CWT 3 Flashcards

United States Marine Corps
Terms Definitions
ISS-2B
 
           List the four dimensions of globalization

•Economic


•Environmental


•Cultural


•Political
PA-2D
 
PRESIDENT
 
SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
 
(LIST THE TWO THAT FALL UNDER THESE - COMM)
JCS
 
SERVICES
MS-2E
 
 Identify the lessons learned from Rolling Thunder

                Graduated Response is a bad idea
Don’t give enemy time to recover
Allowed time to establish world's greatest air defense system
Provide the will to survive proves that you can survive airpower
PA-2M
 
 Identify the Joint Warfare Values

•Integrity


•Competence


•Physical and moral courage


•Teamwork
PA-2I
 
CHART ON PAGE 277 (RESERVES)
 
VOLUNTEERS
 
RESERVE CATEGORIES SUBJECT TO CALL UP?
ANY
PA-2C
 
DEFINE SIMPLICITY

Calls for avoiding unnecessary complexity in organizing, preparing, planning, and conducting military operations. 
MS-2E
 
 What was the most successful campaign of war?
Linebacker I
LS-2A
 
Identify an officer's responsibility.
Mission
Higher HQ
Collateral Units
Unit Welfare
Individuals
Self Welfare
Act Decisively
Maintain a proper image in community
 
 
(MISS HIGH COLLECTS UNIT ISAMS)
PA-2E
 
DEFINE RECONNAISSANCE
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
Obtaining specific information about the activities of an enemy in a particular area, generally has a time constraint
MS-2D
 
ID which missile became the mainstay of SAC’s missile retaliatory force
Minuteman
LS-1O
 
Explain how follower development level is assessed.
 Competence and Commitment. Competency is based on task knowledge and skills. Commitment is based on motivation (want to) and self-confidence (I care to).
ISS-1A
 
List in order and define each of the five steps in the strategy process.
         –Determine National Objectives

•National objectives are an extension of vital national interests, fundamental aims, goals or purposes to which efforts and resources are applied


–Formulate the Grand Strategy


•Determine instrument of national power, necessary to achieve the objective


–Determine Military Strategy


•Focus on specialized strategies for each instrument of national power


–Design Operational Strategy


•Develop military force structure and deploy that structure


–Formulate Battlefield Strategy


•Art and science of employing forces on the battlefield
MS-2E
 
 Identify the significance of the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, August 1964
Empowered President Johnson to:
“Take all necessary steps to repel armed attack against US forces”
“Take all necessary steps, including force to assist S. Vietnam”
Committed the U.S. to fight
MS-2B
 
Describe the general mood of the country and the condition of the air service at the conclusion of WWI.
Disarmament
Isolationism
Military Budget Cuts
Reduced Immigration
Civilian Air Boom
Reduction in number of officers 20,000 to 200
Few amn saw potential of airplanes
MS-2D
 
 ID General LeMay’s impact on the Air Force.
 
–High standards of readiness


–More realistic training programs


–Procured personnel and aircraft


–Bombers became airborne nuclear alert


–Integrating ICBMs


–Nuclear deterrence becomes a reality
LS-2F
 
State commander/supervisory responsibilities regarding sexual harassment
(READ CAREFULLY)
Commanders and supervisors should consider each situation individually. The seriousness of the allegations would determine if a formal investigation should be initiated. If the sexual harassment complaint is found to be valid, the commander must take swift, firm corrective or disciplinary action against the offender. Additionally, the commander must ensure no retaliatory action is taken against the complainant. The exact nature of the corrective or disciplinary action taken is dependent on the severity and nature of the incident.
PA-2E
 
DEFINE WEATHER SERVICES
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
Supply timely and accurate environmental information
MS-2G
 
 Explain the emerging lessons form Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF).
 
–Joint ops matured!


–Conventional forces & special ops integration


–Precision munitions improving


–Fractrcide prevention and combat ID systems need improving


–Improve cumbersom deployment cycle/process


–Improve all information sharing at all levels (coalition forces and people in the field).


