CWT 2 Flashcards

Armed forces
Terms Definitions
PA-2D
 
PRESIDENT
 
SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
 
(LIST THE TWO THAT FALL UNDER THESE - OPERATIONAL)
UCC
 
CCC
PA-2E
 
DEFINE COUNTER SPACE
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
                 Kinetic and non-kinetic operation conducted to attain and maintain a desired degree of space superiority by the destruction, degradation, or disruption of enemy space capability
PA-1F
 
Identify functions of:
Flight
Assist squadron admin
PA-2I
 
CHART ON PAGE 277 (RESERVES)
 
 PRESIDENTIAL SELECTED RECALL (PSRC)
 
NUMBER SUBJECT TO INVOLUNTARY CALL UP?
200,000
PA-1D
 
Explain the country's expectations of its officers
Patriotism
Honor
Integrity
Loyalty to service above all else
Competence
Self-sacrifice
PA-2C
 
DEFINE OFFENSIVE

Seize, retain, and exploit  initiative.  Act and not react
PA-2G
 
 List the five primary types of satellite systems.

–Environmental


–Navigation


–Communications


–Warning            


–Reconnaissance

(SATE EN REALLY WAS COMFY)
LS-2A
 
DEFINE MISSION
primary responsibility is the accomplishment of the mission, mission is the only reason for existence of the military instrument
PA-2E
 
List the four airlift delivery concepts

•Airland


•Airdrop


•Hub-and-spoke


•Direct delivery
PA-2E
 

According to the lecture, identify the five typical counterair targets.
 
•Aircraft


•Aircrews


•Airbases or launch facilities


•Warning/control facilities


•Surface based air defenses
PA-1F
 
Identify functions of:
Numbered AF
 

•Operational and war fighting roles
ISS-1A
 
Define doctrine
The fundamental principles by which military forces guide their actions in support of national objectives.
PA-2C
 
List the Principles of War

•Unity of Command


•Objective


•Offensive


•Mass


•Maneuver


•Economy of Force


•Security


•Surprise


•Simplicity
MS-2D
 
 ID General LeMay’s accomplishments on the Air Force.
Accomplished combat cmdr
Experienced bomber
LS-2C
 
 Identify the three key functions of the Military Equal Opportunity Program.
Identify Problems
Correct/Prevent Problems
Monitor Progress
PA-2E
 
DEFINE SURVEILLANCE
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
The function of systematically observing air, space, surface or subsurface areas.  It is a continuing process, not oriented to a specific target
PA-2E
 
DEFINE AIR REFUELING
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
The in-flight transfer of fuel
LS-1O
 
 Describe directive behavior
(Task) behavior : structure, control, supervision. The degree of telling followers what to do, how to do it, where to do it and when to do it.
LS-1J
 
IDENTIFY THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EFFECTIVE FOLLOWER
EXEMPLIFY CORE VALUES (integrity, service, exellence)
GOOD DECISION MAKER
GOOD LISTENER
COMMITTED
PROBLEM SOVER
ORGANIZATIONAL UNDERSTANDING
FEXABILITY
COMPETENCECOURAGE
 
LS-DL1
 
Identify Filley's antecedents to conflict
  - Ambiguous jurisdiction, conflict of interest, communication barriers, over-dependency, organizational jurisdiction, association of the parties, need for consensus, behavior regulations, and unresolved conflict.
PA-2G
 
Define nuclear deterrence.
 
–making war outcomes so uncertain and dangerous to our enemies that we remove their incentive to attack.
PA-2A
 
Differentiate between the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) and the Manual for Court-Martial (MCM)
 
–MCM (APPLYING THE LAW)


•Contains the US constitution, UCMJ, Procedures of court-martials, rules of evidence, and guide for writing charges.


