Acids and Bases Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
chlorine
Cl2
ClO4-
Perchlorate
High pH
7.1-14
NH3
weak base
calcium hydroxide
CA(OH)2
C2H5NH2
Weak Base
Ammonium hydroxide
NH4OH
RbOH
strong base
HCl
strong acid
CCl3COOH
weak acid
Penicillin G Potassium
SB/WA
Base
slippery when wet
Bronsted-Lowry base:
proton acceptor
CH3COO-NA+
Weak Base (A-)
{OH} given {H}
1.0x10^-14/{H}
Weak Acids
H_3_PO_4_ phosphoricacid
CH_3_COOH Acetic acid
H_2_CO_3_ Carbonic acid
HCN Hydrocyanic acid
HCOOHFormic acid
C_6_H_5_COOH Benzoic acid
soapy
a characteristic of bases
Formula for Magnesium hydroxide
Mg(OH)₂
Acetic acid
HC₂H₃O₂ (Weak Acid)
what is concentration?
amount of water
digestive juices
use of hydrochloric acid
solute
the substance that gets dissolved
when stoichiometrically equivalent quantites are brough together.
Equivalence point
perchloric acid
HClO4 strong acid
color turns bromothymol blue - acid
yellow
PH
the negative logarithm of the hydrogen-ion concentration. Represented by ph=-log[H+]
Colloid
is a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not settle out.
arrhenius
__________ acids will begin with H⁺¹
Acid
substance that releases hydrogen ions when it dissolves in water.
strong base
A base that dissociates completely into ions in solution.
If pOH = x, then [OH-] =
10^-x
indicator
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on conditions such as pH
WEAK ACID
acid partially ionizes in aqueous solution. Not every molecule breaks apart. pH close to 7 (5-6).
Arrhenius Acid
substance that produces hydrogen ions when it is in water solution
Arrhenius Bases
Donate OH- when dissolved in water
weak acid and strong base
alt and water
Name a high ceiling diuretic.
Furosimide / Lasix
base ionization constant
the equilibrium constant for the ionization of a base
Arrhenius Base
increases the concentration of OH- in an aqueous solution
monoprotic acids
acids that have one ionizable hydrogen like Nitric acid HNO3
neutralization
a process in which bases and acids react to form salt and water
neutralizes
when and acid and base combine, they cancel each other out and become neutral
amphoteric
aliphatic; presence of a base act like acid, presence of acid, act like a base
Carbonate Ions
Contain carbon and oxygen atoms bonded together and carry a negative charge, carbon dioxide gas forms when combined with acids that have carbonates.
What happens to CO2 levels as respiration rates increase?
CO2 decreases
hydronium ion
H3O+, the hydrogen ion bonded to a molecule of water, h3o+, the form in which hydrogen ions are foind in aqueous solution, hydrogen ion combines with a water molecule to form a hydronium ion, H3O(+)
acidic solution
solution in which [H+] is greater than [OH-]
amophoteric
can behave either as an acid or a base
equivalent weight
the mass of a compound that produces one equivalent
Soap
Can disolve in both grease or oil and in water.
How do kidneys compensate for respiratory acidosis?
-secrete h+ ions
-reabsorb bicarbonate
What do acids give up when they ionize?
hydrogen (H) ions
ion-product constant for water
the product of the concentrations of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions in water
arrenhius and h20
which definition of acids and bases is solvent dependent? what is the required solvent?
sour taste, change color of acid base indicator, some react with metals to release hydrogen gas, react with bases to produce water and salts, conduct electricity
5 characteristics of acids
Netural
nor a acid or a base #7 on the pH scale
what is an acid?????
An acid is a compound that tastes sour and has certain other characteristics. Another common acid is a cola soft drink. Fruits such as apples and tomatoes contain acids, too.
What kind of acid base imbalance can diarrhea cause?
Metabolic acidosis, because losing alkaline solution. (Below the belt).
if pCO2 is > than 40, what can you assume?
assume respiratory acidosis in addition to metabolic acidosis
pH=
-log[H+]
lemons
2.3
Sr(OH)2
base
neutral
pH 7
litmus base
blue
Nitric Acid
HNO(3)
Acedic acid
CH3COOH
HClO3
Chloric acid
strong acid
Ba(OH)2
Barium hydroxide (strong)
pH + pOH
=14
HCOOH
formic acid (weak)
HSO4-
Conjugate base of H2SO4
Is coffee a base?
no
acid rain
pH less than 5.6
What is Dissociation?
To break down.
strong acids
hydroiodic, sulfuric, hydrochloric, nitric, hydrobromic
Weak Electrolytes
Only partial production of ions
titration (n)
method for determining concentration of solution by reacting a known volume of that solution with a solution of known concentration
Bronsted-Lowry acid
proton donor, e.g. HCl (+NH3)
Ionization
The production of ions when a molecular compound (both non-metals) dissolves in water
acids
a class of compounds whose water solutions taste sour
electrolyte
a compound that conducts an electric current when it is in an aqueous solution or in the molten state; all ionic compounds are electrolytes, but most covalent compounds are not
When the temperature is 25 degrees celcius the product of hydroxide ions and hydronium ions=
10^-14
titration
a laboratory technique for finding the concentration of an acid or base.
blue
Bases turn litmus paper ________ or green.
Normality
the number of equivalents of solute per liter of solution
Equivolent
Number of hydrogen (or OH-) ions that are released by an acid (or base)
base characteristics
have a bitter taste, feels slippery. (many soaps contain bases)
Acids and bases may react with each other forming a...?
salt
end point
occurs in a titration when the indicator changes color
diprotic acid
any acid that contains two ionizable protons (hydrogen ions); ex: sulfuric acid (H2SO4)
triprotic acid
an acid able to donate three protons per molecule
What is Phosphoric Acid important for in manufacturing
Detergents and Ceramics
A weak acid
dissociates only slightly in water to form a few ions in aqueous solutions.
Lewis theory (base)
electron pair donor/ sharer; look for unshared becoming shared
Acid-Base Neutralization Reaction
a reaction where the acid and base react to give water and a salt
What are the strong bases?
KH, NaOH, KOCH₃, NaNH₂, Butyl Lithium
ionization constant of water
a constant that equals the product of the molar hydrogen ion concentration and the molar hydroxide ion concentration
Arrhenius definition of a base
is a substance that produces OH- in water
What is the periodic trend of acidity for HX (haloacids)?
Acidity increases down a column (more willing to donate proton because atomic radius larger)
*Important to note is that within the same row, furthest right is strongest acid because it depends on electronegativity.
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