–More bandwith needed


–HUMINT capabilities must be improved for GWOT
LS-1J
 
 Explain Kelley’s Two-Dimensional Model of Follower Behavior.
Generally followers can be classified into five broad categories based on where they fall on a grid measuring two followership attributes: the ability to think critically, and the follower's participative actions. These five types of followers represent the general extremes of follower behavior.
-Passive followers or "sheep": They are both passive and uncritical, lacking initiative and sense of responsibility. "They perform the tasks given to them and stop."
-Conformist follower or "YES person" is livelier, but equally unenterprising. They depend on the leader for inspiration, and can be aggressively reverent, even to the point of being servile. Bosses, weak in judgment. Bosses, weak in judgment and confidence, tend to like this type of follower and often form alliances with them, potentially degrading those organizations.
-Alienated followers - are critical and independent in their thinking, but passive in carrying out their role. They are often very cynical and tend to sink gradually into disgruntled submission, seldom openly opposing the leader's efforts
-Pragmatist follower or "survivor" - These people choose their actions, roles, and behavior based on which way the "corporate" wind is blowing. They are not much engaged in the issues facing the organization as they are concerned protecting themselves. Often able to rapidly adapt to change, these followers do not perform at a level that is productive and do not contribute substantially to the organization's effectiveness.
 
Exemplary follwer - the "effective follower" thinks for himself and carries out assignments with energy and assertivess. Because these people tend to be risk takers, self-starters, interdependent problem solvers, they comnsistently look, they consistently get high ratings from their peer s and superiors.
PA-1D
 
Describe the nature of the military profession
–Expertise, Responsibility, Corporateness
PA-1F
 
State the function of:
Secretary of the AF
 
•Conducts administrative affairs of the department


•Handles matters relating to fiscal spending, production, procurement, and legal plans and programs


•Civilian position
LS-1L\1M
 
IDENTIFY FOUR WAYS OF CLASSIFYING DATA
1. FACTS
 
2. CRITERIA
 
3. ASSUMPTIONS
 
4. DEFINITIONS
PA-2E
 
DEFINE COUNTER AIR
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
          Attain and maintain a desired degree of air superiority by the destruction, degradation, or disruption of enemy forces
MS-2H
 
Describe the key constitutional powers of the US Congress.
 
–Assess and collect taxes


–Regulate commerce


–Coin money


–Establish post offices


–Establish lesser courts (under the supreme court)


–Declare war


–Raise and maintain and army and navy
PA-2C
 
DEFINE SECURITY

Never permit the enemy to acquire unexpected operational advantage.
PA-2E
 

List the five major goals of offensive counterspace operations.
 
•Deny


•Degrade


•Disrupt


•Destroy


•Deceive
MS-2B/C
 
Describe the use of tactical airpower in the pacific theater
Innovative technologies - fragmentation bombs
Fighter and medium bombers
Won air superiority through a war of attrition.
MS-2E
 
 Describe “Linebacker I,” (one of the strategic bombing campaigns against North Vietnam).
More impact in 9mn than Rolling Thunder had in 4 years 
Response to Easter offenses (i.e. when it became apparent N. Vietnam would not negotiate)

Close air support initially
Changed to interdiction later on
Systematic campaign with little civilian control

Strikes over Hanoi & Haipheng

“Smart bombs” were used extensively
Mined Haiphong harbor to restrict supplies
Most successful campaign of war
LS-1F
 
Differentiate between the four stages of group growth. 
 
 The four stages of group growth are, forming storming, norming and performing.
 

–Forming – The transition from individual to member status. Feelings of anticipation, excitement, optimism and pride in being chosen for the project.  Members cautiously explore the boundaries of acceptable group behavior. 


–Storming – Most difficult stage for the team.  Team begins to realize the task is different and more difficult than imagined and become testy, blameful, or overzealous.  Team members resist collaborating with team members and little progress towards the goal is made. 


–Norming – Members reconcile competing loyalties and responsibilities, they accept the team and their role.  Team has new ability to express criticism constructively, acceptance of membership in the team, a sense of team cohesion.


