English - Poetry Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
dactyllic
long-long-short
Couplet
2-line stanzas
pentameter
5 feet
barren
unproductive; unfruitful:
marge piercy
barbie doll
limerick-
5 lines humerous
alliteration
repetition of first sounds
foray
a quick raid/ plunder
personification
nonhuman given human qualities
volta
turn in a petrarchan sonnet
Prose
Poetry that follows no verse
Meter
stressed and unstressed syllables varying but still recognizable
Caesura
Pause/Cease - Concrete poems, blanks
Closed Form
Follows a specific, established pattern
approximate rhyme
an imperfect or near rhyme
Dialect
Accents and regionalisms used for effect
author
the person who writes the story
foot
group of syllables constituting a metric unit of a verse
Simile
A comparison between two unlike things, using a words as: like, as, than, or, and resembles.
Diction
authors choice of words based on clarity or effectiveness
iamb
an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
amoral
lacking a sense of right and wrong
syntax
the ordering of words into patterns and sentences
Fixed Form
Poetry that DOES follows particular rules, guidlines, or restrictions
conceit
an ingenious and fanciful notion or conception, usually expressed through an elaborate analogy, and pointing to a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things
speaker
the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem. in other words, the speaker is the character who says the poem
metaphor
a comparison between two unlike things in which one thing becomes another thing
assonance
The repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words (for example, hat-ran-amber, vein-made).
idiom
an expression that can not be understood word by word but, as a complete phrase.
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds in a line
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
stanzas
groups of lines, often how poems are divided
Stanza
two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rythme., An arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem.
spondee
has two equal heavy stresses: ’ ’(drop dead, bon-bons)
tone
attitude the poet wants the reader to take towards the subject or theme of the poem
rhym
the repetition of sounds at the end of words
gloat
to look at or think about with great satisfaction
Elegy
a poem that mourns the death of a person or something lost
Rhyme Pattern
Words at the end of lines that rhyme
figurative language
writing or speech not meant to be taken literally
Enjambment
The running on of the thought from one line, couplet, or stanza to the next without a syntactical break
feminine ending
An unstressed syllable at the end of a line
Internal rhyme
a pair of words that rhyme within and across adjacent lines
Anapestic Meter
A meter in which a majority of the feet are anapests (Also see Triple Meter)
First person
A way a poem is told- in "I" and "Me"
Why is the "s" sound featured in The Sidewalk Racer?
Because it imitates the sound of a person on a skateboard, and also skateboard starts with s
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