Canterbury Tales 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
jaunty
perky/sprightly
martyr
torture
unperturbed
calm
whelp
puppy
pardoner
effeminate
renown
honored
Prevarication
Lie
diligently
with diligence
defer
to postpone
livery
distinct attire
bliss
perfect happiness
concede
acknowledge defeat
Superfluity
excess, luxurious
exemplum
religious anecdote
Devout
very religious
Solicitous
showing hovering attentiveness
sundry
various or diverse
wrangler
a quarrelsome person
The Merchant
forking beard
Sedately
Calmly and seriously
Merchant
main focus-making money
rote
memorization by repetition
proffer
to offer for acceptance
hallow
make holy; make sacred
strand
an island or land
Array
splendid attire; finery; dress
diligent
hardworking, industrious, not lazy
amend
set straight or right
boorish
rude or ill mannered
Shipman
huge man...somewhat uncouth...master of a vessel...knew all the coast of Europe...could read the stars...fought well...did not ride horses well.
Squire
curly hair, great strength, embroidered clothes; Knight's son, courteous, serviceable, humble
rascal
mischievous :: laggard : dilatory
Avarice
greed; a passion for wealth
palfrey
a calm horse for women
Canterbury
city pilgrims are traveling to
wenches
a young woman or girl
manifest
to show or reveal (adj)
Bagpipes
Instrument played by the Miller
edified
instructed and encouraged in moral, intellectual, and spiritual improvement
Arbitrate
Reach an authoritative Judgment or settlement
lamentation
a cry of sorrow and grief
morsel
small piece or amount of food
Duress
compulsion by threat or force; coercion; constraint.
unanimously
Being in complete harmony or accord.
Fusian Tunic?
A garment of coarse cloth
Pelf
Riches, especially those that are acquired dishonestly
2nd Nun
Physical description: big forehead (intelligence)
Personality: only cares about her dogs, not people
Chaucer's opinion: implies that she is a hypocrite
Guild/ Fraturnity
The Haberdasher, Dyrer, Carpenter, Weaver, and Carpetmaker traveled in a ________ or belonged to a ________.
Monk
loves hunting; has horses and greyhounds; "personable"
scrupulous
having/showing a strict regard for what one considers right; having moral integrity; principled
blotches
discolored spot or area on the skin
Ecclesiastic
a clergyman or other person in religious orders
meekly
done in an obedient, humble, or subservient way
Predestination
belief that one's fate is already decided
cant
affected singsong or whining speech or beggars
Millers: Carpenter John is jealous
Jalous he was
franklin
country gentleman; person who was not of noble birth but owned his own land free of debt
Henry II
first english king, ruled 1154-89, conflct with catholic church
summoner
summons sinners to trial before a church court
Accrue
to grow or accumulate over time; to happen as a natural result
Literary Type: Fabliaux
short story with snappy ending, Miller, Reeve, Merchant
Host
"So let me propose for your enjoyment/ Just as I said, a suitable employment"
Buffoon
A person who amuses others by tricks, jokes, odd gestures and postures, etc. A person given to coarse or undignified joking.
Middle English
The language in which The Canterbury Tales was written
What month did they leave for the journey?
April
Chivalry
a code that knights adopted in the late Middle Ages; requiring them to be brave, loyal and true to their word; they had to fight fairly in battle
truncheon
a short stout club used primarily by policemen
assay
to examine by trial or experiment; to put to a test (verb)
The Reeve rides the back of the company. This suggests his...
Suspiciousness.
prelate
an ecclesiastic of a high order, as an archbishop, etc.; a church dignitary.
anointed
to rub oil or ointment on (in a ceremonial way)
The judicial system(started juries)
What did King Henry 2 reform
The Summoner
A narrow-eyed man that has a "fire-red face" which frightens little children, is often drunk, and is REALLY into sex. SATIRE: Moderate
Miller
• A big man who weighed about 224 pounds and was as big a some wrestlers. He is very strong and large.
• "His beard like any sow or fox, was red and at its very tip, his nose displayed a wart on which there stood a tuft of hair red as the bristles in an old sow's ear."