–Performing- Team has settled its relationships and expectations, begin performing, diagnosing and solving problems.  Satisfaction at the teams progress, constructive self-change, ability to prevent or work through group problems. 
MS-1A
 
Explain the elements of war
 
–Motives: Secular ideology (communism vs capitalism), ethnic and tribal, religion, territory, economic gain, revenge, fear (preemptive attack)


–Objectives: Total (political overthrow/extermination), Limited (concessions)


–Participants: State vs State, Groups within State, Non-State enemies


–Levels: Total (all troops involved), or Limited (send only a few squadrons)


–Scope: Global, Regional, Local


–Means: Weapons of Mass Destruction (CBRNE-chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, & high yield explosives), Conventional, Tactics (Guerrilla/urban which has a military objective, or terrorism which is to do something to the civilian population to change government).


–Asymmetric Views: adversaries are not fighting the same war, objectives and motives can differ
LS-1J
 
Identify the Characteristics of the Effective Follower:
  Kelley states that effective followers share a number of essential qualities:

–They manage themselves well.


–They are committed to the organization and to a purpose, principle, and person outside themselves.


–They build their competence and focus their efforts for maximum impact.


–They are courageous, honest, and credible.
LS-1L\1M
 
IDENTIFY EXAMPLES OF THE FOUR BARRIERS TO CREATIVITY
 
–Habit: doing something inefficiently due to the “if it’s not broken, don’t fix it” idea.


–Fear: not suggesting idea due to fear of rejection or change.


–Inertia: resisting change due to tradition.


–Prejudice: unfounded hatred or affection. Opinions get in the way.
MS-2G
 
 Identify the emerging lessons from OEF
 
–Potential of high networked joint operations


–Lethality of special ops with sophisticated overhead ISR


–Modernized communications in order to shorten the kill chain
MS-2D
 
 Soviet nuclear threat forced U.S. to keep missiles on alert status
Eisenhower stepped up production of nukes
Arms race began
PA-2N
 
Identify the types of pay:
Basic PaySpecial PayIncentive Pay  
PA-2I
 
WHAT IS INACTIVE GUARD?
National guard position that is honorary, no military duty, Col. Sanders
PA-2J
 
WHAT IS Light Infantry Division?
(ARMY)
Flexibility and versatility, easily transported because of lack of heavy equipment, but have lack of armor and speed, vulnerable to artillery
LS-2E
 
 Define equal opportunity and treatment.
Short definition: You must ensure individuals are treated based only on performance.
Long definition: EOT is the condition under which the participation, treatment, and potential for success of Air Force members in all facets of Air Force life are governed only by individual merit, achievement, and ability.
PA-2I
 
WHAT IS RETIRED RESERVE?
Composed of personal who receive retired pay or personal who have competed 20 or more qualifying years and are not of age 60
PA-2E
 
DEFINE INFORMATION OPERATIONS
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
Actions taken to influence, affect, or defend information, systems, and/or decision-making to create effects across the battlespace
PA-2E
 
DEFINE SPECIAL OPERATION
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
Use of special airpower operations to conduct the following special operations functions: unconventional warfare, direct action, special reconnaissance, counterterrorism, foreign internal defense, psychological operations, and counter proliferation
PA-2I
 
LIST the categories that make up the Ready Reserves.
INACTIVE GUARD
SELECTED RESERVE
INDIVIDUAL READY RESERVE
PA-2I
 
Identify the four categories of Reserve accessibility.
  Presidential Selected Recall, Partial Mobilization, Full Mobilization, and Volunteers.
  See Table on Page 277
PA-2K
 
LIST the five operations contributing to sea control.
Sortie Control Choke Point Control Open Area Operations Local Engagement Naval Presence  
ISS-1A
 
State how a nation determines its national objectives

–National objectives must meet two criteria: they must be an interest the nation is unwilling to compromise on; it must be worth going to war over.
LS-1N
 
IDENTIFY THE FOUR PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION
1. SPAN OF CONTROL
 
