canterbury tales vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ribald
vulgar
manciple
urbanite
victual
food
smart
hurt
suffices
satisfies
rebuke
reprimand
sanguine
blood
visage
face, appearance
licentious
sexually unrestrained
hallow
make holy
devout
devoutly religious
solicitous
interest/concern, anxious
chaucer birth
1340
scanty
barely sufficient
apparition
a ghost/ghostlike image
courtliness
refined behavior, elegance
begad
from "by God!"
for, for that
because
pardoner
sells fake relics
Catholic Church
very powerful
pittance
an inadequate payment
good hourseman
the monk
Auditor
Someone who listens attentively
sop
a piece of bread
Pelf
loot; goods seized unlawfully
apparel
personal attire or clothing
wenches
young common woman, whore
Prioress
-called Madame Eglantine
-speaks French (only Anglo-Saxon Norman)
-eats seductively
-feeds dogs well, cares about animals (saves mouse from trap) -- should be putting parishioners first
tithes
tax or assessment of 1/10
ulcer
A lesion of the skin
shrift
confession, especially to a priest
30
the intended number of pilgrims
verity
conformity to reality or actuality
Doctor
knew astrology, swindled customers, greedy, Chaucer sarcastically calls him perfect
three influential classes
feudal, Ecclesiastes, workers
betide
to take place; befall (verb)
vouchsafe
to grant or bestow; to deig
mercenary
one who works merely for wages
Parson
-gives to poor often
-large parish, ministered to all parishoners
-noble example to "sheep"
Model Character
Palmer
pilgrim returning from holy land bringing a palm branch as a token
Engendering
the process of bringing into existence
motley
composed of many different and unrelated elements or colors
Lecherous
given to excessive indulgence in sexual activity
parley
to discuss terms with the enemy
The Merchant
Fashionable pilgram, wearing colorful coat, beaver hat, and forked beard. He acts all rich but he is actually in a lot of dept.
Skipper
Complexion indicates sea faring life, ignores conscience in battle, widely traveled.
concupiscence
a strong desire, especially sexual desire; lust (noun)
squalid
marked by filthiness and degradation from poverty; miserable
Benign
pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence
The Manciple
in legal profession, watched the market, street smarts,
Woman of Bath
-good at weaving
-nice clothing
-5 husbands (all died early)
-gap-toothed (suited for love)
-veteran pilgrimmer
-wide hips (fit for child bearing)
for the nonce
for the moment, at present
Mantle
a loose, sleeveless coat worn over outer garments, a cloak
The Friar
Hubert, wide neck, mellow, twinkling eyes, a cape, strong, played the harp, danced, sleeps around, playful, finest begger, banks for himself, good with words, sings, sweet talker, has a lisp, silver, has trinkets for pretty girls, religious order
Ruddy
inclined to a healthy reddish color often associated with outdoor life
satire
literature that makes fun of human weakness or sin
Wife of Bath
Had 5 husbands-
Wore kerchiefs
Husband hit her, she pretended she was dead, caused her deafness
Likes to travel
Is looking for her new husband
statute
an enactment made by a legislature; law
abstinence
the giving up of certain pleasures, act of refraining from, n. self denial.
Cook
works for the five guildsmen (peasant class)
lines 19-42
-He's staying at the inn.
-29 pilgrims came to the Tavern to stay on their way to Canterbury
-stayed in the inn; (Tavern)
-They discuss plan to go to Canterbury in the morning together
- he describes each person in the inn by their clothing and appearance and starts with the Knight
Martyr
St. Thomas a Becket; People willing to sacrifice their lives for the sake of a belief of cause
Oxford Cleric
bought books with money, paid them back with prayers, only concerned with learning
subtle
so delicate or precise as to be difficult to analyze or describe
Tabard Inn
the meeting place for the pilgrims before they begin their journey
Palmer?
