Buddhism Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Bodhi
enlightenment
anicca
impermanence
Ahimsa
non-violence
a
a
founder
Sidartha Gautama
Eternal
Atman is?
Lamas
Qualified teachers
upaya
skillful means
Key syllable
OM
Anatman
No eternal self
siddartha Gautama
the buddha
Buddha (meaning)
"Awakened One"
deities
god,didvine being,supreme being
Sesshin
–concentrated
period of meditiation 5 am to 9 pm –
usually of 5-7 days – quiets monkey mind
behavior
Right_______________---obey the Five Precepts[don't kill, steal, lie, be unchaste.
jiva
spiritual (soul, spirit, life)
Zen
The meditation school. Monastic
Dharma
teachings of the Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama
Buddha's original name
Abbot
head of the monastery
Mediation
the primary means to Enlightment.
Punya
"karmic fruitfulness" or "making merit"; good karma or wholesome actions accrued through generous deeds such as alms giving, sponsoring ordinations, etc.
indulgences
gratification, liberal or lenient treatment. the remission of temporal punishment still due for sin has been sacramentally absolved
Bodhi Tree
where Siddhartha receives enlightenment
nianfo
recitation of the buddha's name
prajna
wisdom - realization of emptiness
Pali
language ancient Buddhist texts written in
vajrayana
the diamond / thuderbolt vehicle
nirvana
Liberation from samsara's perpetual cycle of death and rebirth.
mandala
representation of the cosmos characterized by concentric geometric shapes, centered on a deity
castes
a division within indias class system
sūtra/sūtta
a teaching attributed to the historical Buddha
Six Features of Religion
Authority
Ritual
Speculation and explanations
Tradition
Grace- reality is on our side
mystery
koan
a Buddhist spiritual riddle designed to foster spiritual growth, posed by monastic teacher to junior monks, such as "What is the sound of one hand clapping?"
shinto
the indeginous religions tradition of japan is
tipitaka
the foundational three baskets of buddhas teachings
Mahayana
The great vehicle. Focus on compassion
noble truth
suffering is caused by desire
Song
(960-1279)
• Only Ch'an and Pure Land Buddhism survived since both less dependent on aristocratic patronage
• Leading monks now repositioned Buddhism as more compatible with Daoism and Confucianism
bodhisattva
a person who has attained enlightenment but who has postponed nirvana and instead continue to be reborn
samsara
constant rebirth and the attendant suffering; the everyday world of change
Tsong Khapa
-Tibetan buddhist
-founder of Gelug school (strict discipline and yellow hats)
-emphasis on vinaya and study of doctrinal texts
-school of dalai lama
Avalokitesvara
the bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all Buddhas. He is the most widely revered bodhisattva in Buddhism. In India is male. In china, assimilates some local cults of goddess worship→ avlokitesvara becomes a female (Guan Yin). One of the most important figures within Chinese and east asian Buddhism.
kalpa
a thousand cycles of Maha Yugas.
From Hinduism, Buddhism Borrowed ____________ and _______________.
Reincarnation and Meditation
Tharavada
Buddhism sect - Accepts only the Tripitaka Scriptures
Bodh Gaya
Bodhi tree where Buddha received enlightenment
Pali Canon
a collection of revered Buddhist writings recorded from oral traditions and codified and standardized in the first century C.E.; they contain sermons, rules, and essays on philosophy and psychology.
Buddha
"Awakened One"; teacher; son of Queen MahaMaya; was a Prince; was married and had a son; had encounters with four different things and decided to leave the princely life
Bo Tree
the tree that Buddha meditated beneath
The Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama, The awakened, or Enlightened one
Right Mindfulness
Right mindfulness is the controlled and perfected faculty of cognition. It is the mental ability to see things as they are, with clear consciousness. Usually, the cognitive process begins with an impression induced by perception, or by a thought, but then it does not stay with the mere impression. Instead, we almost always conceptualise sense impressions and thoughts immediately. We interpret them and set them in relation to other thoughts and experiences, which naturally go beyond the facticity of the original impression. The mind then posits concepts, joins concepts into constructs, and weaves those constructs into complex interpretative schemes. (mental development)
Meditation experience
no reliance on authorities; Theravada/ no reliance on tradition
Reincarnation
A person is reincarnated until they reach enlightenment, one enlightenment is achieved in this life, Niravana can be reached in the next life.
the Third Watch
Gautama discovers 4 Noble Truths
Hsi Lai Temple
-chinese buddhist mountain monestary in LA suburb
-humanistic buddhism (linji chan and pure land)
Focus on Universal _______, not personal _______
enlightenment, goals
perfect being; no longer bound to samsara
arhat
three marks of existence
Characteristics that summarize the changing nature of reality: anatta (no-self), anicca (impermanence), and dukkha (suffering).
deer park
Buddha gave his first sermon at ......