2. FUNCTIONAL GROUPING
 
3. UNITY OF COMMAND
 
4. DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY
 
ISS-1A
 
Identify external factors that influence the strategy process.
–Nature of the threat, domestic and international politics, economics, technology, physical environment, geography,  cultural/society heritage, leadership, fog, friction, chance, and military doctrine
LS-1O
 
Describe each follower development level in the situational leadership model.
    D-1: Enthusiastic beginner: low competence, high commitment
  D-2: Disillusioned leader: low to some competence, low commitment
  D-3: Capable but cautious performer: moderate to high competence, variable commitment
  D-4: Self-Reliant achiever: high competence, high commitment.
PA-1D
 
Describe the military's two-fold responsibility to the state
– Expertise
– Execute the will of the State
LS-1L\1M
 
EXPLAIN THE SIX STEP PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS
 
A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO PROBLEM SOLVING TO REACH THE BEST SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM
PA-DL1
 
State the importance of initially using the chain of command to resolve complaints.
Experience has shown commanders and supervisors are best equipped to resolve complaints. If bias occurs then IG can be contacted.
 
   -Problems should be resolved at the lowest level possible.
ISS-2B
 
Define ethnic cleansing and genocide.
 Ethnic Cleansing: expulsion of an “undesirable” population from region due to religion, ethnicity, political, strategic, or ideological factors.
Genocide: (this one is worse) Deliberate and systematic destruction of a group of people because of their ethnicity, nationality, or religion.
PA-2G
 
State the mission of Air Education and Training
 
–Develop America’s Airmen today… for tomorrow.
PA-2N
 
WHAT IS BASIC PAY?
The largest component of your paycheck is basic pay, which varies according to your grade and years of service.
PA-2M
 
 Define Joint Operations
      2 or more military services/countries fighting together for the same goals
PA-2D
 
State the relationships between the President, the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, unified commanders, and the component commanders.
  •Secretary of defense advises the president on general defense policy and is the POC between executive and military.
•CJCS is the POC between commanders and executive branch
•Unified commanders are responsible to CJCS and are in charge of component commanders
PA-2E
 
DEFINE COUNTER LAND
(FUNCTION OF AIR AND SPACE POWER)
Air and space operations against enemy land force capabilities to create effects that achieve JFC objectives, Two types: Air Interdiction and Close Air Support
PA-2K
 
WHAT IS Local Engagement?
(NAVY)
Opposite of open area operations, this type of warfare involves close-in combat
LS-2G
 
Distinguish between what constitutes sexual consent and what does not:
“Consent” shall not be deemed or construed to mean the failure by the victim to offer physical resistance. Consent is not given when a person uses force, threat of force, coercion, or when the victim is asleep, incapacitated, or unconscious.
Consent is central to the concept of sexual assault. There are many situations in which an individual is not able to give consent. In these situations, one person may believe he or she is having consensual sex with another, when legally it could be a different story. Understanding consent and recognizing when it can and cannot occur are critical to preventing sexual assault.
An intoxicated person – conscious or not – is not legally able to give consent.
A person who assaults anyone who is unconscious, unaware, mentally incapacitated, or drunk is a criminal, and criminals are not tolerated within the US Air Force. CONSENT INVOLVES AN ADULT’S VOLUNTARY, CONSCIOUS AGREEMENT.
MS-2F
 
 ID the three vital interests in the US and its NATO allies had at stake during the Kosovo crisis
 
–threatened peace throughout the Balkans and the stability


–humanitarian crisis


–credibility of NATO
PA-2G
 
State the mission of United States Air Forces in Europe. (USAFE)
 
–Provides rapidly deployable, capabilities-focused expeditionary air and space forces to conduct the full spectrum of military operations to achieve U.S. objectives based on taskings from the U.S. European Command commander and is an integral part of the military forces of NATO.
PA-2K
 
WHAT IS Choke Point Control?
(NAVY)
Takes advantage of key geographic waterways to prevent their use by the enemy, Panama Canal
MS-2I
 
 Describe the use of bombing as a common terrorist tactic
Improvised Explosive Devise (IED): inexpensive to produce, detonation techniques, low risk to perpetrator, placement & concealment, high attention.
ISS-1B
 
Describe the 3 groups that form public opinion.
 
