Building a Medical Vocabulary - study guide Flashcards

Terms Definitions
cervic(o)
cervix
ectopic
ectopic
colp(o)
vagina
oophor(o)
ovary
vagin(o)
vagin(o)
vulv(o)
vulva
cryptorchidism
undescended testicle
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
salping(o)
uterine tube
lobules
testicular compartment
-sclerosis
hardening



(study guide)
oligo
few



(study guide)
voiding
urinating


(study guide)
gonad
testicles or ovaries
corpus luteum
secretes progesterone
nephrolith
kidney stones


(study guide)
Brights disease
nephritis


(study guide)
anuria
without urination

(study guide)
ADH
antidiuretic hormone



pg 302
vas(o)
vessel or vas deferens
testes
where sperm are produced
BUN
blood urea nitrogen



pg 302
Suprarenal
above the kidney


(study guide)
menopause
natural stopping of menstruation several days after it's onset
endometrium
inner lining of the uterus
testosterone
masculinizing hormone, brings about induction and maintenance of male secondary sex characteristics
estrogen
feminizing hormone responsible for secondary sex characteristics in females
perimetrium
outer layer of the uterus
urethra
carries urine from the bladder


(study guide)
Ureter
carries urine to the bladder



(study guide)
retention
inability to empty the bladder


(study guide)
nephrosclerosis
hardening of the kidneys


(study guide)
nephron
functioning unit of the kidneys


(study guide)
glycosuria
sugar in the urine


(study guide)
Myometrium
middle, muscle layer of the uterus
leukorrhea
a white discharge from the vagina
oophorohysterectomy
removal of the ovaries and uterus.
vasectomy
surgically severing of the vas deferens to cause sterility
tubal ligation
elective steriliztion procedure where the uterine tubes are cut off from the ovaries
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of the kidney that involves primarily the tufts of capillaries that act as filters


(study guide)
diuretic
type of medicine that causes urination


(study guide)
renal arteries
transports blood to the kidneys


(study guide)
ketone bodies
end product of lipids


(study guide)
urethrovaginal fistula
abnormal opening between the vagina and the urethra
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate Common in males under 50
laparoscope
instrument used in endoscopy of the abdomen
colpohysterectomy
removal of the uterus withour incision of the abdominal wall
(through the vagina)
fertilization
joining of the sperm and egg
(most often in the uterus)
diabetes mellitus
complex disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism that is primarily a result of a deficiency or lack of insulin secretion by the pancreas or a resistance to insulin

(study guide)
dysplasia cells
when found on pap smears are significant because they tend to become malignant
endometriosis
condition in which tissue more or less resembling endometrium is present in abnormal locations. (usually within the abdominal cavity.)
Bladder
The place were urine is stored until released by urinating.


(study guide)
stretch receptors
Nerve endings that signal the brain that it is time to urinate.


(study guide)
selective reabsorption
process in which substances that the body conserves are prevented from being excreted in urine

(study guide)
premenstrual syndrome
occurs the last few days before the onset of menstruation when the following can occur: nervous tension, irritability, edemia, headache, painful brests
proximal tubule
The way blood enters the kidneys is through the proximal tube


(study guide)
/ 57
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online