Acids and Bases 15 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
HNO3
acid
HClO4
sa
Amphetamine HCL
WB/SA
Cs2O
strong base
Cesium Hydroxide
CsOH
base
blue litmus
Fe(OH)2
weak base
Weak Acid
H2CO3
Ba(OH)2
strong base
bases
Bitter taste
NH4+
weak acid
KOH
potasium hydroxide
Ammonium hydroxide formula
NH4OH
B/L base
proton acceptor
bases taste ____
bitter
C6H5NH2
weak base- Aniline
Calcium hydroxide
Ca(OH)2 (very low)
HClO2
Which is chlorous acid?
malic acid
found in apples
H2CO3
Name: Carbonic Acid
Formula: __________
nitric acid
HNO3 strong acid
baking powder eventually goes __
bad
kw
self ionization constant of water
a compound that tastes sour
acid
GI fistula
METABOLIC ACIDOSIS
NORMAL ANION GAP
Mg oh2
Magnesium hydroxie milk of magnesia
strong bases
group 1 and 2 hydroxides
indicators
change color based on acids/bases. indicate pH level.
Example of diprotic acid (name)
sulfuric acid
acids
taste sour, conduct electric current, chang litnus red, doesnt feel slippery, liberates hydrogen when reacting with active metals, reacts with carbonates to form carbon dioxide and water
Salts
electrolytes that ionize and dissolve in water, conduct electricity.
monoprotic
acetic acid, CH3COOH is a _________ acid
strong electrolyte
electrolyte that wants to dissociate fully
Arrhenius
What model says "Acids are substances that, when dissolved in water, increase the concentration of H+ ions."
Molecular substances
What types of substances are acids?
basic solutions
less than 1.0 x 10^-7 M
Strong Acids
acids that ionize completely in aqueous solutions
monoprotic acids
acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen
equivalence point
The stoichiometric point of a titration
Molarity less than one is generally called a ______
Dilute
blue
What colour do bases turn when placed on red litmus paper?
strong acid
one that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
Binary acid
acid that contains only 2 different elements: hydrogen and one of the more electronegative elements. (HF, HCl, HBr, HI)
reversible reaction
A chemical reaction in which the products re-form the original reactants
neutralization reaction
the reactions of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to for wataer
hydrochloric
what is an example of a strong acid?
transition range
the pH range through which an indicator changes color
Bases react with
acids to produce salts and water
S/sx of HypO phos?
Muscle weakness, low energy, confusion, memory loss, slurred speech, HTN and decreased C.O.
polyvalent acid and base titrations
more than 1 equivalence point
soap
a substance that is used as a cleaner and that dissolves in water
polyprotic acids
acids that can donate more than pne proton per molecule
True
a substance that can act as both a acid and a base is amphoteric
Conjugate Acid-Base Pair
Consists of two substances related to each other by the donating and accepting of a single hydrogen ion.
polyprotic acid
acids that can donate more than 1 proton
Determine The pH of A Given Solution
Indicator or pH Probe
Arrhenius Definition of Base
A substance that dissociates in water to makes OH-
when the number of H+ ions exceeds the number of OH- ions
acidic solution
Strong Bases (general)
Group 1 metal OH- with Ca, Sr, and Ba
Delocalization of charge in the anion
resonance in the conjugate base increases stability; the more stable the conjugate base anion, the farther the position of equilibrium is shifted toward the right, and the more acidic the compound is
What is the Tx for metabolic alkalosis?
Treat cause(vomit, suction, drainage, antacids, fistualas, diarrhea) dc NGtube, dc antacids, give Na Cl or amonium Cl, diuretics to excrete excess bi-carb. keep resp function going to help compensation.
What does compensation tell you?
That the problem has been around long enough for the body to want to compensate.
Bases with 2 or more receptor sites
the more stable conjugate acid is the one in which the charge is delocalized
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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