–1. Uninformed public- three quarters of population, does not seek foreign affairs, unconcerned


–2. informed public- seeks and keeps up with foreign affairs and national security policy.  Most members of this group are professionals whose work does not directly involve them in foreign affairs


–3. Effective public- Seeks to influence policy and is less than five percent of population
LS-1K
 
 Identify ways to motivate people using McGregor’s theory Y approach
  –Theory Y says people are naturally motivated and want to work.  To motivate these types of people  you simply need to give them tasks that will challenge them.  They will take care of whatever you put in front of them.
PA-1F
 
State the function of:
Air Force Chief of Staff
 
–Air Force Chief of Staff


•Military head of the Air Force


•Directly responsible to the Secretary of the Air Force for the efficiency and operational readiness of the Air Force


•Member of Joint Chiefs of Staff


•Military position
LS-1K  Distinguish between the five needs in Maslow’s hierarchy
 
–Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: Survival, Safety, Belonging(Social), Esteem, and Self-Actualization.  Survival needs are things like food, water and basic things that sustain life.  Safety needs are needs for protection from danger or threats.  When you are unsure of this need you will be less willing to take risks.  Social needs refer to the need to belong or fit in somewhere.  Ego or esteem needs are when a person believes they deserve to belong or they deserve to have that promotion.  Self-Actualization needs are satisfied when a person realizes their accomplishments and it is finally where they want to be.   
MS-2A
 
List the major ideas espoused by Guilio Douhet
Airpower was supreme after WWI
Bombers would win all wars, land and naval forces would play support role and be defensive in nature
Air weapons would be used against ports, railways, and economic structures
Best way to gain superiority was to destroy the enemy's ground organization.
Once air superiority achieved, concentration moved to cities to destroy industry and morale.
Influenced by Italian geography where there was little threat of ground invasion
Led to idea of total-war - lead into getting doctrine (nation/military)
MS-2B/C
 
Explain the strategic bombing lessons learned in Europe
Fixed the target list of the war (changed from ball bearings, railways, and sub pens to oil production and sources of electricity/energy)
Best targets were oil production and sources of electricity
Bombers needed fighter escort to and from target
Terror bombing ineffective and did not lower morale
PA-2E
 
Identify how air refueling acts as a force multiplier.
 
•By allowing aircraft to take off with higher payloads and not sacrifice payload for fuel, it is a force multiplier
LS-2G
 
Identify the Department of Defense policy on confidentiality:
Because the Department of Defense is serious about protecting victims of sexual assault, in 2005 it adopted a policy of confidential restricted reporting. This option for reporting applies to victims at all military installations. However, this option applies only to active duty military, reservists performing federal duty (active duty training or inactive duty training), and the National Guard in Federal service – Title 10 status. 
Confidentiality can remain intact only if reported to the Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or to a healthcare provider on the military installation; the option to report without triggering an investigation is lost if the assault is reported through the chain of command (e.g. supervisor, first sergeant, CC).  Restricted reporting enables the victim to report an allegation of sexual assault, get access to medical care, supply forensic evidence, and receive counseling and victim advocacy, without triggering the investigative process
Some exceptions to maintaining confidentiality do exist, however, such as to command officials or law enforcement when disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat or safety of the individual or another person, or to military or civilian courts when disclosure is directed by federal or state law.
PA-2G
 
State the mission of Air Force Space Command. 
 
