Buddhism Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Supreme beings
meditation ZEN
"Worthy One"
sixth patriarch
three baskets
Way of elders
disciple of Horen
suffering and dissatisfaction
textbook, long book
large sitting cushion
the origin of buddhism
rebirth, one becomes all
where Siddhartha was born
Theravada Buddhism
School of elders
He who brings good
state of eternal bliss
raised platform in zendo
law, esp. religious law.
During Gautama's Ascetic period, "sitting Buddah" was the ______________.
"One without testicles;" an hermaphrodite, transvestite, homosexual, or person with indeterminate genitalia
female deity who represents mercy
to blow out or extinguish
yixin chuanxin
mind to mind transmission
celebrates Sangha and Buddhist monks
What is Buddha?
the awakened one
literally the "Lesser Vehicle," a pejorative term used by those that practice the Mahāyāna for Mainstream Buddhism
the active power in shinto religion
a rounded monument containing buhhist relics or commemorative materials
Denying all earthly comforts - striving for mystic consciousness
largest division of Buddhism. prayer to buddhism meditation. korea, china
a Buddhist who has attained nirvana
Allen Ginsberg
-beat generation poet
-dharma bums character
-studied under Chogyam Trungpa
founder of the Chan school. Popularized the practice of formless—neither visualizing nor intellectualizing—meditation
“Sign”; sacred gesture of fingers and hands in Buddhist iconography & ritual
an Indo-European, Indic language, in use since c1200 b.c. as the religious and classical literary language of India.
warrior caste
group from which siddhartha gautama was born
Gautama's public ministry - spent ___ years as a wandering teacher.
nirvana, reincarnation, karma
Buddha did maintain these concepts
What does the heart of Buhhdists practice lie in?
Thich Quang Duc
protested anti-Buddhist by lighting himself on fire and sitting amidst a crowd in the Lotus position; did not cry out in pain
person who inspected Buddha when he was a child and declared that he would either be a world leader or a world teacher
the buddha of infinite light the personification of compassion whom the pure land buddhist revere as the intermediary between humanity and supreme reality
Paths of Destiny
world conqueror or world redeemer
A major goal of Buddhism is
inner peace
Right Mindfulness
All this happens only half consciously, and as a result we often see things obscured. Right mindfulness is anchored in clear perception and it penetrates impressions without getting carried away. Right mindfulness enables us to be aware of the process of conceptualisation in a way that we actively observe and control the way our thoughts go. Buddha accounted for this as the four foundations of mindfulness: 1. contemplation of the body, 2. contemplation of feeling (repulsive, attractive, or neutral), 3. contemplation of the state of mind, and 4. contemplation of the phenomena. (mental development)
Anthropology-life after death
Ordinary people's desires remain; Arhat-all desires are extinguished
Who carried Buddhas message to people of other lands?
No self. There's no ultimate reality from within, no essence underlying existence.
-author of guide to bodhisattvas way of life
-dalai lama's favorite philosopher
-everyone thought he was useless but was really brilliant
Mahayana means =
great vehicle (appealed to masses)
moral codes Buddha taught his followers
Five Precepts
a paradoxical thought exercise in the Chan/zen tradition that is aimed at impressing on the disciple that religious insight goes beyond the limitations of verbal formulations and logic
offerings to Buddha as well as other bodhissivtas
middle way
teaching of the 8 fold path
advises people to live in moderation
avoid extremes of comfort and discomfort in the search for nirvana
emperor ming
... during his reign that Buddhism spread to China
Bodhisattva vow
basic step to become Buddhist, goal: enlightenment, stay in samsara to help others out of compassion
Samatha meditation
Calmness; the mind is developed. What is the result of developing the mind? All lust is abandoned.
bodhisattva n
an enlightened person who chooses not to proceed to nirvana, but to help others reach nirvana
"to see things as they really are"; most ancient technique of meditation; aims for total eradication of mental impurities
god who is the destroyer of ignorance and evil
a state of deep awareness, the result of intensive meditation
Vinaya (Discipline)
Which writing contain the fules for monks and nuns
the Buddhist order of monks founded by the Buddha himself
In Chan and Zen Buddhism, a question that cannot be answered logically; a technique used to test consciousness and bring awakening
what color and direction is aksobhya
blue and east
Siddhartha Guatama
Buddha- a prince first, and then saw the horrible things in the world and did lots of meditation and became Buddha
Buddhadasa Bhikkhu
"servant of the Buddha"; a Thai monk who was a leading meditation master and intellectual, as well as critic of corrupt social structures. He opposed both capitalism and communism, in favor of what he called 'Dhammic Socialism'
Painting on a cloth. hung on a wall. Common images are buddhas, bodhisattvas, and guardian deities
The moral law of causes and effect of actions, determines the nature of ones rebirth.
