Canterbury Tales 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
apothecaries
pharmacist/druggist
pestilence
plague
frivolous
carefree
sooth
truth
assized
...court,jury
sauntered
strolled
Hallow
Holy
befell
happened to
Keen
very good
jape
trick, joke
sanguine
cheerfully optimistic
Pall
lose effectiveness
Avouches?
Asserts positively
abashed
embarrassment, self-consciousness
Contemptuous
feeling hatred; scornful
repine
to complain; fret
garnish(ed)
to decorate, trim
stringent
convincing or forceful
coercive
victuals
articles of food
absolution
remission of sins
sundry
miscellaneous unspecified objects
Manciple
purchasing agent, bargainer, illiterate yet smart, superior to stewards
Mercenary
Concerned with making money
libel
something that damagingly misrepresents
Eminent
of high rank, distinguished
supple
make pliant and flexible
Lawyer
Sergeant at the Law
Who sang to Alison?
Absalon
Guildsmen
(haberdasher, carpenter, weaver, carpet-maker, dyer )...each dressed in the manner of his calling...impressed with his membership in the guild..they had the best cook.
Boorish
ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance
Palmers
People journeying to religious shrines; pilgrims; strands; shores
conferring
discussing, comparing ideas or opinions
Retinue
group of attendants or followers
prowess
(n.) superior skill; great ability
the Tabard
name of the inn
superflous
beyond what is required; extra
hauberk
sword; tunic of chain mail
Yeoman
This person carried a bow
conjecture
a guess (n); to guess (v)
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or required
The Friar
-"Limiter"
-"Noble pillar to his order"=total sarcasm
-Pedophile, gave trinkets to pretty little girls
-has a "special commission from the pope"= sells confessions
-knew pubs better than lepers
-good at arbitrating disputes, for a small fee
VERY heavy satire, no redeeming qualities
guild
medieval association of trades or craft
Motley
Exhibiting a great diversity of elements; heterogenous.
Plowman
Takes delight in his disgusting job
malicious
adj - desiring to harm others
The Guildmen
Haberdasher, Carpenter, Weaver, Dyer, Carpet Maker
The Knight
Who fought in numerous battles?
Sergeant-at-Laws
gains land through "conveyances of deeds"; earns many robes and fees
frugal
prudenty saving or sparing; not wasteful
Pardoner
yellow hair, no beard, smooth face; corrupt, feminine, sells unholy items by saying they are holy; Characters in his story: three drunk men, Old Man
verity
the state of being real or true
Shipman
From Dartmouth (pirate town). He stole wine from the ships he sailed on. When he took captives, he just threw them into the ocean. His ship was called Magdalen (very likely that he is a pirate).
wend
to wind one's way somewhere, having direction but proceeding indirectly
Extort
to obtain from another by intimidation or blackmail
iniquity
a violation of right or duty
a sin
John is mocked when called...
This sely carpenter
Abate
Cease or reduce in degree or intensity
Monk
lecherous, did not like the monastery, loved to hunt, wore a fur coat, leather boots, breaks vow of poverty, bald
covetousness
the quality of craving wealth or possessions
satire
use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule to make fun of humanity; style of writing in which human folly and vice are scorned or ridiculed
Heath
a tract of open and uncultivated land; wasteland overgrown with shrubs.
martyr
One who suffers for the sake of principle
Skipper
"Many a draught of vintage, red and yellow/ He'd drawn at Bordeaux, while the trader snored"
Parson
Able to see the curpt nature of priest
baldrick
belt over the shoulder and chest to hole a sword
Pilgrimage
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Summoner
Which character told a tale that said many friars end up going to hell?
What does the Parson get compared to?
The Shepard
strand
the land bordering the Sea, a lake, or a river; shore, beach.
Parson, Knight, Plowman
What three characters Chaucer had the most respect for?
France and England
Which two countries where involved in the 100 hundred years war?
The Monk
A fat bald-headed man who loves to rape women, wants attention (a show-off) and doesn't believe in the monk rules. SATIRE: Moderate
gauntlet
a form of punishment in which a person is forced to run between two lines of men facing each other and armed with clubs or whips to beat the victim
The Lawyer
Seemed wise and important, good at his job, took possession of everything he could, worked in London, conveyancer-transferred property to himself, coat was multi-colored but ugly, knows every case by heart, legalistic
cleave
separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument
Host
• Going to be the judge on who was going to tell the best story.
