Canterbury Tales 5 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
concede
grant
Concubine
mistress
tithes
taxes
purfled
ruffled
Agile
Active
nathelees
nevertheless
tippet
long scarf
Prelate
A bishop
wroth
angry, wrathful
Verily
even; indeed
dejected
- depressed
keen
sharp, alert
adversity
trouble; misfortune
Benign
Gentle; kindly
plowman
nice, hardworking, farmer
boorish
unmannered, crude, insensitive
sheaf
bundle of something
parson
holy minded
plowman's brother
diligent
Victualler?
Butcher of meat
Reeve
skinny, choleric, thin
Rebuke
censure severely or angrily
tribulation
grievous, trouble, misfourtune, distress, aversity
brimful
filled to the brim
Hostelry
An inn or hotel.
Baldric
belt for a sword
Unwonted
out of the ordinary
serge
a twilled woolen fabric
Arbitrate
Judgment to settle dispute
yeoman
secondary protector, well armed, jaunty dirk, bow and arrow
wanton
reckless, heartless, or malicious; without reason or excuse
pittance
a small amount of money
bedridden
confined to bed (by illness)
temporal
of this earth or world
Prevarication
Straying away from the truth
Cloister
noun
convent, abbey. Building that houses monks, nuns, or priests; church
Pardoner
One who dispenses papal pardons
bourgeois
relating to the middle class
Mercenary
Primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics
garb
v. To clothe oneself distinctively (usu. to be garbed in)
n. Clothing or dress of a distinctive kind
frugal
characterized by or reflecting economy in the use of resources; thrifty
Apostrophe
Direct address in the object's absence
resided
to have lived in or at
counterfeit
to imitate foreign especially with intent to decieve
Who is the knight's son?
The Squire
doctor
partners with apothecaries to cheat people
Franklin
kind old generous
-Wealthy land owner, very personable, newly rich person
All of the description is about food and wine because he liked to eat and drink
Was a justice at the sessions, member for the shire, sheriff, collected taxes
lists
places where knights fought in tournaments
Cook
The Guildsmen's cook. The Narrator gives little detail about him, but he does mention a crusty sore on the Cook's leg.
Miller
ARRAY: White coat, blue hood, bagpipge, wort, red hairRANK: MANNERISMS: rude, loves crude jokes, stealsTWIST: Can steal corn and sell it for very expensive price
The Manciple
Illiterate. Came from inner temple. Despite lack of education he is very bright.
heathen
(n.) an individual or group considered irreligious, uncivilized, or unenlightened
First following the word before he taught it, and it was from the gospel he had caught it.
parson
mantle
A loose, sleeveless coat worn over outer garments; a cloak.
The Oxford Cleric
upper class; unemployed; skinny hollow, sober stare; intelligent, respectful, wise; liked to read, quiet, religious, terse, loved to teach/learn; horse, thin overcoat, Aristotle's philosophy books; traveled alone
extort
to obtain from a person by force
He was embroidered like a meadow bright/ And full of freshest flowers, red and white
Squire
people in nun's group
traveled with 3 priests
benefice
an endowed church office giving income to its holder
ordeals
test/task someone would be asked to preform to see whether he is guilty or innocent
Squire
"lover and cadet"; knight's son; could "joust and recite"
sepulcher
a tomb, grave, or burial place; crypt.
The Friar
take money from people when begging. Lied to people saying that he could listen to confessions. Seduces women. Accepted bribes. Treated wealthy with more respect
Friar
Name - Hubert
Job - devotes his life to a life of poverty
Appearance - pleasure- loving, well spoken, socially agreeable, gets money by arguing that donating money to friars is a sign of true repentance, he uses the money hes gets and buys nice clothing, is popular with restaurant owners, he despises poor people, he is described as wanton --> it can mean fun loving and it can also mean immoral.It also says he is a noble post --> means important person in society, and also means his male anatomy. also it says that he is licentiate, yet he is a friar. He impregnates women and marries them off
Irony - The friar is an ironic character because he is portrayed as a gentleman, but he turns out to get many women in the town pregnant.
The Knight
well traveled and been in 15 battles
the reeve
Greedy miller, Simkin, has his wife and daughter enjoyed by clerks John and Alan that he swindled.
Wanton and merry, limiter very festive fellow. Accepts bribes a many.
The Friar
Wife of Bath
five husbands apart from "other company in youth", red faced, flirtatious, negative character
Diana
Emily prays to (does not want to marry) (wants to marry who ever loves her more)
manciple
an officer of a monastery or college authorized to buy provisions, especially food
Lawyers assistant whom was patient and intellegent
The Manciple
the handicap characters and "disability"?
