Dutch Art Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Carel Fabritius
Goldfinch
1654
1. Best example of fine harmony of colors and light tonality and firm handling of brush.
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Peter Molijn
Dunes
1626
1. Empiricism - witnessing environment.
2. Tonal phase - atmospheric effect, with great prominence given to the sky.
3. Sloping mounds showcase the time of day lighting.
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Johannes Vermeer
A Woman Asleep
1657
1. X-ray revelis the picture included a large dog at the doorway and man behind the threshold. Hooch's doorkijike.
2. Vermeer had 15 children.
3. Single figure with mildly light interior.
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Jan Steen
Girl Eating Oysters
1658-60
1. Inspired by Dou's girl chopping onions.
2. Trained with Adrian Van Ostade.
3. 800 paintings survive.
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Pieter Claesz
Breakfast Still Life
1636
1. Trompe l'oeil - the realness of the objects.
2. Simple meal and suggest the eater is close by.
3. Place in a diagonal axis.
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Floris van Dijk
Banquet Piece
1613
1. Depicts objects from a high point of view to show all items.
2. Arranged in a diamond-shaped symmetry.
3. Dutch called these "stilleven" equally "soulless objects"
Carel Fabritius
The Sentry
1654
1. Tronie study.
2. Move away from concrete storytelling.
3. Creativity with architecture.
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Carel Fabritius
View of Delft
1652
1. Perspective box
2. Turned Rembrandt's chiaroscuro into more natural daylight atmosphere.
3. Interest in perspective effects.
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Carel Fabritius
Self Portrait
1648
1. Trained under Rembrandt and died in the gunpowder explosion.
2. 3 of his paintings in Vermeer's collection.
3. Had a tendency to lighten his backgrounds, different from his master.
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Adrian Brouwer
Fight over Cards
1632-5
1. Inspired by Bruegel - peasant subjects
2. Low Life Painting.
3. Might have studied with Hals
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Samuel Van Hoogstraten
Perspective box with a Dutch Interior
late 1650
1. Like Fabritius, specialized in perspective.
2. Trompe-l'oeil - deceiving the eye.
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Frans Hals
Shrovetide Revellers (Merrmakers at Shrovetide)
1615
New Naturalism
1 - Carnival.
2 - Rederation Societies.
3 - Boy or a Girl?
Rembrandt
Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer
1653
1 - A historical figure in present time.
Johannes Vermeer
The Art of Painting
1662-5
1. Costume
2. Clio - greek muse of history.
3. Shown for ability for potential buyers.
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Leonart Bramer
Musicians on a Terrace
1665-70
1. Repainted.
2. Genre and history painter - costumes.
3. Continues the performance of music on a terrace or balcony.
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Peter de Hooch
Soldiers Playing Cards
1657-8
1. Moving drinking into the home and out of the inn.
2. Vermeer's contemporary.
3. Chiaroscuro with slant of light.
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Jacob van Ruisdael
Windmill at Wijk
1670
1. Classical Phase - atmospheric aspect but focuses on stronger contrast of color.
2. Diagonal scheme, point of view from edge of water to the right.
3. Manipulated natural element.
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Gerard terBorch
Cavalier in the Saddle
1640
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Jan Van Goyen
Windmill by River
1642
1. Tonal phase - atmospheric effect, with great prominence given to the sky.
2. Season Landscape is limited palette.
3. Goodness of nature = Creationism.
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Rembrandt
Christ Healing the Sick
1647-9
1 - Etchings in silver
Willem Buytewech
Merry Company
1620
New Naturalism
1 - Lady World.
2 - Prodigal Son.
3 - Prints published with bibical verses.
Frans Hals
Laughing Cavalier
1624
New Naturalism
1 - Tronie Studies.
2 - Braging of Status by Costume.
3 - Loose brustrokes in lace.
Judith Leyster
Young Flute Player
1635
1 - Stopped painting after her marriage, married a painter.
2 - Loose brush strokes, inspired by Hals.
3 - Casual setting with player, but unusual by the chair location
Williem Kalf
Still Life with Nautilus Cup and Wan-Li bowl
1662
1. Pronk - still life including sumptuous gold and silver vessels.
2. Wan-Li bowl, a collectors item of Chinese porcelain.
3. Rich color with Chiaroscuro.
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Peter Saenredam
St. Baco, Pen and Ink
1628
1. Interest in perspective than on decoration.
2. Keep perspective at a 90 degree angle to the center of the nave or subject.
3. Shortens the distance from the view by placing him near the nearest architectu
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Johannes Vermeer
Girl in a Red Hat
1665-7
1. Tronie.
2. Use of camera obscura
3. light brushstrokes.
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Willem Buytewech
Banquet in Open Air
1605
New Naturalism
1 - Monkeys symbolize silliness and 'monkey see monkey do' mentality and dogs of a beastly side of human life.
Cornelis van Haarlem
Officers of the St. George Guard
1599
1 - Moves away from Mannerism for this group portraiture
Aert de Gelder
The Artist as Zeuxis 1685
1 - Story of a painter that died as painting.
2 - Late in Rembrandt's life.
Frans Hals
Banquet of the Officers of the St. George Militia
1616
New Naturalism
1 - Group Portature changed from pointing to more detailed.
2 - Includes Baroque Triangles.
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