• He says he'll propose that they tell stories there to Canterbury and back but if they don't want to, they could say he's wrong but he thinks they look like a good group of people to tell tales. The story has to have a moral and not just be a pleasurable story.
• He tells them that if they don't want to tell a story, they have to pay the cost of the trip. They drew straws to tell who went first.
• Harry Bailey is his name
Wife of Bath
Which character told a tale about a ?? (it doesn't say on the quiz) trying to discover what women want?
how many tales are the people supposed to tell?
four each, two there, two back
superfluity
excess
maidenhead
virginity
rigmarole
Nonsense
apposite
relevant
Preferment
Advancement
Garnished?
Decorated
Amiable
friendly
sedately
calm, quiet
GUILE
sly dealings
scanty
meager, scant...
Requite
to repay
choleric
Hot tempered
prudent
careful; cautious
Penitent
Shameful; regretful
brimful
filled to capacity
hostelry
inn or hotel
felicity
Great happiness; bliss.
blithe
in good spirit
Tunic
Gownlike outer garment
adversity
condition of difficulty
shriven
confess one's sins
arrears
unpaid or overdue debt
lascivious
lustful; obscene; lewd, lecherous
Apothecary
a druggist, a pharmacist
Friar
aristocracy; Hubert; hearing confessions; gay voice, curly hair, talked with a lisp; noble, intimate, hypocrite, manipulative, cold-hearted, prejudiced; happy, festive, jezebel, well loved, hurdy-gurdy, singer, greddy; presents for girsl, cape, dress; traveled alone; probably wanted more money
shilling
coin worth twelve pence
Expound
describe and explain something
cloistered
providing privacy or seclusion
prelate
clergyman of high rank
paupers
people who are really poor
yeomen
freelandowning small farmers, below the gentry in status
parishioner
an inhabitant of a parish
discreet
cautious about words and actions
array
especially fine or decorative clothing
what happened in 1400
Chaucer died
reverent
showing great reverence for god
flinch
to withdraw as if from pain
render
middle english rendren from anglo french rendre to give back surrender from vulgar latin rendere
Exposition
Establishes the characters and setting of a story
Oxford Cleric
religious, student, books over clothes, high but just below knight, prays for friends
fustian
cloth made of linen and cotton
Prioress/Nun
Breaks ALL vows: Chastity, poverty, humility.
'Amor vincit omnia': love conquers all
Church forbids her to keep dogs, but she does and feeds them luxurious foods
Squire
curly blonde hair, sing, dance, serious infatuation.
The Host
Volunteered to act as guide
Knight
ARRAY: Not brightly dressed, rough tunic, chain mailRANK: Very high (knight)MANNERISIMS: Very polite, loyal, honorableTWIST: Meak as a maid
Haberdasher
ordinary tradesman; wife wants him to be higher ranked
scurrility
the quality or state of being scurrilous (vulgar or evil)
pestilence(s)
a highly contagious and usually fatal disease
emulate
to rival with some degree of success
fabliau
a short metrical tale, usually ribald and humorous, popular in medieval France
Reeve
Def: a medieval English manor officer responsible chiefly for overseeing the discharge of feudal obligations
Etymology:Middle English reve, from Old English gerēfa, from ge- (associative prefix) + -rēfa (akin to Old English -rōf number, Old High German ruova)
Own Words: an officer
benefice
a church official endowed with fixed capital asset that provide a living (noun)
Prevarication
speak or act in an evasive way
hank
a coil of rope or wool or yarn
physician
knows the cause & cures of many maladies, healthy, well-spoken, educated, loyal to patient, rarely consults bible, greedy
The Squire
aristocracy; training to be a knight, serving his father; curly hair, about 20 yrs old, avg height, tired/sleepy; rode horses, sing and play flute; a lover, a cadet; embroidered with red and white, short gown with wide long sleeves; Yeoman
Perotheus
Friend of both Theseus and Arcite who petitions for his release form the tower
Knew powers of horoscope and favorable planets and knew what to do to cure.
