acid/base Flashcards

Terms Definitions
HI
acid
H2SO4
Sa
Dichloroacetic acid
WA
carbonic acid
H2CO3
Francium Hydroxide
FrOH
NaOh aka
lye
Fe(OH)3
weak base
Strong Acid
HNO3
HCl
strong acid
Hydroxyl ions
OH-
HCOOH
weak acid
Ca(OH)₂
calcium hydroxide
lactic acid
sour milk
examples of acids
sour
Bronsted-Lowry base
H+ acceptor
NaHCO3
base- Sodium Bicarbonate
Ca(OH)_2
calcium hydroxide (Strong Base)
Ka =
[H][A] / [HA]
Bases
red litmus turns blue
ph
- log [ H+]
H3BO3
Name: Boric Acid
Formula: __________
hydrobromic acid
HBr strong acid
Alkaline Metal + OH
Strong Bases
Soap
organic salts with nonpolar, hydrocarbon ends that interact with oils and dirt and polar ends that helps them dissolve in water
solutions
acids and bases are ___________
Solute
the substance that gets dissolved
Acid
any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
common industrial acids
sulfuric, nitric, phosphoric, hydrochloric, acetic
Acids have a pH lower than...
7
According to Lewis, an base (accepts/donates) a pair of electrons during a reaction
donates
salt
white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food
acidic solution
solution that contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
conjugate
acid-base pairs formed reversibly in a reaction where protons are accepted and donated are called ______________ pairs
weak acids
ionize only slightly in aqueous solutions
weak base
ionizes only partially in dilute aqueous solution.
arrhenius acid
substances when dissolved in water, increase the conc. of H+ ions
alkalinity
a measure of the hydroxide ion concentration of a solution
monoprotic acids
acids that donate only one proton
base
a substance that can accept a proton
volume effect on HCO3
expansion- decreases absorption (oncotic)contraction- increases-oncotic-RAS
caustic soda
What is another name for sodium hydroxide?
Conjugate acid
species that is formed when a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton. (always +)
PROTON DONORS
positively charged ions(such as H3O+ ; NH4+) or neutral molecules(such as CH3COOH; H2O)
indicator
a substance which changes color in the presence of an acid or a base
red
what color does litmus paper turn in an acid?
acids
React with many metals to form H gas.
The reaction of an acid with a carbonate does NOT produce
?
Causes of Hyper Ca?
bone loss, immobilization, intake, antacids, increase PTH and Vit D.
arrhenius proposes something very interesante abt acids
arrhenius proposed that characteristic properties of acids are actually properties of the hydrogen ion H+, acids release hydrogen ions in aqueous solution. but of course we all know you cannot just release H+ ions bc they are tooo reactive; so they gotta hitchhike onto H20 therefore forming a hydronium ion, H3O+.
pH paper
determines how strong an acid or a base substance is
pH scale
measures how acidic or basic a liquid is
indicators
tells if something is an acid, base or neutral or starch
substance that can act as both an acid or a base.
Amphoteric
Acid Ionization Constant
The value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ionization of a weak acid.
weak acid
an acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution
With Acidosis, what will the kidneys do?
Excrete excess H
examples of indicators
red cabbage , pH scale , universal indicator , litmus paper
strong
found at the ends of pH scale: 1 or 14
Buffer Capacity
The amount of acid or base a buffer solution can absorb without a significant change in pH.
Salt + Water
Acid + Base => ??? (Solid first, then liquid, then gas)
conjugate base
a base that froms when a acid loses a proton
esp Alkalosis is always due to??
Hyperventilation, blowing off too much CO2
Once an acid base disorder has occured, elders are less able to compensate because of what?
Age related changes to the kidney.
What is the pH scale?
The pH scale is a range of values that are used to express the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution, or how basic or acidic the substance is.
HNO3
strong
Hexane
C(6)H(14)
Acidic Solutions
[H+]>[OH-]
NITRIC HNO3
STRONG
NH3
Weak Base
Lithium Hydroxide
Strong Base
HClO4
perchloric acid (strong
Sodium Bicarbonate
NaHCO3 (weak)
bitter
Bases are ___
Water
is a Polar Molecule
HClO3 (Chloric Acid)
Strong Acid
"per_____ate" ions become ________ acids
per____ic
acid nomenclature:
ite > ous
ate > ic
NH₃ + H₂O ↔
NH₄ + OH-
Proton donor
Acid is a ______ ______
dissociation
the process by which a chemical combination breaks up into simpler substances of which it is made
react with certain metals to produce hydrogen gas
acids
Binary Acid
Contains only two different elements: hydrogen and one of the more electronegative elements
What is the formula for Copper Oxide?
CuO
true
acids wear away metals t or f
What does the pH scale measure?
hydrogen ions
-6
In a solution, the concentration of H3O+ is ten to the power of__ molL-1
nitric acid
acid used especially in the production of fertilizers and explosives and rocket fuels.
What color does litmus paper turn when dipped into a base
Blue
LOW pH (number)
has a HIGH concentration of H+
Acids react with...
bases to produce salts and water
base properties
a sustance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red litmus paper blue
Warning labels needed
0-3 (strong acid) and 11-14 (strong base)
What is hypoventilation?
Breathing at an abnormally slow rate, resulting in an increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
higher
the stronger a base, the .... its ph value is
What is the pH of a 2.8x10^-3M KOH solution?
9.45
alkaline
a bitter substance that has a Ph of greater than 7, also referred to as basic
base ionization constant
Kb is the value of the equilibrium constant expression for the ionization of a base
Buffers are composed of what?
a weak acid and its salt
What is Acetic Acid's freezing point
17 degrees Celcium (62.6 degrees Fahrenheit)
Arrhenius theorized that a base is a chemical compound that...
increases the concentration of hydroxide ions when dissolved in water
In the equation for neutralization,
an acid and a base produce a salt and water.
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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