Socially Engaged Buddhism
Buddhists who are seeking ways to apply the insights from meditation practice and dharma teachings to situations of social, political, environmental, and economic suffering and injustice.
Characteristics of Mahayana
Human beins are supported by divine powers, key virtue: compassion, religious practice is relevant, ideal: boddhisattva, Buddha was a savior, elaborates metaphysics, emphasizes ritual, includes petitionary prayer.
7.What is nirvana
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
the name for a master teacher in Zen buddhism
Traditionally, this term was applied to most elders as a term of respect for their wisdom
What is the Dalai Lama?
1) Vajrayana's version of Bodhisattva
2) Reincarnatted 13 times to lead Tibetan people
ways of meditation
the mindful way; a concious methond of silencing the voice in our head; quietly and calmly living in the moment that it is
three marks of existence
the Buddhist terms for analyzing human reality as marked by impermanence, suffering, and no soul
Examples of Gaining Merit
Sweep Temple, Wash Buddha, Give food to Nuns, spin prayer wheel
Eightfold Path
A course of treatment. a way to reach intentional living from a random, unreflective living. It intends nothing less than to pick one up where one is and set one down as a different human being. Their is a preliminary step that is right association. Putting oneself in the correct attitude and environment to succeed
13.What countries have Buddhist?
Japan, the Koreas, China, Tibet, and Vietnam
Buddha taught that the answer to human suffering lay not in worshipping gods, but in __________________________.
right thinking
self denial
Non-dualism, as distinguished from monism (on the one hand) and dualism (on the other)?
Buddhism rests on the foundation of the emptiness, transparency of space, not attached to anything. There is no ONE power that we are attuned with, and we should not strive to become one with/or a part of everything. There is no right-wrong, mind-body, either.
torii (s)
there is a tori gate in front of each shrine
What is paritta? How is it practiced?
...a theravadan chanting ceremony used to ward off danger. monks sit in chairs with threads and water, chant, then threads are cut and water is sprinkled on the people
What do Buddhist believe about equality?
The Buddha declared that anyone could follow the path to nirvana
How is Buddhism different from Hinduism?
1) Rejection of the caste system
2) Rejection of Gods (spirits go to "godly relams")
Who was the king who took Buddhism from monestary to mainstream.
King Kanishka (79-149ad); he also accepted other faiths
What are the 8 parts of the Eight Fold Path?
1) Right Knowledge
2) Right Aspiration
3) Right Speech
4) Right Behavior
5) Right Livelihood (career)
6) Right Effort
7) Right Mindfulness
8) Right Absorption
Founder was
Theravada scriptures
Sitting meditation
milarepa's lama
oldest Hindu scriptures
symbolic hand gestures
Buddha's stepmother, Bhikshuni
principle, system, doctrine
The Five Skandhas
founder of Nichiren Buddhism
Right understanding, right motivation
people who become "believers"
sayings of the Buddha
Right______________---be ware of what you do and its effect on others.
Buddhism sect - more conservative
"Sky-goer;" enlightened energy in female form; a female yidam that may appear in playful or wrathful form.
The enlightenment experience that brings gain awareness of unity of oneself with the rest of the universe ZEN
to pay attention or listen
statement leading to sudden awakening
The five hinderances
1.Sensual Desire
2.Anger/Ill will
Vajrayana is mostly practiced in...
Theravada Buddhism is the ______school
someone who rejects all luxury
He next became an ____________, starving himself in order to find spiritual truth.
oneness of the universe and atheistic.
Literally "Entering the Path of Enlightenment," sometimes called "A Guide to the Bodhisattva's Way of Life." Written by Shantideva (Śantideva) during the 8th century CE
2 Major Schools in China
Pure Land
Three Universal Truths
Buddha's explanation of existence
za zen
Satori can be achieved through
a symmetrical image with shapes emerging from a center used as a meditational focus
Siddhartha Gautama
The buddha, founder of Buddhism
wandering ascetics - rejecting Hindu tradition
in buddhism, the highest spiritual state that can be achieved
the three jewels
the buddha
the dharma
the sangha
Naropa Institute
-founded by Chogyam Trungpa
-inspired by buddhism
-4 year university
-boulder co
school that focused on logic, dialectic, and debate. Based on a group of sutras called The Perfection of Wisdom.” Founded by Nagarjuna. Mahayana
“Thus Come” or “Thus Gone”; name for realized Buddha
mental or emotional stability or composure, esp. under tension or strain; calmness; equilibrium.
