buddhism key terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Zen
"meditation"
mantras
...
god
none
Samatha
Calm meditation
Preta
Hungry Ghost
Founder
Siddhartha Gautama
mudras
hand gesture
dana
giving, generosity.
reformation
16th century
population
362 million (6%)
Dukkha
Life is suffering
Sid's class
Warrior Class
its pron.
of it
Buddha
the awakened one
sadhu
A Hindu holy man
Dalai Lama
20th Century Buddhist
Siddhartha Gautama
Buddha's Real name
bhikkhu
a fully ordained monk
arhat/ arhant
enlightened male monk
pratītyasamutpāda
dependent arising (12 links)
Nirvana
liberation; goal of spiritual effort
Samskara
Aggregate Four: Mental Formations, will, volition, desire
anicca
the impermanence of all existence
Ahimsa
complete non-violence; avoid all actions that would cause pain to any human or animal
satori
in zen, the enlightened awareness
three gems
1) Buddha
2) Dharma
3) Sangha
Emptiness
Sublime lightness of experience meditation
Asceticism
rigorous self-denial and active self-restraint
arduous
steep, and therefore, difficult of ascent; hard to climb
Anathapindika
Lay disciple, built Jetavana monastery where Buddha spent final 25 rainy seasons of his life.
Dharma
Rules and laws for daily life
interconnected self
all things affect everything else
Who was Buddhism founded by?
Siddhartha Guatama
buddha shakyamuni
india, nepal --- 566-586 BCE
Bodgaya
Religious site and place of pilgrimage. Bohdi tree
mandalas
Patterned icons that visually excite; used in Vajrayana Buddhism to enhance meditation.
Maitreya
the future Buddha of this world
vrtti
activities of the mind, fluctuations of thought
Lama
a religious teacher or indigenous Shaman
formal bodhisattva
generosity, moral conduct, patience, courage, mental concentration, wisdom
Tanha
(thirst, desire, or craving) The second of the Four Noble Truths, selfish desire, which causes dukkha
Vajrayana
prevelant form of Buddhism in Tibet
ascetic
starving one self to achieve enlightenment
orthodox
Conforming to thte usual beliefs or established doctrine, especially in religion
shravakayana
vehicle of the disciple, ending in arhatship
Siddhas
the Siddhas is from the Vajrayana Buddhist belief and has has mystical powers from meditation. This is a shamanistic group. All people do have but not all practice Siddhas
Theravada
Literally, "the path of the Elders." Of the three major branches of Buddhism, emphasizes the individual over the group, holding that it is the individual who must reach nirvana on their own. Its central virtue is thus wisdom, which is to be achieved by the arhat who attains enlightenment in this life and nirvana upon death. It discourages speculation about the nature of the cosmos, enlightenment, and nirvana, instead focusing on meditation to achieve enlightenment.
Daruma doll
hollow round Japanese doll modeled after Bodhidharma. seen as a symbol of perseverance and good luck
Dokusan
Meeting between a Zen master and student
Mahaprajapati
first woman to request ordination from the Buddha. Foster mother. Needed help of Ananda.
arhat
One who has become enlightened; the ideal type for Theravada Buddhism
Manjusri
a bodhisattva who gradually assumed a greater importance in Buddhism, finally arriving at a position in which his image was found along with the Buddha's, or even standing alone as the sole recipient of reverence; one of the prime interlocutors in the Vimalakirtinirdesa Sutra
"A separate transmission outside of scriptures, not dependent on words and phrases."
Chan Buddhism
Lotus Sutra
most famous of the Mahayana sutras
monk ananda
recited his doctrinal teachings basket of discourses
lower 3 births
animals, hungry ghosts, hell beings
prajna
a proper understanding of the self and the world (Away from desire, hatred, harmful action)
Buddhism
A religion focused on the teachings of the Buddha focused on suffering and sorrow and how they reflect your life. You can get rid of suffering and sorrow through enlightenment from meditation.
Bodhidharma
the founder of Zen Buddhism and is credited with the movement of Zen Buddhism from India to China to Japan
Three Marks of Existence
Characteristics that summarize the changing nature of reality: anatta (no-self), anicca (impermanence), and dukkha (suffering)
Deity yoga
A visualization practice that is a distinctive feature of Vajrayana Buddhism in which you imagine yourself as a fully enlightened being
8 fold path
- view, intention: wisdom
- speech, action, livlihood: ethics
- effort, mindfulness, concentration: meditation
Bodhisattva
A Buddha to be or enlightenment being. Generally taken to mean future Buddha.
Anatta
one of the Three Marks of Existence. the Buddhist doctrine denying a permanent self.
Rahula
the Buddha's only son whose name means "fetter," and who became a monk at age 7 and later became the chief of all novices
Mahayana
one of the major schools of Buddhism, teaching social concern and universal salvation and active in Japan, Korea, China, and Tibet. It is the more liberal school. It is not monastic and has loosened restrictions.
3 types of sufferiing
suffering that's obvious, suffering due to change: when pleasurable things pass away, suffering due to conditioned states: pleasurable things can cause pain even in the midst of pleasure
3rd council
around 250 BCE, convened by Asoka, erected pillars showing concern of schism
Shinjin
body-mind, the body is the mind and the mind is the body
Right Effort
Earnestly doing one's best in thought direction.
Right Livelihood (Noble Eightfold Path)
Avoiding jobs that harm others
wheel of becoming
constant change, all things effect all things
Samyé Monastery
First monastery in Tibet. Built in 8th century. Bombed, destroyed and rebuilt after cultural revolution
Four Noble Truths
truth of suffering, truth of the origin of suffering, truth of the cessation of suffering, truth of the path that leads to the cessation of suffering
"If you invoke the name of Amitabha Buddha for even a single instant you will be able to expel sins accumulated over eighty million aeons of lifetimes."
Pureland Sutra
Buddha conceived when mom had a
dream of white elephant
The five precepts
The basic moral requirements that are binding for all Buddhists
Right Actions (Noble Eightfold Path)
living honestly, not harming living things
The Flower Sermon
a sermon given in which Buddha simply held up a lotus
Five Moral Precepts
no killing, no stealing, no lying, no abusing of sex, no taking of intoxicants
"The bodhi tree is originally not a tree, the mirror also has no stand. Buddha-nature is always clean and pure, where is there room for dust?"
Platform Sutra/Chan Buddhism
key to enlightenment
just live the middle life a balanced life
laborers and craftspeople, low castes people. also people in northeast india, where aryans had less influence
many of buddhas early followers included:
Siddhartha's 4 Signs
An old man, a sick person, a dead body, and a begging monk
Pure Land Buddhism....
is the only branch that has a need for a heaven like place
The Noble Truth of the Path
Also called the "Middle Way", the path that guides you to enlightenment
some say the split between maha and hinayana was driven by the lay peolple
but the crisicisms are highly religious so seem to come from within the sangha
after it floats upstream, the plate
gets in a whirlpool and falls into the nagaland, where a naga king, an unseen being associated with water and fluid energy
the 2nd council was 100 years after the Buddha's death
and the purpose was the reaffirm the vinaya
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