canterbury tales prologue vocab Flashcards

vocabulary
Terms Definitions
Boorish
Rude
intricate
complicated
Obstinate
Stubbornly inflexible
adversity
trouble; misfortune
Garnished
decorated; trimmed
Bretheren
plural of brothers
Squire
Light of day
agility
to move quickly
Secular
Not pertaining to religion
engender
to come into being
cloistered
providing privacy or seclusion
chivalry
medieval system of gallantry
brimstone
an old name for sulfur
The Pardoner
He granted papal indulgences—reprieves from penance in exchange for charitable donations to the Church. He also collected profits for himself, excels in fraud, and carries a bag full of fake relics. He claims to have the veil of the Virgin Mary.
His long, greasy, yellow hair and his beardless face is associated with shiftiness and gender ambiguity in Chaucer's time He has a gift for singing and preaching whenever he finds himself inside a church.
array
set in place; in order
Cloister
A place devoted to religious seclusion
hurdy-gurdy
a lutelike instrument played by cranking a wheel
ribaldry
behavior or language bordering on indelicacy
absolve
to remit a sin be absolution
15
Abd specially from every shires ende
Pittance
small amount or portion, especially of money
Duress
Threats to get someone to do something
service
Nuns chanted the daily prayers or services
hauberk
a long (usually sleeveless) tunic of chain mail formerly worn as defensive armor
accrue
to happen as natural growth or increase
to accumulate or be added periodically
motley
a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century
Canterbury
a town 55 miles southeast of London; major destination of English pilgrims
hostel
an inexpensive place of lodging, as an inn or regional hotel
The Squire
The Knight's son and apprentice, who is curly-haired, youthfully handsome, and loves dancing and courting.
Knight
father of the squire; lord of the Yeoman; fights in crusades; loyal to his king and God and follows rules of chivalry (minor nobility)
malady
any disorder or disease of the body, esp. one that is chronic or deepseated.
conveyancer
one who draws up legal papers for the transfer of property
The Second Nun
She is not described in the General Prologue. She tells a saint's life for her tale.
Whan zephirus eek with his swete breeth
inspired hath in every holt and heeth
asunder
apart
semi-cape
cape
Prevarication
To lie
hostelry
housing (n)
Encumber
Restrict or burden
Avouches
asserts positively; affirms
courtesy
consideration for others
Reverance
honor, love, and respect
bridle
headgear for a horse
vulgar
conspicuously and tastelessly indecent
Solicitous
showing care or concern
Manciple
Urban, purchasing agent for university, he was illiterit, stole from the university but they never noticed,
Yeoman
bodyguard, bow and arrow, woodcraft
Mirth
Gladness and merriment usually accompanied by laughter
Plowman
one of favorites, Feudal, lowly farmer, brother of parson, honest worker, payed tides to church, did everything for love of christ, did both big and small jobs well
engendering
creation; production; to bring into existence
Gainsay
To deny, contradict, controvert; to dispute, oppose
sanguine
having a temperament marked by sturdiness cheerfulness optimism buoyant confident
guild
medieval association of trades or craft
Carpenter
works with wood; guildsman "of one impressive guild-fraternity" (middle class)
Amble
a leisurely walk (usually in some public place)
retinue
the group following and attending to some important person
Narrator
Geoffrey Chaucer, the author who would "speak plainly and with no concealings and give account of all their words and dealings", although he is never named
mode
fashion or style in manners, dress, etc.:
Effigy
A crude figure or dummy representing a hated figure or group
disdain
to think unworthy of notice regard to pridefully think oneself superior
The Merchant
He Trades furs and cloth, mostly from Flanders, and is part of a powerful and wealthy class in Chaucer's society.
Sergeant at the Law
a shrewd and wealthy lawyer (middle class)
The holy blisful mertir for to seke
That hem hath holpen, whan that they were seke
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