Samatha
tranquility, one of the two kinds of meditation in the concentration section of the eightfold path
Dali Lama
secular and religious leader exiled to India
Rinzai zen
Founded by Eisai. This form of Buddhism uses riddles (koan) to concentrate the mind during meditation. Riddles helped to achieve enlightenment by showing the limits of rational thought. Taught that anyone could live the life of the Buddha. Sitting meditation (zanzen) was emphasized as the main practice that allowed one to remove their "layers of desire" and achieve an inner awakening.
nirvana n
a spiritual state of perfect peace without selfish attachments to worldly possessions
Ananda
one of the buddha's cousins, becomes a monk after the Buddha returns to his home town for enlightenment
gods
the hindus have more than 33,000 of them
chonyid bardo
the period of the Intermediate state also called the Bardo of Reality-as-it-is. Hallucinations appear in the form of what are called the Five Buddhas appearing to the person on each successive day, first in their peaceful forms and then in their terrifying forms.
Bodhisattvas
Future Buddhas. As the ideal types for Mahayana Buddhism, beings who have experienced enlightenment but, motivated by compassion, stop short of entering nirvana so as to help others achieve it
Terton
– One who finds terma and brings it to light, translating it when
necessary. 

•Theravada: 

–means “way of the elders.” Another term applied to this school is Hinayana, meaning
“lesser Vehicle” Theravada Buddhism most closely approximates the teachings of
Buddha. Its doctrine is one of
self help. Thus no deities provided assistance in gaining release from the
wheel. Theravada spread chiefly
but not exclusively into south Asia. 





shunyata
The Emptiness that is held to be ultimately characteristic of all things, according to Madhyamika doctrine.
what is the eightfold path
right view
right intention
right speech
right action
right livelihood
right effort
right mindfulness
right concentration
The Middle Way
the Buddha's teaching which is a rejection of both worldly sensual pleasures and painful self-mortification
Buddhist Peace Fellowship
an organization founded in 1978 to work for compassionate social change and to bring a Buddhist perspective to contemporary peace, environmental, and social justice movements
alms
the offering of food to monks on their daily rounds and the donation of goods and money to the monasteries
Yogacara
Yoga is one of the main traditions of Mahayana Buddhism
2.Who is Siddhartha Gautama
Siddhartha Gautama was a wealthy prince who lived a grand life in a palace and was never showed old age ,sickness and death, then one day when he was thirty years old he ventured outside of the palace walls and saw all the terrible things that he had been gaurded from his whole life, troubled by this sight he wanted to end human suffering, so he set out to find the answer, soon after he accepted this way of life he became known as Buddha the founder of the Buddist religion.
Huineng
the leader of one of the two Branches of Chan buddhism
In his Platform Sutra, he stresses the importance of ordinary life and the possiblity of finding enlightenment.
Unlike the Shenxiu branch of Chan buddhism, Huineng believed in an abrubt form of enlightenment.
Who did Buddha join after leaving the city?
5 Ascetes
nirvana and enlightenment
not the release of the circle of samsara; the end of the reincarnation cycle of ones self; beyond ordinary words or concepts
Why did Buddha believe humans suffered?
Buddha believed humans suffered because all people have selfish desires for power, wealth, and pleasure. When people want these things and do not get them, thats when Buddha believed people suffered.
The Noble Eightfold Path to Liberation
1. Right understanding
2. Right thought or motivation
3. Right speech
4. Right action
5. Right livelihood
6. Right effort
7. Right mindfulness
8. Right meditation
Four Passing Sights
old age- robs one of beauty, strength, and memory
disease- everyone will become ill @ least once before they die
death- Expiration of the body
ascetic- a sannyasin who is trying to make one's mind so strong as to conquer the first 3 steps.
What countries have Buddhist?
India, China, Japan, and more of Asia
Under what condition would Siddhartha become a ruler and not a teacher?