The Doctor
Adamantine
extremely hard or unyielding OR like a diamond in hardness and brilliance
A better hand at bargain than his lord
Reeve
Miller
Actions - he steals corn and grinds it into flour and sells it
Appearance - stout, brawny, bag pipes, wart on his nose, thumb of gold (he cheats the scales), red beard
The Wife of Bath
Had five husbands and gapped teeth
5 hubsands
three have been "good" and two have been "bad." The first three were good, she admits, mostly because they were rich, old, and submissive
the nun
-well mannered (gives off a vibe of nobility) -has glass grey and a big forehead(saying that she thought she had high intelligence)
-speaks inferior french
 -has pet dogs that eat well
-wears (prayer beads, coral trinket and golden brooch)
bequeath
(v.) to leave in a will; give as an inheritance
"Gambling's the very mother of robbed purses"
spoken by the great Pardoner
a sergeant at law (lawyer)
excellent at his job, he was busy but less busy then he seemed, there was no other conveyancer as he (one who draws up documents for transfering ownership of property).
duress
pressure
benign
kind
slain
killed
partridge
bird
Timorous
Fearful
valiant
brave
lite
little
diligent
careful, persevering
dispatch
promptness; efficiency
asunder
widely separated
Prating
chattering, jabbering
privy
hidden, secretive
accrue
increase over time
obstinate
stubborn against reason
cupidity
greed for gain
gelding
castrated male horse
wanton
sexually unrestrained or unchaste
farthing
a small British coin
deceive
To fool or trick.
Caul
membrane in the womb?
blackberrying
go wandering at large
solicitous
showing interest or concern
Morsel
A small amount of food
gentry
people of high social standing
frame tale
story within a story
St. Julian
Patron saint of hospitality
Defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
prudence
caution with regard to practical matters; discretion
sedate
keeping a quiet or steady pace
Irony
The difference between what is expected to happen and what does happen
joyous
full of or suggesting exultant happiness
the franklin
wealthy landowner. Lover, Aurelius, faithful wife Dorigen, Dorigen's husband Arveragus.
temporal
limited to this world; not spiritual
Burgess
a rep. in the British parliament
Harry Bailey
host
Invites himself to come along
Purposes the idea of competition
crafty
Curmudgeon
a crusty irascible cantankerous old person full of stubborn ideas
yeman
robinhood style clothing, wears green, forester
The Summoner
took people accused of committing crimes against the Church to court, ugly, takes bribes, lecherous
Saint Christopher
patron saint of travellers (3rd century)
deferred
withheld for or until a stated time
scum
worthless matter or people regarded as worthless
The Parson
the virtuous lower class; clerk; holy-minded, intelligent, preached and taught the Gospel of Christ, asked for no pay; poor, helpful, benign, patient, charitable, fair; a stave; his brother the Plowman; probably to pray and save souls
importune
to make improper advances toward a person
pardoner makes money by...
taking in people's confessions
overstatement
exaggeration by saying more than you mean to say
contingency
an event of possible, but uncertain occurence
Merchant
Job - Sells things
Appearance - good attired, nice boots, fur hat, cocky about money profits, he is clever about keeping people away from his money
peasant
a person who makes a living from working the soil, especially in poorer countries
wimple
a women's head cloth drawn in folds about the chin
Children were afraid when he appeared. Brings people who violate church law to court. Not suited for his position.
The Summoner
Caterwaul
make a loud howling noise (like a cat)
Cook
emplyed by 4 men, best around, makes delicous food, drinks a lot & knows one ale from another, olcer on knee
prioresse
A nun who heads a convent. Described as modest and quiet, this Prioress aspires to have exquisite taste. Her table manners are dainty, she knows French (though not the French of the court), she dresses well, and she is charitable and compassionate.
Macho-man whom differs from most other men.
The Monk
The Yeoman
wore coat and hood of green, and peacock-feather arrows, bright and keen
the nun's priest's tale
Handsome, vain rooster Chaunticleer is known for his singing. Perteltote is his favorite hen. Sir Russell the fox. Chaunticleer has a dream he'll be eaten by a fox, Perteltote says he is a coward for believing in dreams. Sir Russell gets Chaunticleer to sing (with eyes closed) through flattery, then carries him off. Fox opens his mouth to gloat, which allows Chaunticleer to escape. Fox tries to trick him again, but he has learned his lesson. MOCK HEROIC.
The knight learns that all women...
desiren to have sovereynetee
Middle English
Chaucer is the first great author to choose to write in this language
japes
Def: to mock to ridicule (to make fun of)
Etymology:Middle English, First Known Use: 14th century
Own words: to mock
What type of man is the Skipper?
Skilled and ruthless.
The Romance of The Rose
Name the french verse chaucer translated to english?
Sgt. at law
...His fame and learning and his high position had won him many a robe and many a fee. He knew every judgment, case and crime ever recorded since King William's time...
What types of characterization does Chaucer use?
indirect and direct - characteristics of the characters.
gold doesnt react with other chemicals?. what is the meaning of this proverb of the parson
he is an example for all his parishioners
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