Elements and Principles of Design Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
pattern
decorates surfaces with planned, repeated, units
hues
the colors of the spectrum.
rhythm
Shows movement through the artist's repetition of certain Elements Of Art.
LIne
path left by a moving point
balance, rhythym, movement, proportion, emphasis, pattern, unity, variety
principles of design
proportion
comparative relation between things in size, quantity or number, ratio
form
3-D quality of volume of the object
Emphasis
focal point, area of importance, what your eyes see first
balance
arrangement of parts achieving a state of equilibrium between opposing forces or influences
Texture
the tactile quality of surfaces. can be implied or actual.
composition
the organization or grouping of the different parts of a work of art so as to achieve a unified whole.
value
the amount of light reflected by a surface
unity
The way colour, shape and value work together in contrast to create the picture as a whole.
Primary Colors
red, yellow, and blue; from those three colors, all others can be made, but no other color can make these three
secondary colors
made from mixture of two primary colors
movement
a way of combining elements of art to produce the look of action
additive colors
direct forms of light red green and blue lights to make other colors.
atmospheric pressure
as it gets further away from the eye its details are less and the value of the colors go up or get lighter
Dominance
Unifies designs and resolves conflict among elements.
chiaroscuro
Italian term for light and dark, referring to the modeling of form by the use of light and shade.
Color
(_____) in sculpture usually is a natural aspect of the medium, such as natural wood colors, stone colors or clay colors.
What do curved lines suggest?
Soft, Graceful affect
hatching
where tone is built up through a series of thin strokes or lines.
What is another name for asymmetrical balance?
Informal Balance
What is another name for symmetrical balance?
Formal balace.
What is proportion?
How the design is visually divided.
Plane - Shapes
(____) are surface areas defined by abrupt variations in direction.
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest?
Asymmetrical balance.
What are the 5 types of balance?
Asymmetrical, Symmetrical, Radial, Vertical and Horizontal
How does texture affect color?
smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces, making them brighter and lighter; and rough surfaces absorb more light than smooth surfaces, making them darker and less intense.
What are the five types of balance?
Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Vertical, Horizontal and Radial.
What are the elements of design?
Space, Line, Shape, Form, Texture, Color
What is the difference between gradation and radiation?
Gradation increases / decreases in size and one element of design changes. Radiation is when lines/designs move out from the center point.
What does unity or harmony mean?
All elements and principles of design work together to create harmony.
What is the principle of repetition?
When the design is copied or repeated.
What are the two things texture involves?
How the surface feels to the touch, and how it appears to feel.
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