If he remained at home
Making merit (especially for laity) <punya>
Almsgiving, (putting the food into bowls, prostrating); Dana, (by invite--some of the samgha to a pvt. home, wash feet, then perform a svc. w/paritta <chanting> to purify minds of house members, string ceremony); Buddha Day.
the great going forth
gautama left his home of pleasure to find an end to old age and death
What is the Pali Canon and the three parts?
a collection of conversations/teachings of the buddha
sutta, vintata, abhidhamma...
5.What is the Eightfold Path?
the path to following a life without unjustice and crulety
What did Buddha say about the human self?
There is no soul (&quot;Anatta&quot;)
Then buddha realizes that asceticism is not the answer.
he ditches asceticim and begins to eat and drink again.
When and what happened to Siddhartha in his transformation to Buddha?
1) 29 years old
2) The Great Awakening under the bo tree
TATHAGATA
truth-gatherer
tanha
desire
Bhikshus
Monks
teaching mudra
right 7
mindfulness
Shwedgon
Golden Temple
Selfish craving/attachment
tanha
sitting meditation
zazen
Followers are called
Buddhists
Bikkhu
A Buddhist monk
satori
the enlightened awareness
avalokiteshvara
a male Bodhisattva
Kinhin
slow walking meditation
mindfullness
Tibetan debate
art form; entertainment
zendo
a zen meditation hall
Community of Buddhist Monks
Sangha
Sambhogakaya
&quot;Bliss body&quot;, Supernatural Buddhas live in heavens beyond our earth
mantra
(Sanskrit) literally a 'sacred utterance' in Vedism
second council
monastic code
authority of texts
Theraveda Buddhism
-"Teachings of elders"
-Southern buddhism
Kuan Yin
Goddess of Mercy (Mahayana)
Five precepts
Tradition: Foundational buddhism
Definition: The basic moral requirements that are binding for all Buddhists. They are: do not take life; do not take what is not given; do not engage in sensuous misconduct; do not use false speech; do not drink intoxicants.
Significance: Good action will lead to good karmic merit
therevada mahayana
2 types of buddhism
Vajrayana
**COME BACK TO THIS**
Tibetan Buddhism
Chan/Zen
A tradition involving meditative practice and the teaching that ultimate reality is not expressible in words or logic, but is to be grasped through direct intuition, either gradual or sudden.
Mandalas
patterned icons that visually excite; used in Vajrayana Buddhism to enhance meditation
monastic life
ideal life for Theravada Buddhism
Theravada
oldest of buddhist traditions teaches best way to atain nirvana is to become a monk or a nun
Tantra
Vajrayana Buddhism; entered Tibet in the 7th century CE; use the body and senses- Tantric Sex; rather than fight impulses, use them
zazen
The most fundamental technique used for reaching enlightenment, "sitting meditation" ZEN
Sarvastivadin
group that says that everything is
Shintoism
ancient religion of Japan lacking formal dogma.
Theravada means
the way of the elders
What form of Buddhism is conservative?
theravada
hindu
Born a _______________ around 560 B.C. in India.
Three types of Buddhism
Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana
jataka
texts telling of previous lives of buddha illustrating the practice of buddhist virtues
Dhammapada
"Path of Morality"; a compilation of verses spoken by the Buddha, for example: "Hatred never ceases by hatred; hatred ceases by love. This is an ancient and eternal law."
pratityasamutpada
the law of dependent coorigination - everything that arises does so in dependence on other facotrs. All things are constantly chnaging andtheir changes effect chnages in other things. A wheel of 12 spokes. ignorance -> karma -> a new indv -> a new body-mind complex -> sensing -> sense impressions -> conscious feelings -> craving -> clinging -> becoming (reborn) -> rebirth -> old age
Orthodox
Conforming to the usual beliefs or established doctrine.
Tripitaka
the 'three baskets'. A text of Buddhism
philosophy of non-violent resistance
tradition: tibetan
definition: dalai lama renounced all forms of violence. violence will not bring everlasting peace, compassion for all beings, even enemies.
2 buddhist principles:
ahimsa: non harming
karma
Jon Kabat-Zinn
Professor Emeritus at UMass medical school. Practice of Zen Buddhism led him to integrate their teachings with those of Western science. Teaches mindfulness meditation as a technique to help cope with stress, anxiety, pain and illness
Therma, Thailand, Kampuchea, Tlaos
borders of Theravada Buddhism
Huanyan/Kegon
one of the schools of Mahayana buddhism that flourished in China during the Tang period.