–UCMJ (LAW)


•Contains the laws that govern the armed forces.
PA-2E
 
DEFINE AIRLIFT
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
Transportation of personnel and material through the air, tactical through strategic effects
PA-2E
 
DEFINE SPACELIFT
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
Delivers satellites, payloads, and materiel to space
PA-2J
 
WHAT IS Armor Division?
(ARMY)
Large amounts of mobile, armor-protected firepower, used over wide areas against a threat with similar capabilities, have great battlefield mobility, impressive firepower, and enormous shock effect, best suited for offensive operations but same disadvantages as the mechanized infantry divisions, difficult to transport long distances, limited areas of operation (Cannot fight on foot)
LS-2A
 
DEFINE HIGHER HQ
squadron commander is responsible to his/her superiors for performing a mission
PA-1F
 
Identify functions of:
Wing
 
•A wing contains all the elements necessary to operate a base.


•A wing is the only echelon of command that can deploy and sustain itself for an indefinite length
MS-1A
 
Describe conflict resolution
 
–Conflict resolution is how we end a war. It is essential to plan the resolution from the onset.  It must be clear and concise, and the military end state must be linked to a political objective.  The end state must be mutually acceptable to both parties and must ensure lasting peace.
MS-1A
 
Define Effects Based Operations (EBO)
 
–Explicitly and logically links the effects of individual tactical actions directly to desired military and political outcomes.


–Additionally, effects based actions are those designed to produce distinct, desired effects while avoiding unintended or undesired effects.
MS-2H
 
Describe the criteria that govern civil-military relations in democratic states, according to Louis Smith
 
–Civilian leadership of the executive branch of government. The national leadership is accountable to a popular majority through frequent and regular elections
–Statutory provisions to establish fundamental national security policies
–Judicial defense of civilian control.
PA-2N
 
WHAT IS SPECIAL PAY?
Only individuals who use certain specialized skills, or who are assigned in specified locations receive special pay. For example, many medical, dental, and optometry officers are entitled to various special pay. Personnel on duty in designated areas where they are subject to hostile fire or imminent danger are also entitled to special pay. This pay is commonly known as “combat pay.” Certain engineering and scientific officers who sign up for additional years of service or foreign language proficiency pay recipients can receive special pay.
PA-2I
 
WHAT IS STANDBY RESERVE?
Includes personal who have completed all obligated or required service or have been removed from the Ready Reserve due to circumstances or civilian employment, ineligibility for mobilization, temporary hardship, or disability.
PA-2C
 
DEFINE MANEUVER

Places the enemy in a position of disadvantage through the flexible application of combat power in a multi-dimensional combat space  (flexibility and versatility during the planning and execution of operations. 
PA-2C
 
DEFINE UNITY OF COMMAND
 
•Ensures concentration of effort under one responsible commander for every objective.
ISS-2B
 
Summarize the “North-South Estrangement.”
“Haves and Have-nots” – economic rift and getting wider
Fosters terrorism
PA-2I
 
WHAT IS READY RESERVE?
Consist of units and individuals subject to be ordered to active duty to augment the Active Forces in a time of war or national emergency.
PA-2E
 
WHAT IS OPERATIONAL DOCTRINE?
More detailed organization of air and space forces, provides focus for developing the missions and tasks that must be executed through tactical doctrine, applies principles of basic doctrine to military actions, changes more rapidly than basic
PA-2E
 
WHAT IS BASIC DOCTRINE?
States the most fundamental and enduring beliefs that describe and guide the proper use, presentation, and organization of air and space force in military action
PA-2D
 
 
Define Unified and Specified Command
 
•Unified:  Comprised of forces from two or more military services and falls under one commander


•Specified: A command that is normally composed of forces from one military service.
MS-2B/C
 
State the significance of combining General HQ AF and the Army Corps on 20 June 1941.
Last step before total independence
PA-2A
 
Describe the functions of the Area Defense Counsel
 
 
•Provides legal advice and representation for your defense.


oCriminal Investigation


oLetter of Reprimand


oArticle 15


oCourts-martial
PA-2L
 
Describe the Marines’ operational concepts of maneuver and combined arms
Maneuver: philosophy that seeks to shatter enemy’s cohesion through a series of rapid, violent, and unexpected actions which create a turbulent and rapidly deteriorating situation with which he cannot cope
Combined Arms:  Makes maneuver warfare effective.  Use coordination to produce a situation with which the enemy cannot cope.  In order to counteract one attach, enemy must make themselves vulnerable to another.  Gives enemy a no-win situation. 
PA-2E
 