Someone with two crossed palms to show they have been on a pilgrammage
yeoman
servant to canon, green coat and hood, forest man
Five Tradesmen
Haberdasher, a Dyer, a Carpenter, A Weaver and a Carpet-maker
pestilence
any epidemic disease with a high death rate
The Summoner
calls people to appear in court, had boils, nothing could cure them, loves garlic and onions, has a concubine, all the children are scared of them, paying women with wine
Squire
This one sang to the ladies and slept as little as a nightengale
A noble servant to the knight
he had carbuncles , very dry
He always drunk and he is a lowlife
Garland, he would joke as if it were his shield
Only knew Latin
Smelled like Alcohol
Summoner
Friar
In all Four Orders there was none so mellow
Four Orders
There were four orders of friars who supported themselves by begging: Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites, and Augustinians.
Host
owner of the Tabard Inn where all the pilgrims meet; self-appointed leader/judge of pilgrims' tales; tour guide/leader for the pilgrims (middle class)
absolution
act of freeing someone of a sin or of a criminal charge.
How many husbands did the Wife of Bath have?
5 husbands
deaf, has had 5 husbands and has lots of money, big hips, round, gap-teeth
Wife of Bath
How long does the knight have to get the right answer to "what do women desire most"
A year and a day
dias
discovery
diligent
hardworking
weal
well-being
pompously
snobby
Buffoon
Fool
Cloister
Secluded
flinch
draw back/wince/startle
palfrey
saddle horse
shire
a county
ale
malt beverage
frugal
avoid waste
Sally
an outburst
wanton
spend wastefully
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
comrade
companion and friend
sendal
a fragrant hood
Hauberk
Long defensive shirt
secular
of this world
condign
deserved; adequate (adj.)
carouses
drinking and celebrating noisily
Asperity
hardship; harshness or severity
Blissful
completely happy and contented
alighted
To come down and settle
malady
a disease or disorder; ailment
ambler
a walking horse (from ambulare)
Zest
Keen relish; hearty enjoyment; gusto.
ecclesiast
a member of the clergy
fabilaux tend to ...
mock authority
brimful
filled with something and overflowing
sarcasm
using praise to personally mock someone
savor
the taste or smell of something
the miller
huge, strong, drunk, hard-drinking, rough-talking, fight-picking, unpleasantly coarse, wears a red beard and a wart on his nose
Anointed
to rub or sprinkle on; apply
fustian
cloth made from cotton and flax
The Carpenter
Good- hearted, honest, devout husband,
Practitioner
someone who practices a learned profession
van
vanguard; troops moving before an army
concede
to grant or acknowledge, often unwillingly
choleric
extremely irritable, easily moved to excessive and often unreasonable anger
The Monk
not really religious, doesn't follow rules, money/possesions, enjoys life instead of praying
engender
To cause, beget, or give rise to
Heath
open wasteland with heather or low bushes on it, but few or no tress
Eminent
High in station, rank, or repute; prominent; distinguished.
whet
to make keen acute or eager
to stimulate or excite
middle class
doctor, sergeant at law, merchant, chauscer, oxford cleric, franklin, reeve, wife of bath
THE PLAN
30 pilgrims are travelers to Canterbury, 2 stories each
Array
to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attirel to set or place in order
relics
Def: valued holy objects from the past
Etymology:Middle English relik, from Anglo-French relike, from Medieval Latin reliquia, from Late Latin reliquiae, plural, remains of a martyr, from Latin, remains, from relinquere to leave behind
Own words: an old object with religious value
disdain
scorn; feeling or display of contempt; aloofness
Cavalcade
a formal procession of people walking, or horseback, or riding in vehicles
Monk
Bald and glossy head, shiny face, fat; Businessman, likes hunting and outdoor activities, a lover
Allison
the carpenter's wife, she wishes to be with Nicholas; Absolom thought she had a beard
Rode with the Summoner, He often sings, "come hither, love, come home!"
The Pardoner
perjure
knowingly tell an untruth in a legal court and render oneself guilty of perjury
Oxford Clerk
Which character told about a cruel husband "tricking" his wife into murdering their child?
