Acids and Bases 14 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
HCl
acid
NI
sa
Pilocarpine Nitrate
WB/SA
acids taste
sour
phosphoric acid
H₃PO₄
bases produce
OH-
LiOH
strong base
Strong Acid
HI
pH
-log [H+]
Basic pH
>7
KOH
strong base
RbOH
rubidium hydroxide
citric acid
grape fruit
pH 14
oven cleaner
lime
chemicals containing calcium:Ca
NH3
weak base- ammonia
NaOH
sodium hydroxide (Strong Base)
baking soda is
sodium bicarbonate
carboxyl group
poor proton donor
salt
nonmetal and metal combo
Ca(OH)2
Name: Calcium Hydroxide
Formula: _____________
hydrochloric acid
HCl strong acid
nitrogen and oxygen makes
nitric acid
bases
many of these are solids
Metals + bases ->
No RXN
what is a respiratory alkalosis?
pCO2
Acid
any substance which increases the concentration of hydrogen ions when added to water
Arrhenius base
increases the concentration of hydroxide ions in a solution
hydronius ion
a hydrated proton or H3O
Gastric acid is also known as
HCl
Neutralization
Reaction between acid and base producing salt and water
CaOH, Basic
What is the unbalanced chemical formula for Limewater? Is is acidic or basic?
Arrhenious
the definitions of acids and bases which are dependent on the presence of OH- and H3O+ ions are the _____________ definitions of acids and bases
strong acids
acids that completely ionized in water
indicator
Substance whose color changes when it is mixed with an acid or a base.
buret
device used for accurate measure of the delivery of a liquid
Diprotic acids
acids that contain two ionizable hydrogens
ischemia w/ lactic acidosis
METABOLIC ACIDOSIS
ELEVATED ANION GAP
green
What colour is the pH level for 7?
soap
a cleansing agent made from the salts of vegetable or animal fats
Properties of acids
aqueous solutions taster sour, change color of acid-base indicators, some react with active metals to release H2, react with bases to produce salt and water (neutralization), some conduct electric current.
GENERAL PROPERTIES OD BASES
their aqueous solution conduct electricity, they turn the color of litmus paper into blue, they have bitter taste, they have a slippery feeling on the skin, they react with acids
characteristics of bases
feel slippery, insoluble, alkali, may be strong or weak, generate OH- ions
hydroxide
what kinds of ions do bases produce when it dissociates in water?
Bronsted Lowry Base
substance that can accept an electron
PH paper
changes to various colors to indicate the pH
darker shades= base
yellowish orangeish redish=acid
Which of the following is a strong acid
H2SO4
Acid Base disorders in elderly may lead to?
Respiratory depression.
root of polyatomic+ic for ate ous for ite
name oxyacids
strong/weak vs conc/dilute
strong/weak - nothing to do w/molarity (memorize strong acids/bases)
conc/dilute - molarity
Base
a solution that has an excess of OH- ions
equivalence point
when just enough base has been added to react with all of the acid solution being analyzed
Weak Acid
An acid that ionizes only partially in dilute aqueous solutions. Because they produce fewer ions, they do not conduct electricity as well as strong acids.
arrhenius model
an acid is a substance that contains hydrogen and ionizes to produce hydrogen ions in an aqueous solution. In the Bronsted-lowry models
diprotic acid
acids that can donate 2 protons, the second proton is usually so weak and often negligible
amphilprotic/ampilteric
in one solution it can act as an acid and a another solution it can act like a base; ex: water
ionic bond
a chemical bond b/w a metal and a nonmetal in which electrons are transferred from one atom to another, creating ions.
ph of 13 indicates a strong what?
and contains a low concentration and high concentration of?
base
H+, OH- ions
neutralization reaction
the reaction of an acid and a base to form a neutral solution of water and a salt
hydrogen ions, acidic, basic
pH shows amount of ________ or how _____ or _____.
ABG's give infor about what 3 things?
oxygenation, ventilation and acid base.
What does metabolic acidosis come from?
Losing bi-carb or too much organic acid is added to the body.
less than 7; greater than 1 x 10⁻⁷; greater than 7; less than 1 x 10⁻⁷
The pH of acidic solution? [H⁺] concentration? The pH of basic solution? [H⁺] concentration?
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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