Identify the differences between Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (KNOW THE DIFFERENCE - IMPORTANT)
 
•Intelligence – the product resulting from the collections, processing, integration, evaluation, interpretation and analysis of available information, not oriented to a specific target


•Surveillance -  is the function of systematically observing air, space, surface or subsurface areas.  It is a continuing process


•Reconnaissance - obtaining specific information about the activities and resources of an enemy in a particular area, generally has a time constraint associated with the tasking
LS-1F
 
Identify the principles of effective teams: 
 
The principles of effective teams are trust and confidence, delegation/empowerment, and cooperation.

–Trust and confidence – Trust is based on the mutual confidence resulting from honest efforts to learn about and understand the capabilities each member brings to the team.


–Delegation/Empowerment – Over supervision disrupts teamwork.  Military history demonstrates that delegation unleashes the best efforts and greatest initiative among all member of the military team.


–Cooperation – Requires team players and the willingness to share credit with all team members.
LS-1H
 
Identify the concepts of conflict management used to successfully accomplish the mission
Increased effort, feelings get aired, better understanding of others, impetus for change, better decision-making.
PA-1F
 
Identify functions of:
Squadron
 
•Can deploy on its own, but cannot support itself indefinitely like a wing


•Squadrons are responsible for the day-to-day mission
PA-1I
 
Identify the significance of article 7 of the UCMJ.
  Article 7:  Officers, Warrant Officers, and Non-commissioned officers are authorized to apprehend anyone subject to the UCMJ
PA-2K
 
WHAT IS Naval Presence?
(NAVY)
Preventive presence: show of forces as a visible reminder of U.S. Capability; reactive presence: reaction to something that’s happened
PA-2E
 
 Describe the four purposes of space-lift (IMPORTANT)
 
•Deploying space systems to fulfill new requirements


•Sustaining existing space systems whose individual satellites are nearing the end of their useful life, predicted to fail or have failed


•Augmenting existing space systems with redundant or additional capability to enhance system performance or increase system survivability should national security dictate


•Service and maintain existing or newly deployed space systems
LS-2F
 
 Explain the various forms of sexual harassment:
 
 
Verbal Sexual Harassment: may include inquiries into a person’s intimate or personal relationships, sexually oriented comments about one’s appearance, or continued pressure for dates, particularly after refusals.
Nonverbal Sexual Harassment: may include sexually demeaning notes or cartoons, nude pictures in and around the work area, or ashtrays, coffee mugs, or figurines of a sexual nature.
 Physical Sexual Harassment: may include patting, pinching, hugging, grabbing, rubbing, massaging, deliberate touching, or any other unnecessary physical contact. Blocking a person’s path, or pinning a person against a wall can also constitute sexual harassment.
MS-2E
 
 Describe the uses and the effectiveness of the B-52 in Vietnam conflict
 
–Best known interdiction aircraft


•B-52: nuclear bomber modified to carry conventional weapons


•Crews trained on how to use new modifications


–Arc light – “B-52 missions”


–High altitude, radar bombing through clouds and at night
PA-2K
 
WHAT IS Sortie Control?
(NAVY)
Blockade to contain enemy in his homeport, keeping supplies from getting in or out
MS-1A
 
Identify the main ideas of Pacifism, Realism, Holy War and just war theory as conflicting viewpoints on war.
 