• "he was a masterhand at feeling grain. He felt it with his thumb and thus he knew its quality and took three times his due- a thumb of gold, by God, to gauge an oat!" - he was falsifying the weight of the grain. He would cheat others by falsyfiying the weight of his grain so peole woiuld have to pay more because he would press his thumb on the scale.
incubus
a demon who has sex with people in their dreams
knight
he must find out just what it is that women desire the most
bequeath
to leave in a will; give as a n inheritance
Why did the medieval times begin?
the collapse of the Roman empire
Sergeant at the Law
A man who worked in law and tried to seem more busy than he actually was. He wore a "parti-colored" coat.
disdainful
scornful
ire
anger
inexorable
inevitable
shriven
forgiven
Paramours
Lovers
Tempest?
Storm
RELATES
TELLS
ADVERSITY
trouble; misfortune
victualler
a foodie
Pallor
extreme paleness
guile
sly, crafty
prowess
outstanding ability
gelding
castrated male horse
florid
very ornate; flowery
cloister
gated religious community
veronica
image of Jesus
Amiable
Showing pleasant qualities
pittance
an inadequate payment
altruest
not easy to understand
6
Showing the character's actions
Frugal
thrifty; careful with money
parley
- discussion or conference
Mien
somebody's appearance, especially facial expressions as an indication of mood or character
fatuity
smug stupidity; utter foolishness
Ribaldry
vulgar or indecent language
burnished
a polished surface by friction
The Knight
aristocracy; mounted soldier; well-built, muscular; truthful, honorable, wise, modest; brave in battle; fine houses, dark and bloody clothes; his son, Yeoman; give thanks for winnings in battle
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
prior
the head of a priory
death's spy is
the old man
repentance
remorse for your past conduct
Manciple
-purchasing agent for 30 lawyers
-illiterate, but feels that his intelligence surpasses that of many of the men he works for
Medieval Church
-bishops controlled the diocese
- middle and lower ranking clerics belonged to orders and monasteries
- required to take vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience
absolution
remission of sins by a priest
Alderman
a chief magistrate of a county
Flat
Characters with few traits, generally only one or two
Parson
religious, great as knight, poor, devout churchman
offeratory
hymm sung while offerings are collected in church
wealthy landowner, lives in pleasure, open to guests, full house of food and wine, has a dagger and a little silk purse on his girdle
Franklin
temporal
of the material world; not eternal
Friar
He gave strange gifts to girls
Nonne
ARRAY: Elegant Cloack, love conquers all, beadsRANK: fairly highMANNERISMS: VERY polite, delicate, loves animalsTWIST: very fancy for a nun
The Plowman
holy, hardworking, not high ranking, pays his tithes
solipsism
the self (the indevidual point of view) is the only thing verifiable
heathen
an unconverted person who does not recognize the God of the Bible
apothecary(ies)
a person who prepares and sells drugs
replete
stuffed or gorged with food or drink
glutted, surfeited
Nun
Spoke french, cares more about animals then people, wore jewelry, cared more about manners than being a nun.
deputation
a person or group appointed to represent another or others; delegation (noun)
extort
to wrest or wring something by intimidation, threats, or force from an unwilling, resisting person; to extract
viel
a piece of tapestry worn over the face
abate
to reduce in amount or degree or intensity; lessen
pilgrimage
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
The Wife of Bath
middle class; cloth-maker; somewhat deaf, pretty red face, gap teeth; mean spirited, outgoing, experienced; skillful, had 5 husbands, traveled much; fancy handkerchiefs, red pantyhose, new shoes, horse, scarf, hat, skirt; traveled alone; find another husband
24
the number of tales published in whole or in part
Gave a great welcome, served finest victuals, eyes bright, wide girth, bold in speech.
The Host
Vestment
a robe worn to show rank or office
Red wine
What does the Summoner like to drink?
I'll go along with you myself and ride. All at my own expense and serve as a guide
Host
The Prioress
Cared for others, Wear a lot of jewelery, dainty eater
The pilgrim that was good at what he did and made monkeys of the priest and congregation.
Pardoner
the parson
-he is poor but holy
-he works for the church and teaches by example
-"if gold should rust what would iron do?"
-he is humble, clean, holy and kind
King Henry 2
Who was Thomas A Becket good friends with?
Wife of bath
This pilgrim is quite wealthy and has the world traveling experiance to prove it.