The Skipper
• Captain of the ship
• "Many a draught of vintage, red and yellow, he'd drawn at Bordeaux, while the trader snored." - Bordeaux - a place in france known for it's wine. When he'd sail into a port, he would steal the wine while the trader slept on the job because all the bottles were lined up so he just took them.
• It didn't bother him to steal wine on the spot. He would kill enemies and have them drowned. He didn't care about others and was merciless.
• He knew all the little hiding places and currents that no one knew of and if he got caught, he could get away.
Maniciple
common man who is more successful than learned men
supple
(adj) soft and able to bend easily without cracking
mem mong, thuan hoa (ngua)
Reeve
Job - Manages a large estate for a noble man
Appearance - slender, sick, long legs, monk hair cut
Irony - he steals from his master, and the returns it for prizes and gifts
Nun's Priest
Like the Second Nun, is not described in the General Prologue; his story of Chanticleer, however, is well-crafted and suggests that he is a witty, self-effacing preacher
her husband John
Confused by Margery's turn away from married life and toward religious devotion, and he shows both frustration and a great deal of patience with his rather demanding wife. It takes Margery several years (and many children) before she can convince him that the two of them should live together chastely, devoting themselves to God.
the wife of bath
-is somewhat deaf
-very well respected at church
 -married 5 times
-been to jerusalem 3 times
-high class and wealthy
 -the gap in her teeth ,means she takes full advantage of her freedom
knight
he must find out just what it is that women desire the most
Sgt. at law
This pilgrim is very smart , knowing ever leagal decision to ever come begore him in history.
What are the Clerk's interests?
reading books by the Greek philosopher Aristotle
Chaucer also uses direct characterization
when he comes right out and tells us what a character's nature is - virtuous, vain, clever, and so on
devoutly
sincerely
concubine
mistress
trow
swear
valiant
brave
routhe
pity
Wield
handle effectively
yonder
over there
Perdition
Damntion; hell
importune
to burden
contemptuous
scornful, expressing disdain
hostelry
inn or hotel
Sheath
noun, Sword holder
bailiff
similiar to a sheriff
wend
to pursue, proceed, journey
deluge
overwhelming amount or number
heedless
characterized by careless unconcerned
distend
to expand, to extend
penance
punishment (either voluntary or imposed) to repent or pay for wrongdoing
mode
a current fashion or style
crone
- ugly old woman; hag
Estimable
Worthy of esteem, valuable, admirable
Plowman
field worker, hard worker, charitable
fortuitous
Happening by accident or chance, rather than by design
"Courteous he was, lowly and serviceable and carved to serve his father at the table."
squire
acquiescence
passive assent or agreement without protest
Nun
Madame Eglantyne; animal lover; neat and proper
Which characters sport is hunting?
The Monk
pilgrimage
journey with a religious destination or purpose
poach
trespass on someone else's territory with the intent of taking something
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
coy
(adj) reticent
lam duyen, lam dang, rut re, e le
covetousness
the quality of craving wealth or possessions
list members of humble virtue cluster
parson, plowman
the nun's priest's tale
Chaunticleer (rooster), Perteltote (Chaunt's prized hen), Sir Russell (vulpine fox)
William Caxton
introduced the printing press to England in the 1470s
They had capitol and revenue/ Besides their wives declared it was their due
guildsmen
31
How many people went on the trip?
Who is the head of an Abbey?
Abbess
Franklin
Likes to sop cake with his wine
glib
readily fluent in speech, thought or manner
The Cook
works for the Guildsmen. Chaucer gives little detail about him, although he mentions a crusty sore on his leg.
blasphemy
an act or comment that shows contempt or irreverence for something considered sacred
outrider
a monk allowed to travel on church business
Cuckold
Man whose wife has been unfaithful to him
discreet
to be unnoticed or secretive in doing something.
Summoner
Which character told a tale that said many friars end up going to hell?
The Doctor
loves gold and works with an apothecary to get it
Chivalry
What was the code of conduct followed by the Kights?