–Defend the United States through the control and exploitation of space.
PA-2K
 
State the Navy’s peacetime mission.
The Navy’s peacetime mission is to be prepared to conduct prompt and sustained   combat operations at sea in support of our national interests.
LS-2G
 
Describe the roles of perpetrator, facilitator, bystander, and victim:
The perpetrator is the criminal who assaults the victim
The facilitator is a person who enables, encourages, or creates a situation or environment that allows a perpetrator to act.
The bystander (a witness to an event) is a person who sees the potential in a situation for a sexual assault or who may witness behaviors leading to an assault. Some bystanders may do nothing to stop an assault. However, the bystander can choose to act responsibly and does something about the situation---that is, be a protective wingman.
The victim is the person assaulted by the perpetrator.
LS-2G
 
Discuss the risks associated with alcohol use as related to perpetration and victimization:  
An intoxicated person – conscious or not – is not legally able to give consent. Whenever you combine alcohol and intimate relations, you create a dangerous situation to be either a potential victim or perpetrator of sexual assault. An initiative out of F.E. Warren AFB called “0-0-1-3” recommends zero drinks if a person is underage, zero drinks if a person is driving, one drink per hour, and no more than three drinks per evening/social event. Be smart about alcohol use and sex.
LS-2G
 
 Explain the significance of wingmen as related to sexual assault prevention and response:
Be smart using alcohol…You and your wingman can help each other here – trust your wingman’s opinions as well as your own.
Be a good wingman; stay by your fellow Airman. Shortly after an assault, never leave the victim alone. Even if the victim claims to be “all right, “ stay to help the victim get medical or other support.
Make a plan for getting home together and a back-up plan.  Tell your buddy where you’re going and when you expect to be back.  Give each other feedback on how much you’ve been drinking to reduce the risk of being victimized
LS-DL1
 
Describe  the five personal conflict management styles
  - Competition, all self, no group; Avoiding, no self no group; Compromise, some self some group; Accommodation, no self all group; Collaboration, all self all group
PA-DL1
 
State the purpose of Air Force complaint programs.
    -systematic tool to correct systematic, programmatic, or procedural weakness.
MS-2G
 
 Explain the uses of air and space power in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF) with respect to the functions of air and space power.
 
–Strategic Attack:  Taliban HQs and leadership training camps, electrical power


–Counterair: Airfields, air defense & communication nodes


–Information Operations: EC-130 Commando Solo performing radio broadcasts


–Airlift: Special Ops to remote targets (C-17/C-130s)


–Special Ops: Although embedded on horseback, were technologically advanced


–Counterland: Bombers performing Close Air Support (CAS) along with AC130 gunships


–ISR:  UAVs becoming a bigger player
PA-2L
 
List the missions of the Marines
Organize, train, and equip to provide Fleet Marine Forces (FMF) of combined arms, together with supporting air components, for service with the fleet in the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases, and for the conduct of such land operations as may be essential to the prosecution of naval campaign
Furnish security detachments for service on navy vessels
Furnish security detachments for service on navy PROTECTION OF PROPERTY
Perform other duties that are directed by the president
Work with army and air force on amphibious operations that pertain to the tactics, techniques, and equipment used by landing forces. 
LS-2A
 
Identify the types of officer authority.
Legal: authority is spelled out in directive.
 
Moral: authority is inherent in an officers commission to do what is right under all circumstances even if no directive specifically authorizes the actions they take.
MS-2D
 
State the Soviet action taken in the blockade of Berlin
Began when West Germany and Allies refused to allow the Soviet currency to be the official currency of all Germany. In response, the Soviet Union closed all roads, rail lines, water lines, sewer lines leading into Berlin. They also cut the power to the city. They allowed three air corridors to remain as the only lifeline for Berlin. Demanded their currency be adopted and refused to supply food.
MS-1A
 
State the 3 enduring truths that describe the fundamental nature of war.
1. War is an instrument of national policy
2. War is a complex and chaotic human endeavor
3. War is a clash of opposing wills
PA-2G
 
State the mission of Pacific Air Force. (PACAF)
 
–To provide ready air and space power to promote U.S. interests in the Asia-Pacific region during peacetime, through crisis, and in war.
PA-2K
 
State the mission of the Secretary of the Navy
The Secretary of the Navy is the head of the Department of the Navy.  Under the direction, authority, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Navy is responsible for the policies and control of the Department of the Navy, including its organization, administration, operation, and efficiency.
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