"Questio quid juris"
"The question is, What is the point of the law?" (Latin)
"So keep it well under your hat, oh nevermind a thing like that, said he: A scholar doesnt have to stir, his wits so much to trick a carpenter"
Miller's Tale
Moral: Social Pretenses can be dangerous, fooling the lower class
Genre: Fabliau
Characters: John-carpenter, Alison-carpenter's wife, Nicholas-scholar, Absolon-suitor
Dappled
spotted
verity
truth
mickle
much
Cavalry
Military
Dias
Podium
blake
black
wanton
undisciplined, reckless
buckler
small shield
Deferred
postponed; delayed
statute
- law
prosperous
successful, favorable
obstinate
unreasonably stubborn
Supple
Flexible; Graceful
avouches
asserts positively, affirms
pestilence
fatal epidemic disease
abstruse
hard to understand
knights, squires
land owners
Abominable
exceptionally bad or displeasing
irascibility
anger, irritablility, petulance, tetchiness
flattery
excessive or insincere praise
condemned
stuck in for life
Azure
the unclouded sky; blue
zest
great enthusiasm and energy
prioress
misleading, selfish, nun, conterfeit, graceful
Penitent
Showing sorrow for doing wrong
ceruse
a pigment made of lead
reverent
showing great resept for god
Scope
Range of operation or authority
who was kidnapping killing children
jews
well shriven
Absolved of his sins
engendering
to cause to exist, to create
Static
These characters stay the same throughout the story
unshackled
not bound by shackles and chains
mercenary
one that serves merely for wages
Which character walked the Plank...
The Skipper
characterization
the creation of characters through both direct and indirect detail
Relic
something of historic interest that has survived from the past
Cook
The Guildsmen's cook. The Narrator gives little detail about him, but he does mention a crusty sore on the Cook's leg.
The Pardoner
Yellow hair, bulging eyes. Collects profits for himself. Sings and preaches whenever he is in a church. All religious deeds were for money. Lies and tricks people for money. Possibly homosexual
hurdy-gurdy
a barrel organ or similar musical instrument played by turning a crank.
Siege
act of surrounding and attacking an area to isolate it from help or supplies
offertory
the verses, anthem, or music said, sung, or played while the offerings of the people are received at a religious service.
The Reeve
degraded lower class; carpenter; old, choleric, thin, shaven beard, shorn hair, docked top, lean legs; trusted, bargainer; good judger, seed and grain yielder, kept accurate, rich; bins and garners, lovely dwelling, stallion-rod, bluish overcoat, rusty blade; traveled alone; to ask for more
sedate
keeping a quiet, steady attitude or pace
dramatic irony
reader knows something the character doesn't
understatement
implying the opposite by saying less than you mean to say
knight (ideal character)
followed chivalry (truth, honor, generousness, courtesy), christian, killed every man he fought but was still modest, wore a fustian, he is on the pilgrimage to give thanks for surviving his last battle
Skipper
makes his prisoners walk the plank; good sailor
The Franklin
Likes to party and throw parties. Socializes with many people. Maintains property and livestock. Doesn't actually do his job
satire
a kind of writing that ridicules human weakness,vice or folly in order to bring about social reform
Face on fire, black scabby brows. Drank red wine till hazy.
The Summoner
feudal system
political, miltary, and social plan in the Middle Ages based on the ownership and control of land
Scottish man whom was phsyical and strong, dirty on the outside
The Miller
when did the canterbury tales take place?
april, in spring
the merchant's tale
January, an old knight, marries May, beautiful young girl. He sleeps with her all the time, then goes blind and becomes wracked by jealousy and keeps her at arm's reach always. May meets lover, Damian, in the garden and sleep together in a tree while January holds on to the trunk. Pluto restores his sight in the middle of the act, but May convinces him that she committed adultery to restore his vision.
WOB's tale is taken from a source...
Gower's Confessio Amantis
"he knew the taverns well in every town"
the Friar
oxford clerk (ideal character)
only cared about studying, was extremely respectful, prefers knowledge to wealth, instead of buying food he bought books, took money from his friends to buy books then prayed for them for helping his education, he had no preferment in the church (irony! = the only way to get an education was through the church)
What best describes Chaucer's attitude toward the Nun/Prioress?
He finds her entertaining.
The Romance of The Rose
Name the french verse chaucer translated to english?
words and deeds matching
key theme- but also credibility and lesson taught
how many tales does each pilgrim have to tell total? what will be used to judge the winner? what does the winner recieve? how is the prize pirchased? who is the judge?
4 tales total
good morality and general pleasure
supper paid for by all
host is the judge
*29 pilgrims total*
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