Buddhism Hinduism vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
yoga
yoke
vaishyas
merchants
Jivas
souls
Aryans
"The Nobles"
Dukkha
suffering (Buddhism)
mudra
hand gestures
Brahma
Creator God
dharma
laws and duties
shudra
servant; lowest caste
Brahman
the world soul
dalai lama
reincarnated deity
Atman
Individual soul in Hinduism
Moksha:
end goal of humans
silk roads
overland trade routes
karma
influences specific life circumsatnces; good or bad deeds
Ashoka
Chandragupta's grandson; gained control of all but India's southern tip; He converted to Buddhism and broadcast his precepts on inscribed stones and pillars
What is ahisma?
Non-violence, non-injury.
Kushans
(100-300 ce) nomadic warriors establised empire, trade prospered and rapidly expanded (sailors navigate Indian Ocean) influence by neighboring countries
Vedas
most sacred texts in Hinduism
Panchen Lama
person who controlled religion
Advaita Vedanta
Philosophy emphasizing non-dualism, teaches that all is really Brahman; what appears as other than Brahman is "maya"
Vaishya
#3 in caste system; merchants, farmers
-wealth, commerce
-management of wealth
-trade with other societies
experiential people; exciting and passionate; can get themselves into a lot of trouble
raja/hatha yoga
Enlightenment
A state of ultimate wisdom--the spiritual goal for Buddhists
dharma:
set of religious and ethical duties
Eightfold Path
how to end desire (Buddhism)
Gurunanak (1470-1540)
lord of the true name
emptiness
everything has the ability to be anything
emotional people; different than most of hinduism because it requires love; don't bottle emotions; impulsive and dramatic
bhakti yoga
Nirvana
Enlightenment is the Goal of all Buddhists. Reaching Nirvana means leaving the cycle of rebirth to attain ultimate wisdom and become Enlightened.
hinduism origins
the religious beliefs of the Aryans
migration
the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
Theravada
Oldest type of buddhism, mainly in southern asia
nirodha
cesation to end dukkha and tahna (desire)
Buddha
A name, meaning the "enlightened one", used for Siddhartha Gautama.
Hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a
Bodhisattvas
enlightened people who stayed on earth to help others become enlightened
stupa
a dome-shaped structure that serves as a Buddhist shrine, memorial mound ettected over the ashes of buddha and important monks
Adi Granth
holy scripture of Shikism
says to leave hair long because God wants it like this
Hindu's key symbol
OM= the sacred symbol representing Braham
sangha
the community of monks and nuns that live together and help one another
right behavior
eightfold path: doing the right thing, Buddhist version of the ten commandments
Four Sights
four things Buddha saw after leaving the palace that shook up his view of the world.
Panna- Wisdom
Catagory of 8 fold path.
-Samma ditth- Right Understanding/Knowledge
-samma sankappa- Right Thought/Thinking
samudaya
over come desire to give up yourself and have no self, elimination of your identities
Five precepts
The basic moral requirements that are binding for all Buddhists. They are: do not take life; do not take what is not given; do not engage in sensuous misconduct; do not use false speech; do not drink intoxicants.
Lotus
a kind of water lily with large flowers
Reincarnation
the rebirth of the soul in another bodily form. Allows people to continue working toward moksha
who brought Advaitavendata to the US?
Vivekananda and Ramakrishna
meditate
to focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness or relaxation
1. all life is suffering
2. suffering is caused by selfish desire
3. selfish desire can be destroyed
4. selfish desire can be destroyed through the eightfold path
4 noble truths
The Eightfold Path
Buddha's Code of Behavior. Also called the Middle Path. Buddhists follow this Path to reach Nirvana. Right View, Right Think, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Job, Right Diligence, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration.
Three Jewels
3 things Buddhists take refuge in. 1) the Buddha, 2) the Dharma (teachings of Buddha) 3) The Shangha- community of Buddhist monks and nuns, as well as the common people.
