- denotes religious conviction (celebate monk writing erotic love poetry)
carnivalism = subversive play with rituals, word usage, teasing, rules, values, social expectations  (shouting expletives in the middle of a teaching)
who was jodo
student of honen, monk when being a monk was renounced, married, said it was ALL about amita, couldn't do anything without help
What do Buddhist believe about equality?
Buddhist believe that anyone could follow the path of nirvana regardless of his/her social class.
Did Buddhism remain in India?
No, Buddhism did not remain in India. Hinduism was now favored after Buddha's death. But, Buddhism was accepted by many other people wordwide. Now, it is part of cultures such as Japan, the Koreas, China, Tibet, and Vietnam.
what types of suffering in the world did prince siddharthas father hide from them?
sickness, death and old age
The Rest of Buddha's Life
- he reunited with his five former companions who had left him when he stopped his acetic habits
- they became his first disciples
- Buddha spent the rest of his life traveling from town to town in northeast India, teaching his insights and way of life
What are the 4 noble truths?
1. life is suffering
2. the cause of suffering is desire
3. the cessaton of suffering comes from ending desire
4. following "the noble eight-fold path" will extinguish desire and suffering
What are the three faces of Siddhartha's "Great Going Forth?"
1. he sough hindu masters and learned from their tradition2. He joined ascetics3. He sat under the Bodhi tree and refused to leave until he reached enlightenment
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