–Just War: morally justifiable under certain conditions (the purpose of war is peace)


–Pacifism: war is immoral


–Realism: war is about power and interest (territory, economic gain, fear)


–Holy War: God authorizes war (‘demonize’ the enemy)
PA-2K              State the mission of the Chief of Naval Operations.
The Chief of Naval Operation is the senior military officer of the Department of the Navy and takes precedence above all other officers of the naval service, except an officer of the naval service who is serving as Chairman of the JCS.  He is principal advisor to the President and the Secretary of the Navy on the employment of naval forces, and the principal naval advisor and naval executive to the Secretary on the activities of the Department of the Navy
MS-2I
 
 State the four-part U.S. policy on dealing with terrorist
    -  No concessions to terrorists
  -  Terrorists treated as criminals
  -  Maximum pressure placed on state sponsors
  -  Clinton Administration Added:  US will aid other governments counterterrorism   efforts.
LS-2B
 
 Describe how leaders and followers exercise the five bases of power.
Expert Power -- Ability to influence people because of expertise in an area.
Power that people give to you; Takes time to develop stems from followers admiring and respecting their leader
Legitimate Power– Exercised based on your rank or position within an organization
Reward Power– can be exercised through rewarding subordinates with incentives
Coercive Power– exercised through the administration of LORs, LOCs, Article 15s, Court Martial, etc. 
PA-2N
 
WHAT IS DELAY EN ROUTE?
Leave granted in excess of authorized travel time during movements under orders. A delay en route, which must be stated on official orders, may be accrued leave or advance leave.
PA-2E
 
DEFINE CSAR
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
Task performed by rescue forces to recover isolated personnel during war or military operations other than war) MOOTW
LS-1L\1M
 
EXPLAIN THE FOUR RULES OF BRAINSTORMING
 
–Quantity not quality: the more ideas, the more possible solutions.


–Hitchhike ideas: one idea sparks another.


–Withhold judgment:  hold criticism, evaluation and judgment.


–Encourage freewheeling: get the ball rolling then let the crew take over with little guidance.
PA-1D
 
Explain why the US has its officers take an oath to support and defend the Constitution.
 
–Commitment to ideals of Constitution
MS-2I
 
 Explain the three phases of terrorism as discussed in the student reading.
  -  1st Phase:  Prehistory
  -  2nd Phase:  19th century
  -  3rd Phase:  Post WWII
LS-2F
 
 State the Air Force policy on sexual harassment:
The Air Force policy on sexual harassment is zero tolerance.
PA-2J
 
State the fundamental purpose of the Army.
    To conduct prompt and sustained land combat operations. 
LS-2C
 
State the Objective of the Military Equal Opportunity Program
The prime objective of the Military Equal Opportunity MEO is to improve mission effectiveness by helping commanders at all levels conduct programs for Equal Opportunity and Treatment EOT and Human Relations Education HRE
PA-2A
 
Describe the need for a separate legal system for the military?
Good order and discipline – laws unique to US military
Global/Deployable needs – Mobile, must have judicial system available whenever and wherever, federal laws do not extend to foreign soil
LS-2G
 
Discuss the risks associated with alcohol use as related to perpetration and victimization
Don’t mix sex and alcohol. Do not get involved sexually with someone who has been drinking. Alcohol mars your judgment as well as the other person’s.
Be smart if using alcohol. Drink responsibly and don’t accept “freebies.” Watch out for dates who try to get you drunk or high. Don’t EVER leave your drink alone or accept a drink from someone else. You and your wingman can help each other here – trust your wingman’s opinions as well as your own.
PA-2D
 
Identify the role of the President
Determine the security needs of the nation and then take courses of action to ensure that those are met.  Position is the senior military authority.
PA-DL1
 
State an avenue available in the AF to affect change.
    -The AF IDEA program: Innovative Development through Employee Awareness.
LS-2G
 
Recognize that the US Air Force is zero tolerant on sexual assault
The USAF has a policy of zero tolerance for sexual assault or attempted sexual assault because it’s a crime.
LS-1O
 
Given a scenario, determine the appropriate leadership style.
    If you are a pilot and decide you would rather be a crew chief then when you go to be a crew chief you become a D-1 all over again because you won’t be competent in the new task yet.
MS-1B
   List the ways to amend the U.S. Constitution: .
  –2/3 of house and senate have to agree to propose an amendment.  ¾ have to agree to ratify. –2/3 of state legislature have to agree to propose an amendment. ¾ have to agree to ratify.
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Term:
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