THE SUMMONER(red complexion, boils, lesions on face), OXFORD CLERIC(very thin), A COOK(open sore on knee), WIFE OF BATH(deaf, gap teeth, large hips), THE MILLER(hairy wart, hair in nose, black nostrils), THE REEVE(thin, legs were lean)
the reeve's tale
Greedy miller, Simkin, has his wife and daughter enjoyed by clerks John and Alan that he swindled.
Wife of Bath held her husbands...
hoolly in [her] hond
"he never yet a boorish thing had said"
the Knight
franklin (wealthy landowner)
he likes to throw parties (classy parties)
The youngest pilgrim, the "Squire" was too busy to sleep at night, as a result of his...
Promiscous nighttime activities
Stereotypic of being scholar
What does Chaucer imply about the Sergeant at the Law in the story
woman from bath city
english resort city, deaf, made great clothes, finely, woven handkerchiefs heavy on her head, 5 husbands, soft new shoes, wide gap between teeth, beautiful, had been to rome an jerusalem, sexual prowess, large hips
Date of birth and death .
1343-1400. Considered the father of English poetry. Greatest poet of the medieval period
what is wrongwith the summoners complexion?
it is like his character. he keeps secrets knows everything, sees everything, a drunk for exchange of items
lasciviousness
lustful
lecherous
lustful
Meekly
spiritless
pestilence
plague
brace
Bracelet
unnethe
scarcely
prowess
outstanding ability
a doctor
urbanite
solicitous
showing concern
devout
devoutly religious
circumspect
cautious, prudent
statute
a law
anon
at once
saint legend
religious biography
sundry
miscellaneous unspecified objects
The Tabard
An inn
wrath
strong vengeful angeer, idignation
to castigate
to punish severely
squalid
wretched miserable degraded sordid
Choleric
quickly aroused to anger
penitence
remorse for past conduct
Summoner
Children feared his face
hastow
have you, you have
largesse
wealthy person sharing their wealth
accrue
in increasing amounts over time
st. julian
patron saint of hospitality
politics and writing
Chaucer excelled in
paragon
Def: an ideal instance
Etymology: Middle French, from Old Italian paragone, literally, touchstone, from paragonare to test on a touchstone, from Greek parakonan to sharpen, from para- + akonē whetstone, from akē point; akin to Greek akmē point
Own words: perfect instance
dotard
an imbecile or foolish person
stature
natural height in an upright position
Heath
An area of open uncultivated land
motley
having sections or patches colored differently and usually brightly
avarice
excessive and insatiable greed for richness
commission
authorization; act of giving authority to an individual
sanguine
having blood as the predominating bodily humor; also : having the bodily conformation and temperament held characteristic of such predominance and marked by sturdiness, high color, and cheerfulness
Pardner
a preacher who granted official pardons
Chivalry
idealistic code of behavior, honor God, king, women
Knight
A truly distinguished pilgrim who fights for chivalry and mankind.
personable
(adj)- attractive in appearance and personality
children were afaid of him
the summoner
coy
tending to avoid ppl & social situations. reserved
absolution
remission of sins pronounced by a priest
Where did the archbishop flee before death?
France
Albeit
to add information that is different from what you have already said
parody
mocking imitation of a known person, literary work, or ridicule
Characterization
The process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
allusion
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
wrangle
to argue or dispute, noisily and angrily; bicker
agility
an ability to move quickly and easily; nimbleness
the franklin's tale
narrator (a wealthy landowner) a romantic tale about a lover, Aurelius; a faithful wife, Dorigen; and Dorigen's husband Arveragus
Alison
a pretty, young thing who flirted too much
cherub
an angel of the second order whose gift is knowledge
lover, 20 years old, strong, tries to impress his lover, sings, wears a short gown with long wide sleeves, likes to joust and dance and draw and write, courteous
Squire
where does the journey begin`
The Tabbard in Southwark
perdition
a state of final spiritual ruin; loss of the soul; damnation.
"Was he to study till his head went round, poring over books in cloisters?"
monk
A prioress, simple and coy, she could carry a morsel up.
The Nun
mid-evil society is represented through
he classes (noble, commoner, religious)
discern
to perceive by the sight or some other sense or by the intellect; see, recognize, or apprehend:
Who else road with the nun?
Another nun and three priests
tale is about a mna fired for sinful behavior
the cook
The Man of Law
knows all the law by rote, wise, wants to make money
What is one of the prioress's physical characteristics?
She is a very large framed female
worsted
a tightly twisted woolen yarn
ribaldry
behavior or language bordering on indelicacy
valor
boldness, determination in the face of danger
martyr
one who suffers for the sake of principle
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