10 gurus of Shikism
last died around 1708 (Gobind Rai)
reason Siddhartha became a monk
1)old man 2)sick man 3)funeral 4)monk
4 stations of life
priests & teachers, nobles & warriors, merchants, servants
who were the Pandavas?
5 brothers in the Mahabharata. Lost their kingdom to cousins in a game of dice.
Four Noble Truths
1) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow. 2) The cause of suffering is nonvirtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hated and desire. 3) The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirture. 4) The way to overcome nonvirtue is to follow the Eightfold Path
Five different types of buddhism
1) theravad buddhism 2) mahayana buddhism 3) nichiren buddhism 4) zen buddhism 5) vajrayana buddhism
2000 bce - 350 bce
The India of the Rajas; sanskrit developed, India controlled by Aryans
Mahayana Buddhism
sees the Buddha as a god who came to save them
Fruit with seeds is offered in Puja because
the seeds represent karmic seeds
What is special about the Rg Veda?
First scared text of ancient Hinduism
Hinduism and British control; name three influences.
1) Few christian converts (mostly from lower castes). 2) Mohandas Ghandi and indian independence movement. 3) Rise of hindu fundamentalism and increased hindu/muslim and hindu/christian tensions.
Hindu belief - respect for all life
Hindu belief - respect for all life
What is the difference between immanence and non immanence in terms of God and the soul in Hinduism?
Immanence: The Gods are apart of us: Hinduism
Non immanence: The Gods are not apart of us and live in the sky or not at all: Buddhism
Which two principles of buddhism are evident in the story of huineng?
it doesnt matter what class your in, you only can achieve enlightenment from your actions, not from someone elses
Hinduism is the religion of the Indian people.
Hinduism is the religion of the Indian people.
In Judaism, Who is the man who asks for life? Who wants to see days filled with good... complete the idiom.
Who is the man who asks for life?
Who wants to see days filled with good
Hold your tongue from saying evil and your lips from lying
Stay away from the bad and peruse good
Ask for peace and peruse it."
ahimsa
nonviolence
Vinaya
Monastic Rules
individual
worship is
Kyshatriyas
warriors and rulers
Dharmakaya
Cosmic Buddha Nature
Purusha
primeval cosmic Superperson.
Budda
founder of Buddhism
Kali
form of Devi. Dark
Abhidharma
advanced teachings. systematized sutras
525 BC
Enlightenment of Buddha
Follows of Hinduism are called...
Hindus
vassa
seclusion during the rainy season
Gautama was a reincarnation of?
Vsihnu
Brahmin
The first of the four varnas
torah
means teaching, instruction, or law; refers to the first five books of the bible
The most famous and important scriptures of Hinduism are the...
Vedas
Ahisma
No Harm to any living thing
Vishnu
Hindu god concerned with human welfare
Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva
Main gods of Hinduism
castes
Hereditary class decided by occupation and rank.
Samsara
the endless cycle of birth and suffering and death and rebirth (problem)
Moksha
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
Each individual person has a soul called...
Atman
Koan
Zen Buddhism. Question that cannot be answered.
avatar
Hindus worship many gods and goddesses called
Silt
Mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake
dharma (hinduism)
required duty in life determined by stage in life and caste
Three Marks of Reality
Change, No permanent Identity, Suffering
Middle Way
Buddhist concept of not being too selfish and not depriving yourself of too much
Vedic
Having to do with or pertaining to the Vedas-the oldest scriptures in India and the world, passed through oral tradition
Astral Plane
"waiting room" for the soul until it gets reincarnated
Mandate of Heaven
Said that all royal, authority figures were divinely appointed.
The Mahayanas' believe...
there are more Buddhas then one in heaven and on earth
Hinduism basic beliefs
The Atman (the inner self) is equal in all gods creation. Reincarnation- rebirth of the souls in various forms, each is only temporary. Karma- rules reincarnation; means what goes around comes back around. Dharma- your duty or obligation in your present life
How did migrations affect people in India?
It affected the population so there was more food for everyone
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