He realizes he cannot reach .......... by abusing his body
harness the energy of desire and propels it towards nirvana
Right Motivation
right concentration; allows a person to become inwardly calm and at peace with themselves and the world
A Buddhist monk which Chan Buddhism can be traced back to. Often depicted sitting in meditation ZEN
Second Noble Truth
Suffering originates in our desires
The Indian ruler who spread Buddhist teaching widely was
Right Action
The second ethical principle, right action, involves the body as natural means of expression, as it refers to deeds that involve bodily actions. Unwholesome actions lead to unsound states of mind, while wholesome actions lead to sound states of mind. Again, the principle is explained in terms of abstinence: right action means 1. to abstain from harming sentient beings, especially to abstain from taking life (including suicide) and doing harm intentionally or delinquently, 2. to abstain from taking what is not given, which includes stealing, robbery, fraud, deceitfulness, and dishonesty, and 3. to abstain from sexual misconduct. (ethical conduct)
Mahayana school
Much philosophy, ideal of Boddhisattva (enlightened existence), end suffering of all, cultivate compassion, concern is service
Three Divisions of Buddhism
Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana
Mandalas are...
represent the entire universe.
a person focuses into the mandala and focuses themselves into a new level of consciousness;
meditation that focuses on a single thought or object
(in Hawaii) a steep slope or cliff.
Five precepts
The basic moral requirements that are binding for all Buddhists
7 steps
Child emerged and took how many steps?
grouping of sutras in the Sutra Pitaka or a school of early Buddhism
Twelve dimensions of dependent origination
1.Ignorance> 2.karma formations>3.a new indvdl csness>4.new body-mind csness>5.bases of sensing>6.sense imprssns>7.cs feelings>8.craving>9.clinging to/grasping for things>10.'becoming'/drive to be reborn>11.rebirth>12.old age & death
Mahayana Buddhism
a major division of Buddhism which extends the goal of buddhism to laypersons as well as to monks, the goal being a godly existence of self-sacrifice and compassion
Right Intention
While right view refers to the cognitive aspect of wisdom, right intention refers to the volitional aspect, i.e. the kind of mental energy that controls our actions. Right intention can be described best as commitment to ethical and mental self-improvement. (wisdom)
Is there no attainer and nothing to attain should not see false or true Answers are in the question- just like the answer to a math question is in the original equation.
Four Noble Truths
suffering exists, suffering comes from desire, suffering has an end, release from suffering is possible
Who are missionaries?
People that spread religious beliefes to others.
Middle Path
Buddhism is the middle path between self indulgence vs extreme ascetism
A sacred text, especially one said to record the words of the Buddha
what is the dominant theme in the perfection of wisdom
suffering ends by the ending of desire
3rd noble truth
"Three Jewels of Buddhism"
(3 important aspects of Buddhism)
1) Sangha: Religious community
2) Dharma: Religious scriptures
3) Buddha
a jap monk who studied in China and came to Japan with knowledge of Buddhist rituals
Second Buddhist Council
was Buddhism's response to its rapid growth and increasing variety.
: one who is one the path to enlightenment
: Mahayana Buddhism encourages all Buddhist to take a [ ] vow.
: Unlike the Therevada ideals, which Mahayanas believed to be selfish, Mahaya Buddhists claimed that people taking [ ] vows were dedicating themselves to the salvation ideals
What is a Bodhisattvas?
A person that achieves enlightenment but postpones nirvana to help others (belief of Mahayanas).
Where Buddhism is
Started in India but died out there and became big in CHina
6 aspects of religion
These appear so frequently in religion that it suggest that their seeds are in the human makeup. They are as follows: Authority, ritual, speculation, tradition, grace, mystery. These all contribute importantly, but equally clog its works. As a result, Buddha preached a religion devoid of these aspects. However, these are commonly relied upon by humans as institutions. As soon as Buddha died, the people resorted to these.
The Great Going Forth
Decision to leave the palace. Not going to live the life of luxury anymore. Turning point in his life.
Buddha taught that human suffering is caused by __________.
selfish desires for
2. wealth
3. pleasure
wheel of life
tells us that the nature of the gods and life are interdependent and related
early life of sg
born in northern nepal (lumbini) to a king and queen - when he was born he came out of his mother's side, took 4 steps in each direction and lotus blossoms grew and said this is the last birth for me--> sooth sayer visits family and says he will be a great king but if he sees misery he will be a great teacher
What is the significance of the Boddhi tree?
its where siddhartha found enlightenment, became the buddha, and realized the four noble truths...
Why did Buddha believe humans suffered?
Selfish desires for power, wealth, and pleasure.
What are the 4 noble truths?
1) Dukka- life sucks
2) Tanha- life sucks because we desire stuff
3) Realization that there is a cure for Tanha
4) The cure for Tanha is following the Eightfold Path
Mahayan Buddhism opened the door for masses b/c...
texts were easier to read...it wasn't just for the educated.
The Fourth Noble Truth: Release from suffering is possible and can be attained by following the Noble Eightfold Path
- the ultimate goal of Buddhism is nirvana
---end of suffering and karma, inner peace, and liberation from the limitations of the world
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