Treated people with the plague and earned his money, a greedy man
The Doctor
Haberdasher, Dyer, Carpenter, Weaver, Carpet-Maker (Guildsmen)
Luxuriously dressed. Wives are demanding and controlling, they want servants to carry they mantles and trains like a queen
Lepe
a town in Spain noted for its strong wines.
5 Tradesmen and Cook
rising middle class, Parish Guild, wives treated well, one likes exotic spices, gets paid well and has a dark side of drinking and dirty women, puts pus from sore on knee into soup, dais is where important people sit
Her hose were of th finest scarlet
Wife of Bath
Proleptic quotation in Merchant's tale - Chaucer says...as a reason for Januarie's choosing May
for love is blynd alday
What is a romance?
A story of knights, ladies, quests, and love
What do we know about his personal life?
married Philippa and had two kids
prelate
dignitary
baldrick
belt
Repined
complained
withal
besides
Dale
valley
deel
bit
haughty
scornfully arrogent
hallowed
holy, sacred
assizes
court sessions
decorum
fitness, orderliness
tabard
Loose jacket
PROWESS
HEROISM; DISTINCTION
temerity
reckless courage; daring
Herald
an official crier/messenger
arrears
overdue debt (noun)
Prioress/Nun
Madame Eglantine...never cursed...fashionable, well-educated...spoke affected French...coy and delicate...good table manners and courteous and amiable...could not stand pain or to see an animal in distress...had 3 small dogs. Dressed neatly...wore gold pin..
Harry Bailey
host of pilgrimage
duress
compulsory force or threat
but, but if
if, unless
Astrological
related to the stars
Protruding
To bulge or project
apothecary
a druggist, a pharmacist
solace
to console or comfort
coop
an enclosure, cage, or pen
persevere
be persistent, refuse to stop
politics and writing
Chaucer excelled in
franklins tale is a
moral tale
sophistry
a plausible but misleading arguement
iniquity
gross unfairness, injustice, or wickedness; infamy, depravity, knavery
betided
to happen, to come to pass
sedately
in a composed, dignified manner; calmly
sundry
various, indifferent number of things, little bit of everything
Wine Merchant
What was Chaucer's dad's occupation?
Lawyer
seemed busier than he really was
repentant
feeling or expressing remorse for misdeeds
rides well behind the others
the revee
worsted
firmly twisted yarn or thread spun from combed, stapled wool fibers of the same length, for weaving, knitting, etc.
which vow(s) did the monk break?
poverty, obedience
Dramatic irony
When the audience knows information the character doesn't
conveyance
one who draws up documents for transferring ownership of property
Absolom
this parish clerk was a self-professed ladies man; he brandished a red hot poker to get revenge
amorous
strongly moved by love and especially sexual love
aristocracy
fab liau is liked by this class
Miller
had a store of filthy tavern stories
repent
to feel or express sincere regret or remorse about one's actions or sins
Greed
What is the root of all evil? (Pardoner's Tale)
canterbury tales
an uncompleted series of tales written after 1387 by Geoffrey Chaucer
indirect characterization
author allows the reader to discover what the character is like
horse is as thin as a rake
oxford cleric
The Host
Harry Bailey. A large merry man that proposes the game of telling the tales. He says that he will buy the winner with the best story a dinner.
frame story
a story that includes any number of different narratives
He would allow just for a quart of wine-/ Any good lad to keep a concubine
Summoner
courtly love
chanticleer is worthy of her love if he is a coward
Iambic Pentameter
A line of poetry made up of iambs.
knows alot abut money but is in debt
the merchant
I'd think you up some fun if I knew how./ And as happens, a thought was just occurred
Host
Chaucer the Poet
buried in poet's corner; wrote in the vernacular (the language of the people)
What is the moral of the Nun's Priest's Tale?
Never trust a flatterer.
The Tale of the Wife of Bath
Knight who rapes girl. queen says if he finds out what all women want then he will be spared. ugly old lady tells him. he marries her. she becomes pretty
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