This school focused particularly on the Flower Garland Sutra, emphaizing the conception of the dharma realm. It was led by Fazang, who gave "Flower sermons." In them, he talked about the li (the fundamental patterns or principles) and shi ( the expressions in phenomena)
Unlike the other schools of Mahayana buddhism, this one has no equivalents in India.
samasara
cycle of reincarnation or rebirth. Can be escaped only through enlightenment. Antithesis of nirvana.
In Teravada, a person who has practiced monastic disicplines and reached nirvana, the ideal
arhat
What are mandalas?
Images used to help mediatation
Nirmanakaya
body on earth, First Body of Buddha: created
China
Zen Buddhism began in 520 AD in _________.
mainstream buddhism
the first 500 years after buddha, arhat
impartiality
loving those who hurt us; pain and joy, ego makes if difficult
lama
A Tibetan Buddhist teacher; a title of honor often given to all Tibetan monks.
Teleology
To put an end to dukkha, achieve nirvana, become arhat
Right Intention
Freeing oneself from the conditions of craving by cultivating the virtues of selflessness, goodwill, compassion, and love for all beings.
Seekers who often lived ascetic lives in the hopes of ending all desire in order to achieve enlightenment
The ascetics
Meditation
trying to achieve a true reality (this world = nothing)
Buddha spends life teaching/preaching..
tolerance and understanding, his message is neither religion nor philosophy, and he is careful to honor other religion
Middle way
Another name for Buddhism. Does not live in luxury, but does not reject all luxury.
renounce
A prophesy was made when he was born, that he would either become the greatest ruer of all time, or would ______________ the world and find a way to save the world.
stupa
A shrine, usually in the shape of a dome, used to mark Buddhist relics of sacred sites
First Watch
he could recall all of his past lives
Arhat
A type of Buddhist saint who lives the system of the 8 fold path
The Noble Eightfold Path
Right Views, Right Intentions, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Meditation
2 major sects of Buddhism
Thervada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism
Siddattha Gotama
Buddha. Tried to find the reason of suffering in the world, became a wandering holy man. Followed the Middle Way.
zen buddhism
started in japan but is now in kyoto
The Three Signs of Being/Three Marks of Existance
dukkha: unsatistfactoriesanicca: impermanenceanatta/anatman: \"no self/no soul\"
Eight Fold Path
1- Right Conduct, 2- Right Speech, 3- Right means of livelihood, 4- Right knowledge, 5- Right intention, 6- Right effort, 7- Right mindfulness, 8- Right concentration
wheel of becoming
there is a constant change and all things effect all things.no soul or no self
story of Siddhartha Guatama
born into royalty, mother had dream that elephant brought lotus flower and carried Siddhartha G for 10 months (born out of armpit?), came out walking. Taken to priet by father (examined for 32 marks) either be king or buddha - left palace at 29 (great going forth) reaches enlightenment after 6 years. Brahma convinces him to teach
Bo tree (story)
Pipal tree, also known as bodhi tree or 'bo' tree for short. Buddha meditated under this tree, vowing not to move until he reached enlightenment
Thirst or craving for suffering produces...
neurosis, anger, frustration, - because in reality things are always changing
Four Noble Truths
1. Life is suffering 2. The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments, personal preferences and rejections, cravings and repulsion, likes and dislikes. 3. There is a state of no desire and no suffering (Nirvana) a non -possesive, carefree mental state. 4. The way to achieve Nirvana is the Eight Fold Path
Suffering (Four Noble Truths)
Ordinary way in which you live your life is conducive to suffering
Three Signs of of Being/Three Marks of Existence
1) Dukkha&#13;&#10;2) Anicca/Anitya: Impermanence, transitoriness, the perpetual perishing of every natural object&#13;&#10;3) Anatta/anatman (\"no soul\")
Analogy of the Chariot
One should not take one of the five skhandas too seriously because they are all important. Also, do not take yourself too seriously.
almost every male joins a ____ for a short period of his life. These men are known for their ______ robes
wat and yellow orange
According to Buddhism, how is human suffering connected to human desires?
According to Buddhism, human suffering is caused by selfish human desires (desires for power, wealth and pleasure).
What is the difference between Christianity/Islam and Buddhism?
Buddhism believes in the power to save onself and shape his/her own destiny without the use of a god or gods.
How did Gautama try to understand suffering?
He meditated for 49 days under a fig tree
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